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XLVIII.--THE EARL OF EssEx To FRANCIs GoDolphin.
MP. GoDOLPHIN, Dublin Castle, March 22", 1673.
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Here is a generall report, as if some Act were preparing to prohibite y transportacion of any more Wooll into England. You know well how great a share of my revenue arises from yo duty on it payable to yo Sword; if any such thing be in agitation, 'twere necessary some compensation may be thought on for y' Governor here, wo" may be equivalent to yo profitts of it. As to yo publick concerne of this matter, were I no ways interested in it I could not but say that such an Act would be most pernicious to England, for if this Countrie be prohibited to carry it into England, they must either vent it in forraine parts or manufacture it at home, either of wo" would be very apparently destructive to yo manufacture of England.
My LORD, Ballymarten, ye 25th of March 1673. + +
+ + + Ther is noe doubt but y' house of Como" in the First Article of their adres to his Majo about Ireland doe as much as they can by an Adress owney" Acts of Settlem & explanation, wo, if they stand firme, disapoints all y” hopes the Irish had of more lands. Their Desyer y' his Maj's will Revoke his Letter of Feb. 1671 & y” Act of Councill & Proclamation thereupon for yo Gen" Admit
tance of Papists into Corporations (if granted) will not only exclude them from beinge Freemen, but also Inhabbitants in thos Corporations. That yo Desier of haveinge all Titular Arch BP, BP, &c. Pretendinge Ecclesiasticall Jurisdiction from yo See of Rome comded by Procla” to depart this Kingdom, & on their Faylor to be proceeded against accordinge to Law (if Granted) will exasperate ye Irish in what is most Tender to all, and exceedingly soe to thos who are most superstitious." That ye votes (if Granted) y' noe Papist shall be Officers & Sold" in ye Army, that noe Papist be a Justice of ye Peace or any Civill Magistrat, & that all Papists be disarmed, & that all Convents be dissolved, & all Regular Priests Banished, will at once in their judgm" Deprive them of their Religion, hoped for Estates, all Imploym" Civill & Military, all Trade & Freedom, & expell them out of Corporations, & disarme them. Wherby if thes be actually done they will be wholy disabled from any atempts in ye Townes or Field, wo" probably so many of their Eminentest Clergie, Nobilite & Gentry, who most influence yo Body of y" People, will not faile to mind them of, espetially since yo Dutch are abandoned by yo Elect of Brondenburge, & consequently y they must either speedily close with His Majo or the French, whereby France, and all other Popish Kingdoms will be at liberty to act against our Religion as vigorously as we act against Popery, & therfore tis to be wished, y' all callings & Degrees of the Irish beinge thus Exasperated, & haveinge such Powerfull Fomentors thereof, as yo Universallity of their Clergie, most of their Nobility, Gentry, & all their Merchants &c., they doe not make some atempt; when they are not Ignorant, how many of this small Army have bin disbanded, how many sent for England, & how thinn of Sold” are ye Few Garrisons we keepe, & how much wantinge in most of all things to secure them, espetially of Wictualls, and how many more of thes exasperated People ther are in them then ther are of Sold" & loyall Subjects, if this juncture be layd hold of.
I cannot say this they will doe, but I can say to yo Ex" only, that : tis likelyer they should doe somthinge now then y' they should atempt what they did 1641; & what they did then atempt we shall not easily forget.
Then they had noe Provocation; now they will beleeve they have.
Then an English Parlm' y' were active enough against Popery were sittinge, yet y' did not deter them then. At that time their Clergie were not neere soe high as now, nor their Gentry soe exasperated as they call it, nor soe much Soldo then as now ther people are, nor was France and Spain then at Peace as now they are, nor were yo Forrighn Protestante Princes & States soe disunited & shattered as now they are.
All this and many other considerations, too many for a letter & a gouty hand to write, makes me humbly beg yo' Ex" consideration whether y' best disposition of yo small Forces you have, may not be best Imploy'd for his Majo Service, by placeinge them (till we see what thes votes will Produce) into yo most important Garrisons only ; I meane as well yo Horse as yo Foot. And whether it be not for his Maj" Service, that som quantity of Victualls be sent into yo most important Cittadels; & som Cannon in them mounted, & y yo Militias be with out noyse inspected ; & y” Officers & Sold" kept strictly at their Duty, & yo Go' of Important Places be Privatly Required to Double their wonted Care & Dilligence. Som wise men doe now much more apprehend y” Disunited Irish Stirring now then when lndulgences were extended to them.
All this I have written is only to Yo Ex" owne selfe, if any thinge in this letter be worth your consideration I am sure you will thinke on it, if noethinge be, pray burne it, & Pardon my zeale to his Majo Service, Yo Ex" Peaceable Gov', & my love to my Country, wo" dictated thes things to me; only I have still observed y' mischefs are easier prevented then cured.
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L.—THE EARL OF Essex To FRANCIs GoDOLPHIN.
MR. GoDoDPHIN, Dublin Castle, Aprill 1* 1673. I know not whether Mo Brunker" may have deceiv'd you in his assurances concerning ye Grant of y" Phoenix Parke, but I am sure he has not at all me, for I never expected any thing of truth, or integritie from him. I doubt not of y' care in watching that business, nor doe I thinke my selfe more concerned to have it look’d after, now it appears that yo intention is to deprive me of it, then if it had bin taken from them, who shall succeed me in this employm', for it is clear that whoever should have y' grant of it after my time, it will create an interest in them to procure my removall as soon as may be ; but that woo I value more then any private concern of my owne, and both doth and will, upon all occasions, engage me much further, is yo obligation upon me to use my endeavours to hinder a thing so indecent, and wo" will give so universall a distaste to all men in this country; and therefore if it should be offer'd, that my concerne should be provided for in this case, yet I would not by any means consent to it. I am pretty confident that my Commission under yo great Seale secures it to me, this Employm" being granted won all Wailes, Sallaries, etc. thereunto belonging ; and tho' his Maj" may, when ever he thinks fitt, recall me from hence, yet sure, as long as he continues me here on this Patent, yo accustomed allowances cannot be retrenched.
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* See Parl. Hist. iv. p., 408.
LI.—THE EARL of Essex To LoRD CLIFFoRD.
My LoRD, Dublin Castle, Aprill 2nd, 1673.
Having receiv'd advice out of England, that his Majestie hath given, or is about to give away, ye Parke here near Dublin, cal’d y" Phoenix Parke, I cannot but concern myself to write to y LoP, as I have done to my Lo Chancello, and other my friends, to interpose woo his Maj" that it may be continued (as ye greatest and best part of it hath ever done) to yo sword, and without yo accommodation whereof y" Governor will be exceeding straitned, and as many of y" Nobilitie and Gentry who come hither, as well as all yo Citizens of this Place, will be greatly disappointed of ye pleasure and satisfaction they find therein; it being as necessary and convenient to this Citty, and especially to yo Governor in its Proportion, as yo Parke of St James to you at London. I doe assure y Ló” yo report of y" alienation of this Parke from ye present use is generally apprehended w” as much trouble as anything of this nature can be capable of, and y LóP will not only oblige me and all my successors, but yo whole Kingdome besides.
LII.—THE EARL OF ESSEX TO THE EARL OF ARLINGTON.
MY LORD, s Dublin Castle, Aprill 4th, 1673.