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camped and marched up to Point au Trembles, about 1775. seven leagues from Quebec, through a thick settled country, where you meet, every few miles, with a hand- :: some little chapel. This was the day on which governor Carleton arrived at Quebec; and the first thing he did, was to turn out the suspected, and all who would not assist in the defence of the city. By express from 23. Montreal, the forces were informed that general Montgomery was upon his march, and had sent down clothing for them. The general finding plenty of woollens at Montreal, at a reasonable price, gave his foldiers new clothes, after their having suffered much by the severity of the climate, to which they submitted with patience and resolution, particularly in marching from St. John's to Montreal, the road being half leg deep in mire. He was also mindful of colonel Arnold's detachment, which had suffered ftill greater handships. General Montgomery arrived at one o'clock, with three Dec. armed schooners, men, ammunition and provision, to ** the great joy of the colonel's forces, who toward evening turned out and marched to the general's quarters, and were there received and complimented by him upon their appearance. The next day the batteaus were sent to Point Levi for the scaling ladders. The general appeared before Quebec, which is the last we have heard s. of his movements.

Ģeneral Howe issued orders for taking down the old 14. North meeting house, a large wooden building, contain: ing a great deal of timber ; and a hundred old wooden · dwelling houses and other buildings, to be used for fuel. The scarcity of this article, now that the usual supplies

1973. from the country are cut off, will reduce the inhabitants

to an extreme difficulty. Dec. - P.S. Admiral Shuldham is just arrived from Great 30 Britain in the Chatham man of war of 50 guns, to far

persede admiral Greaves,

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L E T T E R III.

Roxbury, April 22, 1776, YOU have been informed of the measures which

the promoters of independency adopted for the ripening of that event; in the advice whịch congress were prevailed upon to give to the New Hampshire, the South

Carolina, and the Virginia conventions, 1776. The New Hampshire provincial convention proceedand ed in their design, and voted “ that this congress take

up civil government in form following. We being authorized in particular to establish some form of government, provided that measure be recommended by the continental congress, and a recommendation being transmitted--the sudden departure of his excellency John

Wentworth and several of the council, leaving us desti.: tute of legislation, and no executive courts being open

to punish criminal offenders--therefore protesting that we never meant to throw off our dependence upon Great

Britain, and that we shall rejoice if such a reconciliation, · between us and our parent state, can be effected, as shall be approved by the continental congress-do re

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| A MER I c A N R EV ở U TƯo N.

169 folve, that the congress do assume the name and power 1776 of a house of representatives ; that they proceed to choose twelve persons, to be a distinct branch of the legislature, by the name of a council for this colony; and that no act shall be valid unless pafsed by both branches.” But this procedure was not universally approved. A memorial and remonstrance of the freeholders and inhabia 1o. tants of Portsmouth was presented to the convention fitting at Exeter. It sets forth, that “ the memorialists are greatly alarmed, by the information, that they are about to diffolve their existence as a convention, and affume that of a house of representatives, and to proceed to the election of twelve counsellors, who are to act as another branch of legislation for the future government of this colony.” They remonstrate against the procedure from an opinion that the inhabitants will not gene rally approve it; and wish therefore that the minds of the people may be fully taken on such a momentous concernment, for that it is their inherent right to know the plan, before adopted and carried into execution. They say also, “ it amounts to an open declaration of independency, which we can by no means countenance.” A dissent and protest was brought into convention, by 12. several of the representatives; the purport of it was, « We dissent and protest against the present plan of tak: ing up government for the following reasons--the votė of the continental congress, countenancing the same, was obtained by the unwearied importunity of our des legates there, as appears by their letter ;--the faid vote does not appear to have been unanimous, but we have reason to think very otherwise ;--New York and Vir: ginia (which are in similar circumstances with us, and

1976. are much larger and more opulent, and we preluine

much wiser, and to which we would pay all due deference) have not attempted any thing of the kind, nor as we can learn ever desired it ;-it appears affuming for so small a colony to take the lead in a matter of so great importance; our constituents never expected us to make a new form of government, but only to set the judicial and executive wheels in motion ;-it appears to us, too much like setting up an independency, on the mother country.” The convention however proceeded in their plan; but when it was executed, and the body had af

fumed the form of two houses, they had the consistency Jan. to receive petitions from the towns of Portsmouth, Dover, 18.

Newington, Rochester, Stratham, North Hampton, Rye, New Market, Kensington, Greenland, and part of Brentwood, against taking up government in the new established form. Both houses met in the town-house, the petitions were read, considered, and fully argued by the council for the petitioners. It was voted, that the committee write to the continental congress, and lay the plan of government taken up by the colony before them, and let them know that a number of members of this house dissented from and protested against the fame, because of its being supposed to breathe too much of the {pirit of independency; and request to know the judgment of the congress thereon. Whatever letter the committee might write was probably forwarded under cover to one of their own delegates; and by the advice of certain members was not brought before congress as a body, till the day after they had given their fanction to the plan, by admitting upon their journals, on the 29th of February, the credentials of the delegates chosen by the house of representatives on January the 23d. in

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When Mr. S. Adams saw the instructions given by 1776 the capital of New Hampshire, he was dissatisfied, and fearful lest, if that colony took a wrong step, it should wholly defeat the design, he owned, he had much at heart. He had been alarmed before in the beginning of the month, when a motion was made in congress to this purpose.-" Whereas we have been charged with aiming at independency, a committee shall be appointed to explain to the people at large the principles and grounds of our opposition, &c.” It would not do for Mr. S. Adams evidently to interest himself in opposing the motion, though he was apprehensive that they should get themselves on dangerous ground; but some other delegates prevailed so far as to have the matter, postponed ; and yet they could not prevent the assigning of a day to consider it. Some little time before, he had conversed with another gentleman, probably a Virginia delegate, about a confederation; when they agreed it must soon be brought on, and that if all the colonies would not come into it, it had better be done by those that inclined to it. Mr. Adams promised, he would endeavour to unite the New England colonies in confederation, if none of the rest would join in it: the other approved of it, and said, that, if Mr. S. Adams succeeded, he would cast in his lot among them. Many of the principal gentlemen in the Massachusetts have been long urging their delegates at congress to bring forward independency: the more fo, from a persuasion that, resistance unto blood having been once made against the governmental measures, the British spirit will never be quieted, with any thing short of those concessions and satisfactions, which Americans can never make.

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