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The elder Lawrence before the outbreak of the the prolegomena to the Ministration of, and (us war went into Holland to avoid, as it is said he munion with Angels, one of his last works, ai pretended, the severity of the bishops and their first issued, it seems, about 1660. courts. The same authority states that he re- “In this doctrine of Communion]." says Amit turned in 1641. He was, however, again in Hol- "I have the consent of many others; and to this purp land shortly afterwards, for he told his mother in the Treatise itself I have cited Dyke, Dingler, Les

Iar that the war found him abroad, did not send him rence, in whose book of Communion and

Angels (saith Mr. Baxter in his Saints' Everlustian, thither. In Dec., 1645, he was at Arnheim in part ji. chap. 7) is taught the true and spirituai hat Guelderland, and at Altona Jan. 21, 1646 (Harl. this Doctrine." MS. 374). On his final return to England he

On one point of his argument in a subsesse entered into political life. When the writs were edition Ambrose cited Baxter, and wrote to be sent out, towards the end of the year 1645, for the for a fuller expression of his views, which Bire, election of the members who were called Re- Nov. 29, 1661, gave in a letter appended to ... cruiters, Lawrence was returned as one of the brose's work (ed. 1682, fo., p. 166) Mejita members for the county of Westmoreland. At

of Baxter's Saints' Rest is the twelfth, 1659 *2 this period Masson (iii. 402) characterizes him as and in the portion referred to by Ambrose Earth a gentleman of property, having some taste for has this (p. 238) :learning and speculation. In the Articles of Peace, July, 1646, printed in Thurloe's State Papers, Ohjections, and to teach you the true and spiritunes

“ ...... To satisfy you fully in this, and to silenr 1 i. 77-84, from the public records of Scotland, this Doctrine, I refer you to Mr. Laurence's Bons to "Mr. Henry Lawrence” is nominated one of “the Our Communion and War with Angels. And e-pood Commissioners of England for conservation of the Zanchius, Tome 3, his Book De A wedis. And now peace between the two kingdoms” (p. 79). Mean- newly published, Mr. Ambrose's Book ; in whicà in sa while it would seem that he had left to be printed Epistle 1, have confirmed and vindicated what I have

" in Holland certain theological dissertations. To the year 1616 belongs his treatise Of Baptisme,

There is a note by T. Warton in Brydges's euleng 8vo., already referred to, which was reprinted in of Milton's works, vol. vi. p. 140, in which be London, 1619, in 4to., entitled A Pious and (Warton) states that of the president's sea “n Learned Treatise of Baptism. From the Dutch thing has transpired”; on which Todd reáatiet press be also put forth a work on the influence of that Warton was mistaked (as is Told good and evil angels, the title of which, taken

“ This Ilenry Lawrence, the virtusos son,' is the from a copy in the collection of the Rev. J.

author of a work of which I am in possession, sailed to

Milton's taste; on the subject of which. I made do Dredge, of Buckland Brewer, is as follows :

doubt, he and the author by the fire helped to sito Of Our Communion and Warre with Angels. Being many a sullen day' It is entitled Of our CF*# $a Certain Meditations on that subject, bottom'd r articularly ana Warre with Angels, etc., Printed Anno Dom. 1615, (though not concluded within the compasse of that Scrip. 4to., 189 pages. The dedication is • To my Mist deare ture) on Ephes. 6. 12. with the following verses to the and Most honoured Mother, the Lady Lawrence I 19. Printed anno Dom. 1616.” 4to., pp. x, 189, x. suppose bim also to be the same Henry Lawti-nce who

printed A Vindicution of the Scriptures and Chrities This work bad a pleasing and affectionate dedica- Ordinances, 1619, Lond., 4to." tion to the author's most deare and most honour'd A copy of the latter work, which is of course hiyo Mother, The Lady Lawrence,” who was at that time the elder Lawrence, is in niy hands, thus entitled remarried to Robert Bathurst, Esq., Sheriff of Gloucestershire, to whom she bore a son Edward, Vindicating of the use of the Holy Scriptures, and

“Some Considerations Tending to the Aserting an! created a baronet in 1613. Lawrence enumerates Christian Ordinances; Against the Practice and Opinion his objects in writing :

of certaine Men of these Times. Wherein al o paru“Last of all, to give one instance that I have not beene cularly, by way of an illustrious instance, to the fore idle in these busy times, nor without the thoughts and going Discourse, the Ordinance of Baptisme (so import designes of warre, in an age when warre is become almost nately of late decryed by some, as a thing Legail ad] the profession of all men. Why I inscribe these papers

Jewish) is manifested to be of Gospell-institution, and to you, My dearest Mother, will neede no larger account by Divine appointment to continue still of use in the then this ; Nature and your owne goodnesse, have form's Church. 1 Cor. 1. 21. Colos. 2.8. London. Printed by you ablest to pardon me in any thing wherein I shall M. Symmons, for Hanna Allen, and are to be suld need it. And of all I have knowne of either Sexe, I have the Crowne in Pope's-Head Ally, 1649." 4to. riii, cu,st mett with few more diligently inquisitive or pertinently From the dedication to his mother we gatber reasoning of things of a raised and abstracted nature that she suggested the preparation of this wati. (especially which might have influence into the good of another life,) then your self. To which I adde, "That I It was a Samuel Simmons who issued Para'. professe to have infinite ingagements to avow my self Lost in 1667. before all the world, most honoured mother, your Most obedient Son, & most humble servant, HENRY LAWRENCE.'

Lawrence, it is said, disapproved of the pas

ceedings against Charles I. In June, 1653, LAFThis treatise is noticed by Isaac Ambrose, the rence, with Blake, Monk, Rous, and others, w well-known Lancashire minister, in section 6 of summoned by Cromwell to deliberate for the con

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Vio stituencies ; and on July 14 he was formally narvonshire. He was probably elected for the

appointed one of the Council of State. About Welsh county in October, 1656, upon the resignathis time he is called Colonel Henry Lawrence. tion of Chief Justice Glynn, who was returned From Thurloe, i, 481 (cf. Mirsson, iv. 512), we also for Flintshire. Willis calls him M.P, for

learn that he was interested in appointing White-both Colchester and Carnarvon ; but Sir John o locke Ambassador Extraordinary to Sweden. Prestwich (Respublica, p. 10 and p. 15) gives Col

Cf. also Thurloe, ii. 154, and ii. 250. After the chester to Lawrence and Carnarvon county to John dissolution of the Parliament, Lawrence was Glynn. The explanation seems to be that Lawplaced on the Protector Cromwell's new Council rence was originally elected for Colchester, but of State, consisting of fifteen persons, his salary the following month sat for Carnarvon, which he being 1,0001. a year. At the second meeting he continued to represent until his elevation to the

was made chairman for a month ; but by a sub-"other house” in 1657. In 1658, Sept. 4, writing to batzfit sequent order of Cromwell he became permanent some person whose name is not decipherable, he *** chairman, with the title of “Lord President of the announces the death of Oliver, and that he had 11. Council". (Masson, iv. 545 ; and cf. Thurloe, declared Richard his successor, whose proclamation

i. 642). In the Second Defence of the people of he ordered (MS, in possession of Sir Charles England, 1653-4, Milton eulogized Lawrence as Isham, Bart., of Lamport Hall). Of the subsebeing, with Montagu, a man of the highest ability quent years of his life I can recover but few parand best accomplishments. In 1654 Lawrence's ticulars. He died Aug. 8, 1664, and was buried

name is found in connexion with the Princess at St. Margaret's, alias Thele, in Herts. He left VAL Elizabeth of Bohemia and the Lord Craven. This seven sons and six hters. The arms of the

noblewan had fought under Gustavus Adolphus, Lawrences were a cross raguly gules, and their and had upheld Charles I. in his contest with the motto “ Nil admirari.” These two words under Parliament, for which, in 1650-1, his English the achievement of Sir Edward Lawrence, in St. estates were confiscated. He had also befriended Ives Church, were commonly translated by the Prince Henry of Orange "from a spirit of romantic simple peasants, " Admiral of the Nile”! attachment to his beautiful consort ; and his ser- Further notes about Lawrence would be acceptvices are generally supposed to have been pri- able.

JOHN E. BAILEY, vately rewarded with the hand of that princess Stretford, near Manchester. after her return in widowhood to her native country” (Whitaker's Craven, p. 509). It was to certain measures which Lord Craven took to THE WORD "EIGHTEEN” IN CHAUCER, -A good recover his English property that the following deal turns upon Chaucer's spelling of the word communication (Thurloe, ii. 139) refers :

eighteen, because the dates of the days on which

the tales are supposed to be told depend upon the The queen of Bohemia lo Mr. Laurence, president of the council of state.

reading in the fifth line of the dialogue prefixed to "Heidelberg, 4/14 March, 1654 (N.S.). the Man of Law's Prologue. All this I have “Mr. Laurence, --Since you have approved of my explained at much length in my notes upon this liberty to recommend the business of my lord Craven, line and upon l. 3, in the Clarendon Press edition and promised to serve him therein for my consideration; of the Prioress's Tale, &c. I have there shown I hope you will give this bearer sir Edward Sayer leave that the abbreviation "xviij. the ” is to be written to make his address to you, and tell him freely what he may expect in favour of his friend; being confident you at length eightetethe, and the word has four syllables. had never accepted the imployment you are now in, but Similarly, if Chaucer has the word for eighteen, it that it may give you means to help those that suffer must be eightetene, in four syllables. I have just wrongfully; of which number the lord Craven is so well found the right line ; and here it is, as printed in known to be, that the righting of him will conduce as much to your own satisfaction, as to the obliging of,

Tyrwhitt's edition :“ Mr. Laurence,

Of eighteen yere she was, I gesse, of age.”. " Your most affectionate friend

Cant. Tales, 1. 3223. " to serve you, * ELIZABETH

Of course, the reader will exclaim that the word is * I beseech let me know whether you received my

manifestly a mere dissyllable, or the line cannot last letter, which was an answer to yours; and if I may

be scanned. But if the matter be considered hope that you will resolve some few queries, which I carefully, it will be found that it proves exactly the would propose unto you."

Turn to any old edition, and what do Indorsed, - This leller came inclosed in a letter from we find ? the lord Craven to M), Laurence.

“Of eightene yere she was of age.” In the Protector's first Parliament, which met

Ed. 1532. Sept. 3, 1654, Lawrence was returned for Herts So also in ed. 1561. Both these editions have the (as also in 1653), and in that which met two years line in this form, in spite of the fact that it will later he was elected for Colchester. It is usually not scan. This is very significant. Let us now stated that in this Parliament he sat also for Car- turn to the splendid six-text edition, and con



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sult the best MSS. Five of these have the line lection, Lond., 1684, p. 310). This is translated thus :

and the difference will be observed, as, “The “Of xviij. yeer she was of age."

choice of which persons, viz., churchwardens a The sixth, the Cambridge MS., has the same quest-men, side-men or assistants, shall be yearly reading, but expands “xviij.” as eightene, incor- made in Easter week” (Lon., King's Stationer, rectly. The Harleian MS., as printed by Wright, 1678). In Minsheu's, the earliest dictionary which has eyghteteene, which is perfectly correct ; but I have (Lond., 1617), there is : “Sidemen, aliss whether the word is written at length in the MS., questmen, be those that are yearly chosen or whether Mr. Wright expanded it from “xviij., assist the church wardens in the inquiring and par I do not know. It does not much matter, as the senting such offenders as are punishable in the form eighte is amply justified by the A.-S. eahta, Court Christian." Their oath, settled after 12 Cac and the forms eightetene, eightetethe, by the A.-S. II., is, “ You shall swear that you will be assistan eahtatine, eahtateóða. We may safely conclude to the church wardens in the execution of their that the words I gesse, inserted by Tyrwhitt, resting office so far as by law you are bound.” So far on no respectable authority, are to be discarded; there is nothing to connect the name with that of also that eighteen must, consequently, be expanded the Testes Synodales, as if they were "synodsmen," into four syllables instead of two; and, lastly, that i.e. "sidemen or sidesmen," a transformation of the reading eightetethe in the other passage is which no etymologist has shown the process. amply supported.

But now, and this is the first instance that I It is not a little consolation to find that the old have met with, the supposed derivation comes i. editions of 1532 and 1561 both have eightene in Godolphin (Rep. Can., Lond., 1680, p. 163) has the Man of Law passage. These old editions are, this marginal note : " These sidemen were called in fact, of some value; they are quite unsophisti- Testes Synodales, anciently styled synodsmen, cated, and follow the words of the old MSS., with thence corruptly now called sidemen." But there out regard to the spelling or the scansion. They is po instance cited of “synodsmen.” T. Blount are, accordingly, unprejudiced witnesses, and de- in his Glossographia, Lond., 1681, has no notice of serve attention. WALTER W. SKEAT. such a derivation, nor has' E. Coles in his Dio

tionary, Lond., 1685, where he only says: “SideSIDEMEN.—What is the proper derivation and men, assistants to the churchwarden.“ But the meaning of this term ? It is commonly

assumed explanation as above soon afterwards appears. In by writers on English ecclesiastical law that their his Law Dictionary, Lond., 1691, Blount has : office is identical in its character with that of the “ Sidesmen, rectius Synodsmen, Testes Synodales" ; Testes Synodales of the canon law, and that this where there is the change of "sidemen” into supplies the origin of the word. The office which " sidesmen,” which is perpetuated by that form these occupy is described in the Injunctions of being used'in 5 & 6 Will. IV. c. 62, s. 9, and by Parkhurst, Bishop of Norwich, in 1569, as that of many modern writers

, in substitution for the “ side“the churchwardens, questmen and others”; in men" of the Canons. the Visitation Articles of Cox, Bishop of Ely, The word “sidemen” to represent assistants

, in 1570-4, as that of the churchwardens and the " assistentes" above cited, is a proper English inquirers », in the Articles of Grindal, Abp. of word, and there appears no reason why such York, in 1571, and Parker, Abp. of Canterbury, a transformation as "synodsmen"

into “ sidemen" in 1675, as that of the church wardens and sworn or “ sidesmen” should be thought necessary, which men.” So far as I am aware, the first use of the has not yet been shown to be a probable form in word “sidemen” occurs in a document of 1596 language. As to the office itself, it may be re(Cardwell's Doc

. Annals). In the Articles of marked that Ayliffe (Parerg., p. 616) makes tbat Thornborough, Bishop of Bristol

, in 1603, there is of the churchwardens to represent the Testes Synor "the church wardens or sidemen." It is to be dales, “ Churchwardens are with us in the place of remembered that the Canons of 1604 were appa- these synodal witnesses." I have not seen

that he rently written in Latin originally, and that the refers to sidemen” at all. I leave the question English translation being in some places inaccurate, alone as to how far the office of " sidemen" is or is in any instance of ambiguity reference is be not representative of that of the Testes Synodale, made to this text (A. J. Stephens, Book of C. P. and ask this merely as an etymological queri

: with Notes, 1849, vol. i. p. 90). Consequently the But I am aware of what Van Espen, Bishop Gib Latin version is to be first examined, when it will son, Nelson, Burn, and others have written about be seen that the word so frequently used to express these officers. the office is “assistentes,” in the English “sidemen." The

RICHARD " Horum autem Economorum et Inquisitorum vei Clouds," &c. -A contemporary of this month domade celebrandam decernimus »"(Sparrow's Com Richardo Cumberland, placeman, poet, esmyis, Assistentium annuam electionem in Paschali

heb- (June) contains

a review of the life and labours of

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A wooman

i, de novelist, and dramatist, the son and great-grand-ginning of each for the insertion of the initial letter.

son of bishops, and grandson of a greater man than The editor was Lonicerus, a disciple and follower of
Ein most bishops, Richard Bentley, Master of Trinity, I Luther" (Dibdin, Intro. to Gr. and Lat. Classics, vol. i.
FOLLE where his little grandson was born. The writer of Biblia Græca, Divinæ Scripturæ, Veteris ac Novi

the notice is no Froude nor Carlyle. He makes no Testamenti Omnia. Folio. Basileæ, per J, Hervagium,
hero of his subject. With that in Cumberland's MDXLV. Very beautifully printed with a large type. -
case we would not quarrel
. But he hardly does him chiefly the preceding one of Cephaleus; but it has some

"The preface is by Melanchthon. This edition follows justice-with that we do. His estimate of Calvary excerpta from the Complutensian edition, as better ateist is simply unfa

If Dr. Drake's judgment (Li according with the Hebrew text. It bas been proa terary Hours, Nos. xviii.-xxi.) be too eulogistic, nounced to be much more correct than either the

2 cho there is no need to run into the opposite extreme. Venetian or Strasburg editions" (Dibdin, Gr. and. Lat. hent paris In fact, Calvary after that critique of Drake's Classics, yol. i. p. 86).

Bibliá Latina. Vetus Testamentum Secundum Septuathe election became very popular, and deservedly so, with those

ginta. Latine Redditum, Ex auctoritate Sixti V. who were not prejudiced against it as a Christian Pont. Max. editum. Additus est Index Dictionum et poem. In point of poetry it is at least as good as loquutionum Hebraicarum, Græcarum, Latinarum, the average second-class blank verse of the present quarum observatio visu est non inutilis futura. Folio. day, and much more sensible. And more than this, Romæ, In ædibus populi Romani udLXXXVIII. apud G. though the article writer mentions the Observer, he printed in a large folio volume.

By Flaminius Nobilius, and magnificently
makes no reference to the versions of the comic

dramatists which so greatly enrich it, and have re-
ceived the praise of Walpole (Comicorum Græcorum

Curious PHRASES IN 1580.-
Fragmenta, 1805, p. 7) and the redimprimantur of

" The deuill doth take the crosse for a bulbegger
Bailey in his later and enlarged edition of The (Beehive of the Romish Churche, fo. 249). Wee must for
Fragments, 1840. Nor does the chronicler once clownes sift meale through a lattice (fo. 250). All these
allude to Cumberland's famous version of the keyes she hath tied fast together with a paire of key.
Clouds, reprinted by Valpy in his Four Comedies bands (fo. 82). . Men bestow suche cost as those same
of. Aristophanes Translated, and received by magistri nostri in making the pleasant bankets to pro-

ceed Bachelers or Licenciats (fo. 80). Cowles, copes, and
Mitchell into the body of his English Aristophanes liripippes (fo. 78)_[the last is the tippet' of the
(vol. ii.) as an integral portion of that very admir- Hunting of the Romish Fox, a scarf).
able work.

C. C. beeing with her Gossep kneeding of doaw (fo. 73). The

doctours of Louen with their great coppintankes and OLD BIBLES. – The following Bibles (in the doctours hattes with their Aristotles breech on their Owens College Library) are not in Stevens's List An unlearned buffel did babble (fo. 66b). Men goo

heads, and his liripipium about their neckes (fo. 71 b). of the Bibles in the Carton Exhibition, 1877 :- prunking in the procession (fo. 43).' You cannot ride to

Biblia Sacra (Latina). Cum Prologis B. Hieronymi Louen but you must set the Wagon before the horses et Interpretatione Nominum Hebraicorum (Vulgate). (fo.32); Nudge unto the Swinestye and there eat only Illuminated small 4to., Gothic letter. No title or pagi: draffe (fo. 31 b): Marchpanes made of the brawne of nation. Double column, 52 lines to a column. 459 capons and patridges with sugar and almondes (fo. 23). leaves. Colophon : Biblia impressa Venetiis p. Octa- !. Wiclef threw all the spindles of the church of Rome viana Scotu Modoetiensem explicit feliciter Anno Salutis in the ashes (fo. 6b). Ducates, crownes, rosenobles, and 1480.- In this copy there are notes in Melanchthon's Portigues glued together (fo. 100 b). Usuall hymne or bandwriting, according to Dr. Kloss and S. Leigh sacramental carral (fo. 107b). They made bread of Sotheby.

good wheate meale flower with dogges grease and not Biblia Sacra (Latina). Cum Prologie B. Hieronymi et of a wild reseken (fo. 111). Without grounde as if a Interpretatione Nominum Hebraicorum. Small folio, cow should hang upon a cherrie tree (fo. 111b). They Gothic letter on vellum. 84 miniatures. No title or

will spend both hide and hayre (fo. 112). When they pagination, no coloplion. 532 Jeaves. Date wanting / bave had theyr sops in good bastard or Romnay they apparently sixteenth century). - It is printed on vellum keepe a mouses banket (fo. 121). Clear the score and of the purest quality, in double columns, 47 lines per

cut off all the nickes of the tallie (fo. 131). A grumet column, with the capitals illuminated by hand in gold

or simple mariner (fo. 137). Girkes of the rodde and colours. The initial letter to Genesis is a curious (fo. 166). With a gallon of good Rennish wine they can and uncommon specimen of early art, exhibiting in the

not away with Pittaw (fo. 188). A plompe Hollander, capital I eight representations of Christ, concluding with Holy fisnomie of the Veronica (fo. 194 b); Wee will let

or a Malle Brabander, or a Botte Flemming (fo, 192 b). the Crucifixion, 'A quantity of the other capitale con. tain miniatures of saints, beautifully done and in fine

him alone with a morren (so. 123 b). Lyke a dogge will preservation. The initial letters of the respective books

runne away before a flitche of bacon (fo. 232b). An are generally representative of some fact recorded

in image with a cole or with a pencill painted uppon the the narrative or characteristic of the sacred writer. Inwall (fo. 237). Of every Jewe that will have a Synagogue good preservation...“ Interpretatione Nominum He-in his house the Pope hath 30 pound Turnoye, which is braicorum" takes 237 columns.

7 Ducates and sixe Sterlings (fo. 240 b). Flatter and Biblia Græca. Scripturæ Divinæ, Veterie Novæque coll as the she ape doeth ber

young ones (fo. 252 b). To omnia (Septuagint). 3 vole. 12mo. Strassburg (Cepha- beare some Gospel of a distaffe and tale of a tubbe (fo. leus), ndxXVI. " It is esteemed a work of great rarity: 275b), <a title adopted by Swift). Too see a play of the text is not divided into verses, the chapters are dis Robinhood or a morisse daunce" (fo. 207). tinct from each other, and a space is left at the be


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“NAIVETY.”—“His apologies and the like were BENEDICTION OF FLAGS.full of naivety” (Carlyle's John Sterling, pt. ii. “The Spaniardes comming nowe of late to Groningta chap. iii.). This spelling is infrequent, though in Friseland, and there christen, coniure and hallow the the practice of Anglicizing foreign words is be- Ensignes, naming one Barbara, another Katherine." coming more common. Sir William Thomson,

- Beehive of the Romish Churche, 1680, b.i. c. ii. fo. 13b. of Glasgow University, speaks in his class lectures

MACKENZIE E. C. WALCOTT. of " memorandums," " addendums," and the like. “ Automatons” is now often used by newspaper writers. FRANCIS ANDERSON.


[We must request correspondents desiring informatica COCKNEY PRONUNCIATION.- When about four-on family matters of only private interest, to affix the teen, there joined the school an intelligent, quick- names and addresses to their queries, in order that de witted, and good-tempered younger boy, but a

answers may be addressed to them direct.] thorough Cockney. His h's were absent and present in inverse order, and his interchanges of ARE PETER-PENCE STILL PAYABLE BY LAW IS w and v constant and marked. Being the first of ENGLAND ?-Can any of your readers kindly iothe kind I had fairly seen, his disposition pleasant, form me whether Peter-pence are still legally but these peculiarities unpleasant, I tried to reform payable in any shape or form in England ? Ibe them. “You know the wine we drink : now say statutes 25 Hen. VIII., cap. 21, and i Eliz., cap 1, it carefully after me-wine.”—“ Vine." “ Try seem to abolish not Peter-pence, but Peter-pad again. W-ine." _“ V-ine." The result of all as paid to Rome. Now as a fixed amount of abct further attempts was the same. “Now repeat 2001., or 300 marks, assessed in various proportions after me another word, the vine, the plant that upon the various English dioceses, was all that produces the grape. Say vine.”- “Wine.” “No, was annually paid into the Apostolic Chamber in no; say w-ine."- "So I do say w-ine.” Ever after, respect of Peter-pence, at least from the twelfth when arguing with an opponent, I remembered century downwards, I am seeking to kaos that that, according to our early training, wine might finally became of the great bulk of the money that sound as vine, and vine as wine.

used to be gathered year by year throughout Eng.

B. NICHOLSON. land in respect of Peter-pence. The latest instan “Noising.”—I was talking with an old cottager, called Peter-pence in England is in 1576, in the

I have yet found of the distinct payment of soaged seventy-eight, who, under the combined in accounts of the church wardens of Minchinhampton, fluence of family quarrels and drink, had attempted in Gloucestershire, who in that year paid 16d. for to commit suicide by drowning himself in a muddy Peter-pence to the local archdeacon (Archerlogia, pond, from whence he was with difficulty rescued vol. xxxv. pp. 422 et seqq.). That the archdeacons, when at the point of death. Referring to the who, as the officers of the bishops, were the ordiquarrel with his married daughter, with whom he nary collectors of Peter-pence

throughout England, lived, the old man said, “She had been noising should have been summarily and utterly deprived

She's always noising me,” &c. This expres- by the above-mentioned statutes of the considersion seems to me to be worth noting.

able vested interest which they had in that impost, CUTHBERT BEDE.

seems to me rather difficult to believe. Did, then, Rooks GOING AWAY A SIGN OF BAD LUCK.- the Peter-pence in the various parishes come to be The following paragraph, cut from the Lincoln merged in whole or in part in the archidiaconal and Stamford Mercury, is worth a place in procurations or synodals? Or, to come down a “ N. & Q." :

step further, did they in any parish come to be “A singular circumstance is reported in connexion merged in any of the customary offerings due from with the recent suicide of Mr. Graves, of Linwood the parishioners to the parson or vicar? And in Grange. Near the house a colony of rooks had estab. these forms are they still paid anywhere at the lished themselves, and on the day of the funeral, imme: present day? Again, there were aforetime in England diately on the appearance of the hearse, the birds left the locality in a body, deserting their nests, all of which certain exempt monasteries* which gathered the contained young. A few only have returned."

Peter-pence annually upon their own property, It is a common belief here that it is a sure sign of and answered for them in a fixed sum to the impending ill luck for rooks to desert a rookery Pope's collector, retaining the residue for thesnear a house.

R. R.

selves. When the lands of these monasteries were Boston,

surrendered to King Henry VIII., and bg him either

retained or granted out afresh to others, subjecte WALLFLOWERS.-It may be worthy of record that hereabouts the dark-hued wallflowers are

course to all their old burdens, what became d known generally as bloody warriors.”

* I mean exempt from the jurisdiction of the local

HARRY HEMS. ordinary, as the abbeys of Evesham, St. Austin's by Exeter.

Canterbury, or St. Alban's.


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