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Pretty little sprays of flower are scattered over a Peterborough, with Peada. See additions to Saron white ground; they look more like eyebright Chronicle, relating to Peterborough, ann. 655, 657. (Euphrasia vulgaris) than anything else, but are

ED. MARSHALL not botanically correct. Can any one tell me the meaning of “ Barbeau” or “Barbo” (for I do not

The Spiret (5th S. xi. 289.) – The names of know tlie spelling), and what flower it is intended musical instruments are not infrequently misto represent ? These two patterns are, of course, applied by unmusical writers, especially when one out of date now, but forty or fifty years ago they instrument predominates in use over others of the appear to have been stock patterns, and obtainable same class. COLONEL HUTCHINSON's instrument, at any large crockery shop.

being in the shape of a grand pianoforte, is strictly Robert HOLLAND.

a harpsichord. The virginals proper are in form Norton Hill, Runcorn.

like the so-called square pianoforte, but they were

raised upon a stand, and had neither legs nor pedal. The suppression of s in the third person singular The spinet is of irregular figure, narrowing to the is a well-known characteristic of Norfolk, where point of a triangle at the back. All three were “ he come,” “ she walk,” “this un look better 'n horizontal, and all are exemplified in the Museum that,” may be heard in every day talk. Amusing at South Kensington, but the catalogue might be examples are given in Eastern England, from the improved by revision in this respect. It ought to Thames to the Humber. Thus, at a "water-frolic," be an authority.

WM. CHAPPELL. as a regatta is locally called, “She sail fine, dan't she?» “ He laugh at ye"; "That feller raw (rows)

From the description given by your corresponlike a tailor” ; “See how that run out”; That dent of the musical instrument in his possession, music sound purty, dan't it ?” X. P. D. he is correct in thinking it a spinet. I well re

member one that used to be in a disused room of King Oswy (5th S. xi. 29.)— The original my grandmother's, on which I have often played authority, Beda, Hist., iii. 24, does not state so scales, and the "twanging sound” it gave forth I much as the author cited by F. T. J. as to “the can call to mind most perfectly. The instrument building and endowing of twelve abbeys," neither I knew was in a mahogany case. The keys slite was it to show his gratitude only after the battle, in a piano were in this case black, and those but previously to the victory, that the vow was usually black were white. Also, the keys had no made. Oswy wished to buy off Penda by pur- hammers; the sound was caused by lifting up, chasing peace, and when he failed transferred his a piece of guill; for my childish curiosity was well gifts where he felt that they would be received :

acquainted with the interior, and how it acted “ Vovit ergo quia si victor extiterit, filiam suam

when played upon. I have forgotten the name of Domino sacra virginitate dicandam offerret; simul et the maker, save that it and the place were in Latin ; duodecim possessiones prædiorum ad construenda the date, some part of the last century. Although monasteria donaret : et sic cum paucissimo exercitu se somewhat in the shape of a grand piano, it was certamini dedit.”

not played at the end, but, so to speak, at the side After the battle he dedicated his daughter, of the front. I never saw any other spinet than " donatis insuper duodecim possessiunculis terrarum, in the one alluded to, but I have just been told by quibus......devotioni sedulæ monachorum locus facul- one of my old friends that in 1824 the Rev. Osias tasque suppeteret. E quibus videlicet possessiunculis, sex Linley, the then organist of Dulwich College, had in provincia Deiorum, sex in Berniciorum dedit. Sin-one in his house. The spinet, I imagine, gare gulæ vero possessiones, decem erant familiarum, id est, way to the harpsichord, as the latter did to the simul omnes centum viginti."


H. E. Wilkinson. His daughter was first placed in the monastery at Anerley. Hartlepool, “cui tunc Hild abbatissa præfuit ; quæ post biennium comparata possessione decem

My father, who is old enough to remember such familiarum in loco qui dicitur Streaneshalch engines, says he thinks Col. Hutchinson's in[Whitby], ibi monasterium construxit.” From this strument is a harpsichord. it does not appear that King Oswy, and not St.

C. F. S. WARREN, M.A. Hild, built the monastery. In default of identifi

Farnborough, Banbury. cation it is very probable that the other grants HEANE Family (5th S. xi. 269.)– The inscripwere accepted and appropriated to ecclesiastical tion in Little Deane Church to Rowland Heane use for a time, but that they afterwards lapsed, the has not been in existence for at least the last fifty foundations never being constituted and completed. years. Major-General James Heane was one of King Oswy, the year after the battle, which took his grandchildren, and Rowland Heane, who was place in 655, established an episcopil see for the buried in Gloucester Cathedral in 1815, was one kingdom of Mercia at Lichfield and commenced of his (Rowland's) descendants. the cathedral church. He is also said to have commenced the Abbey of Medeshamstede, or

WILLIAM C. HEANE, Cinderford, Gloucestershire.


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PISTRUCCI's Bust OF THE DUKE OF WELLING- Scotia (5th S. xi. 298.)—If my memory serves TON (5th S. xi. 305.)-Many years ago Marshal me upon a point of which I took no note, Giraldus Pelissier, Duke of Malakoff, was inspecting the Cambrensis ascribes to Scotland the earlier name United Service Institution, and made a dead point of Albany, under the Latin form of Albania. I at the inscription OYKETIMEMIITOI below the read the first two volumes of the works of Giraldus bust of the illustrious duke. None of the members when they were first issued under the direction of of the Council who were in attendance to do honour the Master of the Rolls, and that must be from to the eminent marshal were able to give the fifteen to twenty years ago. Erigena the younger requisite information why the quotation was in has only to refer to them with the guide I have the plural, but they were all surprised at the given, that it is in a tract addressed to the Pope marshal's critical acumen.

of that time. As “N. & Q.” was established to W. STIRLING LACON. facilitate the inquiries of literary men, I thought WILLIAM Priest of BIRMINGHAM_(5th S. xi. in which few would think of looking for Scottish

it a duty to draw attention to an unobserved tract, 245.)—Q. is right in his remark that Priest was a


Wu. CHAPPELL. lawyer here about the middle of the last century. If any of the letters or papers relate to Birmingham THE ARMS OF THE CITY OF LONDON (5th S. xi. I shall be obliged if Q. will inform me. ESTE.

327) are Arg., a plain cross gu., in the dexter chief SAMOSATENIANS (5th S. xi. 48.)—These heretics canton a sword erect in pale of the second (the derived their name from Paul of Samosata, who allusive to St. Paul, the patron saint of the city).

arms of St. George, with the sword, which is was appointed Bishop of Antioch A.D. 260. Euse- All bevelling or shading of the cross is an unbius (Hist. Eccl., v. 28) states that he held the authorized fancy of the painter or engraver. The opinions of Artemon or Artemas, who maintained description of the crest in the late edition of yidov ūOputov yéveobal Tòv Ewrapa. The Burke's General Armory is a mere misprint. The originator of the heresy of Artemas was Theodotus, crest is a dragon's wing arg. charged with a cross of whom Dr. Burton observes : "His opinions agreed very closely with those of the first Socinians gu. It is often, but I think improperly, depicted (Lect. xxi. vol. ii. p. 213, Ox., 1833). Paul was the same origin as the bevelling of the cross.

as a sinister wing. This variation has probably deposed by a council held at Antioch.


I notice that in the enlarged edition of Heylyn's

Help to English History, improved by Wright The Socinians took their name from the uncle (London, 1773), the crest, on a helm, is a pair of and nephew of the name of Socinus in the six- dragon's wings expanded. Often the helmet is teenth century. Their teachings concerning the replaced by the fur cap of the sword-bearer of the nature of Christ were similar to those of the city, but I have never seen the crest placed Samosatenians. JOSIAH MILLER, M.A. directly upon it.

J. WOODWARD. See Blunt's Dictionary of Sects.

Colston's HOUSE AT MORTLAKE (5th S. xi. C. F. S. WARREN, M.A.

261.)– This old mansion was standing in 1851, TENNYSON'S " CONFESSIONS OF A SENSITIVE when I went all over it, and it exactly corresponded MIND" (5th S. xi. 49.)— The more exact heading to the description given by Mr. Tovey. It stood of the poem as published was Supposed Confessions at the western end of Mortlake, half-way between of a Second-rate Sensitive Mind not in Unity with the lower Richmond Road and the Thames, and Itself. It was printed at p. 31 of Poems chiefly had in front of it one large field, almost a park, of Lyrical. By Alfred Tennyson. London : Effing- about ten or twelve acres. When I again visited ham Wilson, Royal Exchange, Cornhill, 1830. the spot, about ten or twelve years ago, tbe house 12mo., pp. 154.” The volume is now rare, and the had been pulled down, but the ground on which it curious in such matters pay three or four guineas stood had not actually been built over. It was for a copy. It has no table of contents. This known in 1851 by local tradition as Cromwell's special poem is chiefly interesting as conveying


E. WALFORD, M.A. a foretaste of the Two Voices, and, although it Hampstead, N.W. possesses some magnificent passages, it is clearly,

LENGTH OF A GENERATION (5th S. ix. 488, 518; as a whole, immature, and little good would be done to the Laureate's reputation with the general I think some of the correspondents of " N. & Q."

x. 95, 130, 157, 197, 315, 524 ; xi. 54, 77, 254.)reader by its republication.


are confounding two things-length of life and In my American edition (Harper Brothers, New length of a generation. The original query related York, 1876) this poem is entitled Supposed Con- to the popular idea of a generation being thirty fessions of a Second-rate Sensitive Mind not in years. Generate is “to bring to life," "to oriUnity with Itself.

CHARLES STEVENS. ginate.” The idea expressed by MR. HAYDON The Mount, Guildford.

(5th S. x, 130), that it was the interval between

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the birth of a father and that of his son," appears seal. As the Horsey arms have been registered to me to be a correct definition of a “generation. and allowed to that family in the heralds visitaThere is the difficulty he suggests of the period tions, if your correspondent can prove his direct between the birth of the eldest and the youngest male descent from the family to whom these arms child in a family ; this will vary. I have tested were allowed he has a perfect right to bear them, it by the records of my own family, and find that and has the satisfaction of knowing that he pays the average is about fourteen years. My own the tax on armorial bearings to which he has a mother had seventeen children, and the interval clear and undoubted right. It may be taken, between the birth of the eldest and youngest was however, as a general rule, that no one has a right twenty-two years. Taking the word “generation” to bear the arms of a particular family simply as it refers to the human race, we may add, say, because he bears the name of that family. seven years, as the mean time of difference of age The heralds allowed a certain family of the between the members of the same family, to the Horseys to bear certain distinctive arms, to age of the parent; and, assuming it to be twenty-them and their direct male heirs, and will take three years, it would work out the popular figure, care that to no other family are the same arms or thirty years, for a generation. The royal granted. No persons, therefore, can have the right family is an instance of descents through the to use these arms except those who can clearly elder child. William the Conqueror was born prove their descent from that family. W. T. 1027; Prince Albert Victor (the Queen's grandson) in 1864. The interval was 837 years.

Sir John MACLEAN will, I am sure, forgive me

The Plantagenet line may be said to end with the for taking exception to his observation that arms birth of Henry VII. in 1456. There would, there- blood : any one, therefore, assuming the arms of

cannot be honestly claimed by a stranger in fore, be fourteen generations in 429 years, or about thirty years to each. The Tudor dynasty takes that which not only does not belong to him,

a family from which he cannot prove a descent may be said to end with the birth of James I., but is the property of some one else," when I refer 1566; it embraces 110 years, and includes four generations of twenty-seven and a half years each. him to two articles in “N. & Q.’ showing the The Stuart dynasty may be said to end in 1660, reverse, namely, one at p. 477 of vol. ii. of the when George I. was born ; it comprises ninety-four present series, the other in vol. xii. of the fourth

Y. S. M. years, and three descents of thirty-one years each. series, p. 135. The Hanoverian dynasty, from the birth of George I., 1660, to that of Prince Albert Victor, s. xi. 246, 296.)—Such a point as the pronunciation

PRONUNCIATION OF LORD Byron's Name (5th 1864, extends over 204 years, and comprises seven of a name should scarcely be decided on the generations of twenty-nine years each. On the whole, there would be twenty-eight generations writers who, without malice prepense, have confused

evidence of Medwin, perhaps the most careless of all in 837 years, or nearly thirty years each.


the story of Byron and Shelley. Is it not decisive Waterford.

in favour of the long y that Byron occasionally


signed his letters to Hodgson and others in Greek HERALDRY : THE Right TO BEAR ARMS (5th S.

characters, thus, MIIAIPIN ? xi. 29, 152, 177, 196, 271, 309.)—MR. Wade, in

H. Buxton FORMAN. quoting the Notitia Anglicana (ante, p. 271), quotes SATURDAY AND THE ROYAL FAMILY (5th S. xi. a book of little real authority. There can be no 287, 317.)—The dates given in the Globe cutting doubt that D. Q. V. S. is strictly correct in his forwarded by Ababa are, as Dr. BREWER statements, although they are unpalatable. The states, incorrect so far as William III., Anne, and heralds are, however, generally very courteous, and George I. are concerned. Dr. Brewer is, howwhen it can be proved that certain arms have been ever, himself in error with respect to William III. borne for several generations and used on plate, &c., and Anne. The former died on Sunday, March & they will usually make a grant differing as little as 1701-2, not the 18th, as stated in the Globe parapossible from the old arms (as long as this can be graph, which was a Wednesday. That Sunday done without interfering with the arms of any other was the day of the week on which William died is family), but with certain differences sufficient to an undisputed historical fact, as will be proved by make these arms distinctive to the particular family a reference to Macaulay or any other reliable histo which they have been allowed.

torian dealing with that period ; for we are told Your other correspondent, MR. HORSEY, seems that though the day was Sunday Parliament met a little hazy on heraldic matters. One would like in order to take steps for rendering the homage of to know on what authority his statement rests the Estates to William's successor. The lst of that his arms were assumed in the time of Henry II. August, 1714, the day on which Queen Anne died, (1154 to 1189), when it is known that Richard I. was also a Sunday. This may be very readily (1189 to 1199) was the first to use arms on his verified by a reference to vol. viii. of the Spectator,

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No. 575 of which is dated “Monday, August 2, BINDERY, ROPERY, &c. (5th S. x. 447 ; xi. 76, 1714." Saturday does not seem to be more fatal to 99.)— There is a very important rope-making our royal family than any other day. Of the fifteen concern in Leith, which styles itself a “ Roperie children of George III. three died on Saturday ; Company. In my experience this spelling of the the Princess Charlotte died on Thursday, and Queen word (which your correspondent Mr. A. H. Charlotte on Tuesday. The process of verifying CHRISTIE thinks has never been in common use) dates where days of the week are concerned, accord- is unique.

F. D. F. ing to both Old and New Style, is extremely simple, Reform Club. but it is only comparatively few who seem to know how to set about it. I hardly think it necessary, 352 ; ix. 40, 83 ; xii. 169, 256 ; 4th S. viii

. 21, 94,

“HUE AND CRY” (1st S. xi. 185 ; 3rd S. viii. however, to give a rule here. ALEXANDER PATERSON.

209, 309; 5th S. ix. 508; x. 14, 178 ; xi. 99.)—I Barnsley.

would suggest that these are the Norman word and

its Saxon equivalent, used so as to appeal to both 35, Park LANE (5th S. xi. 108, 136.)—I have the higher and lower classes at once, like “ disunderstood that the basaltic column was brought semble and cloke," "acknowledge and confess,” &c., from the Valley of Jehoshaphat by Sir Moses in the Book of Common Prayer. Montefiore, and placed by him in the railed en

E. WALFORD, M.A. closure opposite his residence, 35, Park Lane. Hampstead, N.W.

GERALD PONSONBY. 54, Green Street, Grosvenor Square.

Miss MiTFORD (5th S. xi. 68, 97, 297.)-MR.

WALFORD will find particulars of the descent (as BALCòny or BALCONY (3rd S. ix. 303, 380, 519; far as her great-grandfather) of Miss Mary Russell 5th S. x. 299 ; xi. 39, 56, 78.) Byron's Beppo, Mitford, “ the fascinating author of Our Village," stanza xi. :

in Burke's invaluable History of the Commoners “They look, when leaning over the balcony,

(1836), vol. ii. pp. 284-5. Mr. J. R. Daniel-Tyssen, Or stepp'd from out a picture by Giorgione." F.S.A., of 9, Lower Rock Gardens, Brighton, And stanza xv. :

is well up in the genealogy of the house of Mit“I said that like a picture by Giorgione

ford. MR. WALFORD should apply to that gentleVenetian women were, and so they are,

Particularly seen from a balcony,
For," &c.

“DILAMGERBENDI INSULA” (5th S. xi. 269, G. S.

295.)-MR. BELLAMY asserts this to be of Indian EPIGRAM ON BEAU Nash (5th S. x. 429 ; xi. origin. That is not the fact. If any one possess12, 71.) – In the Wild Garland, vol. ii., which I ing the works of the Venerable Bede will compiled and published in 1866, this epigram is examine the same, he will find it is the name of the given in the two verses, and attributed to Chester- Isle of Wight at that period. A. S. FETHERS. field on the authority of the Festoon, published in 1767 ; and, according to the evidence produced

THE Sting OF DEATH (5th S. x. 308 ; xi. 290, up to the present time, Chesterfield must be con- 312.) — Allow me to point out, what must have essidered the author. The Festoon and 0. Gold. caped the memory of CUTHBERT BEDE, that the smith state Chesterfield to be the author of the monument he describes is very similar to Roubiltwo verses originally appearing in the Gentleman's lac's celebrated work in memory of Mr. and Mrs. Magazine. Mrs. Brereton appears as the author Nightingale in Westminster Abbey, the date of of the six verses, which are a dilution of the two. which appears not to be earlier than 1758. The third and fourth verses prove this ; and as a


2, Tanfield Court, Temple. person having made a smart epigram would not afterwards dilute it and spoil it, we may consider Has it been noticed that the Peshito renders that Mrs. Brereton is not the author of the original i Cor. xv. 55, “Where is thy 'ookso, O death, and two verses. Mr. ERNEST C. THOMAS, I think, where thy victory, 0 sheol?” I look out the Syriac has missed the point of the first of the two verses word in Kirsch's Lexicon (Bernstein), and find it when he says it can not have belonged to the to be “A sting, metaphorically what pricks and original epigram, and nobody prefaces his own annoys the mind, from 'akesh ; Chaldee 'ökats, he epigrams with a commendatory, verse." The pricked.” The Syriac version is allowed to be “ truth " and the "cruel joke” spoken of is in the one of the very best. It renders Hos. xiii. 14 fact which the picture being placed in such a thus : " Where then thy victory, Odeath, and position brings to light, or makes patent to all, where thy sting ('ookso), sheol? The Hebrew, and thus the commendation is of the act of só | literally rendered, is, “I will be, 0 death, thy placing this picture, and not of the writer of the plagues ; I will be thy destruction, O sheol.” The epigram.

J. J. REEVE. root of the word rendered “destruction” is to Newhaven.

“cut,” which is not far removed from “stab,"

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"prick.” The Syriac has the appearance here of his life in a small volume published by Virtue following the LXX. H. F. WOOLRYCH, Brothers & Co., London, 1865, under the title of Coxheath House, Linton, Maidstone.

Gathered Leaves : being a Collection of the Poetical

Writings of the late Frank E. Smedley, with DANTE AND THE WORD " Lucciola" (5th S. x.

a Memorial Preface by Edmund Yates. I take 143, 253, 501 ; xi. 78.)- I can assure SUSSEXIENSIS this opportunity of thanking both Mr. Boase and that the males of our British glowworm do give CUTHBERT BEDE for their interesting and comlight, though not always, nor to the same extent prehensive replies to my query upon the history of as their partners. I have repeatedly taken them Sharpe's London Magazine. R. M-M. in a luminous state in North Wales. As to “la lucciola,” the Italian fire-fly (Lampyris Italica), The Handbook of Fictitious Names gives 1564 I have captured individuals shining in a quiescent as the date of Smedley’s death. condition on bushes, at the lake of Como, with

OLPHAR HAMST. their elytra closed. The light proceeds from the last segments of the under part of the abdomen, Iliad, x. 1. 173, by way of proverb :

Homer AND THE Razor (5th S. xi. 329.)— like that of the English female glowworm. Probably if the insect were pressed closely to the Νυν γαρ δη παντεσσιν επί ξυρού ίσταται ακμής, ground it might not be visible, but it undoubtedly “For all, on a razor's edge it stands.” The word is so when amongst the twigs in a bedge. The (vpóv) is used in the same way by Herodotus, luminous segments are conspicuous by daylight, vi. 11; Theocritus, Idyl., xxii. 6; Theogenes, 557, being of an opaque white.

and several others of a later date. W. J. BERNHARD-SMITH.

EDMUND Tew, M.A. Temple,

This passage has been translated by Lord FOLK-LORE: RUBBING WITH A DEAD HAND Derby : (5th S. xi. 43, 94.)—I copy this anecdote from my “For on a razor's edge is balanced now, note-book :-On Dec. 12, 1857, old Mrs. Cole, of

To all the Greeks, the chance of life or death." Stanford, Norfolk, told me that ber daughter Mrs. And by Cowper : Brock had a puffed neck in her youth, and that

" The overthrow she had taken her to Great Cressingham, and

Complete or full deliverance of us all rubbed it over with a dead man's hand, when the

In balance langs, poised on a razor's edge."

R. S. K. swelling immediately died away. It was considered to be an infallible remedy ; the hand of Compare also Sophocles, Antig., 996; Æschylas, a man to be rubbed on the part affected in a Coëph., 870; and Milton :female, and vice versa. FREDERICK W. Mant. “Ye see our danger on the utmost edge of danger."

Parad. Reyained. “LOPPARD” (5th S. xi. 188, 274.)—This ex

John B. SLACK, B.A. pression has reference to fleas, which in the West Riding are called lops. When the housewife “THE FLOWER OF Serving MEN” (5th S. xi. enters upon her annual spring or autumn “clean- | 328.)—A somewhat modern version may be found ing down,” as it is termed in Yorkshire, or when in vol. iii. p. 87 of Percy's Reliques of English the house is topsy-turvy under the operation, she Poetry (the reference applies to Dodsley's first 8vo. says, “We were fair lopper'd” (not fairly, for the edition of 1765). The ballad is here headed The adverb is seldom heard), meaning, We were com- Lady turned Serving Man, and the bishop inpletely overrun with tleas.


troduces it with a note : "[This) is given from Hamilton, Ontario.

a written copy containing some improvements Frere's Epitaph on CANNING (5th S. x. 386, entitled The Famous Flower of Serving Men ; or,

(perhaps modern ones) upon the old popular ballad 522; xi. 198, 235.) - Probably the simplest mode the Lady turned Serving Man.”

A. of settling the question raised by Jaydee will be to ask your readers to furnish additional instances This ballad is in Ritson's Ancient Songs and of the substantive support being accentuated on Ballads, edit. by W. C. Hazlitt (Reeves & Turner, the first syllable and pronounced support.


L. P. W. A. G. Hastings.


103, 383; vi. 222 ; vii. 284; viii. 203, ix, 274.) "Sharpe's London MAGAZINE” (5th S. x. 428; -In answer to MR. CHARLES S. PERCEVAL'S xi. 293, 330.) - Francis Edward Smedley, author query as to the use of the term “ Nobility" Roll, I of Frank Fairlegh, &c., was born in 1818 and have merely to state that this designation was of died in 1864, after years of bodily suffering en my own adoption. There is no evidence whatever, dured with the greatest patience and cheerfulness. so far as I can learn, that any official rolls of this CUTHBERT Bede will find Mr. Yates's sketch of nature ever existed. JANES GREENSTREET.

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