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Troops will consist only of Tenants and Servants to some of these great men. I shall in this particular be equall to all, and not favor one Troop more then another, but every one shall take their turne to remove from their old Quarters, and I will doe it w" y” most conveniency to them yo security of y" Kingdome will allow.

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LIII.--THE EARL OF Essex To LoRD CLIFFORD.

My LoRD, Dublin Castle, Aprill 4", -73. + + + x- +

I am very sensible of yo Publick mischief woo yo Kingdome of England may suffer, if some dilligence be not used to hinder yo Irish Wooll from being sent into forrain Parts, tho' I cannot but owney" Profitt is considerable to yo Governor here, and so considerable, as I believe is scarce known in England, for it amounts not to less than four thousand pds a year, so as it is yo interest of yo Governor to give encouragement to yo exportacion of it, wo" will consequently encrease his gaine ; but I will never doe any irregular thing for private advantage, wo" would be so great a prejudice to my owne country, and therefore yo strictest course that can be setled, to prevent y” exportacion of it into forrain Parts, shall be w" all care executed, while I continue here.

If y Lóp can, upon these hints or advice wo y Com" of his Majesties Customs, establish any Rules proper to hinder this abuse, I shall not faile in my duty to see them exactly pursued; and that it does deserve some consideration, and some better methods for yo future, may evidently appear by some of these Papers, wherein y Lóp will find, that of two and twenty thousand nine hundred pds Penalties incurr'd (as is prov’d in yo Exchequer) since this Patent was on foot, there has bin recover'd, and brought to

account but seven hundred and seventy pds.
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- LIV.-THE EARL OF ARLINGTON TO THE EARL OF ESSEX.

MY LORD, Whitehall, Aprill 5", -73. No. 12. + + + + +

Yo' Exo cannot bee ignorant of the grant his Mao has made to my Lady Dutchesse of Cleaveland," of the Phenix Parke for 99 years to her & his children after her, which he did upon a condicón that it should not take effect till the expiracön of the time of yo Ex" Lieutenancy, & therefore has refused hetherto to signe the Bill till I had acquainted you with his intencón therein, wherein I assure myselfe you will give him no contradiction, but if you shall thinke fitt to insist upon any written declaracón of his Maties minde herein, I dare charge myselfe with obtaining it for you, although my humble advice to you is to content y' selfe with what his Mao has verbally been pleased to declare in this matter, which I am confident is abundantly sufficient in y' behalfe. I am likewise desired by my Lady Dutchesse of Cleveland to enter a Caveat with y Ex's against a patent passing in that Kingdome of the Lordsp of Portlester, in the County of Meath, being a reverón fallen expectant upon an Estate Taile decreed in the Court of Claimes, & which is within her Grace's grant. My Lord Grandison likewise in My Lady Dutchesse's behalfe * It must be remembered that Arlington had a personal interest in this matter, desires that another Caveat bee entered against a Patent by Coff

since his only daughter was betrothed to the son of Charles and the Duchess, created Duke of Grafton.

Grace for lands in the King's County, they being formerly disposed

of to his Lordssp in trust. + + + + *

LV.—'THE EARL of Essex To THE EARL OF SHAFTESBURY."

MY LORD, - Dublin Castle, April 12", 1673. In a Lie I lately received from my Lord of Arlington, in relation to yo Phonix Parke, were these words: [Here follows verbatim quotation from Arlington's letter, No. 54, down to the words “in your behalfe.”] By wo" y LóP may perceive that my interest is more than sufficiently preserved, but by how much y” securer I am in my owne concernm' by so much yo more doe I think myself engaged (if possible) to obstruct yo passing of that Grant, nay tho' it be even wo yo Loss of my owne convenience, for I need not mind y Lóp of a late saying of a wise man and a great Minister—That Magistrates, as well as Merchants, are supported by reputation. I confess I know this thing to be so universally distastefull to all men here, as I would not omitt, and indeed, in duty to yo King, J ought not to omitt to use all yo interest I have, whilst there is any hope, to prevent ye passing of that Patent, and to tell y Ló” plainly my mind, I will much rather part with it presently then be bribed to consent to so unhansome a thing. The Emperor Charles yo fifth (as yo History tells us) had a person of extraordinary worth for his Chancello, who, having refused to pass an unreasonable Grant, some of y" Courtiers tooke their opportunitie, when ye Emperor was pleasant and in good

* Printed in full in Christie's Life of Shaftesbury, vol. ii., App. iv., p. xlix.

humour among some of his merry companions, to prevaile woo him to send a positive command to his Chancell for Passing y” Grant, w" still yo Chancell refused. These men of Pleasure (y" very Pest and ruine of all Courts, where in such insinuate themselves) fail'd not to exasperate yo Emperor ag' this Minister, telling him how he was affronted by one whom he had raised from nothing, and that, if he suffer'd this, his servant was Emperor, and not himself, wo many other expressions of y" like kind, as is usuall upon such occasions; so as there was a 2" and 3" positive command won promises of some advantage, and at last w" threats of loosing his Place in - case he refused, but yo Chancell continueing firme in his resolution,

still utterly denied putting yo Seale to yo Grant, whereupon those Gentlemen thought they had now clear gained their point, and ridd themselves of this good Minister, whom they alwaies found an Obstructor to their exorbitant designes, urging yo Emperor to make good his word, and send immediately for yo seals, to which this great Prince replied: “Gentlemen, you are all mistaken, for this Chancello is an honest and true man, and so true to me, as I myself can't corrupt him to be other.”

Of what force such an instance as this may be wo y LóP I cannot tell, nor will I ever censure any for having their reasoning differing from my owne, but sure I am that this and other like examples, together wo y” reason of them, have fixed me in a resolution never to give up my consent to any thing that in my conscience I know to be notoriously inconvenient.

I ought to beg y' Loo pardon for this so long Story, wo"I have inserted in my Lie, but if you have not met with it before I hope it may not be unpleasant to y LóP, nor altogether improper upon this occasion, and therefore 1 presume you will excuse this freedom in, &c.

LVI.--THE EARL OF Essex To SIR HENRY CAPEL.

DEARE BROTHER, Dublin Castle, April 12th, –73. I have reëd y” of yo 5" of Aprill, weh chiefly relates to ye matter of y" Phenix Parke. I am confident y' self and Mr Godolphin have fully made known to my Lord Arlington how generall a distaste twill give to all this Kingdome, and how extremely inconvenient it will be to yo Govern" to have it parted from ye Sword; and therefore I conclude I need say no more upon that subject, having so fully set it forth to you and M. Godolphin in some of my former Lies. Yet I cannot but much wonder my temper should not be a litle better known to yo self and other my friends in England in a case of this nature, then that any of you should imagine I could be bribed by my owne private interest to give my consent to a thing so dishonorable to me, wo" is that I have ever and shall always utterly detest. Nay, let me tell you that I think a prooff given to yo world of my firmness in so good a resolution is of more value to me then ten times y Parke; and therefore I had much rather, if it must be parted from yo Sword, it were given even in my time, then any of my friends should appeare to sollicite my convenience in it, so that I hope those who are, I will not say kind to me, but kind to yo King's concernm', will not give over to obstruct this so unreasonable a grant.

CAMD. SOC. L WOL. I.

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