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.: The following extract on first principles, will give our reader some idea of the performance.
• The first principle of the exercise of the firelock (and of all fire-arms) is, to make the man who exercises it, load ag quick as it hall be poflible for him to load, and be sure to hit the object fired at-be sure, as much as man can, to kill.
• All motions which have no relation to killing or maim. ing, which are neicher offensive or defensive, are foreign to the weapon.
• Without firing at a mark, men will not be marksmen ; and, without being sure to kill, soldiers are not in the best possible state for war.
A battalion whose fire is certain and deadly, kills, stops, and conquers; a battalion, whose fire is unsure, is unkilling, will not stop, and may be conquered.
The principle of the exercise of the sword, is to make the thrust sure, to give kuowledge to guard, parry, and be certain of the cut-Soldiers who wear swords, and do not exercise that weapon at all, or not fully up to its true principle, cannot bid fair to kill or wound their enemies, although liable to receive wounds and death themselves. —He who misses his thrust in charging, may be killed ; and he who cannot parry, may be cut.
i The first principles of all bodily training for a soldier, are, to make him hardy and robust, capable to maintain health amidst fatigue, bad weather, and change of climate ; to march at such possible pace, and for such length of time, and with such burden, as, without training, he would not be able to do—and to make him ready at all changes of yofition. -No training at all for these ends, or a light one, cannot be consistent with true principles, must be the cause of infinite mortality among troops when they go to war, and be an ab. folute bar and impediment to many atteinpts and successes.
• The principles of all horse.training are nearly the same. with those of the foot soldier.—That the horse be well broke, obedient to his rider, ready at all changes of position, vigor. ous, hardy, a good marcher with his burden, long winded, supple, and, in proportion to his make, swift.-Horses trained entirely up to the above points, are in the best poffible state for war.
• The principle of all changes of position for å regiment, are, to make one or more fronts, to contract and re-extend the front in all its various modes : hence, one, two, or three different forts of change cannot be sufficient, but a readiness and expertness in all must be necessary for the neceflities of war.
• If any particular sort of evolution is unpra&ised, a case in war may come that will demand such evolution ; and, if depth or extenfion are not in readiness when the occasion demands either, the enemy will sometimes be improperly opposed. . ! • The first principles of the manner in which all changes of pofition are to be performed, are, order, directness, and the greatest possible rapidity :-therefore all manquvres in disorder, not done in the fhortest way possible, and without the necessary, or the utmost possible rapidity, are eflentially wanting. : • Disorder can never be proper to oppose an enemy.
• A change of position argues necessity, and all neceffities of war must ever be best answered by quickness.-Hence all wheelings should be rapid, and those of foot, in general, by files, which are preferable to an uniform, entire wheel. In changing position, that method which soonest presents opposition and front to an enemy, must be best: hence, to change position by files, except in very particular cases, must be superior to any other method; for if the body wheeling is more than a platoon, half of it will be up in front ready to fire in wheeling by files, before any front or opposition would be formed in wheeling by the entire, uniform wheel.
• The opposition, the charge of cavalry, depends not on fire, but upon the entire uniform front of the body to charge, Hence all cavalry wheel uniformly and undividedly.
« The principle of all clothing and covering of any fort for the foldier, is to give the best healthful defence againft the weather, and, at the fame time, permitting a free use of the body and limbs.'
This Enlay is wrote with energy and conciseness; the foldier, the scholar, and the man of sense are conspicuous through the whole ; and we heartily recommend the perusal of it to all gentlemen of the military profeslion.
XI. The Art of drefing the Hair. A Poem. Humbly infcribed to
The Members of the T. N. Club, By E. P. Philocosm. and late Hair-Dreffer 10 the said Society. 410. Pr. 15..6d. Carnan and
Newbery. THIS poem is not so didactic as we inight expect it would
1 he, from its name; but this we do not consider as a defeet, because no man who can relish a good poem pays any regard to the minute rules of hair-dressing.
We hope the title page of the piece is not without its poetry, or fi&tion : the author of it should never have been a hair-drefier, as he says he once was: the man who can write fuch fine verses, thould never have thrown away his time on adjusting the inferior and insignificant elegance of a coxcomb.
However, if such has been his misfortune, he has here taken no finall revenge on the petit maitres. He has couched a delicate satire under his instructions; his precepts throw poignant ridicule upon an art which they seem to patronize.
This poem contains many fpirited strokes of moral irony, and some fevere sketches of unpopular characters.
It well deserves the attention of our readers; though it is more entertaining than uniform, more fpirited than correct. The sentiments are just and lively ; the versification is vigorous and harmonious.
His invocation of Apollo is as humorous as it is new : and his description of the dull fop, who, though he had no doci. lity at college, made a wonderful progress under the discipline of the curling tongs, might have a good effe&t, if unthink. ing coxcombs could be prevailed upon to reflect, and les the extravagance of their folly.
• Oh Phæbus! patron of the sons of song,
Relax'd and weaken'd if the curls depend.
• Nor ye grave mortals, too severe and fage
And tho' no fcholar, prove a charming beau. Not to quote the following lines, would, to a certain de. gree, be injurious to fociety : they expose, with a laudable severity, a private, and a publick kind of robbery, which are too much pra&tised amongst the great.
• In scorn see gloomy Harpax roll his eyes
• If in Volpone a thousand arts you trace
Plunder'd a nation ; that but strips a peer.' In his description of a masquerade, there is a delicacy and poignancy of fancy, and a harmony of numbers which would not have been unworthy of Mr. Pope.
In lucid chrystal flows the sparkling wine,
Nuns, with no title to the sacred name
Turn'd pale with envy, and blasphem'd Vertù.' We shall now take leave of this gay satirist, A few examples discover genius to those who are susceptible of its effects.
MONTHLY CATALOGU E.
12. The True Alarm. 8vo. Pr. 25. Almon. A Lthough we find no reason to retract the remark we of
fered upon the comparative view of this writer, it must be confessed the important facts laid before the public in the True Alarm, deserve attention. Many effential defects in the constitucion and present conduct of the East-India company are clearly stated and exposed. Several mistakes, indeed, appear in the writer's relation of matters of fa&t; but in general, his reflections and reasoning are judicious. Happy would it be for the public were it as easy to apply a remedy, as to point out the errors in the present management of affairs.
Our author is of opinion, that a-n should assume to them. selves the sovereignty in India, leaving to the company only the commercial department. This measure, he affirms to be founded in right, and di&tated by policy and necessity. We embrace sentiments diametrically opposite : the sovereignty in question was obtained by gradual steps, and a series of success. ful measures, taken in self-defence, authorized by charter, apo proved by government, agreeable to the laws of nations and communities, and supported at the risque, the expence, and with the blood of the company.
The vast encrease of power, influence, and money, which so rich a jewel in the crown would throw into the hands of m- s, might prove fatal to the liberties of this country, The novelty, the delicacy, and the injustice of such an infraction of compact, would excite apprehensions in the minds of all men, whose property depended on public faith. Stock would receive so mortal a wound, that many thousand families must H b 2