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" PLAIN LIVING AND HIGH THINKING” (5th S. poems are intended as instalments of a companion xi. 308.)–From Wordsworth's sonnet, written in volume to his earlier Mundi el Cordis Carmina.

J. L. WARREN. London, Sept., 1802, beginning,

Hope Leslie is written by Miss Sedgwick. Shakespeare “O friend, I know not which way I must look.”

and his Friends is, I believe, by Thomas Miller, author

M. P. of Royslon Gower and Lady Jane Grey, &c. B. J. This is an old and familiar sentiment. In

Lost Brooch.-Harriet Newman, elder of the two & saying of Heraclitus, as Synesius remarks sisters of Card. Newman, who married Mr. Thomas

ED, MARSHALL, De Insomn.,” Opp., p. 140 A., Par., 1631), it is Mozley, Fellow of Oriel. thus expressed: και τούτο άρα η ψυχής πτέ- AUTHORS OF QUOTATIONS WANTED (5th S. ρωσις, τό, τε αύ ξηρή ψυχή σοφή, προς ουδέν xi. 329.)άλλο το Ηρακλείτω τείνον ευρίσκομεν. This

"A jolly place,' said he, in times of old, appears as αυγή, ξηρή ψυχή σοφωτάτη in Galen But something ails it now: the spot (not place] (De Subst. Nat. Facult., tom. iv. p. 786, Lips.,

is cursed.'” 1822). Compare Plutarch (De Esu Carn., Orat. 1). The couplet runs thus. M. N. G. has misquoted it. It and Clement of Alex. (Pæd., l. ii. c. 2). In a

is from Wordsworth's Heart-Leap Well.

J. L. WARREN. similar manner the drunkard in Stobæus (Flor.,

“ His shoote it was but loosely shott, cap." De Temperant."), is described as typy

Yet flew not the arrowe in vaine, την ψυχήν έχων, while άνη ψυχή σοφωτάτη και For it mett one of the sheriffes men, åploty is the opposite expression.

And William a Trent was slaine." Still more exactly to the point is the Greek The lines are from the old ballad of “ Robin Hood and

Guy of Gisborne,” vv. 73-6, Ritson's Robin Hood, p. 62 παχεία γαστηρ λεπτόν ου τίκτει νόον. (Lond. and Glasg., Griffin & Co., n.d.).

FREDK, RULE. This is cited by Jer. Taylor, in the second of his

(5th S. xi. 309, 339.) Sermons on the House of Feasting, and is referred

“He who cannot reason," &c. in Eden's edition to Greg. Naz., Carm. X. If Æ. M. and A. will refer to note 57 the fourth canto lin. 589, tom. ii. p. 444 (Taylor's Works, vol. iv. of Childe Harold they will find the lines they quote in p. 195, note s). But the line is also quoted by a passage from the preface to a work called Academical another contemporary writer, St. Chrysostom Questions. The name of the author is not given. (Hom. xiii, in Ep. 1 ad Tim., cap. v. ver. 6), as a

RichD. BARRINGTON, saying of the “heathen." In the Ox. Trans. it is, “ Even the heathens say, 'A heavy paunch bears

Miscellaneous. not a subtle mind."" And this is certainly right, for in Galen (Ad. Thras.) there is, ús yaotừp The Agamemnon of Eschylus. By Benjamin Hall

NOTES OY BOOKS, &c. η παχεία τον νόον ου τίκτει τον λεπτόν, as a

Kennedy, D.D. (Cambridge, University Press.) common proverb (c. xxxvii. tom. ii. p. 107 H. The announcement of this volume forcibly reminded us [Lat.), Ven., 1536).

of the year of grace 1829, for then appeared The dga. Of Latin writers Horace has (Sat., ii. 2, 76) :- memnon of Æschylus in Greek, German (V 088), and • Vides ut pallidus omnis

English, by Dr. James Kennedy, translator of the play Cena desurgat dubia ? Quin corpus onustum

and editor of the whole work. The principle main. Hesternis vitiis animum quoque prægravat ipsum."

tained by Dr. Benjamin seems sufficiently one with that

of Dr. James Kennedy to give a sui et ejusdem generis And Cicero (l'usc. Disp., v. 100), “Quid, quod ne caste to the two translations. See the latter (1829), mente quidem recte uti possumus, multo cibo et pref., pp. vii, viii, and the former (1878), sect. vi. potione completi ?”

ED. MARSHALL, pp. xviii, xix. Nor will a further comparison of the

two belie this classification, which, while it significantly I have heard it said that James Hannay ori- applies to the labours of the two Kennedys (ó xupov ginated this now well-known phrase. Whether Skūyos 'Atpaidāv), would embrace likewise the Agathe statement be true or not I cannot tell.

memnons of William Sewell, John Conington, and Mr. Ayon.

Robert Browning himself. Singular are these as a class

in their severance from versions like that of Mr. Sym. AUTHORS OF Books WANTED (5th S. xi. 329.)- mons, of Christ Church (1824)--one of the noblest

versions of a Greek play ever attempted-as being Phil Blood's Leap and St. Abe and his Seven Wives I pointedly adapted rather for the needs of the Greek are by Robert Buchanan the poet, who is also the author student than for the pleasure of the English reader. But of White Rose and Red, a poem that furnishes a curious if, as Mr. Herman Merivale says, no dramatic literature is commentary upon his essays on The Fleshly School of now read, as such, for enjoyment, the difference matters Portry, which first appeared in the Contemporary little. None can become popular, in the real sense of the Revier.

A. GRANGER HUTT.

word, at present; no rendering can be more than useful. The Contention of Death and Love is by that brilliant But useful as a handbook of Æschylus this rolume is but rather imitative poet Thomas Wade. Helena, the well calculated to be. We observe in Dr. Benjamin one next poem in succession by Wade, also published by or two apt admissions of reading into the text, notably Moxon in 1837, is paged on from the Contention, begin. Canter's, 1. 1101, p. 37. We do not, however, find any ning at p. 20. Wade puts his name on the title-page of rema i on I. 245, nor reference to Clausen, and so are the Helena, and states in a prefatory note that the two made 0 miss what might be a very curious piece of

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criticism. We had marked out a few passages for com- contribution. The English which he has considered parison in the kindred works of these "Two Noble Kins- most suitable to render the Norman Latin is sometimes men,” the Kennedys ; but as every reader has his own rather appalling. Geldability” and “ Hidation” will, favourites we will leave the selection to him whom it we hope, remain confined strictly to "Domesday most concerns, only suggesting that one or both should English." It would, of course, be easy to make the be compared with Mr. Browning as the best means of Survey of Dorset the peg on which to hang an excursus enjoying all three. Although, as may be gathered from on the “ Coliberti, Villani, Bordarii," and other much our estimate of John Symmons, we are disciples of a disputed Domesday characters, But we refrain, from school of translation widely differing from that of the consideration for the readers of “N. & Q.," and refer work before us, or those with which we have classed it, them to Mr. Eyton's own pages for bis view of the substill, to a student intent on Æschylus, intending a tour ject, as well as for many interesting illustrations of in light marching order, and necessarily for the nonce England in the days of the “stark king," who “lored an homo unius libri, we can most conscientiously recom- the tall deer as though he was their father." mend this beautiful little volume of Dr. Kennedy as a fit companion in travel, not less ready for his purpose (Triibner), the journal to refer to if any information as

The Library Journal, Aug., 1878, to Feb., 1879 than was the "expiring ” but immortal “ Æschylus” of Parson Adams to that most worthy of wayfarers. We to the conduct of a library is required, as usual co: tains may add that the types, Greek and English, are alike a large amount of matter both interesting and useful to distinct and pleasant reading, no meun commendation those specially concerned. Vol. III. is completed, and : nowadays in the matter of University printing.

most minute index added. In the January number Alli

bone defends the Indexes to bis Dictionary in answer Court, Household, and Itinerary of King Henry 11. to the well-known strictures of Mr. B. R. Wheatley.

Instancing also the Chief Agents and Adversaries of The New Quarterly Magazine this time contains s the King in bis Government, Diplomacy, and Strategy. paper on Harrow which commands attention, proceeding By R. W. Eyton, M. A., late Rector of Ryton, (London, as it does from the pen of one evidently thoroughly con. Taylor & Co.; Dorchester, J. Foster.)

versant with the internal economy of the school. A Key to Domesday. Specially Exemplified by an

Analysis and Digest of the Dorset Survey. (Same

author and publiebers.) The author of the Antiquities of Shropshire once more

Notices to Correspondents. offers to the student of history and archæology the assistance of a veteran in those branches of learning.

We must call special attention to the following ratio: The two books now before us belong to two distinct On all communications should be written the name and classes, each most useful, not to say indispensable, as a address of the sender, not necessarily for publication, but help to the clear understanding of the particular subject as a guarantee of good faith. treated. No writer on the history of England during CLERICUS RusticuS.-Our learned correspondent, the the mediæval period can afford to neglect the light Rev. E. MARSHALL, has pointed out, at p. 172 of vol

. in. thrown on the events of any given reign by the Itinerary of our present series, that the name of the saint is not of the monarch. A well-compiled Itinerary is a microcosm “ Ishmael,” but “ Ismael." We would refer you to the of English political history for the period which it

paper in question.- We believe the marriage custom to covers, just as a carefully edited Domesday is a microcosm which you refer to be very common now in England. of the social history of England in the period immediately following the Norman Conquest. Mr. Eyton has devoted

S. M. KINGSLEY KINGSLEY (Cuckfield.) — The due much time and thought and much reading to the pre-custody of the registers of the destroyed City churches paration of works which must necessarily be to a great is, we believe, provided for by the Act 23 & 24 Vict. extent labours of love, and for which the appreciation of cap. 142. the historical student must be almost his sole reward. F. D. (Nottingham.) – Your note and enclosures have We are enabled by the very full and, to a certain extent, been sent to A. c. S. We are sure our correspondent classed index to trace the succession of the principal will feel most grateful for all the trouble you have taken ecclesiastical and civil authorities of Henry Il.'s time, in the matter. the bishops, chancellors, and chief justices of England, and the sheriffs of the several counties. Mr. Eyton has the Princess Joan.

J.O.W. H.- Edward the Black Prince and his wife, some peculiarities of orthography, which we are at a loss to account for. We do not see why he should throughout January 1, 1901.

W. F. P.-The twentieth century will commence on write “ Liseux" for Lisieux, and almost always " Baieux for Bayeux, where he does not profess to reproduce the INQUIRER should read the article “Zodiac " in any original spelling. We agree, on the whole, with his use good cyclopædia. of Prince and Princess to denote the sons and daughters Fidget.— It is only a matter of private arrangement of the king, as a convenient and "non-pedantic form "; dictated by convenience. but what does he mean by speaking, at p. 85, of a "junior Prince of Bourg-Deols”? This designation seems about

E. B. (Chichester.) - We shall be glad to have from as applicable as that of “Titular of Kilgraston,” in the you an exact reference, together with the author's name. wonderful Bonar pedigree, so keenly diss cted in Popular

W. J. P. (Camden, New Jersey.) - Letter forwarded. Genealogists and Pedigree- Making. In his identifications of places we should have liked to have seen Mr. Eyton

NOTICE. show more clearly when such identifications are solely Editorial Communications should be addressed to " The his own. Having once preferred Bur-le-Roy to Bur or Editor of Notes and Queries '"- Advertisements and Bures, in the Pays de Caux, he seems ever after to adopt Business Letters to "The Publisher"--at the Office, 20, this view without using any sign to show that there may Wellington Street, Strand, London, W.C. be a doubt on the point, which is rather an arbitrary mode of procedure. We have left ourselves but little munications which, for any reason, we do not print; and

We bey leave to state that we decline to return com: space to express our opinion of Mr. Eyton's Domesday to this rule we can make no exception,

it not for its amusements," 366.

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LONDON, SATURDAY, MAY 10, 1879.

Tethmosis to the twentieth of Amenophis (or

Menephthah), which he evidently regards as all CONTENTS.- No 280).

one dynasty, and repeatedly asserts to embrace a NOTES :-The Rycsos in Egypt A List of Anti-Usury Books, period of 393 years (see Cont. Ap., i. 16, 26, and 361. --Shakspeariana, 363.- ancient Church Goods"

in Norii. 2). folk-Dialects and Patois, 364-Charles Wesley and Sir

Josephus convicts Manetho of gross his William Jones-Doffee in the Seventeenth Century-Names torical inconsistency in fixing the expulsion of the derived from Ecclesiastical sources, 365—Isandala-Early Hebrews from Egypt at both of these dates, though, Reference to the Liberty of the subject an Appropriate as he shows, there were 393 years between them. Surname-Spelling in 1794-"Life would be tolerable were

According, however, to the present state of his QUERIES :-Henry Greville-St Sepulchre's, London, 366 – account, the years annexed to the reigns amount

Riddell M38.-Botetourte Queries --Bigland's "Gloucestershire Collections "Panchielus – Treasure Trove - Peter only to 333; bat, as I observe that among them Paragraph "-John Hodgkins, Bishop of Bedford, 367, the name and reign of Sethos I., the head of the Ancient Fines—Peter Bonifantias - Martin O'Rourke – The nineteenth dynasty, are somehow omitted, I take Oxford Protestant Magazine"-Genl. Lafayette-Royal Visit to Synagogue-st. Sampson-Charlemagne-" The Sailor's the liberty of restoring him to his proper place Grave" - shiel-na-rix - Ballyspelliog spa --Rickards Arms, with his fifty-nine years, as I find them elsewhere 368—"Tithe dinner"-Ivy_Islam_Dean Higgen-Assemblies near Ancient Barrows-Mordiford Church-Authors given, and immediately observe that the sum of Wanted, 369.

392 or 393 years at once reappears, as it did in REPLIES :-Celts and Saxons, 369—" Adeste fideles—The the time of the author. Thus, by a very simple Paschal Candle, 372 - Rev. H. Christmas —John Gupin, 373 and natural operation, a most important result is -Marshal Tallard - The Arms of Cyprus. 374-Funeral Armour to Churches - "Canoodle - Folk-lore in Hamp- gained, viz., the determining of the exact extent shire, 375 - The Cypriotes and their Cows-Dr. Harington- of time that intervened between the first year of The Locktops of Swipeshead -Suckling's Ballad upon

Wedding-"Limbo=Scamp, 376—“Tom Tit"_"The the eighteenth dynasty and the twentieth of the Blossoms"“ Barbeau ". Penance in the Church of England - Home - Sporto reign of Menephthah, the son and successor of Dialect, 377 – Capt. Smith and Pocahontas -35, Park Lane | Rameses the Great in the nineteenth. Lambeth Degrees - The American Clergy-Death of Prince 2. The explanation of the term 511. This is Waldemar-Turnip-stealing —Curious Surnames -Churchwerdens' Accounts-Public-boose Signs - The Turkish

more cariously composed than the preceding, but Spy", 378--- Provincialisms" Drey " Saturday and the is very much determined by it, and embraces the

Royal Family, 379.
NOTES ON BOOKS:-Pryce's "Ancient British Church"

-solution of this number we are indebted to Euse

whole period of the Hyesos domination. For the "Susses Archæological Collections, " &c. Notices to Correspondents, de

bius. Eusebius, without explaining why, has in his canon fixed the time of the Hycsos invasion

103 (it should be, as we shall afterwards find, 105) Notes.

years before the rise of the eighteenth dynasty,

while yet he has acknowledged, by quotation from THE HYCSOS IN EGYPT.

Josephus, that the full period of this foreign Having lighted, as I believe, upon the key that dynasty was 260 years. But in so doing Eusebius opens up to some extent the mystery of the evidently was faithful to historic fact, and knew eighteenth and nineteenth dynasties of ancient well that he was so, marking singularly the downEgypt, I crave a little space in the pages of fall of the Hycsos power in the reign of Aphophis, "N. & Q." to submit the same to the criticism of when, after a tyranny of 105 years, they were tbose of its readers that take an interest in the crushed by the return of the native rulers from subject.

Ethiopia, though they continued still to remain as In his controversy with Apion, Josephus refers a conquered race, and even to exercise under their to three terms of years given by Manetho, the kings some kind of shadowy monarchy for the accuracy of which he seems to regard as indis- remaining 155 years, when at last they were subputable, namely, 393, 511, and 518. Hitherto dued and as a dynasty extinguished in the reign these have been either misunderstood and mis- of Amenophis III.

D. KERR. applied, or else rejected altogether as useless, by Dunse. writers on Egyptian history, who have failed to

(To be continued.) observe their true import and reference. It is to clear these up, and point out their actual value, as after all the very key that was required to explain

A LIST OP AXTI-USURY BOOKS, the difficulties of this intricate but most interesting

(Concluded from p. 263.)

. period of ancient history, that I propose the fol- Capmas (). (Wrote against usury and against a lowing views, that have not, so far as I know, work by Pierre Rulie, Paris ? 1782.] In French. occurred to any other.

Maultrot (Gabriel Nicolas) and Jabineau (Honri). 1. Explanution of the term 393. The Jewish L'usure considérée relativement au droit naturel; ou historian has given us a list of the kings of the réfutation de l'ouvrage intitulé :-La question de l'usure

éclaircie, par l'abbé Beurrey. On y établit on même eighteenth dynasty, together with the larger por. temps que l'usure est contraire au droit dirin. Paris, tion of the nineteenth, i.e. from the first year of | Morin, 1786-1787. 12mo. 4 vols.

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[I note the following book for the sake of the excerpt.) Interest, wherein it differs from usury. Including a Defence of usury; shewing the impolicy of the present extract from the exposition upon the first epistle to ex legal restraints on the terms of pecuniary bargains. In Thessalonians, chap. iv. ver. 6, by Bishop Jewell. a series of letters to a friend. To which is added a letter w. C. Sillar.... London, printed for the author, 18 to Adum Smith, Esq., LL.D., on the discouragements 8vo. pp. 32. E. Wilson printer. 6d. M. opposed by the above restraints to the progress of in- Usury or interest.... By W. C. Sillar. London, pripte ventive industry. By Jeremy Bentham, of Lincoln's by A. Southey, 146, Fenchurch Street, E.C., 1873. Gr. Inn, Esq. London, printed for T. Payne & Son, at pp. 16. M. the Mews Gate, 1787. 8vo. pp. 6+206. 38. 6d. Pp. 67,

Sillar (John Charles). Euporia, a short essay upou "I know of but two definitions than can possibly be given capital and labour, debt and usury, written by J. of usury: one is, the taking of a greater interest than Sillar, of 21, Mincing Lane, in answer to the letter the law allows of: this may be stiled the political or

Mr. Arthur Steains, which appeared in the city inteli legal definition. The other is the taking of a greater gence of “ The Times" of 14th March last, and 2* interest than is usual for men to give and take : this may before the Committee of the Associated Chambers of be stiled the moral one: and this, where the law has not interfered, is plainly enough the only one." - Here Commerce of Great Britain. London, printed by : Jeremy Bentham, in the opening pages of a work in Southey, 146, Fenchurch Street, [1873].

16. M. defence of usury, declares himself to be ignorant of the definition of usury (No. 2, above) which had been used lens, D.D., Foreign Secretary of the London Missiouary

Twelve months in Madagascar. By Joseph Valby a hundred writers, and which had been common to Society. London, James Nisbet & Co., 21. Bers the English law for five hundred years.

Street, 1875. 8vo. pn. 16+334, 11 plates. Printei i O'Callaghan (Jeremiah) . Usury or interest proved Duncan Grant & Co., Edinburgh. P. 76. At Fianáran-cart to be repugnant to the divine and ecclesiastical laws, the capital of the province of Betsilio, Madagasca”

, as and destructive to civil society. By the Rev. J[eremiah) Thursday, October 2. 1873, in the presence of the Quez O'Callaghan, Roman Catholic Priest.... Lonlon, pub- of Madagascar, The Prime Minister then, in the lished by C. Clement, 183, Fleet Street...1825. 12.no. Queen's name, addressed the [public) assembly pp. 16+176. M.

subject of usury... and said: Thus saith the Queen ; All Usury; or, lending at interest; also, the cxaction and that usury exacted by the Hovas from the Beteiles is payment of certain church-fees, such as pew-rents, remitted; and only the original debt shall remain." M. burial fees, and the like, together with forestalling Ruskin (John). Fors clavigera. Letters to the workmen traffick; all proved to be repugnant to the divine and and labourers of Great Britain. By John Ruskin, LL.D. eccle-instical law, and destructive to civil society. To Letter the first. January 1st, 1871. [Derice. London, which is prefixed a narrative of the controversy between printed for the author by Smith, Elder & Co.

, 15, water: the author and Bishop Coppinger, and of the sufferings loo Place; and sold only by Mr. G. Allen, Heathfield of the former in consequence of his adherence to the Cottage, Keston, Kent. Price sevenpence. (And so to truth. By the Rev. Jeremiah O'Callaghan, Rom. Cath. letter twenty-seventh.) – Letter the twenty - eighth. Priest... With a dedication to the "Society of Friends,” April 1st, 1873. (Device.) London, printed for the by William Cobbett London, published by William author by Watson & Hazell, London and Aylesburg Cobbett, 183, Fleet Street, 1828. 12mo. pp. 87230. M. and sold only by Mr. G. Allen, Heathfield Cottage

Usury, funds, and banks; also forestalling traffick, and Keston, Kent. Price sevenpence. (And so to letter monopoly; likewise pew rent, and grave tax; together thirty-sixth.) --Letter the thirty-seventh. January 1st, with burking, and dissecting; as well as the Gallican 1874. [Device.] London, printed for the author bir liberties, are all repugnant to the divine and ecclesiastical Watson & Hazell, London and Aylesbury: and sold only laws, and destructive to civil society. To which is pre. by Mr. George Allen, Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent. fixed the author's controversy with Bp. Coppinger, &c. Price tenperce. (And so to letter fifty-seventh.), By the Rev. Jeremiah O'Callaghan, R. C. Priest. Bur: Letter the fifty-eighth. October 1st, 1875. [Device Jingt n (Vt., U.S.), 1834. 380 pp. D.- I have great London, printed for the author by Watson & Hazell

, pleasure in thanking T. O.W. Rogers, Librarian, Fletcher London and Aylesbury; and to be had of Mr. Georre Library, Burlington, Vt., U.S., for this title, contributed Allen, Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent. Price tenpence on a post-card.

(And so to letter fifiy .ninth.) – Letter the sixtieth. Usury, funds, and banking monopoly, forestalling December 1st, 1875. [Device.] 'London, printed for the traffick, Gallican liberties, graves, anatomy. 5th ed., author by Hazell, Watson & Viney, London and Ayles. New York, 1806. 12mo. (Kelly, Am. Cat.)

bury; and to be had of Mr. George Allen, Sunnyside, Anonymous. Usury: its injustice ; it«pist and present Orpington, Kent. Price tenpence. (And so to letter stato; and its prospects. London, 'William Macintosh, eighty-fourth.) Seven annual volumes. 8vo. Title paper 24, Paternoster Row. Price twopence.-1867. 8vo. and indexes issued separately.- New series. Letreri pp. 30. P. 6, “ All gain exacted for loan, whether of 1-3 at present issued. References to usury occurs money, vicruals, corn, wino, oil, or the like," is usury. M. 1871. ii. 14: xi. 13. 1872, xviii. 17-20; xxi. 15-18; III.

Sillar (William Cameron). Usury, its nature and 25.28. 1874, xliii. 155-158; xliv. 179, 187-189 : xlv. effects. By W. C. Sillar." Dedicated by pormission 1875, liii. 121-126, 138, 142-146, 151-153; 11. 352. 1878 to Thomas Carlyle. London, Effingham Wilson, Royal Ixii. 47 ; lxvi. 184.185; lxvii. 223, 235. 238; lxviii. 215 Exchange, 1867. Ono shilling. 8vo. pp. 30. M. 254, 271-272; Ixix. 310; lxx. 312, 322. 333, 334,

Usury: its character further investigated. By W. C. lxxi, 362 369. 1-77, lxxiii. 10, 11, 21, 22, 23; Ixxiv. Si Sillar.... London, Effingham Wilson, Royal Exchange, 42, 51-66 ; lxxviii, 163, 164; 1xxx. 220, 225-227. 235-234 1868. Sixpence. 8vo. pp. 72. M.

Ixxxi. 259-260, 276-279, 289; lxxxii. 295, 323, 325; A warning to investors. By W. C. Sillar. July, 1870. lxxxiv. 400. Leamington, printed by J. E. M. Vincent, “ Chronicle" Office. 8vo. pp. 2+10.6d. M.

The works of John Ruskin.... London, printed for the

author by Smith, Elder & Co., Waterloo Place ; and sold Interest or usury, in what respect it differs from rent by Mr. G. Allen, Heathfield Cottage, Keston, Kent of houses. By W. C. Sillar. March, 1871. Blackheath, 1871, &c. Vol. ii. pp. 99-103, 160. 161. M. printed by J. R. Nicholas, 1, Langton Terrace. Sro, pp. 2+1, '1d. .

Bibliotheca pastorum. Edited by Jobn Ruskio.. Ellis & White, 29, New Bond Street, London ; and

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George Allen," Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent. 1876, &c. MARSTON AND SHAKSPEARE.8vo. Vol. ii. pp. Ixvi, 17, 61, 63, 64. M.

Jobn Wesley and usury. --Sunderland, B. Williams, 1.Rosin. Take you me for a Spundge, my Lord? “ Times" steam and hydraulic printing works, 1877.

Ham. I sir, that sokes vp the Kings Countenance, 8vo. (four sheets in fours, last leaf blank), pp. 30.-A his Rewards, his Authorities......when he needeg what discussion pro and con, reprinted from the Wercastle you have clean'd, it is but squeezing you, and Spundge Weekly Chronicle, July and August, 1876.

you shall be dry againe.”Hamlet, iv. 2, 11. 14 20. Mackmurdo (Arthur H.). The immorality of lending

2. Di, Since Frenchmen are so braide." for payment of interest, or for any usurious gain. By

All's Well, iv. 2, 1. 73. Arthur H. Mackmurdo. Printed and published by 1. On first reading Marston's plays I was struck Charles Watts, 84, Fleet Street, London, E.C. Maybe by the number of imitations from Shakespeare. hud of George Allen, Sunnyside, Orpington, Kent. Price Afterwards I found that Malone had remarked one shilling. (Advertisement.)

them, for in vol. ii. p. 356, he says :

“ Marston The English usurer; or usury condemned by the most has in many other places (besides in his Insatiate learned and famous divines of the Church of England, Countess, where there is a passage borrowed from and dedicated to all his majesties subjects, for the stay K. John] imitated Shakespeare.” Mr. Fleay had of further increase of the same. Collected by John Blaxton, preacher of Gods word at Osmington, in Dor- also, I find, observed them, and more lately Dr. cetshire." (Quotation from Calvin, Epist. de usura.]

Grosart. In the above Hamlet quotation, howLondon. Printed by John Notton, and are to bee gold by ever, we have an example where Marston has Francis Bowman, in Oxford, 1634. 4to. pp. (18) +84. preceded Shakespeare. In the Scourge of Villanie,

F. W. F. bk. ii. s. 7, 11. 58-60 (1598), we find :

“He's but a spunge, and shortly needes must leese SHAKSPEARIANA.

His wrong-got juice, when greatnes fist shall squeeso "All's WELL THAT Ends Well," ACT IV.

His liquor out. SC. 2 (5th S. viii. 104, 182 ; x. 84, 144, 244, 285.) Elsewhere in his satires he has "puffie spunges.'

- Instances of the use of rope=cry, and forsake= Whether Shakespeare took directly from Marston, refuse – “Encant, vendre à l'encant, to sell by whose satires were much read and talked of, or port-sale or out-rope(Cotgrave, s.v.). This means whether both made use of a thought then current, to sell by public auction, still called a roup in the must be left for future decision. North. The word seems to have become obsolete 2. Steevens interpreted braide as deceitful. But early in the seventeenth century, but the equiva-others, ignoring his quotation, and notably among lent term out-cry remained in use a hundred years moderns Dr. C. Richardson in his Dictionary, have longer.

here given it the meaning of “sudden or violent.”. "Or to be bought or cold, or let for terms of lives or

Horne Tooke's views simply deserve a smile at the years, or eke sold at outcrys."The Parson's Wedding, erraticisms of a clever man. Few can, I think, xi. 441.

read the play without perceiving that it requires “ Their houses and fine gardens given away,

braid to be taken as deceitful. And I quote two And their goods, under the spear at oulcry.'

passages from Marston's satires :Ben Jonson's Catiline,

“Shall Cogeus make his well-fac't wife a stalo “An outcry (public sale), auctio.”—Elisha Coles,

To yeeld bis braided ware a quicker sale ?" E-Lat. Dictionary, ed. 1772.

Sc. of Villanie, bk. i. B. 3, 11. 270-1. The first edition of Cotgrave's Dictionary was “ Tuscus published in 1611. He was therefore a contem- Hath drawn false lights from pitch-black lo[o]veries, porary of Shakespeare, and his use of the word is Glased his braided ware, cogs, sweares, and lies." important in determining the meaning of the

16., 8. 5, II. 68.9. disputed passage :

That is, that tradesmen, apparently by means of * I see that men make ropes in such a scarre light let down upon their goods through blackThat we 'll forsake ourselves."

edged windows in the roof, “ glased their wares All's Well, &c., iv. 2.

or gave them a false gloss or excellence, rendering Forsake.

their appearance deceitful. B. Nicholson. "And gif he for mine sonde Forsuketh [refuseth] hider to cumene."

“ THE TEMPEST," ACT 1. sc. 2, LL. 168-9.Layamon's Brul, iii. 272. And yet among men who so wil thriue

My foote my

Tutor?”
And office bere in town and Citty
Must needs be ruled by his wiue.......

It may perhaps be unnecessary to notice it, but
So by that meane of her counsail

such a critic as Sidney Walker has found fault The man may not the office forsake,"

with this. On the strength of a passage in BeauScholchouse of Women, 1. 378, &c.

mont and Fletcher's Pilgrim (iv. 2), which asso“For al thas men sal bere his mark That sal forsake to work Cristes werk

ciates “fools," "mad folk," and "tutors,” he would And sal folowe anticristes lawe.”

read foole. On the other side, therefore, I would Hampole's Pricke of Conscience, 1. 4406, quote from the first part of Homily xxxiii., Against

J, D. Disobedience and Wilful Rebellion- a sermon which

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What I say,

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