Abbildungen der Seite

• If it arise from a blow or bruise, and the eye be swelled and black, after bleeding use the following:

• R Conserv. rof. Z iij. Liniment, sapon, Zi, m. f, cata.' plasma oculo affecto applicand.

• Or, apply oatmeal, oil, and vinegar.
• In case of a very considerable bruise or contusion,

'R Spirit. vin. camphorat. Acet. distillat. āä 3 ij. Spirit. fal, aminon. ziß. m.

. There is an inflammation of the eye very different from this, which depends or arises from a laxity of the vessels, and is, for the most part, scrophulous or rheumatic; perhaps venereal: if the latter, anti-venereals must be directed: but in the strumous or rheumatic opthalınia, no evacuations will anfwer : if any, it must be by small perpetual blisters; and internally,

IR Decoct. cort. Peruv. Ziß. Tinctur. guaic, vol. gutt. xxx. Elix. paregoric. gutt. xx. Aq. nuc. Moschat. Syr. croc. kā zi. f. hauftus sextâ quâque hora fumendus.-Vel, R Tinctur, ror. 3 ij. Aq. cinnamon. spirituor. 3ij. m. sumat sextis horis. Urgente dolere adde hauftui nocturno tinctur. thebiac. gutt. x.

• Bark, in any form, does much service in this case. Sir Hans Sloan's liniment has also been of service, as well as in the diseases of the eye-lids depending in such complaints. Millepedes taken alive in a large quantity, Æthiop. mineral. the decoct. farfæ, have all been advantageously.exhibited; and so have the following powders : :

OR Viper. Ægypt, pulv. 3i. Cinnab. antimon. pp. B. f. pulvis bis in die summend. ex hauftu decoa, sarsaparill. & rasur. guaiac. aa p. e.

• Small tubercles appear in the corners of the eyes and eyelids, resembling a barley-corn or a hail-stone; they are of long continuance, and very flow in their progress.

• The best method will be, to discuss them with the unguent, mercur. fort. and give calomel. gr. unum in a pill over night for ten days, and repeat or desist just as you find it necessary.

• Where these disorders attend delicate relaxed young women, who lead sedentary lives, the bark and chalybeates should be prescribed.

· The gutta serena is a species of blindness owing to an obstruction in the opric nerve, which may proceed from a pally or a relaxed habit ; also from an epilepsy, or old ulcers too hastily dried up.

• In

• In this disease the eye remains fair, and seemingly unaffected; though, where it is a true gutta serena, both the eyes are disordered.

« The diet should be light and attenuating; evacuations, in general, are necessary and blistering the head, and fuch things prescribed as in an inflamed ophthalmia, particularly in a full plethoric constitution : next, have recourse to alteratives; such as millepedes, decoct. sarfæ, doses of calomel, &c. continued for some time ; though the patient must not be brought to a spitting, to prevent which, gentle purges must intervene.

• Where a rheumatifm or relaxation has given rise to this complaint, the bark will be of use; as also fternutatories and cephalic snuffs; though, in general, this distemper may be regarded as not easily, if at all, curable.

• The following forms, however, may be tried :

«R Pulv. valer. 3i. Cinnab. nativ. 2 B. Syr. aurant. 9. f. f. bolus h. 1. & fummò manè fumend. cum cochl. iv. julepi sequentis.-R Aq. calcis Z viij. nuc. Moschat. Ziß. fyr. aurant. ziij. m.

The patient may take, twice a day, forty drops of the tinetur. fuligin, with a draught of rosemary-tea.

• In watery eyes apply aq. Hungar. and give gentle evacuations and alteratives.

• Specks on the eye are sometimes happily removed by a little of the following powder blown into it through a perfarated quill.

Lap. całamin. lævigat. zi. Sacchar. cand. alb. 5B. Of. sæp 3i. m. f. pulvis subtiliffimus.

“The eye lids grow together in children, which may become very troublesome. In order to remove this complaint, perhaps, nothing will be better than to foment the eye lids with warın milk and water, with a small spoonful of brandy ; and afterwards apply a little unguent: tutiæ, with the addition of two grains of the vitriol. alb. to zij. of the former.

« If a marp seruin attends, correct it by proper alteratives and gentle evacuations.

• Here extract. corticis Peruvian, in small doses, is of great use.'

After the speciinens already exhibited, our readers, we hope, wil excuse uis, if we now insert the article immediately following, on the angina and putrid fore-throat.

"An angina is an inflammation of the fauces, with burning heat, pain, tumour, and redness; a difficulty in deglu. tition, attended with a fever. Frequently the uvula and parts


3. If the spin the back, ani. Spiri mediate Decoet. pectomoistened with

adjacent are highly relaxed and inflamed, and liquids often rejected by the nose, with redness in the face.

• Here the diet Mould chiefly consist of water-gruel, weak whey, barley-water, and chicken-broth, drank warm.

Bleed largely, and repeat it according to the exigency of the cafe: then IR Infus. senæ & iij. Tinctur. senæ zvi. Tartar, folub.

B. f. potio statim fumenda.

• If the symptoms are severe, blister the parts affected immediately, and the back, and use this gargle.

• R Decoct. pectoral. Z vi. Spirit. fal, ammoniac. ZB.m.

(A flannel well moistened with the liniment, volat, is recommended by some: or the bread and milk poultice, with zij. or ziij. of camphire.

As the blisters dry, purge gently, or throw up lenient clyfters till the inflammation abates; then prescribe the following gargarism :

R Tinctur, rofar. rub. Z vi. Mel, rosar. ZB. Spirit. vitriol. acid. gutt. xx. m.

• If a suppuration should come on, forbear evacuations, and order the vapour of emollient plants to be received through a funnel; scarify the parts, so that the inatter may be disa charged.

After which, you may add tincture of myrrh to the lastmentioned gargle ; giving the bark, and advising gentle ex-, ercise.

• A tea spoonful of pulv, nitr. directed to the part and swallowed leisurely, has often been known to do service in a beginning inflammation of the throat; or a few drops of spirit. vin, camphorat, with a grain or two of nitre.

• The putrid, or malignant fore throat comes on with a chilliness and hivering, looseness and vomiting, with heat, which succeed each other ; pain in the head; foreness of the throat; the eyes are inflamed; there is a faintness and anxiety, together with a florid colour on the inside of the throat and. tonfils. It sometimes appears like a broad irregular spot, of a pale white colour ; and on the second or third day, the body is covered with the appearance of an erysipelas, with a re. markable swelling in the hands and fingers; the body and arms are also filled with pimples. The efflorescence on the fkin does not always attend this disease.

• The foreness of the throat now floughs and ulcerates; the parotid glands frequently swell, and are extremely painful; a delirium ensues, with heat and restlessness for several days, elpecially towards night; and a gentle and agreeable sweat breaks out towards the morning, which renders the patient easy ; a faintness, nevertheless, still attends ; the pulse is quick and small; in some soft and full, with a loose stroke, feldom hard. An offensive bad taste in the mouth is perceived in this disease, and (in the otherwise weak and infirm, who are chiefly the subjects of it) an acute pain affects the head.

i easy :

• A looseness and vomiting should be checked; the breath is infectious, and should therefore be guarded against.

• We should allow strong whey made with mountain, or any other rich wine very freely; fage tea; chicken broth; and in case of great sickness at the stomach, mint tea.

• All evecuations in this disorder are highly injurious, however the pulse and other symptoms may indicate them ; and this is evident from undoubted experience and authority. Give an ipecacuanha vomit on the first being called, by which means you may, in a great measure, stop the sickness and prevent a looseness, which very frequently attends in this case; and then order thus: ..R Aq. alexet. fimp. Ziß. fpirituos. cum aceto 3üj. Pulv. contrayerv, simp. 33. Confect. cardiac. zß. Syr. croc. zi. f. haustus quartâ quâque horâ sumendus.

“It the loose stools are not prevented by these means,

• R Aq. cinnam. fimp. Z vi. Elect., e scord. ziij. m. fumat, cochl. ij. post singulas iedes liquidas.

• If the tonsils are much swelled, blister behind the ears and between the shoulders, and prescribe the following gargle.

IR Decoct. pectoral. lbi. Rad. serpentar. contuf. 3ij. coque per femihoram ; colatur; adde Acet. Tinctur. myrrh. äā zi. Mel. optim. Zii. m.

• This should be often used, and the parts be cleansed with it by the means of a syringe; and if the floughs do not foon separate, touch them with the following, with an armed probe, or by the syringe.

B Gargarism. præscript. 3 ü. Mel. Ægyptiac. zi. m.Vel, R'Aq. puræ ziv. Spirit, salis corrosiv. q. 1. ad grat. aciditat. fæpius utend. pro gargarisma.

By this method the floughs will separate, and the symptoms in general abate ; but will leave the patient languid, weak, and low, with some hectic appearances. At this time it will be proper to order the cortex, with the elix. vitriol. affes milk, a country air, generous diet, and gentle exercise.

• For a further history of this disease, consult a small trea. tise published by the celebrated Dr. Fothergill.

We may safely recommend this volume, as an useful compendium to young practitioners.

VII. Poemas

VII. Poems on several Occasions. 480. Pr. 25. 6d. Dodsley. THE author of this publication informs us, that these pieces

1 were his first attempts in poetry, that most of them were written when he was about twenty years of age, and that they are now printed at the request of some of his friends, who have been pleased to honour them with their approbation.

This, we must confess, is one of the weakest excuses which any writer can alledge for publishing his compositions. A bad poet may have acquaintance who are more injudicious than himself, or he may take mere compliments for praises. In this age of politeness, few people would choose to inform the bard, who submits his verses to their perusal, that they are contemptible, and absolutely unfit for publication. It has been long since observed, that poets are a waspish sort of people : genus irritabile vatum,' says a brother of the quill. This author, however, has not been deceived by his friends. The latter. we believe, will have no occasion to repent of their advice, nor the former of his compliance. If these are considered as the productions of early youth, they will do him no discree dit. The following piece is the first in the collection,


inopemque paterni
Er Laris, et Fundi -

< Pity the sorrows of a poor old man!
Whose trembling limbs have borne him to your door,
Whose days are dwindled to the shortest span,
Oh! give relief-and Heav'n will bless your store,

These tatter'd cloaths my poverty bespeak,
These hoary locks proclaim my lengthen'd years,
And many a furrow in my grief-worn cheek
Has been the channel to a stream of tears.

Yon house, erected on the rising ground,
With tempting aspect drew me from my road,
For plenty there a residence has found,
And grandeur a magnificent abode.

(Hard is the fate of the infirm, and poor!) .
Here craving for a morsel of their bread,
A pamper'd menial forc'd me from the door,
To seek a shelter in an humbler shed.

• Oh! take me to your hospitable dome,
Keen blows the wind, and piercing is the cold!
Short is my passage to the friendly tomb,
For I am poor-mand miserably old.

6 Should

« ZurückWeiter »