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Conduct of the Bishop of Winchester as Visitor of St. Mary Mag-
Dr. Gibbons's Account of the terrible Fire at Burwell, in Cam-
A Turkish Tale,
Newton's Review of Ecclefiaftical History,
Furneaux's Letters to the hon. Mr. Justice Blackstone concerning
his Exposition of the Act of Toleration, &c.
Æolus, or the Constitutional Politician,
Sir W. Browne's second Appendix to Opuscula,
The Destruction of Trade, and Ruin of the Metropolis progo
Dr. Caverhill's F.xperiments on the Cause of Heat in living ani-
Reflexions on the Seven Days of the Week,
For the Month of January, 1770.
by Balfour, ai Edinburgh.
T HESE memorials appear to have been printed occaT sionally, and at different times; they are concerning,
First, The provincial councils of the Scottish clergy, from the earliert accounts to the æra of the reformation.
Second, Canons of the church of Scotland; drawn up in the provincial councils held at Perth, A. D, 1242, and A. D. 1269:
Third, An examination of some of the arguments from the high antiquity of Regiam Majeftatem; and an enquiry into the authenticity of Leges Malcolmi.
Fourth, A catalogue of the lords of fellion, from the insti. tution of the college of justice, in the year 1532, with histo. rical notes..
The author of these pieces, who is likewise a fenator of the college of justice in Scotland, and an excellent antiquary, acknowledges that the history of the church of Scotland, during remote ages, is involved in impenetrable obscurity; and that his intention is not to enter into any field of controversy on that head. " Most of the incidents, says he, which I am to relate; are little known; some of them are curious; and, as I have no hypothesis to maintain, they will all be impartially related."
The first provincial council mentioned by this author is said to have been held under Constantine king of Scotland, and
Vol. XXIX. January, 1770.
Kellach, bishop. The learned editor has not informed as, whether this Constantine was the second of that name, who began his reign, according to the Scotch historians, in 858. Be that as it will, he is inclined to think that the Mons Credulitatis at Scone, is the same with the Mons Placiti at the saine place retained by Malcolm Mac Kenneth, when he generously parcelled out all Scotland among his vassals. We believe it would be no difficult matter to prove that the Mons Credulitatis was a very different place from the Mons Placiti ; and unimportant as the difference appears at present, it might perhaps serve to elucidate the nature of that very extraordinary present which Malcolm made to his people, or, as this editor pleases to call them, his vaffals. Without disputing the Mons Credulitaris to have been the mount of faith, it is without all doubt that the moot hill is entirely a Saxon word for Mons Placiri, or the mountain of pleas or debates, called in Saxon moles; and we believe that the Scotch to this very day, retain the term of the Moot Hill of Scone. The want of historical evidence prevents us from exainining whether Malcolm, if he made fuch a distribution, did not oblige his valjals to repair to this judicial, and perhaps legislative hill, which he is said to have reserved for his own use, in order to make them swear to the terms upon which they were to hold their lands. We know not, nor is it very material, whether any appearance of that hill now remains ; but it is be. yond doubt, that most sovereign princes of those ages chose some eminence by way of suggestum, either natural or artificial, be is ever so trilling, on which they placed the royal throne, and held their motes or courts of justice ; all, however, we have faid on this head is mere matter of conjecture and analogical enquiry.
This author is of opinion that the account of Alexander 11. king of Scotland having, in 1237, refused to suffer a pope's legate to enter his dominions, because no legate had ever been admitted into his kingdom, is erroneous; as legates had held coun. cils in Scotland before, particulariy in 1221, at Perth, for which he quotes the chartulary of Murray. This certainly is a strong authority, if that chartulary is authentic, or if the priest entered Scotland with legantine powers. If the words of Mato thew Paris are properly considered, Alexander might mean no more than that none of his predeceffors had willingly suffered a legate to enter their kingdom. Perhaps the king understood by a legate only a Roman tax garherer, sent to fleece his people as he had done the Englim.
In the remaining part of this dissertation the reader, who is fond of Scotch ecclefiaftical history, will find many excellent observations upon the inaccuracy of its authors and compilers as