« ZurückWeiter »
Gazette, or actually taken from it, you may depend upon as genuine, and faithfully copied.
Mr. Hutchinson behaved much to the satisfaction of the public as judge of probates. He was ready to affift, in a moft obliging manner, the widow and the orphan with his advice, whenever their business called them before him. As chief justice he was not exceptionable, only when he supported the cause of government against the claims of the people. When in the chair of the first magistrate, his appointments to different offices were generally of men well qualified for discharging the duties of the fame, though mostly supporters of government: he was advised by a British nával officer to secure Meff. Hancock and S. Adams by promoting them; but replied, that though such a scheme might answer in regard to Mr. H. it would not as to Mr. A. for it would be only giving him more power to aid him in his opposition, and that he should not be able afterward to remove him. Under the charter the governor cannot remove from offices without the consent of the council; and Mr. Hutchinson knew that Mr. S. Adams's interest in the council would be greater than his own. He was used to profess the warmest attachment to the good of his native colony, and that he was ever aiming to promote its happiness; and would frequently show the letters he had written about the time of the stamp-azt, in opposition to that measure. He ingratiated himself by his free, familiar, and condescending intercourse with the common people, whom he would join, walk and converse with, in his way, from the meeting to his feat. On these accounts he had a number of friends and advocates, who thought highly of him; but since the disco: very of his letters, they begin to own that they were : deceived in the man, and wofully mistaken in the good opinion they entertained of him. He will be execrated in America if not in Great Britain.
The dispatches forwarded to the general congress from the Massachusetts the beginning of May, led on to their resolving themselves into a committee of the whole to take into consideration the state of America. Before they finished this great business, they resolved unanimously “ That all exportations to Quebec, Nova Scotia, the island of St. John's, Newfoundland, Georgia, except the parish of St. John's, and to East and West Florida, immediately cease, and that no provision of any kind, or other necessaries, bę furnished to the British-fisheries, on the American coasts, until it be otherwise determined by the congress.” The parish of St. John's was excepted, as it had sent a delegate to congress. They continued to fit in committee from day to day till the 24th, when the honorable Peyton Randolph, being under a necessity of returning home, and the chair being thereby vacated, they unanimously chose the honorable John Hancock esq; president.
A report from the committee being read, the congress May, came unanimously into certain resolutions; and among 26. other matters they resolved, “ That the colonies be immediately put into a state of defence: but that, as they most ardently wish for a restoration of the harmony formerly subsisting between the mother country and these colonies, for the promotion of this most desirable reconciliation, an humble and dutiful. petition be presented to his majesty.” It was then resolved, but not unanimously, “ That measures be entered into for opening
a negotiation, in order to accommodate the unhappy disputes fubfifting between Great Britain and these colonies, and that this be made a part of the petition to the king.”-Afterward « That the militia of New York be armed and trained, and in constant readiness to act at a moment's warning.”
Mr. Dickinson, the author of the farmer's letters, is now a member of congress for Pennsylvania. His heart was much engaged in bringing about a reconciliation, and he labored hard in procuring a second petition to the king; but it was opposed by several, and occasioned strong debates for some days. However for the sake of congressional harmony it was at length unanimously agreed to; as they that opposed it had not the least idea of its proving effectual, from a full persuasion that the British ministry would be so irritated, by what had happened on April the nineteenth, as to reject all tenders short of full submission. These nevertheless declined voting, that measures for a negotiation should make a part of the petition. Since the Lexington engagement, many of the New Englanders believe, that the contest must end in absolute slavery or real independence.
Congress wrote a letter to the Canadians, stiling them the oppressed inhabitants of Canada, and themselves friends and countrymen. It was designed to persuade them, that their present form of government is a form of tyranny, and that they, their wives and children, are made slaves ; to prevent their taking a part against the colonies in the present contest; and to procure a union of all in defence of common liberty.
. It was resolved, “ That no provisions of any kind be June furnished or supplied to or for the use of the British army or navy, in the Massachusetts-bay, or of any transport.” - Congress, for the first time, stiled the colonies THE 70 TWELVE UNITED COLONIES, in a resolve, “ That Thursday the 20th of July, be observed throughout the twelve united colonies, as a day of humiliation, fasting and prayer. From henceforward the united colonies will come into use.
Major Skeen (the father) of Skeensborough, with 8. other officers, upon their arriving the evening before at Philadelphia, in a vessel from London, were taken into custody. Congress being informed of it, and that the said Skeen had been lately appointed governor of the forts of Tyconderoga and Crown Point, and had de- , clared that he was authorized to raise a regiment in America; they appointed a committee to examine his papers, as also those of a lieutenant in the regulars.
They, having been applied to, by a letter of May 16th, g. from the Massachusetts convention, for their explicit advice, resolved, “ That no obedience being due to the act of parliament for altering the charter of the colony of Massachusetts-bay, nor to a governor or lieutenant governor who will not observe the directions of, but endeavour to subvert that charter, the governor and lieutenant governor of that colony are to be considered as absent, and their offices vacant; and as there is no council there, and the inconveniencies arising from the suspension of the powers of government are intolerable; that, in order to conform as near as may be to the spirit and substance of the charter, it be recommended to the provincial convention to write letters to the inhabitants
of the several places, entitled to representation in affembly, requesting them to choose such representatives; and that the assembly, when chosen, do elect counsellors; and that such assembly or council exercise the powers of government, until a governor of his majefty's appointment will consent to govern the colony according to its charter."
It was recommended to the united colonies to collect falt-petre and sulphur, and to manufacture the same into gun-powder for the use of the continent..
Congress agreed to the resolutions of the committee of the whole house, “ That fix companies of expert riflemen be immediately raised in Pennsylvania, two in Maryland, and two in Virginia; and that each company, consisting of fixty-eight privates, beside officers, march as soon as completed, and join the army near Boston, to be there employed as light infantry.".
They proceeded to choose by ballot a general to command all the continental forces, and George Washington efq; was unanimously elected.
The president informed him of the choice which the congress had made, and of their requesting his acceptance of that employment. Colonel Wafhington, standing in his place, answered, : “ Mr. President,
W. Though I am truly sensible of the high honor done me in this appointment, yet I feel great distress from a
consciousness, that my abilities and military experience may not be equal to the extensive and important truft. However, as the congress desire it, I will enter upon the momentous duty, and exert every power I poffefs in their service, and for the fupport of the glorious cause.