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yo same time if any unfortunate accident should happen, the whole Kingdome may be lost for want of it, nor can any man, that is, in my station, be well answerable for his Trust if there be a dificiencie of such provisions. Mr Godolphin will assist you in prosecuting this business.

From all my friends I hear how much I am oblig'd to you for yo good character you give of me, wo" shall upon all occasions be ever acknowledg'd by &c.

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XXXIX.-CoMMIssionERS OF CUSTOMs To LORD CLIFFORD."

MAY IT PLEASE Your Lop. Feb. 10, 1673. In pursuance of your Lop. reference signifyed to us by S. Rob' Howard, wee have considered of y" Letter of his Excellency y” Lord L' of Ireland & y Paper annent to it; and having fully weigh'd yo matters therein contained, wee doe humbly present your Lop. wo ye following state thereof. The severall Planta&ns in America having been first Planted from this Kingdome of England w” the losse of y" Lives of many men, & a vast Expence of Treasure, the trade therefore of those planta&ns hath been by severall Lawes & Acts of Parliam' appropriated to England alone. And this is also yo practice of other Nations to keep their planta&ns enter'd to themselves. That won is now proposed on behalfe of y" Irish nation, That they may have Liberty for a certain number of ships during the present warre or his Ma" Pleasure to trade to yo Plantaðns and unlade in Ireland, paying his Ma" there the halfe penny p pound, notwo standing y” Lawes in force to yo contrary, because of y" want of trade in that kingdome by reason of ye warrs, wilbe very prejudiciall to yo trade & interest of this nation.

* See Letter XXII.

For by such an allowance yo Kingdome of Ireland will have y" oportunity of vending not only their owne manufactures, but those also of other parts of Europe in y” Planta&ns, where only those of England were before sold. And their navigating cheaper then yo English because of their plenty of Provisions will at least put them in a condition to undersell yo English, and so ye manufacture of England must necessarily ly upon their hands, and yo navigation thereof be much obstructed.

This will unavoydably create y' setting up of Ireland in Trade and Wealth on y' basis of y" Ruine of this nation whout any increas of Revenue or advantage to his Ma", but very much y” contrary. For all traders to yo Planta&ns will more readily goe for Ireland where they may expect better advantages by Bills of Store & otherwise from yo farmers of y" Revenue there, then ye Constituéðn of y" present management of y" Customes in England will allow of, & consequently will much lessen his Ma" Customes heer in Linnen, Brandyes & other Comodityes wo" pay great duty in importa&n, & are hence exported to yo Plantaðns, & make Ireland yo staple of all Planta&n Comodityes.

As to what is alledged on behalfe of y" sa Kingdome of Ireland in relaön to yo present warre, as an argum' for granting them yo Liberty desired during y” Warre, will easily be answered when it is considered that the whole burden of ye warre lyes on ye Kingdome of England, & that it partakes more of y" effects of y" warre by hindrance of trade than Ireland can doe.

The danger wo" is intimated in yo paper, of ships coming from y" plantačns to Ireland, and from thence hither according as they are obliged by their bonds, being chiefly attested on account of Privateers infesting yo Irish Coast, wee doe for that matter matter humbly present to your Lop. That no Ship goeing from England to yo Planta&n, or coming from thence, can be any wayes directly bound for Ireland woout absolute forfeiture of their bonds, & therefore it may be supposed that no ship puts into Ireland but upon some extrordinary necessity, or in expecta&n of more then ordinary advantages.

Besides all this, If yo Liberty of twenty ships should be granted weh is insinuated as ships of small Burden, they would easily be furnish won ships of Greater Burden from yo New England men, & others who have found yo encouragem" from yo farm" of Ireland to yo ruin of yo fair Trader here. Nor can it be duly kept to a Limited number of Ships considering y' convenience & number of their Ports, but it would in time amount to a gen" Liberty. At least ye charge of collecting y' halfe-penny per pound in Ireland will neer ballance yo Revenue that will arise to his Ma" thereby, and will certainly be a great losse in yo Customes heer. All won we humbly submit to your Loo. RICH. TEMPLE. WILL THOMSON. W* GARWAY. F. MILLINGTON. John IPTON.

Custome House, London,
10 February, 1672.

XL.—THE EARL OF Essex TO THE EARL OF ARLINGTON.

MY LORD, Dublin Castle, Feb. 11th, 1673. Having lately receiv'd his Maj" Lie concerning yo setting out of some Ships to convoy yo Merchant men wo order to charge ye Paym' of them on yo moneys design'd for yo Marine. Regiment; upon view of y" Acco of what has bin disburs'd here since my coming, and wo" is not compris'd within yo Establishm', together why” severall summs dispos'd of by way of gifts, I find there will be so small a remainder of that money as will doe very little towards yo carrying on of that worke, nevertheless I doubt not but to find some Merchants who will, upon this occasion, be ready to advance some proportion of money to be repaid out of y" future paym" of this fond, but yet to doe such a business as this is thoroughly, as also to compass another worke, woo I am mightily inclin'd to have effected, I mean ye repair of his Maj" Forts in this Kingdome, wo" lie all in a most miserable ruinous condition. I can think of no other expedient but yo calling of a Parliam', and tho’ I will not engage in yo absolute proposing of a thing of this nature to his Maj", untill I have discourst w" some of those who can best informe me what supplys yo People are able to give, yet I am much deceiv'd if they are not willing to straine themselves very far on any such publick acc'. Another scruple l have, that it may not be unfitt to see what success his Maj" shall have this Sessions in England, before any such thing be thought of here, for most certain it is that whatever is acted in England will be imitated in this Kingdome; however, I think it may not be amiss if y" LP please to know what his Majesties opinion is in relation to it.

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[Interesting news reaches Essex from London. The King, Sir Robert Southwell writes (Feb. 22), in the matter of the Indulgence, is puzzled how “to solve his own honour to the world, and gratify those who can only give him a supply against his enemies.” Lord Aungier, " (Feb. 22), speaking of the Bill for the ease to Protestant dissenters, says, “when we have finished cooking it we shall throw it out of window.” Arlington admits the reasonableness of Essex’s reiterated demand that no representations or complaints be allowed to reach Charles from Ireland before having been submitted to himself. On March 8 he hears of Charles's surrender of the Declaration of Indulgence, and of the great joy in Londou. He himself notes the bonfires and illuminations in Ireland in token of the satisfaction there.]

* Third Baron Aungier of Longford, Wiscount Longford, 1675, and Earl of Longford, 1677. Captain of horse, 1660; commissioner of the revenue, 1682: keeper of the great seal, 1697; member of Privy Council, governor of Carrick

fergus, and master of Ordnance. Married daughter of Arthur, 1st Earl of Donegal; died Dec. 22, 1700.

CAMD. SOC. I WOL. I.

XLII.—THE EARL of EssEx to FRANCIS GODOLPHIN.

M. GoDolph IN, - Dublin Castle, March 7th, 1673. I am glad to hear by yo won I receiv'd yesterday, the Powder intended for this place will be sent so speedily. I have redd advice from England that ye Dutchess of Cleaveland has obtained a Grant from his Majoie of yo Phoenix Park here, tho' (as I hear) she has bin pleased to show so much respect to me as to take yo Grant after ye expiration of my time, and therefore as to my owne Particular I need to be concern'd yo less at it; yet, knowingy" inconveniences that every chief Governor that is sent hither must live under if he be deprived of this Park, I think it were very fitt it were represented to his Majestie besòre it be too late, for yo Truth is (as yo well know) tis yo only diversion that this place affords, and without it a man must live like a Pris'ner, and in case yo Govern' should happen to be sick he has no where to retire to but only one of these Houses, and has not so much as Grass for a Horse, or any convenience but what is afforded by that enclosure; Therefore, I would have you represent it as effectually as you can to my Lord of Arlington, or any other of y" Kings Ministers, as

you shall think fitt, that if possible it may be prevented. + +

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XLIII.--THE EARL OF ESSEX To SIR ARTHUR FORBEs.

Dublin Castle, March 7th, 1673.

[An urgent remonstrance against the proposed withdrawal of troops from Ireland to England.] + + + + +

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