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Excellenc presides, whose influenc we must have to sho, and imploring the guidanc and blessing of God on y's, wo" shall bee the constant prayers of, My most Honord L', Y: Excelleye most obliged votary & Serv", THO. DUNING. Lysnegor, Oct. 29. - My humble opinion is, that they overvalue the Nonconformists heer whoe think a tolleration needfull, because they generally did conforme till of late, and the indulging only 2 ladys opened the present gap by giving countenanc to others, and it requires but the courage of denying their intercessions to stop it.



Your Exo will soone understand (if you doe not already) that his Mao is not verry well pleased with the New Rules, &c., concerning Corporations. The best office that your friends could doe you was to lay the Saddle on the right horse by telling his Ma" this truth (which he believes), that yo same were prepared by the Councell before your comeing over, and that what you did was at their Instance and by their advice, who have shoulders broad enough to beare it. Remember, that if the Lyon say the Foxes Eares are hornes, thair is noe disputeing the case. Though your Exo hath power in many cases, insteede of obeying, to represent the inconveniences of his Mao” Comands, yet under potence thereof to serve the turnes of Private interests cannot be verry acceptable. Felix quem faciunt, &c., verbum sapienti.

+ + + + +

* There is no clue to the writer. The letter is in a formal hand. The terms of expression, perhaps, point to Halifax.


MY LORD, Dublyn Castle, Octo. 29th, 72.

I give y' Loo yo trouble of this private Lie upon 2 or 3 particulars, woo your Lop may keep to yo self, or otherwise, as you shall See CallSe.

In the first place, I cannot but a litle complaine of a Petition of one Patrick Groome of Grim, setting forth a judgment obtein’d ag' him for matters acted in yo late War, that a Petition should be admitted of in England, and Order given there upon, before he had made any complaint or address to me here, especially since his Majoie granted his Order before my departure from England (as my Lord Clifford well knowes), that no particular complaint of injustice or oppression be admitted here ag' any, unless it appear y' yo Partie made first his address unto y Lieutenant." I can assure y” Los y my Lord of Strafford, who had yo like engagement from yo King, never fail'd to imprison any whom he perceiv'd were about to make their complaint in England before they had made their address to him. And tho’ I have given all ready compliance to his Maj" commands herein, yet give me leave to tell y LoP y' unless this article be kept intirely w” him who governs here, he will be scorn'd by all, and have but an uncomfortable employment. If y' Govern' shall give a Judgm' in any case, y' Partie y' thinks himself agriev'd may appeale to his Maj", and yo cause as it stood here, wo its proofs, is to be transmitted into England, and yo judgm' may there be revers'd, and this without any dishonor to yo Lieu', for there is no man but may erre, but if once men find a way open to pass by ye Lieu', and have their cause heard at first instance in another place, for my Part I thinke it does litle less then destroy yo Governm' here. I desire y LoP to excuse the having bin so large upon this subject, but truly y” matter is so essentially'. I could say no less upon it. What I have said I speake only to y Loo in particular, and leave it wholly to y' Loo to doe what you thinke fitt in it.

# # * # #
* See next Letter.


MY LORDE, - Whitehall, Nov. 12, '72. By last night's post i received foure of y' Exy"; one of ye 26, two of y" 29, and one of Nov. 2. The substance of all weh i will by y" first occasion i have comuniquate to his Mao and receive his pleasure upon them, that I may with all speede impart it to y Ex, wo i hope may bee by yo next post. In yo meane time i herewith enclose y” remarques made upon y' rules for Corporations," won i promised you in my last, having now yo King's leave to sende them to you; i doe not answer for yo sufficiency of them, having but cursorily reade them over, but i suppose, if his Ma'y bee satisfied upon them, most of his exceptions will cease, and consequently those of standers by, who, according to their accustumed liberty, censure this matter as they doe all other, wo". I hope y' Ex will easily teach yo selfe to beare, as well as i doe, when you satisfy yo selfe that you doe y' duty by serving the King according to his directions; and, having been soe long in that country, you cannot but knowe that nothing can bee done favorably to one party without loosing for that time ye good will of y" other, and consequently enduring all yo ill effects of it, at least from their tounges. Y' right, I am perswaded, lyes in yo midle following, which I am perswaded will at long runne bee ye best course, although for y' present it have not y” approbation of either. Y: Ex remarque upon his Ma" admission of a petition here, won regularly should have been first prevented there, hath much reason in it; i promise you that for yo future I will warr'y" observance of that rule as well as I can, but yo truth is that particular seeming soe greate a point of State, it seemed to require a present remedy, and, perhaps, those in favor of whome it was to be applied doe too much suspect ye generality of the Counsel to bee too earnestly bent against

* On Nov. 5, Arlington had written that the issuing of the rules was to be suspended until the meeting of the Privy Council, where, as we learn from the anonymous Letter XXIV, there was strong opposition. The paper of exception was answered by Essex at once and at very great length. A formal letter of suspension from the King accompanied Arlington's letter. See Letter XXXIV.


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Dublyn Castle, Nov. 30th, 1672. [Has received, and will presently answer, the exceptions to the Rules for Corporations; agrees with Arlington as to the “middle course.” “If men should be admitted to have reparation for all the trespasses and injuries done in the time of the war here, it would turn the world upside down.”]


Exeter House, 13 Dec. 1672.

I returne my most humble thanks to y' Excellency for yo favour and honour of y' congratulačón." I will assure your Excellency the King could not have put a man in this place more your servant. And yet, puting your letter & postscript togeather, I cannot but apprehend that I have been represented from hence to you as one that hath spoken against your LP, or some of your proceedings.

If soe, give me leave to say, your intelligence out of England is not soe good as your Excellency ought to have. For I am sure the direct contrary is only true. I am the more jealous that this hath been soe, because I have been served in the like manner with severall other persons, & upon severall other occasions, by some worthy persons here that are exceeding skilful in these lesser arts, but can doe noe business. Besides, my starrs have not been very propitious as to Irish affairs or Governors." But I rely upon your goodnesse and wisdom to over-rule those starrs. And that you would believe it impossible for me not to be infinitely ambitious of your friendship whilst you please to allow it me. And that I shall never omitt any thing that may make it appeare how sincerely I

* Essex's letter is dated Nov. 30. Shaftesbury was made Lord Chancellor on Nov. 17.

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My Lord, Dublyn Castle, Dec. 14th, 1672.” Tho' my recoverie be not yet so perfect as to enable me to undertake a thorough consideration of those Affairs wo" have bin cofiitted to me by His Maj" relating to yo Governm' of this Kingdome, yet I thinke it my duty to make y LoP at present this short returne to his Majio Lie of y" 5" of Novemb" concerning yo suspension of those Rules for Corporacions wo" have bin publisht since my coming hither. In ye first place I beseech y LoP to acquaint his Maj" that I am resolv’d, who all obedience, to observe his Maj" Commands concerning yo suspension of these Rules, tho' it be attended wo many difficulties. The Magistrates of all yo considerable Corporacions in Ireland have bin elected according to these Rules, and if I should exactly pursue his Maj" commands according to yo Tenor of his Lie, wo"

* He is no doubt referring to Ormond, Essex's predecessor, whom he had, in conjunction with Buckingham, vehemently attacked.

* On same date Arlington writes to warn Essex that the Dutch are meditating an attack upon Ireland.

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