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31. Remarks upon the Mortality among the horned Cattle, contains

ing Directions for extirpating the Infection, or, al leaf, for obe structing its Progress. Translated from the Low-Dutch of Sa. lomon de Monchy, M. D. 8vo. Pr. 15. Cadell.

The directions in this pamphlet are no more than to kill all the infected cattle within twenty-four hours, and fo prevent the contagion from reaching the Sound. 32. Virtues of British Herbs. With the Hifiory, Description, and

Figures, of the several kinds ; an Account of the Diseases they will cure ; the Merbod of giving them; and Management of tbc Parients in each Disease, &c. By John Hill, M. D. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. Baldwin.

This pamphlet contains no account of the virtues of herbs which were not formerly known : but as it gives a general idea of the qualities of a few of the most efficacious fimples of our own country, it may be, in some degree, useful to private families. 33. Remarks on the Compofition, Ufe, and Effeets of the Extract of

Lead of Mr. Goulard, and of bis Vegeto-Mineral Water. By G. Arnaud, M. D. 12mo. Pr. is. Elmfley.

In a former Review *, we gave an account of Mr. God. lard's Treatise on the Extract of Lead; a médicine so much celebrated in many external disorders. These remarks of Mr. Arnaud relate chiefly to the method of prescribing that medicine, and are as follow.

· The proper and generally prescribed quantity of extract to a bottle of pure water, is two drachms (five penny weight) if the extract is well made, which quantity will make about a hundred and ten drops. Now if we suppose the bottle to weigh twenty-nine Troy ounces, and a glass of water to weigh about three ounces, the quantity of extract, according to the proportion given by Mr. Goulard, would exceed, or at least be equal to that of the vegeto-mineral water prescribed by him for.common uses; when, on the contrary, the quantity ought to be diminished considerably. So that I would recommend, in inflammations of the eyes, to put only two drops of the extract to every ounce of water, and the same proportion to be observed in all cases, where the sensibility of the part is equally delicate, especially since Mr. Goulard has brought his extract to so great a degree of perfection.'

Mr. Goulard does not recommend his pomatum in opthalmies, and I think with great reason ; greasy and oleagenous

* See vol. xxvii. p. 357.

sub

substances are always dangerous in inflamations of the eyes, and erisipelatous complaints, though they are equally adviseable for those of the ears : he ought to have recommended the frequent washing the eyes, externally with the vegeto-mineral water, and keeping a bolster constantly on them, well wetted with that water. This I have constantly practised with success, but you must be careful always to add some brandy, and even that which is camphorated. This omission, on the part of the author in his first prescription, gives an air of obscurity to the last part of his second paragraph, by putting you in mind these of the necessity of making use of brandy in the second prescription, as well as in the first ; a circum. stance he has entirely omitted. Let it be remarked, that cam. phorated brandy on all occasions is to be preferred to the noncamphorated, as I shall endeavour to prove in the following article.

• It is my opinion, that in these cases, in which the author recommends the use of camphire, one of the most antiphlogistic, and antispasmodic medicines in physic or surgery, he . does not prescribe it in large quantities enough. Camphire is one of those medicines we use too sparingly, not being suffi. ciently conversant in its effects, which are always wonderful, whether made use of externally or internally. I would recom. mend a work of Mr. Pouteau, intitled, Melangie de Chirurgie, which would convince any one of the good qualities of this drug. I know an English gentleman, who not only preserves himself from, but cures himself of many complaints by the use of camphire, of which he takes inwardly a large quantity; and always carries about him a box of it. When I inake use of this with the extract of Saturn, it is in large quantities, and with some precautions different from those of Mr. Goulard. If it is given in finall quantities, it has no effect; when mixed with pomatums, cerates, liniments, it is obliged to undergo the heat of fire, by which means the volatile parts of it are evaporated; what remains of them, insensibly passes away, so that in a few days none is left. Whenever the vegeto-mineral water is made use of, I would recommend the same quantity of camphorated brandy, as the author prescribes of that which is not camphorated. This camphorated brandy should be kept in a bottle well corked; you must be careful. likewise to fill it up now and then, and see that the camphire you make use of for this purpose is not too dry, but that it is fresh, oily, and of a strong perfume.'

34. The

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34. The Messiah. In nine Books. By John Cameron. Sus.

Pr. 45. Robinson and Roberts. This work is formed upon the plan of those mongrel compositions, those gallimaufries of sacred history and romance, which have been lately imported from Germany.

Mr. Cameron paraphrases the Scriptures in this manner :

• As soon as they had arrived, Judas approaches with a countenance full of guilty confusion; he salutes his Master; he embraces and kisses him with all the outward demonstrations of honour' and respect. In this manner he is pointed out to the multitude, and distinguished from the rest of his disciples. Immediately, with drawn swords, and a great number of staves lifted high, the enraged mob gathered around him ; while he, with a voice of mildness and majesty, thus bespoke the traitor: Judas, is this your friendship to me? Do you betray your Master with a kiss? The perfidious wretch stood confounded, and the crowd for a little time remained in awful fufpence. Then he asked whom they sought; they told him, it was Jesus of Nazareth : To which he replied, I am the very man you seek. At these words, to fhew how awful goodness is when we mean to injure it, and how easily he could have baffied the most daring attempts against his life, à divine power unbraced their nerves, deprived them in a moment of all their strength, and threw them proftrate on the ground. Then had they perished in their impious attempts; but he had compassion upon them, and suffered them to arise. As soon as they had recovered, he asked them again, Whom seek ye? They replied, Jesus of Nazareth : then, said he, I am the man; and therefore, if your designs are against me, let these my disciples depart without any moleftation. At these words Malchas, a servant of the High Priest, stretched out his hand to lay hold upon him; while Peter, transported with the most impetuous and precipitate zeal, drew his sword, and aiming at Malchas with a design to cleave his head asunder, he made a violent stroke ; but missing the head, he cut off his right ear: upon which, speedy vengeance would have dyed the garden with Simon's blood, had not his Master, who formerly calmed the raging deep, at this time quieted the tumult of the people ; for turning to Malchas, he faid, Patience, young man, excuse the rashness of my disciple, I'll heal the wound, then touching his ear, the effusion of blood was stopped, the pain inftantly gone, and all was found and whole.'

By this extract the reader will perceive, that Mr. Cameron's production is not superior to those of his predecessors, either in elegance of stile, or propriety of sentiment.

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of June, 1770.

ARTICLE 1.

Hilory of the Lower Empire, beginning from Constantine the

Great, translated from ibe French of M. Le Beau, Vol. 1. 8vo. Pr. 55. boards. T. Davis. Concluded. THE part of M. le Beau's history of the Lower Empire,

I which we have now under consideration, is of such im. portance, that we thought it deserved to be criticised in a se. parate article, as it contains many of the most striking and remarkable events which occur in any period of the Roman History. That great and important revolution in religion, whereby Christianity, which had so long been persecuted, became the established worship throughout the whole extent of the Roman empire ; and the Christians, who had till then afsembled in the fields, or in desarts and unfrequented places, were allowed to build churches, and for numbers and rank surpassed the Pagans, by whom they had so long been tyrannized; the rise of Arianism, and the several councils occasioned by the disputes between the orthodox and the heterodox, the transferring of the seat of empire to Conftantinople : all these circumstances concur to render this part of history remarkably interesting. Another particular, which recommends this work to the public notice, is the mixt character of Constantine the Great, who makes the principal figure in it: that emperor was guilty of fome crimes, which recalled the memory of the bloody reign of Nero, at the same time that he had a zeal for religion, which caused his relicks to be preserved by the Roman Catholics, and made the modern Greeks give him .. You. XXIX. June, 1770. Dd

the

the title of Equal to the apostles. By his natural character he was good and merciful, but became cruel and fanguinary through passion. It must be acknowledged that he loved the church, and that she is indebted to him for her liberty and splendor ; but, easy to be seduced, he tormented her when he thought to serve her : relying too much upon his understand. ing, and reposing with too much credulity upon the faith of wicked men who surrounded him, he delivered up prelates to persecution, who might justly be compared to the apostles. The personal character of the first Christian emperor should, however, reflect no dishonour upon Christianity, no more than the personal character of Henry VIII, who was a much worse man, and may be considered as a monstrum nulla virtute rre demptum a vitiis, should be alledged against the Reformation ; as God can chuse what instruments he pleases to publish religious truths to mankind; and even Saul himself prophesied, when excited and impelled by the divinity, which stirred within him.

We shall now lay before the reader fome of the most striking particulars that occur in the remainder of the present volume; as the transactions which it relates are too unconnected to admit of a regular analysis. In the year 315, the emperor Constantine suppressed a revolt of the Jews, who had undertaken to rebuild their temple, and violated the ancient laws, which prohibited their entrance into Jerusalem. This revolt cost the emperor only the trouble of punishing it. He caused the ears of those who were most culpable to be cut off, and in that state led them in his train, with a view of intimidating by this example of severity that nation which the divine vengeance had long since dispersed over the whole empire. The honours which he afterwards paid to the cross of Jesus Christ, were not likely to cause less vexation to the Jews than joy to the Christians. It was already upon the standards; he ordered, that it should be engraved on his coins, and painted in all the pictures which should bear the image of the prince. He likewise abolished the punishment of the cross, and the practice of breaking the legs of criminals.

In the year 316, there arose in the empire one of the most extravagant seats that was ever heard of, the sect of the Cir. concelliones, so denominated, because they were continually rambling round the houses in the country. These vagabonds committed incredible ravages and cruelties during a long series of years in Africa. They were rustic, illiterate boors, who understood only the Punic language. Intoxicated with barbarous zeal, they renounced agriculture, professed continence, and assumed the title of Vindicators of Justice, and Protectors

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