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thereby be reduced to beggary. Trade, supposing the most favourable circumstances, would languish under the shackles of a military government. Jealousy, contention, and mutual injuries would prevail among the respective servants of government and the company. The commercial department would lose that weight and influence, which, in India, it must neceffarily enjoy, to be able to form the investment. Revenues collected by military force, would soon become inadequate to the expences. The country would be forsaken by the inhabitants, and the disputed sovereignty, in a short time reduced, from one of the most populous, rich, and flourishing countries upon earth, to a naked, barren, and uncultivated desert.
These are the effects which, we think, would infallibly result from g- t's adopting the proposal made by our author. At the same time, we heartily join issue with him in wishing, that some effe&tual steps may be taken to secure the permanency to the nation of so invaluable a branch of commerce.
13. The Patriots of Jerusalem petitioning Artaxerxes for a Re
dress of Grievances ; a Parody : inforibed to the Supporters of the
Bill of Righıs : by she Autbor of Balaam and his Ass; a Paredy. 8vo. Pr. Is. Griffin.
This little parody is intended as a satire on the party to which it is inscribed. The allusion, it must be owned, is not perfectly appofite, but it is fupported with some degree of ad. dress; and contains more of rational and honelt zeal, than of blind or virulent invective.
14. Reasons for an Amendment of the Statute of 28 Henry VII.
c. 11. $ 3. which gives to the Succeflor in Ecclefiaftical Benefices all obe Profits from the Day of the Vacancy. 8vo. Pr. 15. Payne.
The hardship, which this writer confiders, is in the case of an incumbent dying a little before harvest, and his successor receiving the greatest part of the annual profits of the living, without assigning an adequate proportion to the representatives of a man who probably may have discharged the duty of the parish ten months out of twelve, and been at a considerable expence in improving the preferment.
The author offers several reasons for the amendment of the statute of 28 of Henry VIII, drawn from principles of justice, equity, and compaflion.
This trae is drawn up in a masterly manner, and the subje feems to be deserving of some farther and more effectual en quiry.
15. The 15. The Defruction of Trade, and Ruin of the Metropolis, prog
nofficauid, from a total Neglea and Inattention to the Confervacy of the River Thames, &c. 410. Pr. Is. F. Newbery.
The author of this pamphlet, under the signature Merca. tor, after having assured us that he is a merchant, a manufacturer, an Englishman, a brother of the Trinity, and also a moral man, proceeds to enumerate the several mistakes, blunders, and omissions, arising from the neglećt, and inattention of those to whom the conservancy of the river Thames is consigned, and prognosticates nothing less than the destruction of trade, and ruin of this now fourishing metropolis. In support of this assertion, Mr. Mercator cites the following report of the committee appointed by the lord-mayor, aldermen, and commons of the city of London, in common coun. cil assembled, to take into consideration the petition of Ro. bert and James Adam, Jaines Payne, Dorothy Monck, William Kitchner, and Richard Norris, to the right honourable the lord mayor: " That we have taken the said petition into consideration, and having also consulted our surveyor thereon, are humbly of opinion, that an embankment of the north side of the river Thames, from the angle formed by the York-building fire engine, and the wharf immediately below the same, in a strait line to a point in the said river, at the distance of one hundred feet from the wharf wall at the bottom of Salisbury street, in the liberty of Westminster, in a continued strait line along the middle of the said street, and from the said point, in a strait line, to the bastion on the west side of Somerset Gardens, would be of public utility, as it would tend to improve the navigation of that part of the said river.' This determination our brother of the Trinity finds great fault with ; and is of opinion, that the committee was led into this error by their surveyor ; 'a man perhaps conversant enough in building houses, &c (continues our author) but what has his judgment to do with the navigation of the Thames, even suppose him not partially biased, which, in single judgments, is not an uncommon case ?' This fort of discourse Mr. Mercator calls moralising upon his subject, we therefore apprehend the following extract will be sufficient for the reader to form a proper judgment of the philanthropy of the author, and the merit of his performance.
It is the common order of human affairs, that men first consider themselves as the summum bonum of all projects they pursue, the public is only set up as a standard flag to attract approbation, the play is on the weakness of some, the wickedness of others, and the indolence or inattention of all; pre
sumpsumption does much, impudence more, and ignorance fills the scale, that outbalances all sense, judgment, and propriety,'
16. Directions for bringing over Seeds and Plants, from the East.
Indies and other diftant Countries, in a state of Vegetation : 10gether with a Catalogue of sucb Foreign Plants as are worthy of being encouraged in our American Colonies, for the purposes of Medicine, Agriculture, and Commerce. To which is added, ibo Figure, and Botanical Description of a new Sensitive Plant, called Dionaa Muscipula: or Venus's Fly-Trap. By John Ellis, F. R. S. 410. Pr. 25. L. Davis. One of the principal methods, here recommended, for preserving seeds in long voyages, is that of inclosing them in bees-wax; but as there are also other useful means suggested, we could wish that all those who have it in their power to furnish their country with exotic vegetables, would peruse the treatise itself. For the gratification of the curious reader, we fall extract the author's account of a newly-discovered sensitiveplant, entitled Dionæa Muscipula, or Venus's Fly-Trap, from his letter to the celebrated Linnæus.
• You have seen the Mimosa, or Sensitive-Plants, close their leaves, and bend their joints, upon the least touch; and this has astonished you; but no end or design of nature has yet appeared to you from thefe surprising motions : they foon recover themselves again, and their leaves are expanded as before.
• But the plant, of which I now inclofe you an exa&t figure, with a specimen of its leaves and blossoms, shews, that nature niay have some view towards its nourishment, in forming the upper joint of its leaf like a machine to catch food : upon the middle of this lies the bait for the unhappy in seat that becomes its prey. Many minute red glands, that cover its inner surface, and which perhaps discharge sweet liquor, tempt the poor animal to taste thein : and the instant these tender parts are irritated by its feet, the two lobes rise up, grasp it fast, lock the rows of spines together, and squeeze it to death. And, further, left the strong efforts for life, in the creature thus taken, should serve to disengage it; three small ere&t spines are fixed near the middle of each lobe, among the glands, that effetually put an end to all its struggles. Nor do the
lobes ever cpen again, while the dead animal continues there. . But it is nevertheless certain, that the plant cannot distinguish an animal, from a vegetable or mineral substance ; for if we introduce a straw or a pin between the lobes, it will grasp it full as fast as if it was an infe&t.'
17. Roo 17. A Short Account of the Waters of Recoaro, near Valdagno,
in the Venetian Slate. 8vo. Pr. is. Dodsley. These waters issue from the Vicentine hills, which border on the Trentine Alps, about three hundred paces from the town of Recoaro, twenty-four miles from the city of Vicenza, and five from Valdagno. They are found, by chemical analysis, to contain an active, very subtle, and extremely elastic spirit, impregnated with a vitriolic acid ; a great quantity of chalybeate principles, united with a small portion of alcaline earth; and a vast deal of a bitterish neutral falt, much resembling that of the Epsom waters in England. They are celebrated for their efficacy in many complaints of the stomach, such as weaknesses, heart-burnings, frequent vomitings, loathings or loss of appetite, irregular cravings, and indigeftions ; in the first stages of the scurvy ; in the jaundice; in nephritic pains, proceeding from gravel, or small stones in the reins; in heats of the urine ; in ftranguries; in hysteric and hypo. chondriac disorders; in the chlorosis ; in barrenness; too violent flowings of the menses; the fluor albus; the piles; and in the relics of long periodical fevers.
• In short, says the author, these waters are good in so many and such cruel disorders, that several persons, well acquainted with their virtues, have thought it would not be do. ing them too much honour, to beltow on them the title of a Panacea, or Universal Remedy.' 18. Experiments on the Cause of Heat in living Animals, and Ve.
locity of the nervous Fluid. By John Caver hill, M. D, M.R. C. P. F. R. S. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Robson.
Almost a whole hecatomb of poor rabbits has here been cruelly facrificed, to prove-what? That the heat in liv. ing animals is diminished by the destruction of the nerves ; a proposition which required no farther experiments to con. firm. But it is not our humanity only that is shocked by these experiments ; for the inferences de luced from them, do violence even to reason itself. This author proceeding upon a preconceived hypothesis, that the fluid of the nerves is of a grofs earthy nature, alledges, that it is moved with a velocity not exceeding in its progression the space of one inch in twenty.four hours ; and yet from the inconsiderable attrition which would result from this niotion through the soft and unelastic tubes of the nerves, he would derive the cause of all animal heat. We shall only observe, in regard to this theory, that there is an infinite difference betwixt the motions excited in the nerves, when intire, by volition, or the influence of the foul, and those which are produced by the irritation of diHh 4
vided nerves ; and that no arguments drawn from the latter phenomena can ever be admitted as conclusive of the natural operations of the former. Were the nervous Huid really of so gro's a nature, and moved so slowly as is alledged by this author, why should it alone of all the animal fluids be invi. fibic? Or could we reasonably suppose it to be a competent infirument for the instantaneous conveyance of sensation, and the emotions of the mind ? 19. The present, State of Midwifery in Paris. With a Tbeory of
the Cause and Mechanism of Labour. By A. Tolver, ManMidwije. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Cadell.
This treatise contains a plain and judicious abstract of the art of midwifery; and we are persuaded, will be read with pleasure by all the obstetrical profession.
20. The Ladies New Dispensatory, and Family Physician. 8vo.
Pr. 25. 6d. Robinson and Roberts. This little volume contains such clear and concise direc- . tions for the cure of diseases, that it cannot fail of being underitood by the ladies with facility, and read with great profit, The prescriptions, likewise, are remarkably fimple, elegant, and efficacious; and it may be esteemed, upon the whole, as the completest and most useful production of the kind, 21. Letters to the Ladies, on the Preservation of Health and Beau'y.
By a Physician. 8vo. Pr. 25. 6d. Robinson and Roberts.
The author of these letters informs us, that they are intended as a supplement to the well known Sermons to Young Women; and that, as the preacher has delivered such precepts as may improve and adorn the mind, he (the author of the Letters) instructs his fair corres, ondents in the art of preserving external beauty. It would, indeed appear, that this physician general to the young, the gay, and the bcaurul, as he stiies himself, is by no means a stranger to the cosmetic art: and there are so many lively strokes of gallantry, as well as weful rules, and pertinent obfervations, in these Letters, that we make no doubt of their mecting with a very favourable reception from the ladies. The following letter may serve as a ipecinien of this agreeable produciion.
• Having, in my last letter, directed the most effectual me. thods for improving and preserving the complexion, I shall Low conlider the means made use of to disguise it, namely, the expedient of painting.
- Alier carefully analyzing all the cosmetics which have bion imposed upon the world under various denominations, I