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CATALOGUE

, 30. A Charge to the Grand Jury of the County of Middlesex: doo

livered at the Quarter. Seffion at Hicks's Hall, Jan. 8, 1970. By John Hawkins, Ejq. one of his Majesty's Juftices of Peace for the said County, and Chairman of the Court of Quaritr-Sefion. 8vo. Br. 6d. Worral.. ... .

This is a learned and sensible discourse, in which the author lays down the law with a good grace; though we are of opinion, that Mr. Hawkins charges with rather too inuch impe. tuosity, when he comes to the doctrine of libels; a subject that requires to be touched with uncommon delicacy. 31. The Conduct of the right rev. the Lord Bishop of Winchester,

as Visitor of St. Mary Magdalen College, Oxford, fully flated. Witb brief Obfervations on Visitatorial Power. 8vo. Pr. is. 64. Durham.

This address was occasioned by the following incident: Dr. · Walker was amoved from his fellowship by the president and

fellows of Magdalen College, because he had held, for inore than the space of a year, two ecclesiastical preferments : which, according to his own account, were taxed together in the ancient Valors at thirty-seven marks. He appealed to the visitor, and was restored upon this plea; viz. that, beneficiuar ecclefiafticum, in the statute, being in the fingular number, and he having no preferment separately taken, above the value of twenty marks, his fellowship ought not to be considered as void.

The dispute turns chiefly upon the construction of the statute, and the merits of the decree in favor of Dr. Walker.

In the latter part of this pamphlet is an account of what has since passed between the visitor, the college, and Dr. Kent, who, in a letter to the bishop of Winchester, dated May 18, 1769, expressed his disfatisfaction at the decree in question. 32. Providence. By the rev. Joseph Wife. 8vo. Pr. Is. 6d. White.

The firft book of Mr. Wise's poem on Providence was print. ed about the year 1766, and the second not long afterwards. The first only is included in this edition. In the preface the author has made fome remarks on Pope's Essay on Man ; at the conclusion of which he pronounces that celebrated composition - a very weak and superficial production, contradictory to itself and to nature.'

After this bold decision, the reader doubtless will be desirous of knowing in what manner this writer has acquitted himself in his Essay on Providence. We therefore present him with the following lines : * See Vol. xxiii. p. 143.

• I won

" I wonder God would build on such a plan,
Or make this odd preposterous creature, man!
Most holy, pow'rful, good, and wise, I do
Believe God is; yet is (with rev'rence) how?
Were his perfections infinite, so vain
As to create an universe in pain ?
Create this man, by nature bound to know,
And to his ruin violate a law?
It muft be so--some wiser heads maintain,
For public good subsists on guilt and pain.
Can vice and misery be understood
As necessary to the public good ?
How grows obscurer the enigma still!
Must man be damo'd for doing needful ill ?

What monstrous contradictions !"

This is the proæmium, and may possibly satisfy the reader's curiosity : if not, we can only refer him to the work itself for his farther satisfaction, 33. The Cbrifian's Heart's Ease; or Balm for Hurt Minds, a

Ser moth, in Verfe. 4to. Pr. 6d. Bladon. : - We have somewhere seen this poetical sermon, many years Since, either in print or in manuscript.:: Our readers may probably recollect the following lines : :

Why droops the head, why languishes the eye,
What means the flowing tear and frequent sigh?
Where are the lenient medicines to impart,
Their balmly virtues' to a bleeding heart?
Fruitless are all attempts of kind relief, '
To mix her cordial and allay my grief; : on is:
So strong my anguish, so secure my pain, hogy
Weak is philosophy, and reason vain; :
Their rules like fuel make my passion glow,
Quicken each pang, and point the sting of woe:
Imagination labours but in vain,
While darkening clouds intoxicate the brain;
Fancy no sweet ideas can suggest,
To lull the raging tumult in my breast.
In vain or mirth invités, or friend hip calls; the

Wit dies a jest, and conversation palls.' The poetry of this piece is 'uperior to any thing we expected to find under the fanatical title of The Christian's Heart's Ease. 34. A Sermon Preached at the Parish-church of Greenwich in

Kent, on Christmas-day, 1769, by Edward Birkett, Clerk,

Curate of Greenwich. 4to. Pr. 15. Robinson and Roberts. * - The first paragraph: The redemption of mankind, by the sacrifice of God him

self,

felf, is so very extraordinary, such an unparalleled instance of the divine. condescension and goodness, that had not our Saviour given us undoubted assurance that he was the true and very God, we never could have been brought to believe the astonishing truth. An angel sent from the glorious heavenly host above, or a mortal from the region of darkness below, might probably have convinced us, that God would be reconciled to us on such or such conditions ; but neither the one or the other would ever have been able to persuade us, that God himself, feated in the height of Heaven, cloathed with majesty and honour, and surrounded with all the glorious company of angels and archangels, would leave those blest abodes, cloath himielf with a vail of flesh, and suffer the extremity of anguilh, pain, and torment, for the redemption of sinful and rebellious mortals !'

The reader, who has no objedions to this introduction, will doubtless be pleased with the orthodoxy of Mr. Birketi's discourse. 35. God All in All. Being a Leller to the Baptift-Clurch meeting

a: Goodman's-Fields, London, under the pastoral Care of the Tev. Mr. Abraham Booth. By S. W. Who was eje&ted by · the said Church, 21 Feb. 1770, for not believing that the Man Chrift was God. To which is added, a few Thoughes on the dif rinët Properties of the Intelligent and Material Creation, and the Reo larion they are kept in by God 10 each other in the Human Body and Soul. . 8vo. Pr. 15. Bladon,

We have cited the title page, we have mentioned the bookfeller, the fize, and the price of this pamphlet; and when we have done this, we have done as much as the article deferves. 36. An Account of a moji terrible Fire that happened on Sept. 8,

1727, at a Barn at Burwell, in Cambridgeshire, Gr. To wbich are subjoined some seriius and important Inquiries relating 10 ibe melancholy Event, and some Observations, designed as a praca sical Improvement of the awful Catastrophe. By Thomas Gib. bons, D. D. 8vo. 15. Buckland,

This is a very extraordinary production from the hand of a learned divine, more e'pecially at this period, so long after the accident happened. It is now revived with no other intention, that we can discover, than to inculcate the following curious do&trine, how orthodox we shall leave our readers to determine : " that ibis calamity is to be ascribed to fin, as its procuring cause; that puppet-shews are unlawful entertainments; and that this melancholy catastrophe is to be considered as a diving rebuke upon them.'

THE

CRITICAL REVIEW.

For the Month of April, 1770.

ARTICLE I.

Letters from Snowdon : deferiprive of a Tour through the Northern

Counties of Wales. Containing the Antiquities, History, and
State of the Country : with the Manners and Caftoms of tbe In-
babitants. 8vo. Pr. 350 Ridley.
T HE writer of these letters is more solicitous to please

1 than to instruct his readers. In a pure and polished stile, he offers such remarks as must occur to the most superficial observer. Without entering into laboured disquisitions on the antiquities, history, polity, or manners of the country through which he travelled, he engages the attention by pretty descriptions of nature, and remarks on the genius and disposition of the people. The flight sketches exhibited of historical knowledge, distinguish the hand of genius ; but they are discoverable by no marks to be the production of that noble and learned writer to whom we have heard them afcribed.

Our writer deals but little in etymology, and, indeed, he seems to despise that kind of knowledge as too conjectural. The specimens he has given convey no favourable impression of his talents in this way. • Chester, says he, was antiently the residence of the kings of Wales. Its situation on the frontiers of England and Wales was most convenient to repel the incursions of the Saxons. In the ancient British language it is called Caer, which signifies a walled, or fortified place,' We believe this to be a mistake, and that Caer ought to be translated a Chair, seat of justice, or metropolitan relidence. VOL. XXIX, April, 1770.

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The marches of Wales, lays our writer, comprehended the greatest part of the counties of Chester, Salop, Hereford, and Worcester. They were claimed both by the Saxons and the Britons ; and possessed by either, as the fortune of war frevailed. They were the feenes of continual wars and devastation. It was the wife policy of the times to give large estates to men of distinguished valour, to preserve the frontier counties from rapine and violence, who were called lordsmarchers. · They had great numbers of men under their command, who swore fealty to them, and were under their direction upon all occasions. Their power was so great, that they might rather be considered as petty princes than subjects.

Egbert, who reduced the Saxon heptarchy, took Chester from the princes of Wales. Since which time it has always been accounted as part of England. In the time of king Offa, the Welch lost the greatest part of the marches. With a view either to prevent their incursions, into their frontier counties, or to mark the boundaries, he made a great dyke, called Offa's dyke (in the British language ,CLAUDH Offa) which is remaining in many places at this time. This was built probably with the fame intent as the great wall between England and Scotland, and that between China and Tartary. Offa's dyke extends from the river Dee at Chester to the Wye "at Chepstow. Its direction gives us reason to think it was intended to confine the Welsh to the mountains, as its general course runs on the sides of the hills.

• The character of the inhabitants of North Wales, the Ordevices of the Romans, was even by the testimony of their enemies, that of a brave and warlike people. They preserved their independence for centuries, against the continued at. ' tempts of a great and powerful people to subdue them. Whether this may with greater propriety be attributed to their na. tural bravery, to the situation of their country, or to their want of such things as tempt the ambition of conquerors, I . thall leave undecided. Certain however it is, that the Saxons. continually made the greatest efforts to conquer them. Insti. gated, perhaps, more by a principle of revenge, for the ra. vages they committed on the borders of England, than by any advantages they could derive from the conquest of such a country. .

Be this as it may, they were in an almost uninterrupted state of war. Such an innate principle of enmity and antipathy sublisted between the two nations, that the cruelties perpetrated by either side (as the chance of war decided) equalled those of the most favage nations. This enmity is traditional, and the common people in a great degree retain it inveterate

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