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fered any people to remain in a state of freedom, where they had any poffeflions to be coveted : the stern decree of bondage, along with the inclemencies of life, and its variety of wants and miseries, inform us in the language of the Almighty, that we are ruined, guilty, and condemned ; consequently, that our pride and opposition to subjection, are presumption, rebel. lion, and sin. The heathen religion, which allowed the re. ality of human rectitude and virtue, and appropriated the en thusiastic views to this life, gave room to genius to work miracles in free states, where the grandeur of human nature became a principle of action. But Christianity turns our sublime views from this world to their proper scene, to a future life, and confines the flight and heroism of the mind to devotion, fortitude in suffering, patience, and to a noble conquest of the passions.'
These reflections are certainly both very proper and very pious; but we are afraid that the author has taken some premises for granted, that reinain to be proved. He supposes, for instance, that in ftatuary and painting Christians have no prospect of equalling the heathens ; and he thinks that tragedy will never appear in splendor, where men's ideas of human worth and merit are formed from genuine Christianity.
These are propositions that we are afraid will not be readily admitted by the admirers of Raphael, Pouslin, Michael An. gelo, and other great masters of the pencil and chistel. Why ought passion and pride to be excluded from Christian paintings? Can heathen mythology, in its sublimest conceptions. furnish a subject like the Transfiguration ; or what discovery in Greek or Roman history is equal to that of Jofeph and his brethren ? Not to mention inany French tragedies written upon Christian plans, has not our own Shakespeare, in many places, ennobled his drama from the Christian religion ? 29. A Soldier's Journal, containing a particular Description of the
leveral Defren's on the Coast of France last War ; with an entertaining Account of the islands of Guadaloupe, Dominique, &r. And also of the Isles of Wight and Jersey. To which are annexed, Observations on the present State of the Army of Great Britain. 12mo. Pr. 25. Dilly.
This publication bears strong evidences of its being written by a common soldier, who by his great merit and services abroad and at home, had the honour of being raised to the degree of a corporal. Like other great heroes, he appears to be well acquainted with tactics, the disposition and encampment of an army, and the military manæuvres both offensive and defensive. In short, that part of his performance is extremely
well adapted to the perufal of every common soldier, wha, to speak in ferjeant Kite's language, hopes some time or other to purchase by his services a general's baton.
His descriptions of the islands he visited, agree extremely well with the most authentic accounts that were published during the last war; and we believe that they are more faithful than those of some who affect a far higher degree both in the literary and military world. His description of the produce of Guadaloupe, so far as we can judge, are not only genuine, but curious and instructive to a British American, or West India planter,
• The cocoa-tree also flourishes here. It is much like our birch tree ; and I was informed by some of the French planters, that on the first settling of the island, this tree was brought from Cayenne, but after they had been here some time, the settlers found some native cocoa-trees, which produced a larger and fuller fruit, and are much fuperior to those brought from the island of Cayenne.
• The cocoa fruit grows on the trunk of the tree, and the largest branches; it is in shape like a small melon ; upon opening it you frequently find forty or fifty nuts, much like a large almond, both in shape and colour.
• This cocoa is gathered from November till June ; when brought home, they lay it abroad on boards, and put some large plantain or banana leaves, both under and over the fruit : then fome boards are put upon it, with a heavy weight over all, which presles from it a watry substance, which is given to the nogs. After thoroughly pressed, it is laid abroad on bricks before the house, where it is often turned, and afterwards put over a fire in an iron pot, which separates the shell ; then it is again put over a fire, and soon grows soft, when it is taken out, made into any form they think proper, and baķed.
• Thus by such a simple operation is made that valuable commodity chocolate, generally fold there at six-pence per pound. The hell which comes off the small fruit is called cocoa, and is of some use and value.
• Near Marigotte, in the quarter of Cabes. terre, I found some small plantations of cinnamon. The most considerable one, was about one hundred and fifiy yards Square, and which belonged to one monsieur Dabrois ; he informed me, that he had the plant from the island of Ceylonin the East Indies ; and that which I saw growing was of three years growth ; that he had raised it all from a few score plants; and from ftripping some few branches, he thought it no ways inferior to what is brought from the Eart.Hidies. It flourished extremely wells and as the gentleman had been many years in the East
Indies, Indies, he knew well how to manage it. He said, he would Send a sample of the cinnamon to Europe the next year, and hoped that the growth of it would be encouraged. What pity! to give up an island to France, which, by all appearance, had it been kept in our possession, and the growth of cinnamon encouraged, in a few years, without a doubt, this iland alone would have produced a sufficiency for Great Britain and her colonies; and by that means have prevented large sums from going annually to the Dutch. But some statesmen care nothing for their own country.'
Our corporal writes in the character not only of a traveller and a soldier, but of a politician. He condemns the late peacemakers for giving up Guadaloupe and Martinico. •Surely (says he) farmers, coblers, and private soldiers, would not have acted lo weakly and so unworthily, or so void either of knowledge or of Thame, as did our noble peace-making politicians.' His history of the same, and other islands, is extremely entertaining; and as they seem to be genuine, they may be of no small service to future naturalists.
This foldier's observations upon the army of Great Britain, and the hardthips which the common soldiers lie under at present from the smallness of their pay, claim the attention of every humane and benevolent member of our government and legislature.
To conclude : we recommend our foldier's journal to the notice of the public; and own that upon perusing it, we met both with amusement and information.
30. A Chronological Series of Engravers, from the Invintion of the
Art 10 the Beginning of the prefent Century. 8vo. Pr. gia Cadell.
This publication is intended to assist the collector of prints in his arrangement of them, and to trace the art of engraving from its source. It contains three large plates, exhibiting the different marks of engravers, to the number of 727, prince Rupert, the inventor of mezzotinto, being the last. The collection carries with it evident marks of hurry and confusion, but may be useful to the lovers of that species of virtu. 31. Oratio Anniversaria a Gulielmo Harveio infituta in Theatre i Collegi: Medicorum Londinensium, Habita Fefto Saniæ Lucæ,
O&. 18, A. D. 1769. 480. Pr. 15. White.
So many members of the College of Physicians have at. tempted to display their abilities in composing the anniversary oration, that nothing new or interesting can be expected on the sub,ect. The fțile and language of this performance, however,
are abundantly clasical, and the orator's observations in many places sensible and just; though we cannot admit his account of the facility of procuring degrees in other universities, if by alienas academias, page 1o, he means all other universities except those of Oxford and Cambridge. It is well known that some of the greatest ornaments of the profession have been bred at other seminaries of learning; and it is no lels certain that feveral have been received into the College of Physicians at London in particular, who can claim no great pre-eminence in point of knowledge; and therefore if the author has not borrowed the subject of his satire from the too great lenity of the learned body last mentioned, we know not from what other quarter he could be supplied with matter for his splenetic de. scription.
• Alia jam nunc res agitur : apud alienas academias brevius fit ad medicinam iter ; fervi iterum in medicorum numerum fefe insinuant, non qui apud Athenas septem annos studiis dedere, fed qui ex tabernis sunt & ex officinis effusi. Jam patet janua pharmacopolarum tironibus, chirurgis maritimis, & marculis obftetricibus, eis plerumque qui ne fando auditi, nedum ullius professoris oculis unquam confpe&ti fuerint. Indignum facinus ! Quid enim inhonestius ? quid audacius, quid injuriosius reipublicæ concipi poffit, quam imperitos & illiteratos homines medicinæ gradibus per tabellarios ornari, & in eam profeffionem furtim intrudi, quibus concredendæ sunt populi falus civiumque vitæ ? Sed, proh dolor ! ad eam temporum infelicitatem nos reservari videmur, quibus omnia complananda funt & coæquanda, omnes modeftiæ limites tranfiliendi, propter fpeciosos pro libertate clamores, a libertate veruntamen alieniffimos.
However justly the author here inveighs against the admirSion of servants and apothecaries' apprentices into the London College, (for we cannot conceive such a fact to have taken place in any other) it is certainly injurious to mingle gentlemen, such as surgeons and men-midwives of regular education, with such a motly group.
The description of the late squabbles in the College is far from being void of classical elegance.
• Inter hos inobilium quiritium tumultus, huic nostro inermi domicilio beilum indicitur. Audite collegæ-quæ neque taceri, neque pro dignitate rei dici poffunt. Ex Vulcani adytis in Apollinis castra irrumpendum est. Afpicite-præest Faber Ferrarius, uncum dextrâ vibrans durumque malleum ; domus hæc oppugnatur, fores peffundantur, claustra evelluntur, repaguia pertringuntur, feneftræ conquaffantur. Hoftes introeunt, accumbunt, cavillantur, rixantur, criminantur, elabun
tur. O præclaram viétoriam de poftibus, de foribus, de pel. sulis, de fenestris reportatamn! Ipfi mehercule suis victoriis sunt victi.'
To this Oration is subjoined, by the same author, a short Latin poem, intitled, Meadus, wrote in commemoration of Dr. Mead, which thews the poetical talents of the author to be not inconsiderable, as will appear from the following quotation.
• Usque adeone premunt ingrata filentia vates ?
• Te testem, O Hygieîa, voco; tu nempe videbas,
· Heu perit ante alios dileclus Apolline natos,
• Hunc gemit Eridanus, qui Aumina vortice torquet,