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ibid.

Conduct of the Bishop of Winchester as Visitor of St. Mary Mag-
dalen College, Oxon.

ibid.
Wise's Providence, a Poem,

The Christian's Heart's Ease, a Sermon in Verse, 239

Birkett's Sermon on Christmas-day, 1769, at Greenwich, ibid.

Letter to the Baptist Church, meeting at Goodman’s-fields, 240

Dr. Gibbons's Account of the terrible Fire at Burwell, in Cam-

bridgeshire, Sept. 8, 1727,

ibid.

Letters from Snowdon,

Candid Enquiry into the Present Ruined State of the French

Monarchy,

251

Historical Extracts relating to Laws, Customs, &c. translated

from Velly's New History of France,

262

Dr. Monro's Treatise on Mineral Waters,

268

Hardy on the Principal Prophecies of the Old and New Tes-

taments,

Theocriti Syracufii quæ supersunt. Ed. Tho. Warton, 277

Account of the Character and Manners of the French,. 280

Emerson's Elements of Optics,

290

Letters between an English Lady and her Friend at Paris, 294

An Essay on the East-India Trade, &c.

299

Thoughts on the Cause of the present Discontents,

303

Sir S. T. Janssen's Letter to the Rt. Hon. William Beckford, Lord

Mayor,

The Remonstrance, a Poem,

312

The Poetical Retrospect for the Year 1769,

313

Poems, by John Gerrard, Curate of Withycombe, in the Moor,

Devon,

- 314

A Turkish Tale,

ibid.

Underwood's Word to the Wise,

A Dialogue of the Dead ; betwixt Lord Eglinton and Mungo

Campell,

ibid.

Proceedings in the Cause between the Rt. Hon. George On-

Now, and the Rev. Mr. Horne,

318

Newton's Review of Ecclefiaftical History,

ibid.
Critical Remarks on a System of Ecclesiastical History and Mo-
sality,

ibid.

Clement's Mystery Unmasked,

Essay on the Epistle to the Romans,

Short Explanation of some of the principal Things contained in

the Revelation of St. John,

ibid.

Dr. Adams's Sermon on the Test of true and false Doctrines, ibid.

Letter to Dr. Adams, occasioned by the Publication of his Ser.

mon,

320

Hiflory of the Lower Empire, Vol. I.

Millar's Obfervations on the prevailing Diseases in Great Bri-

tain,

Armitrong's Miscellanies,

340

Review of the Characters of the principal Nations in Europe, 348

History of Charles Wentworth, Esq.

Con-

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368

381

386

Conftantia, or the Distressed Friend,

Lucilla, or the Progress of Virtue,

Baldwin's Survey of the British Cuftoms,

Endfield's Prayers for the Use of Families,

370

Objection againt a Review of the Liturgy, &c.

371

Furneaux's Letters to the hon. Mr. Justice Blackstone concerning

his Exposition of the Act of Toleration, &c.
Ferguson's Infitutes of Moral Philosophy,

Macaulay's Observations on a Pamphlet, entitled Thoughts on

the Cause of the present Discontents,

The Constitution defended,

389

Æolus, or the Constitutional Politician,

ibid.

The Rev, Mr. Horne's Oration at Mile-End Assembly Room, 390

Narrative of the Massacre in Boston,

Lathrop's Sermon on the Murders at Boston,

391

The Release of Barabbas,

392

Four Letters from John Philips, of Liverpool, to Sir W. Mere-

dith,

ibid.

Usage of holding Parliaments, &c. in Ireland,

ibid.

The Summons for the 18th of April, 1770,

ibid.

Hector, a dramatic Poem,

ibid.

The Old Women Weatherwise, an Interlude,

393

Pride and Ignorance, a Poem,

ibid.

Appendix altera ad Opufcuia, Gul. Browne,

394

Sir W. Browne's second Appendix to Opuscula,

ibid.

The Night and Moment,

396

Conspiracy of the Spaniards against the Republic of Venice, ibid.

Sir John Wynne's Huitory of the Gwedir Family,

397

Remarks upon the Mortality among the horned Cattle, 398

Hill's Virtues of British Herbs,

ibid.

Arnaud's Remarks on Goulard's Composition, Use, and Effects

of the Extract of Lead, &c.

ibid.

Cameron's Mesliah,

History of the Lower Empire, Vol. I. continued,

401

Millar's Observations on the prevailing Diseases in Great

Britain, concluded,

Review of the characters of the principal Nations in Europe,

concluded,

419

Observations on Modern Gardening,

427

Dr. Goldsmith's Deserted Village,

435

Woty's Female Advocate,

443

Poems and Translations, by a young Gentleman of Oxford, 446

Bielfeld's Elements of Universal Erudition,

449

Ferguson's Introduction to Astronomy,

459

Bell's Short Essay on Military First Principles,

462

The Art of Dressing the Hair, a Poem,

True Alarm,

Patriots of Jerusalem petitioning Artaxerxes,

Reasons for an Amendment of the Stat. 28 Hen. VIJI. concerning

the Profits of Ecclefiaftical Benefits,

ibid.

The

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of January, 1770.

ARTICLE I.
Hiforical Memorials. By Sir David Dalrymple.

by Balfour, ai Edinburgh.

410. ---Solá

T HESE memorials appear to have been printed occaT sionally, and at different times; they are concerning,

First, The provincial councils of the Scottish clergy, from the earliert accounts to the æra of the reformation.

Second, Canons of the church of Scotland; drawn up in the provincial councils held at Perth, A. D, 1242, and A. D. 1269:

Third, An examination of some of the arguments from the high antiquity of Regiam Majeftatem; and an enquiry into the authenticity of Leges Malcolmi.

Fourth, A catalogue of the lords of fellion, from the insti. tution of the college of justice, in the year 1532, with histo. rical notes..

The author of these pieces, who is likewise a fenator of the college of justice in Scotland, and an excellent antiquary, acknowledges that the history of the church of Scotland, during remote ages, is involved in impenetrable obscurity; and that his intention is not to enter into any field of controversy on that head. " Most of the incidents, says he, which I am to relate; are little known; some of them are curious; and, as I have no hypothesis to maintain, they will all be impartially related."

The first provincial council mentioned by this author is said to have been held under Constantine king of Scotland, and

Vol. XXIX. January, 1770.

Kelo

Kellach, bishop. The learned editor has not informed as, whether this Constantine was the second of that name, who began his reign, according to the Scotch historians, in 858. Be that as it will, he is inclined to think that the Mons Credulitatis at Scone, is the same with the Mons Placiti at the saine place retained by Malcolm Mac Kenneth, when he generously parcelled out all Scotland among his vassals. We believe it would be no difficult matter to prove that the Mons Credulitatis was a very different place from the Mons Placiti ; and unimportant as the difference appears at present, it might perhaps serve to elucidate the nature of that very extraordinary present which Malcolm made to his people, or, as this editor pleases to call them, his vaffals. Without disputing the Mons Credulitaris to have been the mount of faith, it is without all doubt that the moot hill is entirely a Saxon word for Mons Placiri, or the mountain of pleas or debates, called in Saxon moles; and we believe that the Scotch to this very day, retain the term of the Moot Hill of Scone. The want of historical evidence prevents us from exainining whether Malcolm, if he made fuch a distribution, did not oblige his valjals to repair to this judicial, and perhaps legislative hill, which he is said to have reserved for his own use, in order to make them swear to the terms upon which they were to hold their lands. We know not, nor is it very material, whether any appearance of that hill now remains ; but it is be. yond doubt, that most sovereign princes of those ages chose some eminence by way of suggestum, either natural or artificial, be is ever so trilling, on which they placed the royal throne, and held their motes or courts of justice ; all, however, we have faid on this head is mere matter of conjecture and analogical enquiry.

This author is of opinion that the account of Alexander 11. king of Scotland having, in 1237, refused to suffer a pope's legate to enter his dominions, because no legate had ever been admitted into his kingdom, is erroneous; as legates had held coun. cils in Scotland before, particulariy in 1221, at Perth, for which he quotes the chartulary of Murray. This certainly is a strong authority, if that chartulary is authentic, or if the priest entered Scotland with legantine powers. If the words of Mato thew Paris are properly considered, Alexander might mean no more than that none of his predeceffors had willingly suffered a legate to enter their kingdom. Perhaps the king understood by a legate only a Roman tax garherer, sent to fleece his people as he had done the Englim.

In the remaining part of this dissertation the reader, who is fond of Scotch ecclefiaftical history, will find many excellent observations upon the inaccuracy of its authors and compilers as

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