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In the year

1

Idem amicos Fide et Officiis

Edge. Presbyterian church, Charleston, S.C.,
Necessarios amore et muneribus

1800.”
Universos facili quâdam Benevolentia.

These silver medals, or tokens of membership,
Arctissime sibi devinxit,
Obiit die Decembris ii

were on the occasion of the bombardment of
Anno Salutis Christianæ 1752

Charleston carefully collected and sent to Colum-
Etatis suæ 55.

bia, and I believe to this day it is not known
Tali Avunculo, animi in se plus quam paterni what afterwards became of them.
Hoc qualecunque Monumentum posuit

1836 or 1837 a coined white metal imitation of the
SUSANNA BENN."
GIBBES RIGAUD.

silver token was resolved upon by this church, 18, Long Wall, Oxford.

consequent upon the large influx of coloured mem

bers, the system being afterwards abolished-about In the Catalogue of the Bodleian Library, Oxford twenty years ago only. (Rawlinson MSS.), part v. fasc. ii. p. 640, reference

A Scotch gentleman, a friend of mine, to whom is made to parish notes on Charlton-upon-Otmoor, I have spoken on the subject, tells me that he Oxon. I think it very probable that the informa- remembers the practice of giving these tokens (in tion sought for may be contained in these parish some cases cards are used) for the past forty years notes.

L. L. H.

or more, and that the system is still in vogue

among the Presbyterians in Forfarshire. He says TOKENS FOR THE SACRAMENT (5th S. ix. 248, that about a week or ten days before the Sacrament 398 ; x. 39, 77, 108.) --- I beg to answer R. W. C. P. Sunday the “kirk session"-consisting of the as follows :

minister, elders, and deacons of the church1. These tokens were in use in Scotland as meets, and goes over the “Communion roll,” with passes to the Communion table, as evidenced by the view of ascertaining, as far as possible, that the the Liturgy drawn up for the Church of Scotland members are worthy. Then a meeting of the conin 1635 having this rubric prefixed to the order gregation is called for the purpose of distributing for the administration of the Holy Communion, these tokens, when the members' names are read viz., “So many as intend to be partakers of the over by the minister, and each one present, answerHoly Communion shall receive these tokens from ing to his or her name, comes forward and receives the minister the night before.” Their use is men- a token from the elder of his district, the congretioned also in the parish books of Henley-on- gation being divided into districts with an elder Thames in 1639, where they are referred to as

to supervise each. On the Sacrament Sunday, “ Communion halfpence," and likewise at St. when the communicants take their places at the Saviour's, Sonthwark, where they appear, from an table, wooden boxes are passed round, in which entry in the books, to have been worth twopence the tokens are collected. As my friend is a native each. In Scotland the minister of the parish of Forfarshire, has resided there nearly all his life, examined the intending communicants as to their and was a member of the Presbyterian church there, fitness, ind to those of whom he approved he gave this information is reliable and most interesting. these tokens of such his approval, which they were The type of token used in his church appears to required to produce before receiving the Com- have been very similar (name of locality, &c., munion. Their use is mentioned very soon after excepted) to that of the (coined) Charleston one the Reformation. They have been used in the above described, and made of lead or pewter. Episcopal congregations, too, of old standing in Tokens of lead were also used as passes by the the north of Scotland. They were in use among Covenanters at the Glasgow Assembly in 1638. the Scotch-Irish in Western North Carolina.

Tokens, too, were used at the Roman Catholic 2. In Scotland they were usually of lead or church of Glasgow some forty years back. pewter, though paper has been used, while some

R. T. SAMCEL. were of tin, stamped with the name of the parish. Hackney. The first Presbyterian church of the city of Charles

In the Preshyterian Church of Scotland none ton (U.S.), having been content with paper till the

are allowed to receive unless provided with a year 1800, then adopted a very elaborate one metal token, which they obtain from the minister (manufactured in England, of which only 150

as a voucher for their fitness.

X. C. were issued). This was an engraved silver medal (size known to numismatists as 18), the design of In the church wardens' book of the parish of which may be thus described, viz. :-

Newbury of the year 1658 is the following entry : Obv. Communion table, with cloth, cup, and “Paid James Foster for 300 tokens for Mr. plate. Inscription, “This do in remembrance of Woodbridge, 3s. 6d.” Woodbridge was the me," above the emblems, in a semicircle.

Rector of Newbury, having succeeded the celeRev. Rude representation of the burning bush ; brated Dr. Twiss. Woodbridge's successor was. above, in a semicircle, “Nec tamen consume- Rev. Jos. Sayer. His first signature in the book batur” (“Nevertheless it was not consumed "). is in 1666, and he continned rector till 1674. His

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tokens are not uncommon; I have seen several of “The only hopeful note of date in the play is when them. They read 10SEPH SAYER RECTOR, a castle; No-body, after promising to build up Paul's steeple reverse, OF NEWBERY, a Bible-very similar to the without a collection, observes,' I see not what becomes

of these collections. The steeple was burned in 1561; usual tradesmen's tokens. It is in Boyne (Tokens in 1563 a collection was made throughout the kingdom issued in the Seventeenth Century, &c., 1858), for its restoration, and the repairs thus paid for were all Berks, No. 13.

SAMUEL SHAW. finished in 1566. But there seems to have been some Andover.

idea prevalent that the funds had been misapplied. In

1576 the Queen wrote to complain that no progress was The Parish BULL (5th S. x. 248, 354.)-MR. made in repairing the steeple ; but the Council persuaded WALFORD cites an instance of an old custom in her that she could not order subsidies for it in the city

because of the heavy contributions the citizens already Kingston-on-Thames, obliging the vicar of the paid to the government. In 1583 Aylmer, the Bishop parish to keep a bull at the parsonage, and he of London, suggested to the Council ihat payments for asks, “Was this custom general, or was it peculiar commutations of penances should be suppressed, what to Kingston ?” I am able to refer him to a similar had been paid refunded, and applied to the repairing of custom which prevailed in the manor and parish of it.” Aylmer's were not safe hands to hold money,

Paul's, “which would well help to nake good a good piece of Marsh Gibbon, in Buckinghamshire, and came When Bancroft became Bishop, in 1597, it was proved to an end only thirty-eight years ago, upon the that the ruins and dilapidations of the Church and laying in, dividing, and enclosing the open and Bishop's houses came to 6,5131. 145. And he obtained common fields and commons. The following

judgment against Aylmer's son for 4,2101. ls. 8d.; minute appears in the record of the Inclosure tist), is, as I presume, answerable for the rest. Anyhow,

Fletcher, the intermediate Bishop (father of the dramaCommissioners (Mr. Henry Dixon) Proceedings, there were scandalous rumours on the matter, and in dated June 5, 1813 :

1592, two years before Aylmer's death, Verstegan, Par" That the Bull Platts being held by the Rector in con

son's intelligencer at Antwerp, in his Declaration of the sideration of his finding a Bull for the use of the Land True Causes of the Great Troubles, dc., thus alludes to owners despasturing in the common fields and common

them : 'But it is a wonder to consider what great and able places within the parish will now revert to the grievous exactions have from time to time been generally Landowners, and be deemed by the Commissioners as

imposed upon the people, as all the loans, the lotteries, part of the common lands within the parish ... the gathering for the steeple of Pauls, new 'imports,' &c. custom of maintaining a common Bull not being con.

Bacon, in his official reply, Observations on a Libel, 1592, sistent with the altered circumstances of the parish when says upon this : Now to the point of levies and contribuenclosed."

tions of money, which he calleth exactions. First very I cannot ascertain the situation or extent of the Pauls steeple and the lottery; trifles, and past long

coldly he is not abashed to bring in the gathering of “ Ball Platts.” Doubtless they adjoined the large since; whereof the former, being but a voluntary colleccommon pasture, and the strong deep lands of tion of that men were freely disposed to give, never grew Marsh (2,200 acres) were chiefly grass, which would to so great a sum as was sufficient to finish the work for have been fed by cows. The custom, however, of to some better use: like to that gathering which was for

which it was appointed, and so I imagine was converted which we have instances at Kingston and Marsh the fortifications of Paris (one MS. reads Berwick), save could not have been general, as besides the well-that that came to a much greater, though, as I have known fact that the terms and conditions on which heard, no competent sum.' the lands of a manor were held by the tenants arose After his accusation Nobody is able to turn the from the will of the various feudal lords, the tables upon his defamer by showing that all these conditions must necessarily have been in part malpractices must have been Somebody's, for “ If dependent also upon the soil and local circum- Nobody should do them, then should they be unstances. The imposition of such a charge upon done.”

L. P. the Rector of Marsh points to the lord of the manor, probably the Earl Moreton, the grantee

More FAMILY (5th S. x. 407.)— The following of William the Conqueror, having been also the note from the Historical Register for 1720 (App., founder and endower of the church, which gave p. 32) may assist Mr. Moore :him the right to make such a condition for the “ Aug. 26. Nicholas Moore, of Osthorpe Hall, near common good of the lord and his tenants. And Leeds, in Yorksbire, Esq.; kill'd at the Ram-Inn in strange as such a custom now appears to us, the Smithfield, by Mr. Giles Hill, a Life Guard Man, who

was the next day committed to Newgate.” Teason for it may be seen in the fact that the rector was entitled to the tithe of calves, and therefore it

There is an entry to the same effect in Salmon's was to his advantage and interest to promote in- .Chronological Historian, 1747, (ii. p. 101), with crease of titheable produce.

the addition that he was stabbed “ for drinking FREDERICK J. MORRELL.

the Duke of Ormonde's health.” In this book he Broughton.

is called Mr. Nicolas Moore, of Osthorpe Hall,

Yorkshire. Mr. Moore wils probably very far THE PLAY OF NOBODY AND SOMEBODY” (5th from sober at the time, or he would hardly have S. X. 368.)-In Simpson's School of Shakspere, on proposed the health of the Pretender's commanderpp. 270-1, S. will find the following, which will per-in-chief in the presence of King George's officer. haps help him :

It would clearly be the act of a traitor, and Giles's

punishment, if any, under the circumstances, not keep it ourselves ?” (Bund and Friswell's would be very slight. EDWARD SOLLY. translation of the Reflections, p. 6+).

EDWARD H. MARSHALL. THE "UNKNOWN ACRE” OF NEWBURY (5th S. x. The Temple. 429.)- In the Chamberlain's Rolls of the collegiate church of Ripon, which I am now copying for the HENRY ANDREWS, ALMANAC MAKER, &c. (5th Surtees Society, I have found under the head S. ix. 328 ; x. 55, 76, 119.) - Perhaps the following,

Decasus redditus” many such entries as “ Est in which appeared in the Monthly Magazine the year decas. reddus iij acr. t're in Wynkesley quondam of his death, may be worth preserving in the pages Goslini de Brathewate cum denariis romanis hoc of“ N. & Q.”:anno, vijo, quia nescitur ubi jacet” (1479). These

“The late Henry Andrews of Royston, the celebrated of course come among the expenses. J. T. F. calculator, was born at Frieston, near Grantham, of poor Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham.

parents. By his own industry, from a limited education

he made great progress in the liberal arts, and was justly THE ORIGIN OF THE BEAUMONTS OF FOLKING-esteemed one of the best astronomers of the age. iben HAM (5th S. x. 387.)-I believe there is evidence of looking at the moon out of the chamber window at mid

only six years old he would frequently stand in his shirt Henry de Beaumont having been brother of Lewis night; and when about ten years of age he used to fix a de Beaumont, Bishop of Durham, but I am not table on Frieston Green on clear frosty nights, and set a able to refer to it from memory. Lewis was un telescope thereou to view the stars. Soon after this he doubtedly a younger son,* by the heiress of the would sit for weeks together by the fireside with a table family of Beaumont-le-Vicomte, in Maine, of Lewis At a suitable age he was sent from home to earn his own

spread full of books making astronomical calculations. de Brienne, who was himself a son of John de living, and the first situation he filled was at Sleaford as Brienne, King of Jerusalem, by his second wife, servant to a shopkeeper ; after this he went to Lincoln the Infanta Berengaria of Castile and Leon, aunt of to wait upon a lady, and during this servitule used at Eleanor, the beloved queen of Edward I. 'Thus it every opportunity to make weather-glasses and weather

houses. His last situation of this kind was in the service was Henry de Beaumont came to be styled “con- of J. Feriman, Esq., and his master finding him so intent sanguineus regis” in the reign of Edward II., who on study allowed him two or three hours every day for was his second cousin.

that purpose. On the 1st of April, 1764, he went to I would refer HERMENTRUDE to a pedigree given Aswarby Hall

, the seat of Sir Christopher Whicheste, to in Surtees's Durham, vol. i. p. xlv, note, said to be view the great eclipse of the sun which was visible on

that day, where a number of ladies and gentlemen had copied, “with all its original mixture of French and assembled for the purpose; and as he had previously Latin,” from the rare work of Du Paz, but I do not calculated a type of this eclipse, he presented the same to find it in the copy in the King's Library. I would the company, showing them the manner of its appearance also refer her to that storehouse of genealogical lore in a dark room upon a board, and after it was over they the preface to Liber de Antiquis Legibus, one of the than any given in the almanacs. A short time after this

unanimously declared that his calculations came nearer undervalued volumes of the Camden Society. This period be opened a school at Basingthorpe, near Grantham, preface was written by Mr. Stapleton, brother of and afterwards engaged as an usher in a cleruyman's the late Lord Beaumont, whose descent from the boarding school at Stilton. He then set:led in Cambridge, first Lord Mayor of London is traced through it. where he proposed to reside, in the expectation thut be He shows that the brass of William, Viscount from the men of science in the University; but the noise

might derive some advantage in prosecuting his studies Beaumont (ob. Dec. 19,1507), in Wivenhoe Church, and bustle of the town not being agreeable to him, he left Essex, affords evidence of his descent from John, Cambridge, and came to reside at Royston, Hertfordshire, King of Jerusalem, and the royal house of Castile where he opened a school, at the age of twenty-three by the elephant bearing a triple-towered castle on

years, and at this place continued until the day of his which the feet of his effigy are represented to rest.

death, which happened, after a short illness, on the

26th January, 1820, at the age of seventy-six, having

A. S. Ellis. Westminster.

enjoyed an uninterrupted state of good health till his last illness, when the greatness of his mind was more par

ticularly conspicuous. On his death-bed not a murmur Pedigrees, arms, and genealogical notes of this escaped his lips, but serenity of mind, resignation, and family occur in Cat. MSS. Bodleian Library patience were constantly depicted on his countenance. (Rawlinson MISS.), part v. fusc. ii. p. 596.

He was greatly esteemed for his integrity, talents, and L. L. H. modesty. He was for nearly fifty years the author of

that far-famed production, Moore's Almanac, and comQuod TACITUM VELIS," &c. (5th S. x. 428.)– piler of the Nautical Ephemeris. On retiring from the A sentiment very similar to this is expressed by situation of compiler of the Nautical Ephemeris he reRochefoucauld when he says,

ceived the thanks of the Board of Longitude, accompanied

“How shall we hope | by a handsome present, as a just tribute for his long and that another person will keep our secret if we do arduous services, for which he would never receive more

than a nominal remuneration." • See Père Anselme's Uist, Gen. de la Maison Royale de France, vol. vi. p. 137. In vol. v. p. 581 may be found

Mr. Knight (in his London, vol. iii.) is not sure an account of the Viscounts of Beaumont, whose heiress that “ Francis Moore was not a nom de guerre, was their mother.

although at p. 241 he gives the portrait of the

manner :

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physician” from an anonymous print, published I saw it was in the Duchy of Lancaster Office, and in 1657. Doubtless the publication of Andrews's the second while it was yet uncalendared in the manuscripts would throw considerable light on Record Office. that well-known Voc Stellarum, or Almanac of With respect to the singular use of nuper in the Francis Moore.

M. A. BAUGHAN. entry on the Issue Roll, I ask permission to call I purchased an old almanac at a London book

attention to the following instances, in which the

same word is used in something of a similar stall a short time since, and as I can find no mention of it elsewhere, it may be worth making a note of in your columns. The title-page of this Pembroke, held by Elizabeth, wife of Richard

“ Lands of the dower of Maria nuper Comitisse almanac, as follows (printed in red and black Talbot, of her, are now granted to the said Richard letters), will indicate the nature of its contents :

and Elizabeth, and the heirs of the said Elizabeth " “ A Royal Almanack and Meteorological Diary for the Year of our Lord, 1778, and of the Julian Period 6191, (Patent Roll, 15 Ed. III., part i.). The Countess the second after Bissextile or Leap-year, and the of Pembroke—the famous Marie de Saint PolEighteenth Year of the Reign of His Majesty King died in 1377, and on the roll for the very next George III. Containing the feasts and fasts of the year there are two grants to her. Church of England; the times of the lunations; the “ Isabella filia nostra jam Comitissa Bedeford ... rising and setting of the sun; the equation of time for si dicta filia nostre vivente dicto Walteri mori conthe regulating of clocks and watches; the moon's rising and setting; the times of high water at London Bridge, tingat...” (sic) (Patent Roll, 48 Ed. III., part ii.; morning and afternoon ; the aspects of the planets and Jan. 1, 1374). weather. Also, for every sixth day, the increase and “Pardon to our dear cousin Maud, Countess of decrease of days; the beginning and end of daylight; | Oxford, for crossing the sea to Brabant without the nightly rising, southing, and setting of the planete licence, to speak with Robert de Vere her son, late and seven atars ; adapted to the meridian and latitude of Earl of Oxford,” &c. (Patent Roll, 14 Ric. II., London. Likewise an exact meteorological journal for the preceding year, or the state of the barometer and part ii.; May 10, 1391). The earl did not die thermometer, with the winds, weather, &c., as they were until 1392, but being banished his title was registered every day. Also the depth of rain which fell, forfeited. and the observations made every month. To wbich are aided the eclipses of the sun and moon and other remark: Easter, 3 Hen. IV.; Apr. 15, 1402). That is to

" Isabella nuper Regina Anglie” (Issue Roll, able phenomena that will happen this year; the Middlesex commencement of the sessions of the peace ; a table say, she had become queen dowager; yet there of the terms and their returns, and for finding the times was at this date no other queen. of high water at most of the seaports of this kingdom. I feel almost sure that I have seen an exactly By Henry Andrews, Teacher of the Mathematics at similar instance, though I cannot at once recall it. Roreton, Herts. London : Printed for T. Carnan, in St. Paul's Church-Yard, who dispossessed the Stationers of

I trust I may be pardoned for preferring the old the Privilege of Printing Almanacks, which they had English name which the princess really bore, unjustly lionopolized 170 years, 1778. Price 1s." Isabel, to the purely modern Isabella, introduced

The almanac contains this advertisement : afresh among us from Italy in the reign of "At Royston, Herts, Young Gentlemen and others

Charles II. may be commendably boarded with the Author of this While on this subject, Mrs. EVERETT GREEN Almanack at reasonable rates, and be taught by him as will, I hope, kindly bear with me if I draw her fullows, viz., Writing, Arithmetic, Mensuration, Geometry, attention to another point of the

Coucy pedigree. Trigonometry, Navigation, Astronomy, the use of the She identifies with Isabelle of Lorraine, second Globes, &c.''

J. H. W.

wife of Ingelram de Coucy, that Lady de Coucy

who was Lady Mistress to Queen Isabelle, and ISABELLA, DAUGHTER OF EDWARD III., Coun- was noted for pomp and extravagance ; yet the TESS OF BEDFORD AND LADY DE Coucy (5th S. X. Easter Issue Roll for 1399 distinctly calls her 405, 497.)-I am greatly obliged to Mrs. EVERETT Margaret, Lady de Coucy. Was she not the wife of GREEN for her kind notice of my little note con- William de Coucy, cousin of Ingelram ? cerning this princess. I ought, however, to have According to Anderson (who is not infallible), added that Isabel certainly died in the same year, Isabelle of Lorraine was married to Ingelram in 1392 ; for the Issue Roll, Michaelmas, 6 Ric. II., 1385. This would agree both with the death of contains a memorandum, dated Oct. 18, respecting Isabel of England in 1382, and with Froissart's certain jewels bought for the king from the “recently married ” in 1389. HERMENTRUDE. executors of Isabel, late Countess of Bedford ; and on the Patent Roll, i Hen. IV., part iv., is a record TERRITORIAL TITLE OF A PEER (5th S. x. 408.) that Isabel, Countess of Bedford, was dead on the -It is necessary that some territorial designation 8th of October, 6 Ric. II. She appears, there should be inserted in the patent of creation of a fore, to have died between May 6 and October 8, peer. Sir Colin Campbell and Mr. T. B. Mac1382. I was not able to give an exact reference to aulay owned no broad acres ; but the one was John of Gaunt's Register, since the first time that created Lord Clyde, of Clydesdale, and the other

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Lord Macaulay, of Rothley Temple, co. Leicester, for deciding differences between masters and the seat of his relations the Babingtons. The servants, the rating of servants' wages, and theory, of course, is that every lordship still is bestowing such people in service as, being fit to territorial. This was the case once, but is so no serve, refuse to seek or get masters ” ; and “Statulonger.

E. WALFORD, M.A. tum de Laborariis, a judicial writ against labourers

who refuse to work according to the statute." RenTON FAMILY (5th S. X. 429.)—There is no

Josiau MILLER, M.A. town or village in the county of Durham called Renton, but there is a village called Rainton near

WILLIAM STUART, ARCHBISHOP OF ARMAGH Durham, which X. must mean. The above family (5th $. x. 467.)— The following extract will be may have taken their name from Rentown, a large a reply to Mr. Pickford's query (2): “10090. village in Dumbartonshire, in the parish of Card- Stuart, W., late Primate of Ireland, fol. Owenross, three miles from Dumbarton.

Reynolds” (Evans's Catalogue of Engraved PorEDWARD J. TayLOR, F.S.A.Newc.

traits, n.d., vol. i. p. 395). Ed. MARSHALL. Bishopwearmouth, Durham.

Bishop SULEY (5th S. x. 369.)-In an account ROSEMARY V. Mint (5th S. X. 445.)—As a set of his family given in Burke's Landed Gentry, off to the saying that mint will not grow where this prelate is stated to have been a son of Jonathe husband is henpecked, there is also a saying than Shipley, of London. Jonathan Boadman, of in Yorkshire that rosemary will not grow in the Doncaster, velvet hunting-cap maker, by his will, garden of a house unless the woman is the master, proved at York Oct. 5, 1776, left to his cousin the or, as it is said in other words, " wears the Lord Bishop of St. Asaph” (Dr. Jonathan Shipley) breeches.”

SIMEON RAYNER, a diamond ring value twenty guineas,” and some Pudsey, Yorkshire.

other property (Jackson's St. George's Church, Trinity COLLEGE, Dublin (5th S. x. 448.) - the name in the parish register of this place, but

Doncaster, p. 116). There are several entries of The name “Botany Bay” was applied to the build- nothing that I have so far met with to connect the ings in question, not from any fancied resemblance bishop with them. CHARLES JACKSON. of their inmates to the old inhabitants of what

Doncaster, Sydney Smith calls “the fifth or pickpocket quarter of the globe," but on account of their WEATHER LORE (5th S. X. 494.)-Fifty years isolated and distant situation. Lever, an un- ago I read in a book of travels, impeachable authority on such a subject, says that

" More rain, more rest; “Botany Bay was the slang name given by college

Fine weather not the best," men to a new square rather remotely situated from as a saying much used by sailors. The author the rest of the college” (Charles O'Malley, ch. xx.). heard iť during rainy weather off the Azores. It In old days, before the growth of the north-west has the advantage over the “old illiterate man's ” suburb of Oxford, “Botany Bay” was the appella- version in being rhythmical. X. P. D. tion of Worcester College in that university.

EDWARD H. MARSHALL. “ THE FAIR One with THE GOLDEN Locks” The Temple.

(5th S. x. 328, 374.)- A translation of the fairy “The Blossoms” (5th S. X. 445.)—In a rare London in two volumes, 12mo., in the year 1817.

tales of the Countess d'Aulnoy was published in pamphlet, “ The Carriers Cosmography : or

1 | | | A Brief Relation 1 of | The Inns, Ordinaries, Hos- Nourjahad was written by Mrs. Sheridan, a contelries, I and other Lodgings in and near London, I think that she was also the authoress of a novel

nexion of the family of Richard Brinsley Sheridan. 1 &c. London, Printed by A. G., 1637," I find, “ The Carriers of Chester do lodge at Blossom's or

called Sidney Biddulph.

UNEDA.

Philadelphia. Bosom's Inn in St. Laurance lane, near Cheapside”; consequently at the above date it was still known “PIECE” (5th S. x. 250, 334, 525.)“ The Blossoms."

• For we see men choose neither faire nor comely EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. women, and yet find sufficient ground even in their 71, Brecknock Road, N.

Persons, to be taken pleas'd and contented. And there

are those that have the choicest pieces for exquisite STATUTES” (5th S. x. 448.)— These hirings, feature on earth, married even to the envy and neighing familiar to me in Lincolnshire, at which servants of every one that sees them, and these singular objects of and farm labourers stand in the streets to be hired Love meet not with constant and reciprocall heats.” for a year, received their name from the numerous

Gayton's Festivous Notes on Don Quixote, 1654, p. 187.

R. R. statutes in reference to servants, which are collected

Boston. in Burn's Justice under the heading Servant." So Bailey, in his old dictionary, has, "Statute YANKEE (5th S. x. 467.)—In Smollett's novel of Sessions, certain petty sessions in every hundred Sir Lancelot Greaves, ch. iii., we have Capt. Crowe

as

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