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acquainte King won the necessity of it & how impossible it was else to have reduced them considering the many & strong retreats they have ; gave him some particular instances of y" violences they had since committed one upon another, yo effects it had had, & yo great peace & security the Country was in by your great care & dilligence in that matter. I left them in my opinion well satisfied in all those things I could then thinke of. Upon my very first arivall here I had notice given me that Ranelagh & Seymour had endeavord to possesse Trear. that notw"standing all y' W. Harbord should say to him, Trear. would see him sticke to Essea ag' him & bid him beware of him ; & being forewarned I prepared my self accordingly; I found him at first cooler in his reception then when I left him, whereupon I told him what I had heard & parted from him w” great kindnesse; after at least 2 hours discourse, during w" he shewd me severall Articles that were preparing against himselfe by Litleton, Powys, Meeres, Candish, St John Coventry, &c., among wo" there were two to this effect, if not in the same words, That Trear. had privately contrived & contracted w” Essex to share & governe all y’ Affaires of Ireland contrary to all former formes to their mutuall benefitt & advantage; & that in order to it go 2 Secretarys were kept wholly in ignorance & strangers to !' Affairs of that Kingdome. That Essea & Trear. had private Instructions between themselves ; that Trear. had lately procured from King thirteen thousand pounds for Essea, of wo" Trear. was to have three for himselfe, That Trear. had lately contracted wo" some persons in the name of Jeames Herbert for y” renewing of go Irish Farme & that Essea was Privy to it, whereby Essea & Trear. would gett hundred thousand pounds to themselves ; he doth not seeme concerned at this storme but told me that he thought that instead of Jeames they meant me; he hath many friends & they may somewhat bespatter him but not hurt him by it. Tis a Tryall of skill between Arlington & Trear, wo yo malice of some members to either side to lett King see wo" of them hath best interest.

I suppose y' y' Excellency hath now receaved St Henry Capell’s Letter about Sec; Coventry, whome I finde wonderfully dissatisfied w" Esser & believes himselfe to have been extreamly ill used by him, for y” other day when Esser writt to Ranelagh to more Trear. for a resolution from King what Esser should doe woo those Letters & directions wo" laye before Esser ; Ranelagh did prepare the heads of an Order for to passe the Councell & gave it to Trear. as he was goeing in. Trear. proposed it, & S. Coventry did make such a muttance [?] upon that affaire & so warmly reflecting on Trear. & his sending private Instructions to Esser wthout either Secretary’s knowledge; for want of wo" y King's Commands rendered ineffectual, & y the same were admitted in Forrain parts it might endanger y” very publick safety of the Kingdome. I finde that Arlington engaged warmly for S. Coventry & many others on each side till at last King was forced to end y” debate not only by interposing but expressing an angry dislike of their warmth in that place; all this was put on Essee his shoulders, for Trear. did affirme that these private Instructions (I meane those of July last from Windsore) were desired & writt by Essex, & y Trear. had 20 Letters to shew to y Effect. Councell did aprove of y’ private Instructions, first in regard That Trear. assured them y Esser writt for them in order to the enabling him to prevent !" granting & giving away y King's Lands, Momys, &c., Rents, w” y Seeretarys had bin very bold wo, but Councell were absolutely of opinion that those Instructions aught to have bin enterd at y' Secretarys of that Province to wo" they were sent, yo not doeing whereof even Trear. ownes a great fault, & saith that he did really thinke it had bin domne. See: Coventry, who at this time wayes" infinitely in yo Nation, thought himselfe in y Right, both as to Trear. sending Instructions to Ministers abroad, was so surprised to hear Trear. say that Essex had by Letters desired them, & hot in one thought fitt to communicate y' having such to Coventry that he is I feare lost to Esser, & to some of his most private friends complaines of Essea, his usage to him, and this being by them attributed as a Returne for Essex House it hath great Effect in altering mens minds from Esser, & think him not so well settled nor fired in friendship w” men of such principles as y most virtuous men here now value & notwithstanding all my enemies may suggest to Esser I assure him y' I am most faith

* Weighs.

fully, &c.

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I pray consider of some way of giving Sec: Coventry some satisfaction in this occasion" for he is most worthely y' friend

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>k * + + For what you say in yo latter end of y' Life concerning Essex House, I am still of opinion y' had not that matter bin bungled, it would not have made halte yo noise it hath done, being only a Grace & bounty of his Majesties, & I cannot see why any man should thinke it amiss, y' yo King should give me such a gift: My Lo D: of Ormond has rêcd above 300,000lb. in this Kingdome, besides all his great places & Employmen", & I am sure yo Losses in his private Estate have not bin equall to those I have suffered, & yet he is so happy as no exception is taken to it; but I am confident tis all idle talke, &, as I have already said, occasioned in a great measure by perplexing yo Affairs at first.

* Essex explains matters satisfactorily on April 24.



M" HARBORD, Dublin Castle, April: 27: 75. You have now at length cleared yo matter concerning Essex House, viz., y' because yo selfe was not employed in yo Affaire, you judged it inconvenient for me to have it; I cannot compare this wh any thing better then that wo" you tell me in ye end of y' Lie, namely, y' in case Moneys be asked in y” IIouse by any of y" Treasurers friends, ye opposite party are immediately resolved to putt in a charge ago y Treasurer, so as in yo mean Time his Majesties Affairs are in a good posture, since yo Two Factions are separately resolved, y' yo publick shall not be supplied, unless it come purely by one of their means, each endeavouring by some by way to obstruct what yo other doth, & in yo like manner will my owne concerns be, if you hold to these methods, not to lett any Thing be done, but what yr selfe has a hand in, & are yo Doer thereof, woo I hope you will take warning for y' future, rather to observe what I direct then to oppose Things, because you did not advise them. In relaöön to ye House it selfe, tho’ I would be glad to be master of it, if it might come fairly & hansomly, & like it ye best of any seat about yo Towne, yet I never desired or would engage any of my friends for Acts of Parliam' to serve private turns, but if in yo cosmon prohibition of New buildings yo turning of this into Tenem" be obstructed, I would not omitt ye opportunitie of goeing on with that purchase, & this you may let any of y" members of Parliam' know either of mine or y' owne acquaintance. In case any Thing should be stirring in Parliam', as if I com bined wo my Lord Trčar to divert yo methods of governm' in this Kingdome, that wo". I have writt at large to my brother in one by this packett, & Two other Letters, will sufficiently instruct both him & you, what to answer in it; you need not be nice in telling any of yo members yo Truth, should there be occasion for it, for I am apt to believe (if you manage y” Affaire rightly in England) y” plain dealing woo I have steadily pursued, when it come to Light, will fix me firmer both in yo favor of his Majestie & in y” esteeme of all good men then ever I could have bin had not this instance to demonstrate it arrived.

I have some few days since recd a Lie from ye D. of Monmouth concerning young Mo Sarsfields death, & other particulars relating to y Estate ; Let y” Duke know, y' I have only delayed ye Answering his Letter till I have advised woo yo Kgs: Councell here, & yo in a little Time I shall be able to returne him an Acco well will be satisfactory.

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MAY IT PLEASE Y" Ex", London, Aprill 13th, 1675. The Honour of yor Ex's" of the 7th Instant I have Received, and shall not fayle to give his May the account it brings of the French Recruites, wo". I had donne this day, but that the beginning of the Parliament made it unseasonable. What passed in both Houses I am sure y Ex's will receave from better Hands. This day they satt much longer then is usuall the first of their meeting, and too morrow they meet againe, and it is thought their debates will be very warme. As to Essex House, I cannot give y' Ex's soe good an account as I would. Barebone we have had before the Councell twice, and the Orders upon his hearing are as large as care would allow them to be, My Lord Keeper and Lord Treasurer concerning themselves most Hartily to recover the House for y' Exo, but nether of

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