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On Wenesday last Coff Talbot" appeared publiquely in His Mato Bedchamber, where he attended to deliver his petition, wo having don as his Ma" was passing through to Councill, he there waited His Maio & Councill's resolution upon it. His Petition purported his greate surprize at y” severe Sentence of y" Howse of of Cofions ago him unheard specifyed in their addresse to His Ma", who wo" he humbly beg'd His Ma'i" would not comply in putting it in execution ag" him." Because, not being conscious to himselfe of haveing cofiitted any crime, he would give securitye to stande and abide the judge" of y" Howse of Cofions at their next meeting, then whome he did not desire to appeare to other or better judges, & to whose judgem" he had at their last meeting submitted himselfe, if there had beene time or opportunitye for it before their riseing. He therefore humbly beseeched His Ma", who was no stranger to his loyalltye & services, to suspend yo execution of y" severe sentence of Banishm' out of his Royall presence, till yo meeting of y" Parliam', before whome he was willing to appeare, & did not doubt but to cleare & justifye himselfe in any crime that should be objected ago him. His Petition was that day read at Councill, but other affaires of greater importance intervening, the further consideration of it was putt of till yesterday, when the addresse being taken into consideration, it is sayd the Preamble who mentions yo late insolencyes of y" Papists grounded upon His Matics Indulgencies will be referred to y Ex's" Examination & Reporte thereupon. As for the Com" of Inquirye," the extraordinary powers who the Parliam' observ'd to be in it are referred to yo Lords Com", who calling to their assistance those of His M* Privy Councill of Irel" who are Members of y" Howse of Cofions, are on Thursday next to take them into consideration & reporte their opinion to His Mao and Councill. As for the disarming of ye Papists, His Mao declared his resolution to comply won the Howse of Cofions in y' particular, & in order to it yo' Exo will have directions to disarme theme and all others whom yo' Ex's shall finde cause to suspect. As for the discharge [of] all Papists out of all Coñands both Military and Civill, His Malie observed, though the Howse of Coãons had lesse cause to complaine of this now then in y" Reignes of any of his Auncestors, there be only one & y Coff Talbot in ye Armye, whereas in Queene Elizabeth's time, KingJames, & his Father's, there were at all times severall of ye Popish Religion in yo Standing Armye, and though he were very well satisfyed won Coff Talbot for his loyalty & good Services, yett he was resolv’d alsoe to give the Howse of Cofions Satisfaction in yo poynt by takeing away his cofiand for won he would make him a recompence some other way. As for yo remaineing particulars of the addresse the consideration of it is putt of till Wenesday next, when His Maj" will declare his pleasure in them alsoe. I had almost forgott to observe to yo Exo, that it is sayd Coff Talbot withdrew his Petition a few minutes before His Majoie went yesterday to Councill, wo" makes some conjecture his appeareing in Courte for yo future will not be very frequent; I beg yo' Ex's" pardon for this long lie, & crave leave to hono' myselfe w” the title of + + # # *

a “Who hath notoriously assumed to himself the title of Agent of the Roman Catholics in Ireland.”

b March 25, 1672. The text of the Address will be found in the Parl. Hist. vol. iv. p. 579. The Commons prayed that he should be dismissed from all command, military or civil, and forbidden the Court.

The Speaker of y" Howse of Cofins was on Wenesday last

sworne of His Maj" Privy Councill.

* Appointed Jan. 17, 1672.

LVIII.--THE EARL of Essex to THE EARL of ARLINGTON.

My LoRD, Dublin Castle, Aprill 17", 1673.
Having this opportunitie of conveyance by so safe a hand as yo
Bishop of Downe," I shall acquaint yr Löp w” some particulars
relating to this country, wo" are fitt for you to know, and such as I
was not willing to trust by ye ordinary Packett.
Since my coming into y” Governm' of this Kingdome, here is
one Molooney", who calls himself Bishop of Killaloe, come over
hither. I have spoken wo him severall times, and find him a very
discreet, wise man. He is without doubt y' ablest among all those
of y" Roman persuasion. He has spent most of his time in France,
and I am apt to persuade my self is too eminent a man to ly con-
cealed there without being taken notice of; he has employ'd his
time since his arrivall here (and not without success) in composing
y" differences, wo" were among those of his owne Religion, as par-
ticularly those disputes wo" have bin betwixt Peter Talbot" and
Plunkett," their titular Primate, concerning jurisdiction, and also
some personall feudes wo" have bin between Coll: Talbot and Coll:
Fitzpatrick: I perceive too that he lives in a better condition then
yo small Profitts wo" he can make of his titular Bishoprick would
put him into. All wo" gives me ground to suspect he is a Pen-
sioner of France. *
As our Alliances now stand I humbly conceive there is no danger
of this man, but in case these should vary, and that France and
England should not be upon so good termes one wo" another, as I
presume they now are, this Person may be a most mischievous
instrument. I could not, therefore, but think it my duty to
acquaint y Lóp w” these particulars, that y Lóp may now in time,
and whilst you have opportunities of good intelligence in y” Court
* See Letter XXIII.
b John O’Molony, 2nd R. C. Bishop of Killaloe, 1671, and of Limerick also,
1698; d. 1702.
• Titular Archbishop of Dublin, brother of Richard Talbot.

* Titular Archbishop of Armagh—judicially murdered at the end of the Popish Terror.

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of France, informe y' self of what value this Molooney is there, and w" whom he holds his correspondences. Only w” this caution that you creditt not too much any informacions concerning him wo may be sent you from Abbot Mountague, whom I know to be very much a friend to this Molooney.

The Pow'r and Interest of yo Non-Conformists here, and their greatest strength, is certainly that of y" Presbíterians, who are of y" Scotch nation. They are, I confess, a great body of People, and able men to bear Arms such as probably at some time or other may give trouble to y” Governm", but I cannot thinke them altogether so dangerous as some doe imagine, in regard they have no man of eminent popularitie to head them. So Arthur Forbese" is a man of much esteeme woo his owne nation; but, if I mistake him not, he is very firme to yo Crowne.

Here is a young Gentleman, my Lord Mount Alexander," who indeed is a man of very good parts and industrious, and who doeth and will dayly grow in his reputation. He is a Person, by as much as I can find, of good Principles but of a narrow fortune, and not without Ambition. If some thing were thought of to oblige him it were certainly good Policy to doe it, for I take him to be almost y” only man among them now growing up who may be capable of raising their Interest to any great height.

But of all that may relate to yo Non Conformists of y" Protestant Religion I have directed this Bishop (whom y' Löp will find to be a very discreet moderate man, and one not unfitt to be placed in y” Privy Councell here, where some of his Predecessors have sate) to discours more at large to you then by Lie I can, and if some indulgence be granted them I humbly conceive the methods wo" you may designe for England will probably be yo fittest to be practised here, for generally the nearer we conforme to England in ye administracion of y' Governm' in this country, ye firmer is y” Interest of y" Crowne supported.

* See note to next Letter.

"Son of Sir Hugh Montgomery, 3rd Viscount Montgomery, who was created Earl of Mount-Alexander, 1661.

One thing I cannot omitt upon this occasion to let y Lóp know. Here is one Chambres (a brother in Law, as I am told, to Bloud) who has lately set up a congregation in this Citty, and preacheth to them; he was one of those who together wo his brother attempted y" surprise of this Castle, and doubtless he is a very desperate, bold fellow. Now, tho' by his Majesties grace and favor he has got his pardon, yet surely he ought not to be suffer'd to teach others who has practised so ill things himself. I doe for y” present let him alone till I can receive some orders from y Lóp how I should deale woh ye whole Party, won I am confident you will be better able to give, after you have discoursed woo yo Bishop of Downe, who has by my advice observed, and in a good measure acquainted himself with ye temper and disposition of these People.

LIX.—THE EARL of Essex To SIR ARTHUR FORBES."

Sh, Dublin Castle, Aprill 19", -73. I have lately redd 2 of y", one of y" 12" instant and afterwards another of y" 5th. By that of y" 12" I find his Majestie has taken into his consideration y” calling of a Parliam'" in this Kingdome, and yo advantages or inconveniences wo" may arise from it. The People I confess are generally at present but Poor, and money is extremely scarce here, for to say yo Truth since ye War w” Holland this country has bin almost like a besieged Place," having had no trade but what has bin by stealth; nor doe I see any remedy for it, unless some men of war were maintain’d here to guard y” Coasts, and to convoy Merchants Ships, all wo" would cost more then ye remainder of yo money by yo Establishm' can provide for. There

* Second Baronet of Castle Forbes, c. Longford ; Privy Councillor for Ireland, 1670, and Marshal of the Army; Lord Justice in 1671, 1673; created Viscount Granard 1673 ; d. 1676.

* Essex had recommended this to obtain a supply.

* Compare the statements of Rothes and others, regarding the effect of the war in Scotland, in the “Lauderdale Papers,” vol. i. 213, 226, &c.

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