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19. The whole Proceedings in the Cause on the A&tion brought by the

Rr. Hon, Gco. Onslow, Esq. against the Rev. Mr. Horne, en Friday, April 6, at Kingston, for a Defamatory Libel, before the Rr. Hon. Sir William Blackstone, Kni. one of the Jufrices of bis Majesty's Court of King's Bench. Taken in Short-band (bg Permission of the Judge) by Joseph Gurney. 8vo. Is. T. Davies.

This publication is undoubtedly'genuine. We are extremely forry, that a proper regard to the letter of the law has prevented, for some time at least, the determination of a question which has long engaged the public attention. 20. A Review of Ecclefiaftical History, so far as it concerns ibe

Progrefs, Declensions, and Revivals of evangelical Doctrines and Practice ; with a brief Account of the Spirit and Methods by which viral and experimental Religion bave been opposed in all ages of the Church. By John Newton, Curate of Olney, Bucks. 8vo. Pr. gs. Dilly.

This is the first volume of a work which the author proposes to continue, upon the same plan, from the first promul. gation of Christianity to the present time. He appears to be a worthy and laborious divine, a man of learning, and one who writes agreeably to the dictates of his conscience. The work is interspersed with many observations of a serious and pious tendency, and is particularly calculated to vindicate and fupport thofe principles and tenets which are commonly called methodistical. As such, it will undoubtedly be acceptable to those who embrace that system of Christianity; but we do not apprehend, that it will be read with equal satisfaction or pleasure by those, who are advocates for the use of reason in religious enquiries; or those who want to have a concise, clear, elegant, and accurate, ecclesiastical history. 21. Critical Remarks upon an excellent Treatise lately published, in

tituled A Syfem of Ecclefiaftical History and Morality. Svo. Pr. 36. Bladon.

The System of Ecclesiastical History, which has given occasion to these Remarks, was written by Mr. George Adams, and is mentioned in our Review for February 1769. The author seems to be better acquainted with the Misna, the Gemara, and all the dreams of the Jewish rabbins, than with his own language, or the principles of common sense. This publication is evidently the work of Mr. Adams himself. And indeed it is impossible, that any other person should call such a far. rago, as the book in question, . an excellent treatise.' 22. Mystery Unmasked, addressed to People of any Religion, and those of none. By A. Clement. 8vo. Pr. 25. fewed. Whifton.

In this performance Mr. Clement has displayed his religi. ous turn of mind, rather than the talents of an ingenious writer, or solid reasoner.

23. An Esay on the Epifle to the Romans. With Nores. Dehgn

ed as a key to the Apoflolic Wrilings. Part II. 8vo. Pr. 6d. Dilly,

The reader will find an account of the first part of this Essay in our Review for O&tober 1768. There is nothing in this publication which deserves particular notice. The whole of it is comprised within the compass of eight pages, and ought in conscience to have been fold for three-pence, or a groat. 24. A Short Explanation of some of the principal Things contained

in the Revelation of St. John. Shewing, from the XItb Capser, that the Fall of the Tenth Part of Turkey, by she oppresjid Witnefes of Christ, is begun, under obe Protection of the Empreji of Russia. All things being now ripe for the Fall of Popery, ibe Appearance of some powerful inspirea' Person is fewn to be fpeedily expeeted, to reform the Protefiant Church to the primitive Purity; whicb, according to the XIVıb Chapter and other Places, is to be propagated amongst the Romanists, and supported by Wars till they are united in the same Faith, and in a Religious War again the Turks ; ubicb is so commence quickly after the Fall of the Tenth Part of Turkey by ibe Witnesses, and be carried on by sbe Chriftian Powers, will it terminates in the Defiruction of the Ma. hometan Antichrift, and in the Restoration of the Jews in be MILLENNIUM. 8vo. Pr. Is. Owen.

No book, that ever made its appearance in the world, has been more violently tortured by dreaming expositors, than the Revelation of St. John. They have wrelied it into a thousand forms, and made it subfervient to their own frivolous and foolish conceits. Without descending any lower, the reader will find a considerable number of visionary conjectures in Whiton's eslay on that bock. The treatile we are now confidering is the work of an inferior hand. In the title, which we have cited at large, it bears the image and superscription of a crazy brain, or that of a genius who is equally qualified to write on the Apocalypse, the influence of the stars, the fig. nification of moles, or the intrepretation of dreams. . 25. The Teft of the true and false Doctrines. A Sermon preached

in the Parijh Church of St. Chad, Salop, on September 24, . 1769. By William Adams, D, D. Minister of St. Chad's, and

Chaplain 10 sbe late Biskop of St. Asaph. 870. Pr. 6d. White.

Mr. Romaine on the roth of September last, preached at St. Chad's. His sermon, as appears by this publication, gave of. fence to the minister of the parish, and the principal part of the congregation. The former therefore thought himself ob

liged, liged, on the first opportunity, to warn those, with whom hc was connected, against hastily entertaining a partiality for the principles of methodism, or believing that their own pastor is a setter forth of false doctrines.

The test, which he chiefly recommends in this discourse, for the trial of religious opinions, is, by comparing them with the great leading principles of religion, which are universally acknowledged to be eflential and fundamental to it; that is to say, such as these: that God is the righteous governor of the world; that he loves righteousness and hates iniquity; that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him; and that he will not let the guilty go free; that man is endowed with an understanding to discern between good and evil, and with a will or power to choose or to 'refuse the evil or the good, &c.

Dr. Adams proceeds to point out the use of those principles in some particular instances, especially in forming a judgment of those doctrines which are the favourite notions of the methodists; as the insignificancy of good works, the impotency of our mental powers, hereditary guilt, predestination, imputed righteousness, and the like.

A critical reader will probably find some positions, in this discourse, in which he may not entirely agree with Dr. Adams, and some passages which may not seem to be sufficiently guarded against all reasonable exception ; yet it is evidently the production of an able and a pleasing writer. 26. A Letter to the Rev. Dr. Adams, of Shrewsbury; occa

fioned by the Publication of his Sermon, preached against ibe Rev. Mr. Romaine : entitled A Test of True and False Do&rines. To which is now added à Dedication to the Parishioners of St. Chad's and Cund. With an Appendix, containing a short Aro count of the Herefies of Arius, Pelagius, Socinus, and Arminius ;, as also a Letter from Mr. Romaine 10 Dr. Adams. The 2d Edition. 8vo. Pr. Iso Dilly.

The principles and abilities of this writer are well known by his late publications. It will therefore, on this occasion, be sufficient to observe, that he has attacked Dr. Adams with his usual spirit, for having borne, as he tells us, a public testimony against the Articles, Homilies, and Common Prayer Book, and for ranking the reformers among the bad interpreters of Scripture.

In an Appendix to this Leiter he represents the Dr, as an Arian, a Pelagian, a Socinian, an Ariniaian, and a Heretic. When writers begin to call their adversaries by opprobrious names, we may fairly conclude, that they do not pretend to reason any longer. Abusive appellations is the weak refuge of the orators at Billingsgate.

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CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of May, 1770.

E ARTICLE I.
The History of the Lower Empire, beginning from Constantine the

Great. Translated from the French of M. le Beau, Vol. 1. 8vo.
Pr. 55. boards. T. Davies.
T HE transactions of the Romans undoubtedly constitute

the most beautiful and most entertaining part of profane history, which ought therefore to be read with the greatest attention. It abounds with such a variety of important events, and affords fuch repeated occasions for reflexion, that it might very well supply the place of every other branch of history, in forming a school, as it were, of all the moral virtues.

This history is divided into two grand periods ; one, containing the times of the republic, and the other those of the Roman emperors. In these different periods, the Roman state bore an exact resemblance to the different ages of human life. Governed in its infancy by kings, who formed its constitution for a long existence ; under its consuls ever active, and invigorated by the constant exercise of arms, it arrived in the days of Augustus to its maturity, and notwithstanding the disorders of a military government, supported its grandeur during three centuries, that is, to the reign of Constantine the Great.

The reign of this prince is a famous æra ; the Christian religion rescued from the hands of executioners, to be invested with the imperial purple, and the seat of the Cæfars tranfa ferred from Rome to Byzantium, give an intire new face to

VOL. XXIX. May, 1770.

the

the government of that mighty state, which from this very · æra of Constantine the Great, to the taking of Constantinople by the Turks, assumes the name of the Lower Empire. Down to this æra Rome was distinguished by a number of eminent historians, both Greek and Latin, whose writings are as much admired for the beauty of the stile, as for the importance of the subject. The same cannot be said with regard to the history of the Lower Empire. We have no other accounts of the emperors, but such as were written by persons, either greatly prejuviced, or of weak capacities. The body of these historians is what we properly call the Historia Byzantina. The first of there is Zozymus, who lived under the emperor Arcadius; next to him follows Procopius, who flourished under the emperor Justinian; and both of them were very partial, satyrical writers. The following reigns were written by several perfons, the chief of whom are Theophanes, Theophyla& Simocatta, Cedrenus, Nicephorus, princess Anna Comnena, Glycas, Nicetas, Nicephorus Gregorius, Curopalates, John Cantacuzenus, Cinnamus, Pachimerus, Constantine Manasses, and Ducas. Most of these writers have almost copied from cach other, and having but a very small degree of understand. ing, with a high share of credulity, they seem to have committed to writing, without judgment or discernment, whatever came to their knowledge.

To rescue this branch of the Roman history from the confusion and intricacy in which it lay entangled, was the arduous task of the very learned M. le Beau, professor Emeritus in the university of Paris, and perpetual secretary of the Royal Academy of Inscriptions and Belles Lettres. He has undertaken to write the history of Constantine and his successors, down to the time when their power, shaken without by the attacks of barbarians, weakened within by the incapacity of the princes, funk at length under the arms of the Turks. This work is the history of the Roman empire, in its old age; it was at first vigorous, and iis decline was not sensibly perceived till under the descendants of Theodosius ; from that time to its fall is a space of more than a thousand years. M. le Beau has attempted to dispel the obscurity of barbarous and inelegant writers, to weigh their authorities, to point out their different degrees of credit, and upon the whole, to furnish the reader with such a narrative of the Byzantine accounts, as shall be respected for its exactness, and adınired at the same time for its perspicuity and elegance. He never fails to quote his authorities with the most scrupulous diligence, and is critically severe in his manner of applying them ; he embraces every opportunity of discouraging vice, and commending virtue and religion ;

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