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in Gloucestershire, all situated on the slopes of bills. There are in it eight full-page etchings by George The springs collecting on the sides of such hills loosen Cruikshank illustrative of the text, and Richard the earth, and frequently by their force drive whole acres of ground into the valleys beneath, a remarkable Brothers, the so-called prophet, is introduced as instance of which happened lately at the Throp (Thrupp) one of the characters of the story. in the parish of Stroud. Hence the name Slade.”

John PICKFORD, M.A. Is the foregoing the correct derivation, and

Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge. where may one find in print any particulars and St. MINIATO.–At Florence there is a church the date of the remarkable landslip referred to by dedicated to St. Miniato. Where can I find any Rudder ?


account of this saint? There is no such name in A JEROBOAM OF CLARET.-I see in the Times


JOHN THOMPSON. that a jeroboam of claret contains eight bottles.

The Grove, Pocklington, Can any of your readers tell me the origin of this Wright FAMILY.-Of what family was the term ? John CHURCHILL SIKES.

James Wright who was ambassador at Venice Godolphin Road, Shepherd's Bush, W.

from 1765 to 1773, was knighted, and subsequently, Jack Ketch or Catch was, until recently, the

I think, made a baronet, but I do not find his name by which the hangman was commonly after 1800, and had one son. Any particulars of

name in the Extinct Baronetage? He was alive known. Is there an earlier instance of its use the family' would be acceptable.

W. P. than the following ?“What now remains, but that the Tap must burst? THE COWAY STAKES.- The Venerable Bede

Who can do any more, that has done his worst? describes the stakes at the ford where Cæsar
That the proud'foe rejoyce not in my fall,
Now heart, break heart, and baffle Catch and all.

crossed the Thames B.c. 54 as existing in his day, But ere I fall a victim though too late,

and in the British Museum is what tradition In a vile nation, to a viler fate

identifies with one of these stakes, and which was I thus bequeath the remnant of my estate.” “ drawn out of the bottom of the Thames, at a place A Supplement to the last Will and Testament

called Cowaystakes, in 1777,as certified by an inof Anthony, Earl of Shaftsbury, with his last Words as they were taken in Holland,

scription on it. May I ask whether there is on where he died, January the 20th, 1682, folio,

record any similar instance of what I may call the London, 1683, p. 3.

conservative power of water on wood ? The wood

K. P. D. E. of these stakes, if they were the original ones, A History of Carlow.—Where can I find must have been 1,800 years old. a history of Carlow, with some account of that


Hampstead, N.W. locality during the disturbances in Ireland, temp. Queen Elizabeth, 1599 ?

M. M. B. “PALINGENESIA."—Who was the author of

Palingenesia, the World to Come ? Paris, printed by Duguid. Is this Scotch name the same as the Firmin Didot, Rue Jacob, No. 24; London, pubEnglish Duckett, and is it of French origin? It lished by Martin Bossange, Regent Street, No. 124, first appears in Scotland at Dundee, as witness to 1824, 8vo. Half-title, title, To the Reader, Sonnet, a charter in 1406. I want any earlier trace of it.

and Postscript, 5 leaves ; Palingenesia, pp. 1–264; Scorus.

Index, pp. 265-275; Errata, 1 page; Appendix, pp. BURIAL AT Night, 1601.-In the parish register 1-29. This is a poem in seven books, much of it in of Norton, co. Derby, I find : “1601. Anthonius Scriptural phraseology, giving the writer's ideas on Blythe de Byrchet p'oe de dranfield Armiger sepult" the Scriptural doctrine of the world and age to fuit in capella eccl'iæ p'oāli de norton adjunct Tertio come.” Lord Byron died whilst some references die Junii in nocte.” The chapel was then sepa- to him were being penned on pp. 238-9, and the rated from the chancel by a screen, and had been author takes advantage of this circumstance to in Catholic times the burial-place of the Blythes, insert a poem entitled “Lord Byron." This is having been erected by them. Is it possible that No. 4 in the Appendix, pp. 20-29. Anthony Blythe was secretly buried according to

GEO. C. BOASE, the rites of the Church of Rome? Or, if not,

15, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W. what reason was there for burial at night?


S. O. ADDY. Sheffield.

Who was the writer of The Gaulliad ; and where and when was it published? Some lines from it are prefixed

JAYDEE. “FRANK HEARTWELL ; OR, FIFTY YEARS AGO." to the ninth chapter of Rob Roy. -In Cruikshank's Omnibus, published by Tilt &

Robert Emmet. By ****. Published in Paris, 1858. Bogue in 1842, appeared a naval tale, continued A translation from the French, by John P. Leonard,

was published by D. Holland, of the Ulsterman Office, through it, under

this title, purporting to be by Belfast, during the same year. Bowman Tiller. Whose nom de plume was this ?


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The version said to have been given by Mrs. Replies.

Morrell of the separation of Lord and Lady Byron THE BYRON SEPARATION.

recalls to me a passage in Medwin's Conversations

of Lord Byron, pp. 42-3. Conversing with Capt. (5th S. xi. 266, 311.)

Medwin, Byron says : The question of the Byron separation has had

“I have prejudices about women: I do not like to see much new light thrown upon it by the recent them eat. Rousseau makes Julie un peu gourmande; publication of Mr. Hodgson's Memoirs, and as but that is not at all according to my taste. I do not some correspondence has recently been carried on like to be interrupted when I am writing. Lady Byron in the columns of “N. & Q.” on this subject, I did not attend to these whims of mine. The only harsh

thing I ever remember saying to her was one evening imagine the subjoined document may be con- shortly before our parting. I was standing before the sidered worthy of being again recorded. It was fire, ruminating upon the embarrassment of my affairs originally published by one of your contemporaries and other annoyances, when Lady Byron came up to me (Oct., 1869), but appears to have escaped the and said, Byron, am I in your way?' To which I notice of many who are interested in all matters replied, "Damnably !' I was afterwards sorry, and re

proached myself for the expression : but it escaped me relating to Lord Byron.

unconsciously-involuntarily; I hardly knew what I This statement (the original autograph of which said." is in the possession of Mr. Murray) was drawn up Without more information on the point, it is by Lord Byron in August, 1817, while Mr. Hob- difficult to know whether to take Mrs. Morrell's house was staying with him at La Mira, near statement as a corroboration of the above or 25 Venice, and was given by him to Mr. Matthew simply a repetition of it. Medwin's

Conversations Gregory Lewis (commonly known as

“ Monk"

were published in 1824, the year of Byron's death, Lewis), among whose papers it was found at the and it is not at all unlikely that this old servant time of his death :

of Lady Byron's family, who may naturally be stood to be the legal advisers of Lady Byron, have declared stances of the separation, either read or beard

" It has been intimated to me, that the persons under, supposed to have interested herself in the circum“their lips to be sealed up' on the cause of the separation between her and myself. If their lips are sealed up, they related the incident above mentioned. The are not sealed up by me, and the greatest favour they standing before the fire ruminating" of Byron, can confer upon me will be to open them. From the and the leaning against the mantelpiece of to the communication Lady


a common Byron and myself in the character of wife and husband (a period of some months) I called repeatedly and in vain

Galashiels, N.B. for a statement of their or her charges, and it was chiefly in consequence of Lady Byron's claiming (in a letter still

“THE LITERARY MAGNET” (5th S. xi. 307.)existing) a promise on my part to consent to a separation if such was really her wish, that I consented at all; this The full title of this publication at its commenceclaim and the exasperating and inexpiable manner in ment waswhich their object was pursued, which rendered it next “The Literary Magnet of the Belles Lettres, Science, to an impossibility that two persons so divided could ever and the Fine Arts, consisting of . Original satirical be re-united, induced me reluctantly then, and repentantly essays of permanent interest; 2. Sketches of society, still, to sign the deed, which shall be happy--most humourous and sentimental; 3. Original poetry; 4. Mishappy-to cancel, and

go before any tribunal which may cellaneous matters; forming a body of original and discuss the business in the most public manner. “Mr. Hobhouse made this proposition on my part, viz., copper, and wood.

elegant literature.... With numerous engravings on steel,

Edited by Tobias Merton, Gent., to abrogate all prior intentions—and go into Court-the assisted by various wits of the day. London, William very day before the separation was signed, and it was Charlton Wright, 65, Paternoster Row; Ewbank, Brussels. declined by the other party, as also the publication of 1824. 8vo.” the correspondence during the previous discussion. Those Vol. i. contains 452 pages, brought out in six propositions I beg here to repeat, and to call upon her and hers to say their worst, pledging myself to meet their monthly numbers ; vol. i. 416 pages, published in allegations-whatever they may be and only too happy a similar manner. With vol. iii. there was a to be informed at last of their real nature.

change in the imprint, the magazine being pub(Signed)

“BYRON. “August 9, 1817.

lished by George Wightman, 46, Fleet Street, and "P.S. I have been, and am now, utterly ignorant of of the original wrappers in the bound copy which

coloured plates were introduced. In the absence what description her allegations, charges, or whatever I have seen, it is not easy to say what other name they may have assumed, are; and am as little aware for what purpose they have been kept back-unless it changes took place, but it seems probable that was to sanction the most infamous calumnies by silence. during the course of this volume the monthly

(Signe "La Mira, near Venice.”

number was divided into two parts, 1. The Literary The purport of this document was reiterated by 1825, brought this series to an end. With the

Magnet, 2. The Monthly Journal. Vol. iv., dated Byron verbally to friends, and has never been new series there was a change in the title, which is contradicted.

J. M., Jun. The Literary Magnet, or Monthly Journal of the

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Belles Lettres, consisting of, &c. Vol. I. New ledge. It is, however, pleasant to be assured that Series. London, printed for Charles Knight, Pall D. P.'s confidence in my powers of observation, Mall East, 1826, 8vo. Vol. i. was for Jan. to and in my general honesty of description, still surJune, 1826 ; vol. ii., July to Dec., 1826 ; vol. iii., vives the shock which I appear to have inflicted Jan. to June, 1827 ; vol. iv., July to Dec., 1827. upon him ; and that, upon the whole, he has "no In the volumes brought out by Charles Knight doubt that Mr. WOODWARD has related them faithare found an interesting series of papers called fully.”. Of such kind patronage I feel myself all The Living Poets of England,” a tale named unworthy; for I am not quite so confident my. “The Gentleman in Black," verses by J. H. self. There are one or two little points with regard Wiffen, ballads by John Clare, poems by William to which I have already had to correct my own and Mary Howitt, epigrams, &c., by Š. T. Cole- report, and one or two more where I have had a ridge, poetry by Mrs. Henry Rolls, stanzas by little doubt whether my transcription of some Mary Anne Browne, &c. It is not, however, travel-worn pencil notes was quite so faithful as I always easy, from the way the magazine is edited, intended it to be. Had D. P. addressed himself to say precisely which are the original articles and to these, it is conceivable that some addition might which only reprints. The eight volumes described have been made to our knowledge, and it is certain above I believe form a complete set of The that in this case no one would have welcomed his Literary Magnet. In conclusion, I wish to make correction of my“misunderstanding” more thankthe inquiry, Who was the editor of the first series fully and respectfully than myself. of this magazine who used the pseudonym of

J. WOODWARD. “ Tobias Merton, Gent.”? GEO. C. BOASE. 15, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W.


c. XXVI. (5th S. xi. 148, 190.)-Mr. Boucher's ARMS ON THE STalls in the Cathedral at interesting communication is suggestive of various HAARLEM (5th S. ix. 61, 101, 413, 451, 471, 497; xi. speculations. Did Dante consider the account of 269, 318.) —I should feel grateful to D. P. for his this voyage given by Pliny and others to be fabucorrection of my “misunderstanding” with regard to lous, or to have had foundation in fact ? In my the arms of Guelders, if that “misunderstanding

» Verona edition of 1750 the commentator (Pompeo had any existence except in his own imagination. Venturi) holds the former theory, viz., that the D. P. does not appear to be aware that although, poet treated the subject as he did his own poem, as he quite correctly says, the arms referred to as imaginary. I cannot be satisfied with this contain two distinct coats--those of Guelders and theory. Dante was one of the most learned men Juliers—they are yet constantly referred to in of his day, and we may reasonably expect to derive their united condition as the arms of the duchy or from him the most advanced knowledge attained province of Guelders. They are so in a modern in his times. It appears to me that there must Dutch heraldic work of the highest authority now have been more than mere fancy in the idea of the lying before me, no reference being there made to ancients of a wide ocean extending far west of the fact, well known to every tyro in heraldry, Europe and having land beyond it. Some ships that a portion of the coat was assumed for Juliers. in the course of ages may reasonably be supposed Spener says,

" Geldric insignia sunt duo in to have been driven out into the Atlantic by stress hipertito scuto se respicientes lcones,” &c., as I of weather, and, even if wrecked, some accounts of blazoned them, though he does go on to say (what their disaster may have reached Europe through it seemed to me perfectly unnecessary to refer to survivors of the crew. I believe it is widely in my brief note) that one of the lions was as- admitted in the present day that Greenland was sumed for Juliers. Not long ago, in Paris, a peopled from Norway or Iceland long before the gentleman politely directed my attention to the Cabots discovered North America. Again, it must fact that in a certain place were visible what he have been more than fancy which upheld the great termed “les armoiries de l'Angleterre.” The Columbus in his heroic enterprise. I should be shield really contained the quartered coats of Eng- glad if Mr. Boucher could throw any light upon land, Scotland, and Ireland, and so (strictly the inquiry whether Columbus was acquainted speaking) was not the arms of England, but those with this account of Ulysses and his last voyage, of the united kingdoms of Great Britain and Ire- either in Homer, Pliny, or Dante. land. But I did not think it necessary to assume The first printed edition of the Inferno came that the French gentleman was ignorant of this out, I believe, in 1472, and Columbus's first voyage fact simply because he called the whole arrange- was undertaken in 1492, so that, if he had seen or ment by its conventional name, though, instead of heard of this passage in Dante, it might have thanking him for his politeness, I might have encouraged him to persevere in his scheme. pointed out “a misunderstanding of his,' and dis-Dante's account would almost have furnished him played at one and the same time his very painful with sailing directions towards the West Indies. inaccuracy and my own highly superior know-Ulysses passed through the Straits of Gibraltar,


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sailing first due west, but afterwards trending the exploits of historical or legendary heroes, the steadily to his left (which was towards the south), deeds and deaths of celebrated criminals, nursery the course across the Atlantic being therefore stories, ballads, murders, ghosts, lovers' tragedies, south-west, clearing the African coast, passing the three-headed children, &c. equinoctial line, and coming in view of the con- As to the etymology. The meaning of the first stellations of the southern hemisphere. But the element of chap-book is the same as that of chapremarkable feature is the end of the voyage - man. Compare also the phrase good cheap, to beholding a lofty mountain in the dim distance, cheapen, all and each of which come from A.-S. a higher mountain than was ever seen before. ceap, goods, price, sale, &c. There are also the Why should such a fancy occur if there was no cognate to cope, to chop (in the sense of to erfoundation for it? Why not a flat coast on which change), horse-coper, copeman, copesmate. The people might land? No doubt the five months' kind of chapman who sold the chap-books

, sailing was beyond the necessary period for such A.D. 1611, while the creator of Autolycus was still a distance, but that is unimportant. The strange living, may be thus described from Cotgrave; thing is the mountain of such extraordinary height.“ A paltrie pedlar, who in a long packe or maund I believe there is only one mountain in the world (which he carries for the most part open, and the height of which exceeds expectation on the hanging from his necke before him) bath alma, first sight of it, and that is Teneriffe, which is nacks, books of newes, or other trifling ware, to sell." supposed to have been unknown in Dante's time, The difference between a chap-book and but his pithy description coincides exactly with the broadside is that one was folded and sewed, the real appearance of that wonderful peak :

other not. The chap-book ran more into prose, “Cinque volte racceso, e tante casso

but their subjects were much the same.

preLo lume era di sotto della luna, Poi ch' entrati eravam nell'alto passo, sume, however, that the black-letter 12mo. "gar

. Quando n' apparve una montagna, bruna

lands” of James I.'s reign can hardly be called Per la distanza; e parvemi alta tanto,

chap-books, but they may have been to some Quanto veduta non n'aveva alcuna.”

extent the chap-book’s predecessors. The great In plain prose : “Five times had the moon

mass of chap-books which has survived belongs to waxed and waned while we were sailing over the the eighteenth century. This class of literature deep ocean, when we came in sight of a dark seems to have been far less destructible than the mountain, dim in the distance

, and it appeared to broadside pure and simple.t me loftier than any we had ever beheld.” This may have been all imagination, but I think consisting of popular stories or ballads printed feet

Chap-books are little books in verse or in prose, it more probable that it was founded on tradition itinerant chapmen to sell, in contradistinction to the with a spark of truth for its origin. I am inclined to think that the ancients on such subjects knew of firea Pesidence. In some cases the publisher of

more important works printed for the booksellers more than we give them credit for. M. H. R.

ballads announces after his address," where Eog

: Both Pliny and Solinus mention that Ulysses lish and Irish chapmen can be supplied with perished whilst navigating the ocean. It was books and ballads." Thackeray's “ List” consists doubtless on the authority of those writers that of 105 "small books,” 301 ballads, and

23 so-called Dante gave his graphic description of the last "histories," such as 'of Robin Hood, of the gentle voyage of Ulysses in canto xxvi. of his Inferno. craft. After giving his address in Duck Lane, he That Dante had no pretension to accuracy in adds, where any chapman may be furnished details is pretty clear from the discovery attributed with them or any other books at reasonable rates." to Ulysses :

His “small books" and "histories” are all chap“Quando n'apparve, &c., by which is meant the great mountain of Pur- 1592, writes of the ballad singers of his own time

books. Henry Chettle, in his Kind Hart's Dream, gatory, antipodal to Jerusalem, from whence came the fatal whirlwind that led to his destruction.

' pretty chapmen, able to spread more pam

phlets, by the State forbidden, than all the book.

B. D. M. Burslem.

sellers in London." Samuel Pepys labelled his

collection of chap-books as “Penny Merriments." CHAP-BOOKS (5th S. xi. 306.)- Chap-books are fairly assume that " chap-books” is an abbrevia

Upon such grounds as the above I think we may paper, roughly tacked together and printed in bad wares, but Chapmeen sold only ballads and boolesa type, with rude woodcuts, which were, and possibly are still,* hawked about in pedlars' baskets. They treat for the most part of current sensational events,

† See the two volumes published by Mr. Halliwell in Seven Dials. Some things very like chap-books are still sold in the country; for that of France, M. Nisard's Histoire de la

the Percy Society on the chap-book literature of this Littérature du Colportage, &c., Paris, 1854.

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Some years

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If my good friend Dr. JESSOPP will consult his In the New Law List, 1779, by John Hughes,
Halliwell, he will find, “ Chap-book, a little book Hugh Jackson and Thomas Jackson occur amongst
printed for the purpose of being sold to hawkers.” the certificated attorneys at Stamford.
Webster has, "A small book carried about for

W. F. MARSH JACKSON. sale by hawkers (chapmen). Hence any small

See Gorton's Biographical Dict. book ; a toy book.”

WM. PENGELLY. Torquay.

ago I saw his tomb in the churchyard of Felpham,

near Bognor. Near to it is a stone to the memory See a note on this subject by the late Dr. Rim- of one of his female servants who begged to be laid BAULT, “N. & Q.,” 2nd S. v. 522. In vol. vi. p. 89, near her master, and the wish was evidently reG. N. wrote of them as in use in Scotland.

spected. In Chalmers's Oxford he is mentioned as ED. MARSHALL.

who, after presiding as the Dean of Christ Cyril JACKSON, Dean of Christ CHURCH (5th Church for twenty-six years, with almost unS. xi. 9.)—Dean Jackson was born at Stamford in exampled zeal and fidelity, resigned the office in Educated at Westminster, he was elected to Ch. tian name of Cyril is borne by several of his 1742, where his father was a medical practitioner. 1809," He was a connexion of the late Rev.

Clarke Prescott of Cheetham Hill, and the ChrisCh. He was an excellent scholar and well

descendants. informed man, and became sub-preceptor to

H. E. WILKINSON. George IV. and his brothers when young princes.

Anerley. He became D.D. 1781, and though made a canon T. C. will find much of the information which he of Ch. Ch., and offered at one time an English desires about Dean Jackson in the Manchester bishopric and at another the primacy of Ireland, School Register, edited with notes by the Rev. J. he was amply contented with the deanery, to which Finch Smith, vol. i. pp. 62-4, 229-30 (vol. lxix. of he succeeded in 1783, when Dr. Bagot became the Chetham Society's publications, 1866). a bishop. About ten years before his death he re

Fama. signed the deanery and went to live at Felpham, Oxford, on the Sussex coast, near Bognor. Here he died in 1819, and it is related that as he lay on his NORFOLK DIALECT: “VENUS,” “BARBEAU death-bed some of the young princes who were SPRIG” (5th S. xi. 147.)—Where I formerly lived, coasting in a yacht landed and called to see their at Mobberley, Cheshire, there is a crape mill where old tutor ; but Jackson, thanking them, declined a large number of Norwich hands are employed. to see them, as be “had taken leave of the world Their speech is very peculiar, and I have often and only wanted to commune with his God.” noticed the way in which they drop the final s in

GIBBES RIGAUD. the third person singular of verbs. On one occa18, Long Wall, Oxford.

sion a remarkably tall and stout woman, the wife The Dean of Christ Church was the eldest son of of the then manager, slipped down some steps Cyril Jackson, M.D., of Stamford, and was born during a severe frost. Her husband, instead of there in 1742. His younger brother William running to her assistance, laughingly remarked, Jackson, afterwards Bishop of Oxford, was born in

“She fall heavy, she do.” They also pronounce Stamford in 1750. In the chancel of St. Martin's v like w. The same man had å retriever bitch Church, Stamford, is a tablet with the following

named Venus ; he invariably called “Wenus !

Wenus !” inscription : "Cyrillus Jackson, M.D., ob. Dec. 17, 1797, a. 80. Juditha, uxor Cyrilli, ob. Mar. 2, folk-speech, the above anecdote bas brought to

Though it has nothing to do with the Norfolk 1785, a. 66. | Parentibus optimis | Filii mærentes | P. P.


my mind the fact that illiterate people confuse

Venice and Venus. Thus Venice turpentine is Stamford.

frequently called “Venus turpentine," and the Dr. Jackson of Stamford married Judith Pres. same blunder has been made by some of our porcott, widow of Wm. Rawson, Esq., of Nidd Hall celain manufacturers in a strange manner. We and Bradford, in com. Ebor. : she inherited the have an old dinner service on which is depicted a Shipley estates from her first husband. By her he view of buildings surrounded by water. Underhad two sons, Cyril and William : Cyril Jackson, neath the plates and dishes there is stamped D.D., Dean of Ch. Ch., born 1742, ob. 1819; “Venus pattern." This always puzzled me, for it William Jackson, D.D., Bishop of Oxford. Burke was evident there could be no allusion to the gives, without tinctures, a fesse between three heathen goddess ; but at last the bright idea shovellers as the bishop's arms. Three visitation struck me that the picture was intended to reprefamilies bore these arms – Jackson of Hickleton, sent the city of Venice, but the illiterate designer Jackson of Snydall and Darrington, in com. Ebor., had spelled it " Venus." and Jackson of Newcastle, but I am unable to Another old “stock” pattern of china tea serconnect the Stamford Jacksons with any of these. vices was called the “Barbeau sprig" pattern.

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