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XLIV.--THE EARL of Essex To THE EARL OF SHAFTESBURY."

MY LoRD, Dublin Castle, March 8", 1673. + + + + + My Lies tell me ye Dutchess of Cleaveland has beg'd yo Phoenix Parke to be given her at my return from this emploim"; I am confident if his Majestie knew yo inconvenience that every chief Governor must live won here, if he be deprived of this Parke, he would not pass yo Grant. This Castle is, of it self, one of ye most incommodious dwellings that I ever came in, and there is no Place of pleasure belonging to it, nor any House to retire to for a litle Aire upon occasion of sickness, but only those within yo Parke ; nor will yo Governor have yo command of a Buck for his owne Table, nor a litle grass to turn out his Horses, if this Park be disposed off; besides a very great part of this ground, and indeed of y" very best Land, has ever, for some hundreds of years, belong’d to yo Sword ; so that I cannot but concern my selfe in a thing of this nature, knowing how great a lessning twill he to any who shall succeed me in this Emploiment, who indeed will live rather like a Prisner then a Govern". This is not y” first time this Parke has bin in danger to be passed away, for y Duke of Monmouth (as I hear) had once a promise of it, but very frankly quitted it. I hope y LoP will concern y; self in yo stopping of this Grant, for indeed tis one of y" unseemliest things I have known done, and I am sure 'twill be very much for his Majesties service to prevent it. + + + + +

* Printed in full in Christie's Life of Shaftesbury, Vol. ii., App. iv., p. xlvii.

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MAY IT PLEASE Yn Exoro, Lond. Mar. y 15th, 1673. I am but just now return'd out of y" country, where I have spent fower dayes, & therefore am not so well instructed in yo affaires w" have pass'd in Parliam' since my last as to be able to give y' Exoso a particular acco of them. But calling upon So Arthur Forbes, I have glean'd from him what I am now to tell y Ex's", viz. 1" That ye Bill for his Mali" supply was this day reported from ye Cofiittee, & ordered to be engrost, but not to have its last reading till Fryday next, by won time ye House of Cofions will see what forturney" Bill ago y groweth of Popery" is like to have in the Howse of Lords, from whence they will take their future measures. 2's That there have beene some hints given in yo howse of y" late encouragem' wo" has beene given to yo Papists in Ire" by admitting them into yo Com" of Peace & Corporations. And that my Lord Arundell of Warder, Father Patrick, & Co" Rich" Talbot were this day named in the Howse as yo Cheife promoters of it, & consequently very unfit persons to be so neare His Maties & His Royall Highnesses persons. But this was only sayd by one member only, & not seconded by any of y" Howse. These particulars S. Arthur desired me to acquainte y' Exo wo, he being not yett so well recovered as to be able to write himselfe, and he further intreated me in his name to tell y Ex's that since yPapists are faln upon by y' Parliam', he fears They may grow desperate and endeavour to disturb y” govern' There. And therefore he humbly submitts it to y Ex's" consideration, whether in this conjuncture it be not necessary for y Ex's" to order y Officers of ye Army to their charges and to mind carefully their guards; won I

* The Test Act.

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MY LORD, London, March 18th, '72. + + + + +

This morning ye condión of Ireland fell under y” consideračán of y" H. of Cofions, where, after long debate, but with great calmness & moderačān, 'twas referred to a Cofiittee to draw up an addresse to bee presented his Ma", That all Irish Papists may bee put out of y" Cofiissions of y" peace ; That they may not bee admitted into Corporačáns; That ye Popish BPP may bee hindred from exercising their jurisdiction in Ireland ; That Co" Rich. Talbott" may be removed from his cofiand, & not bee permitted to come within five miles of ye Court. Yo Coffission of inspecón was taken notice of with some marks of dislike as tending to yo violačón of y" Acts of Settlement, & thwarting yo design of y" late proclamačán; ye examinaôn of that Coñission was likewise given in charge of ye Cofiittee. Complaint was alsoe made that ye protestant interest was weakened by disbanding and withdrawing yo Army, and ye revenue misapplyed in pen&ns to popish Recusants; ye Riot of Clonmel was toucht upon, & some irregular actings of Peter Talbot, who is to bee particularly named in yo addresse"; ye King's ire to my Lord Berkeley for putting Rom. Cath. into y" Cofiission of y" peace was read in ye house; and alsoe his Ma" lie to your Ex" concerning indempnity, & to prevent prosecution in criminall causes relating to yo late Warr was likewise read; yo suspen&n of ye Rules was menóned & let fall; ye Hou , of Lords have made several amendments to yo Bill against Popery; wo" to-morrow will bee sent downe, viz., provisoes for yo Queen's servants & y Dukes, & for a great many land & sea officers, won 'tis doubted ye H. of Cofions will hardly agree to. y

* Brother of Peter Talbot, Titular Archbishop of Dublin; afterwards Earl and Duke of Tyrconnel, Deputy under James II. See Carte's Ormond, vol. iv. pp. 428 ** *4. He was “a great undertaker for procuring Irish gentlemen to be restored to their estates.” His command at this time was that of a troop of horse.

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MY LORD, Dublin Castle, March 22n", 1673. + + + + 3

I doe and shall always think it my duty to obey his Majesties commands in supporting my Lord Ranelagh’s and his Partners contract, as far is just; tho' on y” other hand I am obliged by my Place to hold them to their contract, and see them performe to his Majestie what they have undertaken, nor shall any either threats or civill usage from my Lord Ranelagh incline me to goe out of my way.

As for yo Caution he gives, that yo Officers shall not cheat ye soldiers, I am enough aware of that, and they all know that any Practice of this kind would immediately forfeit their commands, so as I have a Tie upon those, to oblige them to doe what is just ; but as for him, and his Partners, I cannot deale so with them.

* Carte, p. 477.

Notwithstanding all his compliments, I know he has another Quarrell to me, wo" is my holding correspondence with y' Lor, or indeed with yo Secretarys of State, for he has (tho' unsuccessfully) used all yo artifices he could to prevaile upon me to hold my constant correspondence wo him himselfe, and employ him only iro yo solliciting all businesses wo" relate to this Kingdome. Somethings, as occasion served (w" I also alwaies acquainted y' Lop w"), I have moved by him, and I find that for anything concerning his owne business, he has bin both sedulous, and successfull enough, but for any Proposalls relating to yo Publick, or ye benefitt of y" whole Kingdome, I have not found any satisfactory returne through his mediation.

I have bin y” more large upon this subject, that I may engage yo Lop upon all occasions to prevent my being imposed upon by orders out of England, for I clearly find as to this person, that as his Interest grows so his ambition encreases, and that in a short time he, by being at hand to direct things at y” Court, will hope to make himself superiour to yo Governor here, of wo" if he thinks to make me y' first example he will find he has fixed upon a wrong man.

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Yr Lops most faithfull and most humble servant, ESSEx.

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