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however, verbose - a fault almost necessari-witness to the state of his mind, ... but as new more and more to help his fellow-men ; and ly inherent in writing primarily intended for hopes dawned, the look of hard defiance gave the volume before us is full of recognition of

. the ear and not for the eye.

He was like his own Lancelot in Yeast- - a bold the sympathy and encouragement and stimuthinker, a bold rider, a most chivalrous gentle. lus for which men and women in all parts of man, sad, shy and serious habitually."

the world were indebted to him. CHARLES KINGSLEY.*

After agonizing struggle “he read for It was a happy and saving quality in one A

RARE spirit passed away from this Holy Orders,” and at twenty-three settled who spent so much of his vitality in his work,

world when Charles Kingsley died. down at Eversley — for life, as it proved; that he was able to throw off all care, and, Whatever charges and “bitter newspaper and two years later brought home his bride with the zest of a boy, give himself up to the attacks” certain utterances of his may have to the old rectory which“ had not been re- delight of flower or insect-hunting with his drawn upon him during some of the most paired for a hundred years ”- such a damp, children, or a mountain or fishing excursion fruitful years of his over-crowded life, no unhealthy place, that, in spite of the rector's with his beloved “ Tom Brown," Tom Tayone could then or ever call in question the sanitary improvements, we are forced to be- lor or Froude; when, overflowing with wholeintegrity of the man, his utter unselfishness lieve that it had a share in breaking him some nonsense, he was the life of the party and his sweetness of soul. The story of his down while yet a young man. It was an To the former he wrote, planning a trip to life, told in letters of his own and reminis- unpromising parish ; "the services had been Snowdon : cences of friends, connected by a thread of utterly neglected,” the communion seldom Of all men on earth, I should like to have narrative, is more fascinating than any of his observed; and in consequence “the ale-Tom Taylor for a third. Entreat him to make it fictions. We have known him as the writer houses were full on Sunday, and the church possible, and come and be a salvidge man with

us; and tell him I can show him views of the big of charming verse and stimulating story, the empty,” and “there was not a grown-up man stone work which no mortal cockney knows, beadvocate of the poor man's rights, and the or woman among the laboring classes who cause, though the whole earth is given to the brilliant preacher; but here we have a reve- could read or write.” For such a people his plums and raisins of it, by the rivers which run

children of men, none but we jolly fishers get the lation of his real life, his perplexities and best work was done; for them his ser- among the hills, and the lakes which sit a-top doubts, his strong affections, his keen de- mons were prepared with the utmost care. thereof. Tell him I'll show him such a view : light in out-of-door pursuits, his tenderness He knew intimately every individual in his can't find it; and I will show him the original

as tourist never saw, nor will see, 'case why, he and humility, his exquisite humor and the parish, and was “chivalrous to every woman, mouth of the pit — but I only think of the trouts

which the last I saw killed .. was three and oneperfect happiness that reigned in his home; gentle to every child, true to every man;" and can see how much better he was than never too tired or too busy to listen to them, And oh, what won't we do, except break our

half pounds, and we'll kill his wife and family. . . the best that he wrote, and how delightful it but ready to give up his sorely-needed hol-necks?” must have been to have had him for a per-idays if there were a sick one who might Wherever he went, he wrote to his family sonal friend.

miss him. He could “swing a flail with the about the scenery and the flowers. With He was born in Devonshire, where his threshers,” or a scythe with the mowers, and America, which, it will be remembered, he father held a curacy, and was remarkable as enter into every one's interest; thanking God visited in 1874, he was greatly delighted, esa child. His father was cultivated and re- for having given him such a versatile mind. pecially with Longfellow, and “dear old fined, of loving nature and “stainless honor," As a result, while they learned to respect Whittier,” and Asa Gray; and : with the tastes of an artist and a fondness themselves, they loved the parson, and went

“I cannot tell you a thousandth part of all I've for natural history; his mother was “full of to church, where he preached them sermons

seen, or of all the kindness we have received." poetry and enthusiasm,” with a love for sci- they could understand; for he used forcible ence and literature; and in this first-born son illustrations with which they were familiar,

New England is graphically described, as

in winter : were reproduced in strong personality the catching men “by their leading ideas,” so prominent traits of both, including a force that his preaching became a mighty power, “The saddest country, all brown grass, iceand originality and martial spirit which must and Eversley made a great advance in morals polished rocks, sticking up through the copses,

cedar-scrub, low, swampy shores; an iron land, not be left out of the account. “Our tal- and culture before he was taken away from it. which only iron people could have settle i in. ent,” he says, “such as it is, is altogether When vital questions began to stir the The people must have been heroes to make what hereditary." nation, he threw himself into the Chartist

they have of it.” As a youth he is described as of “keen struggle with all the impetuosity of his ag- The grandeur of our West overpowered visage and great bodily activity," "original gressive nature, ready to dare anything him; and the profusion of flowers was a perto the verge of eccentricity,” while yet a rather than violate his own convictions of petual delight. “And, oh! the flowers !” "genuine out-of-door English boy,” with an duty, or compromise with what seemed to “Flowers most lovely and wonderful ;” and absolute enthusiasm for botany and geology, him an evil

. “I will not be a liar, I will“ enormous tropic butterflies, all colors, as fearless and brave, and yet keenly sensitive, speak,” he wrote home from London, at a big as bats. We are trying to get a horned tender-hearted and forgiving; constitutionally time when to speak was perilous. And when toad to bring home alive.” All enthusiasm shy, and a stammerer disadvantages which he became dissatisfied with the want of faith to the last; but he longed to get home — the he never overcame, though the infirmity of and vitality in the church, he roused such place so dear that he never liked to quit it. speech disappeared when he warmed to his antagonism as would have dismayed a less In spite of occasional depression - which work in preaching. The dread of entering a courageous man. Finally, he drew upon him- was hereditary – he kept a cheerful front, room, or of speaking, sometimes amounted to self additional reproach in accepting church conquering his sadness before he came forth terror, so that he said he “could have wished promotion, incurring thus the charge of in- to his daily associates whose lives he made the earth to open and swallow him.” consistency. That a man of such an unusual sunny and healthful. “I wonder,” he would At twenty he first met his future wife, combination of qualities should sometimes say, “if there is as much laughing in any

seem to contradict himself, and err in judg- other home in England as ours.” Terribly “He was then full of religious doubts, and his ment, was inevitable; but from first to last overworked by the pressure of writing to face, with its unsatisfied, hungering look, bore he was sternly self-respectful and pure in meet his expenses and by his constant ser


-a man whom we might not always vice for humanity, he broke down in his * Charles Kingsley. His Letters and Memories of His agree with, but could always love. These meridian, and looked forward to the final Life. Abridged. Scribner, Armstrong & Co.

varied and trying experiences qualified him rest like one exhausted; but was constantly

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more thankful for his experiences than he different family, their history and traditions To preach to him, to argue with him, is had words to tell ; “Oh! how good God has are distinct, their religion is essentially an- simply to waste words. He will yield only been to me!” The end came, as he had tagonistic, their political, social and moral to superior force. His direct rule in Europe wished, at Eversley:

system is totally foreign, and their rule in must be made to cease. He must have no “the home to which I was ordained, where I Europe can never be national.

voice in the choice of rulers for the provinces came when I was married, and which I intend shall be my last home : for go where I will in this always must be so as long as the Turk keeps his his garrisons must be allowed in any of the

"And this state of things not only is so, but it he has so long held in subjection. None of hard-working world, I shall take care to get my last sleep in Eversley church-yard.”

power. As long as he remains Mohammedan, regions that are to be set free. “Justice,

he cannot be anything but a foreign ruler over subThese “Memories ” are edited with a good ject nations in their own land; and such a foreign reason, humanity, demand that the rule of the degree of tact and judgment; and the abridg

ruler can hardly fail to be a foreign oppressor.' Turk in Europe should be got rid of; and ment for American readers contains all that The period of what may be called Turkish the time for getting rid of it has now come." is of especial interest to them. The volume “squatter-sovereignty” in Europe Mr. Free

Such are the ringing words with which Mr. is of handsome shape, and has, beside the man dates from the accession of Othman to Freeman brings his plea to a close. He

ites, as the extracts we have given show, index and a chronological list of his works, a the rude power founded by his grandfather,

with some heat, but we think it to be the fac-simile of the manuscript of “The Three Ertoghrul, the wandering chieftain who en

heat of an honest and manly indignation at a Fishers,” and several illustrations-Eversley tered Asia Minor out of the East about the

From the

great historic wrong, and not that of an imrectory, the study window, the great fir middle of the thirteenth century. trees and the church; an admirable portrait word Othman sprang “Ottoman.” Bajazet, pulsive partisanship prompted by insufficient of Mr. Kingsley, which shows a wiry-looking about the beginning of the fifteenth century, knowledge. In his indignation we fully man with keen eyes under knit brows and a was the first Ottoman prince who bore the share, and we wish his timely pamphlet

might do something to correct what we bemost kindly aspect; and his grave, where, on a title of Sultan. In 1453 Constantinople was

lieve to be the misplaced sympathies of not cross, are “ the words of his choice, the story captured by Mahomet, and “the new Rome

a few Americans. of his life :"

became the ital of the Ottoman power.” “Amavimus, Amamus, Amabimus!"

The course of the Ottoman power since that time Mr. Freeman relates with a careful

MY BOOKS. particularity which we have not space to fol- A Fragment from Barry Cornwalls unpublished verses. THE TURKS IN EUROPE.*

low. He does not think it has lost much of All round the room my silent servants wait,IN N this brief essay Mr. Freeman brings the its barbarian character under the influence My friends in every season, bright and dim; stores of great historical learning, the of European ideas, though no doubt the Come down and murmur to me, sweet and low,

Angels and seraphim discriminating glance of a critical mind, and Turks have “aped European ways” and “put And spirits of the skies all come and go the charms of a singularly simple method on a varnish of European civilization which Early and late ; and intelligible style, to the review of what has deceived many people.” “ Reforms”

From the old world's divine and distant date,

From the sublimer few, is known as "the Eastern Question.” We have been only pretended. Since the death Down to the poet who but yester-eve have nowhere seen within anything like so of Mahmoud [in 1839] the succession of Sang sweet and made us grieve,

All come, assembling here in order due, narrow a compass so ample and clear a state- weak and worthless Sultans has been wholly And here I dwell with Poesy, my mate, ment of the facts, and so conclusive an argu- in the hands of a corrupt “ring.” “These With Erato and all her vernal sighs, ment upon them. Who and what is the men dress and talk like Europeans, and so Or pale Urania's deep and starry eyes.

Great Clio with her victories elate, Turk? What has he done in Europe ? | take Europeans in, while they carry on a Oh'friends, whom chance and change can never What shall be done with him? These are worse system of tyranny than that of the old

harm, the questions which Mr. Freeman sets out Sultans."

Whom Death the tyrant cannot doom to die,

Within whose folding soft eternal charm to answer. It is not to be denied that he

“This kind of tyranny, which has no parallel

I love to lie, writes as an advocate whose mind is made in modern Europe, and which can hardly have And meditate upon your verse that flows, up; but we do not see how, in the light of been surpassed in any age or country, is known And fertilizes wheresoe'er it goes,

or three cant

Whether the case as he presents it, the minds of his phrases, such as the sovereign rights of the Sul

in diplomatic language by two unprejudiced readers can fail to be carried tan,' and 'the independence and integrity of the along with him. He first studies the Euro- Ottoman Empire. The 'integrity and inde

THROUGH PERSIA BY CARAVAN.* pendence of the Ottoman Empire' means that

HE author of this volume is an Englishto point out the essential differences between whatever crimes he pleases through the whole

man, a younger brother, we believe, of them on the one hand and the Turks on the extent of the land which he at present holds in Matthew Arnold, who, in the summer of 1875,

" other. He shows how nearly all the Euro

accompanied by his wife, left London and pean nations belong to one family of man

And now, what shall be done with this un- made his way to Warsaw, St. Petersburg, kind, speak languages which once were one, comfortable creature — the Turk in Europe? and Nijni Novgorod ; thence down the Volga have much of their history and memories in His power, according to Mr. Freeman, “is to Astrakhan and through the Caspian Sea, common, are adherents of one common reli- something purely evil, something which can- landing at Enzelli, a port on the Persian gion, live under a common civilization, and not be reformed.” It is a mistake to speak side. From this point he traveled by caraenjoy, generally speaking, the benefits of of it as “a government :

van through Persia for a distance of more national governments. The Turks, on the “Systematic oppression, systematic plunder, than a thousand miles, passing through Ispaother hand,“ are simply a band of strangers, the denial of the commonest rights of human han, Teheran and other important places. a foreign army, in short, encamped in that beings to those who are under its power, is not

government in any sense of the word.' It is, He left the Caspian Sea early in October, part of Europe which from their encampment therefore, a mistake, and a dangerous mistake, to and reached Bombay in March following, is called Turkey.” They have “no share in speak of the Sultan and his ministers as a 'gov- returning home via Alexandria. any of the things which bind the nations of take to speak of the rights of the Sultan; for ernment,' and to treat them as such. It is a mis

A journey of a thousand miles by a lady Europe together.” They belong to quite a he has no rights. The Turk has never dealt with in a saddle was not to be thought of, but

the subject nations in such a way as to give him

any rights over them, or to bind them to any duty • The Turks in Europe. By Edward A. Freeman, D. C. towards him. His rule is a rule of brute force, * Through Persia by Caravan. By Arthur Arnold. L., LL. D. Lovell, Adam, Wesson & Co. of mere brigandage.”

Harper & Brothers.


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as there are neither carriage roads nor car- “Shadow-of-God,” the Shah of Persia, and past by the pages of the history before us, riages in Persia, Mrs. Arnold was under the also with his son, governor of Teheran. The we have felt that all through the period it necessity of traveling either in a “kerjava” government, the people, the country, its pres- treats the average civilization of the United or a “takht-i-rawan :"

ent condition, the prospects of the future, States has been higher than that of the “The kerjava, in its best appearance, takes

railways, British trade, the relations of Per- mother country. the form of two very small gipsy tents made of sia to India and to Russia, all are dwelt Miss Martineau says that the greatest aplight bands of wood, the top bent circular, and upon forcibly and intelligently. The volume parent danger in England, in 1863, was covered with shawls or carpets. In each of these tents a man or woman sits, after the kerjavas throughout is interesting and instructive. threatened by the Trades Unions, “a deshave been slung, like panniers, across the saddle It is inscribed to the Earl and Countess potism of working-men over fellow-workers of a strong mule. In the kerjava one must sit Granville.

in their own class and their own trade," and cross-legged, or with one's feet hanging out. The

refers to the conflicts between labor and cap open side is sometimes turned to the tail of the mule, and the rider cannot see where the animal A CONTEMPORARY HISTORY.*

ital which have often assumed such grave is going.

and even frightful shapes. We are thankful “The takht-i-rawan is a carriage built of wood, and placed upon a strong framework, of which

N these volumes, published at four dollars, that in this land we have been spared the IN

we have a valuable mass of information terrible experiences which she suggests. the two long poles, forming the four shafts, are the principal parts. The sides are generally pan that was formerly sold at ten doļlars, and While, however, we deprecate the tone of eled in order to obtain strength without weight, was not counted dear at that price. It is the American introduction, we find little to and the roof of thin boards is covered with coarse cotton or canvas to keep out the rain. There is probable that many of our readers are famil- which to object in the body of the work. usually a small square of glass in the side doors iar with Miss Martineau's history, but the to give light when these are closed. One can recent death of the accomplished author and

Recent history possesses an interest that rarely find a takht-i-rawan when such a carriage

is all its own. To a certain extent we are is wanted; they are usually built to order, and the interest that her autobiography has re- familiar with the events, and the men and cost from six to ten pounds sterling." newed in her writings, makes it proper that we

women have a reality for us that those of should note with some particularity the volMules are harnessed into the shafts. The

more remote eras almost entirely lack. The umes before us. A good contemporary

hispassenger can sit cross-legged or lie at full

romance of the latter is lost, it must be contory is not easy to find, and especially one fessed, but the bearing of recent events upon length. The motion is irregular, and if per written by a person whose advantages for chance either mule stumbles the occupant of obtaining the necessary facts were so great rian character which ought, in this age at

our own circumstances gives them a utilitathe “takht-i-rawan” is thrown against its side

as those Miss Martineau enjoyed. with great force.

least, to be considered preferable. In these The author of this volume is a keen ob- two hundred well-filled pages in treating a and myths of earlier times, but in their stead

The four volumes before us occupy twenty- volumes, for example, we miss the heroes server. He has traveled enough to take

period which Mr. Green, the latest writer on things easy under adverse circumstances,

we see a great nation struggling with “corn and to make the best of the situation, what- eight pages, and to which Mr. Knight, in his reform,” “Catholic emancipation,” and the

the subject, disposes of in an “ Epilogue” of laws,” and “poor laws,” with“ parliamentary ever it may be. He is a concise and forcible

admirable popular history, is able to allow writer, as will be seen from the following single volume. It was, indeed, at the in


treatment of " dissenters." We watch

the paragraphs :

progress of a civilization which advances stance of Mr. Knight that Miss Martineau with increased momentum every day, as the “In Persia, passing from the swift, and, on the entered upon the task of writing a chronicle steamboat and the railway, the penny-post, whole, steady career of Western Europe in the of the “Thirty Years' Peace” that succeeded ways of civilization, there appears to be not only the downfall of Napoleon. Mr. Knight him- their respective quotas to the material and

the newspaper-press and the telegraph, add an absence of progress, but rather retrogression. That which is truly interesting in Persia is the self had begun the work, and indications of intellectual capital of the people. extended scenery, and the out-door life.- for no the fact are to be found in a similarity that European sees much of the in-door existence

The progress is by no means peacefully of the people. Persia is, par excellence, the land exists between certain pages in the writers' of magnificent distances. In summer the moun- respective histories.

accomplished. At one time the “0. P.”

These facts are, of tains, always in sight, and in many places strongly

riots, for the restoration of old prices at the colored with the metallic ores which they contain,

course, duly acknowledged. glow with wondrous beauty in the rose-light of

When a Boston firm proposed to republish

theaters, interrupt the proceedings of parliathe morning sun, and harden into masses of deep the English edition of the History of the ment during a discussion of the conduct of purple and black when the clear and pleasant

the Spanish war. Again, the coal districts starlight is substituted for the glare of the blaz- Peace, in 1863, Miss Martineau added an

are excited by riots caused by distress arising sun of Persia. In another season, when look- entire book, extending the work from 1846 ing from the snow-covered mountains, we have to 1854; and also wrote a new introduction ing from the stoppage of certain manufacto

ries. Then the workers with hand-looms rise parently perfect level covered with a dazzling ex which added very much to the completeness and destroy the machinery that they think is panse of untrodden snow; and, again, when the and value of the whole. The introduction white hills loomed through the blinding storm adds to the “completeness,” and the new

to render their work useless and to take bread like icebergs of polar regions.

from their mouths.

In one year an enroll“Wherever the people are seen, their presence book to the “value," of the work, for we can adds to the charm of the landscape. The men are handsome and picturesque in their costumes couched in the style so often adopted by the see little of interest in the former. It is ment of militia brings the mob into collision

with the authorities; in another a queen's of blue or white cotton, with here and there one in red and yellow. In the towns the traveler rec- English when they wish to patronize any streets that the people wish, and they rush to

funeral procession does not pass through the ognizes in the people the characters of the tales other worthy people. The relations of our

arms; and still again the “ enclosing” of cersome, stalwart porter, the hamal

, with panting country and England have materially changed tain lands (a time-honored incentive to riot) breast exposed and darkly sun-burned skin, within the last score of years, and at the scratching his shaved head, ready for any new

causes a suspicious and ignorant populace to summons, including that of the mysterious lady, present time it is graciously acknowledged

rise against soldiers and landlords with unthe mistress of the equally mysterious house, by our brethren over the sea that we are no wherein he may be murdered or enriched, killed whit inferior to them in any respect. In fact,

reasoning violence. To these must be added and buried like a dog, or clad in splendid robes

the burning of ricks, the seizure of corn, the and served by lovely maidens bearing dishes of as we have refreshed our knowledge of the

Chartist riots and the violent disturbances at gold and silver, according to the good pleasure of the genii.”

elections, before we can arrive at a just ap* The History of England from the Commencement of

the XIXth Century to the Crimean War. By Harriet Mar: preciation of the turmoil and bloodshed Mr. Arnold had an interview with the tineau. 4 vols. Porter & Coates.

which marked most of the years of "the


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peace” of which Miss Martineau gives us without a struggle. Miss Martineau asserts history to the point where the story fairly the history.

that the “adventurers in gas-light did more opens. The heroine, so far as the leading There are, of course, many passages of a for the prevention of crime than the govern- character of so uneventful a tale can be called much more agreeable nature than those which ment had done since the days of Alfred;" by that name, is an orphan, left in charge of describe these social and civil turmoils, for and yet noble lords and patriotic citizens de- her two uncles, brothers, who in their turn many beneficent influences first began to nounced them as “rapacious monopolists die, leaving her their heir. An attachment work during the period. The story of the intent upon the ruin of established industry," which grows up between her and a cousin, inauguration of cheap postage opens with and derided them as deluded visionaries. It Geoffrey Walsham, is curiously complicated an anecdote in which Mr. Coleridge and was argued in Parliament that the introduc- by money considerations. The lovers, almost Rowland Hill exhibit their reflective and un- tion of gas would ruin the whale-fisheries and before they recognize each other as such, are reflective charity in a very interesting man- drive out of existence that hardy race of men separated by unkindly fate, but finally rener. The story is that owing to the high employed in them, besides depriving of their united, and all ends well, as it should in the charges on letters a poor woman arranged support thousands of seamen, rope-makers, well-regulated story. The talent of the with an absent brother that he should send mast-makers, sail-makers, and others indi- author is best shown in the portraiture of her a blank letter, unpaid, as a token of his rectly connected with them. It is undoubt-Aunt Penelope, which is very well done. welfare, which she, on her part, should per- edly well that conservatives should exist, but None of the coarse iniquities of life are almit the postman to retain for non-payment of it is to be wished that they would show more lowed to appear, beyond the glimpse of a repostage on delivery. Mr. Coleridge hap- temperance in their advocacy of the old mote duel; while that particular evil which pened to see the postman taking the letter ways !

is so fondly made use of in modern fiction, away and volunteered to pay the charge, only Here we must stop abruptly, for there is and indeed so prominently in each of the discovering when too late that he had wasted no natural limit to so fruitful a theme. The other three books now under notice, is not his charity. Mr. Hill, on the other hand, reader of these volumes -- now furnished at so much as named. Aunt Penelope carries reflected that a system which encouraged a price which appears ridiculously cheap -- on a good deal of her conversation in French, cheating must be wrong, and was thus led to will find them crowded with incident of the a sacrifice to the verities of character which advocate penny postage. The whole history most instructive and entertaining nature, and the unlearned reader will greatly deplore. of the smuggling of letters and the other will thank the publishers for the present The story is short and harmless, but we canmethods adopted by reputable persons to timely reissue of them.

not in justice say that it is more than moderevade the postal laws, shows that cheap post

ately interesting or in any degree brilliant. age has proved a moral blessing to England.

The scene of Bessie Lang, like that of the The rise of the Society for the Diffusion


foregoing, is laid in England, forty or fifty of Useful Knowledge, and of others of a 'HESE four books, which, with possibly years ago. The story is peculiar in form, in similar nature; of a national system of educa- the exception of the third, are tales that instead of being a direct narrative in the tion; and of various benevolent and religious rather than novels, have certain traits in author's own language, it is told ostensibly movements, are traced in these volumes in common which allow them not unnaturally by the aunt of the motherless young woman connection with the political progress. Miss to be grouped together; while individual char- whose name it bears. This Bessie Lang is Martineau of course could not develop a acteristics at the same time afford marked a yeoman's daughter, betrothed to one of philosophy of history in treating events so contrasts, helpful in forming a general judg- George Stephenson's apprentices. She is recent, and she makes no attempt at so doing. ment. The first, second and fourth have betrayed by a strolling artist with whom she Sometimes she permits her feelings to get their scenes laid in England, the third mainly capriciously falls in love, and dies, leaving a the better of her judgment, or her wishes to in Ireland. All are stories of woman's love, child, who is compassionately adopted by her run away with her reason, as, for example, and three of them have more or less to do earlier and ever faithful lover. He does not when she impressively asserts that sponta- with man's heartless treachery and the shame marry, but takes the child at the beseeching neous generation was proved by the experi- or sorrow of his victims. The last three are request of its heart-broken mother; breaking ments of Mr. Andrew Crosse made in 1836, written by women; and, but for positive in- then away from England to find a home in and long ago discredited by scientists. Information to the contrary, we should have America. What good comes from telling the light of subsequent events the lecture suspected like authorship of the first. The such tales as this? with which she favors the “scientific part of first, however, is separated from its compan- The Dark Colleen is the work, we should society” for the “ levity” and “anger” with ions by the absolute cleanliness of its mate- say, of an admirer of Mr. William Black's which the statements of Mr. Crosse were re- rials; and the last is even more decisively “Princess of Thule,” and to some extent is ceived, will serve as a warning to those who distinguished by its remarkable originality a reminder of that incomparable story. That tend towards dogmatism in the realm of and power.

it is a conscious imitation we should not like science.

Olivia Raleigh, which takes its place as an

to say. It opens in an Eagle Island off the There are a thousand passages of great early volume in Lippincott's “Star Series,” west coast of Ireland, which well corresponds interest in these volumes, but we can refer is warmly commended in its American intro- to the rugged and picturesque spot in which to but one more. The introduction of gas in duction as a story which no one can begin Mr. Black discovers his heroine. There is the streets threw a flood of light upon a con- and leave unfinished. We have found its a “King” to this Irish island, as there was a dition of profligacy, indecency, brutality and beginning tedious, and that both patience

King of Borva." There is a “Morna" squalor which without the faets it would be and perseverance are needed to get through there was a “Sheila.” And there is a “Capdifficult to have imagined. The drowsy the three or four opening chapters of family tain Bisson ” as there was a “ Lavender.” watchman, the flickering oil-lamps, the link

The interest of the whole first portion of the boys and the thieving vagabonds of the early * (1) Olivia Raleigh. By W. W. Follett Synge. J. B. book brings Mr. Black's powerful opening years of our century, passed out of London, Lippincott & Co.

chapters to mind, but the effect suffers in the and comparative order and decency now

(2) Bessie Lang. By Alice Corkran. Henry Holt & Co.

comparison. From this point on the analogy mark its streets by night. And yet, this (3) The Dark Colleen. By the Author of " The Queen of fails

, and the standard of merit with which Connaught." Lovell, Adam, Wesson & Co. reform, patent as it now appears, was not anticipated, nor permitted to be effected, | nett. Scribner, Armstrong & Co.

(1) That Lass o’ Lowrie's. By Frances Hodgson Bur- the book sets out is not maintained. Bisson,

who is a shipwrecked French sea-captain,


as a

cast up by the waves, and saved by Morna surmise. Liz's unfortunate history, Derrick's criticism, with a suspension of popular confifrom the hands of the heartless and supersti- quarrel with Joan's father and the latter's dence and interest; after this, a rallying to tious islanders, turns out to be a first-class miscarrying attempt at vengeance, Anice's the support of what came near to being a scoundrel. After trying in vain to seduce tact and success in alleviating some of the tottering project; and finally, its triumphant Morna, he succeeds in making her his wife social ills of the community with which she completion. The names of some of the by going through a “ceremony” of marriage. is brought into relation, Derrick's devotion most eminent citizens of the Commonwealth Presently, getting tired of his victim, he pro- to the interests of the miners, and an explo- are connected with this history. Mr. Webposes to return to France, but Morna, who sion of the mine in consequence of a disre- ster's orations at the laying of the cornerreally loves him, clings to him, and the two gard of his counsels by the Company, make stone in 1825, and at the dedication in 1843, leave the island together. Arrived in France, up the piece, which is tragedy and comedy by were among his most distinguished efforts. Bisson cruelly neglects, and finally, for an- turns, Mr. Craddock doing his part well to There was a curious bit of secret history in other woman, abandons his Irish beauty, who furnish the latter. The contrasts of charac- connection with the laying of the cornerafter a series of varied insults, mishaps and ter are marked between Joan and Anice, stone. Mr. Webster was a little fearful lest trials, finds her way back alone, worn in body and between Derrick and Grace. The a previous celebration of the 19th of April, and crushed in spirit, to her remote home. movement is exceedingly spirited. Much of at Concord, with an oration by Mr. Everett, The story is a sorrowful one, superior in lit- the conversation is carried on in the Lanca- should “take the wind out of his sails ;” and erary qualities to either of the two before shire dialect, which is managed with great there was also, for a moment, danger of a named, but not marked by a high tone, and skill. We have not for a long time read a slight“unpleasantness" over the invitation far from satisfactory to the moral sense. story so well put together, so absolutely nat- to Lafayette to participate in the exercises,

After such as the foregoing Mrs. Burnett's ural and faithful to realities, so free from it being finally determined that the Masonic That Lass o' Lowrie's is read to great advan- structural weakness and artistic defect; and, brethren should be honored with the foretage ; and taken by itself it cannot fail to considering its materials, so wholesome in most part. The relation of the Masonic make a very deep impression. In impor- tone. We could only wish that Mrs. Bur- fraternity to the progress of the work at tant qualities its equal has not appeared nett had so modified Liz's character and his- various points was, indeed, the occasion of in many a day. Artistically viewed it might tory as to save the story from the taint which a good deal of feeling, and political considbe described as a “charcoal sketch” rather her part therein gives to it. Still this ele- erations could not be altogether excluded than a finished picture, and indeed it is by ment is managed with delicacy and discretion. from the management of the enterprise. As virtue of this character that its strength The work of a firm and well-controlled hand an offset to these less agreeable features is most apparent. Its essential quality is is seen from beginning to end. The intensity may be mentioned the generous and devoted power. It impresses rather than pleases; it of the treatment never is allowed to descend aid rendered by the women of Boston and holds rather than entertains; for while it is into the sensational, and the striking individ- vicinity, who came to the rescue at an opporboth entertaining and pleasing in a very ualities of its characters have nothing of tune moment, and perhaps did as much as marked degree, yet to say that it were simply extravagance or caricature. Among recent any one class to ensure success.

It is an that would be to give no hint of its masculine works of fiction That Lass o Lowrie's cer-interesting fact, too, that the opening of a vigor, its dramatic intensity, its clear truth- tainly holds a place quite by itself, and, if it granite ledge at Quincy, to supply the stone fulness to life and the consummate art of its has not exhausted the talent of its author, needed for the monument, was intimately reexecution. The art is all the greater in that denotes an important accession to the ranks lated to the construction of the always famous you see nothing of it, but only the scenes of American writers in this department. “first railway” in the United States, over which the art pictures and the life which it

which the granite was transferred from the portrays. These are pervaded by the most

quarry to tide-water. graphic and telling effects. Outlines and HISTORY OF THE BUNKER HILL

Mr. Warren has little to say about the touches do the work, and do it rapidly and MONUMENT ASSOCIATION.* battle which the monument commemorates, sharply. The scene is laid in Riggan, a representative mining town in the north of Eng- MR. Warren's volume is a massive and and, of course, enters into none of the nice land; whose air is full of smoke and grime,

sumptuous one, printed in large type,
controversies over persons and names to


which that event has given rise. the din of labor, and the gloom of

on heavy paper, with the attraction of a

number of portraits on steel and upwards of

work is not marked by any special literignorance and sorrow. The prominent char

twenty heliotypes. The author was the ary value, which indeed such a subject, so acter is Joan Lowrie; a sort of queen among President of the Association from 1847 to treated, could hardly allow. Nor is the volher people, self-contained, heroic, masculine 1875. When, in 1839, he was first chosen to

ume one for which there can be any wide in proportions both morally and physically. be its Secretary, he found scarcely any

demand; but for all Charlestownians, for

of Few such figures have been seen in fiction. On her side of the picture stands her devil the original papers on file. By diligent in many Boston people, for all who honor

Massachusetts and her contributions to the of a father and the indistinct forms of other quiry a large mass of materials was accumulated, which are here assorted and combined

national character and life, for public libraof the work-people; one Liz, an outcast, with into a consecutive narrative.

ries, and for such individuals as wish to inher death-struck baby; "owd” Sammy Crad

The history of Bunker Hill Monument is

clude in their private collections what is dock, another very original creation; and the boy, Jud, whose adventures with his dog, Nib,

that of most public enterprises of its kind. unique and special, it has a distinct value. There was first the conception in the minds

The heliotypes include fac-similes of many serve to enliven the action. Over against of a few patriotic and public-spirited citizens; interesting letters from public men, and of this group are Fergus Derrick, the engi- then an effort to enlist the sympathies and

several portraits and documents. There is neer; Mr. Barham, the impractical rector, the coöperation of the community in gen

no index, the author having had the idea that Anice, his daughter, and Mr. Grace, the eral; then a fair and somewhat enthusiastic

his minute table of contents, with its subcurate. The motive of the story is the development of the feminine in Joan, and the beginning of the work itself; then a stage of topical references to pages, would answer

every purpose. We notice some trivial slow growth and final recognition of mutual

blemishes in the text, but, in the main, the

* The History of the Bunker Hill Monument Association attachment between her and Derrick. As to what befalls Grace and Anice we are left to By George Washington Warren. James R. Osgood & Co. | and successfully performed.

during the First Century of the United States of America. work seems to us to have been intelligently

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