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XVII. —THE EARL of Essex To THE EARL of ARLINGTON. [Stowe MS. 499, fo. 40.]

My Lord, - Dublyn Castle, Sept 17th, 1672. # # # .# + My Lo Powrs Regiment was yesterday shipt." I heard of no disorder among them, but least any thing might happen at parting, as there did at Kinsale, last year upon the shipping of some men for England, I order'd two Troops of Horse to bee drawn up on the Shore, whilst the men were shipping. I am confident y LoP will hear my character, as of a very severe and ill natur'd man towards the soldierie here, and I confess I am forced in a great measure to bee soe, for there has bin so much remissness in that Part of the Administration of ye Governm', and so much permission of all men to quarter when and where they please, as I find they take it very ill to bee put into a new method. I am almost tir'd with the applications of some to continue in the quarters where they have long bin, and of others, to permitt some files of men to bee guards for their houses," but I have bin so hardy as to refuse all suits of this nature, it being very important to his Maj" Service to keep yo Companies full in their severall Garrisons, not suffring any files of men to reside by perticular Licence in the Officers' houses (weh has hitherto bin indulg'd them) for fear, not only of weakening ye Garrisons, but of giving the Officers opportunitie of making fals musters, for no man can know whether these men are in being, while they are kept at their private Houses. I make no doubt but I shall receive all ye countenance I can expect in my Proceedings here, for it shall I hope be allwais found that I direct all to his Maji” service and to no other end whatever, yet I have bin a litle more perticular upon this subject then the nature of it needed, in regard I know so great a change as tis necessary for mee to make here must of necessitie bring along with it some ill will, but I know in all these cases tis but being a litle

* It illustrates the occasional difficulties of communication with England that this regiment returned to Dublin on the 20th, “in an ill condition, many of the men have been mad, and some of them are dead,” f. 50. On Jan. 3, 1673, the west wind prevented all communications from Arlington reaching Essex—nine packets were due in Dublin. Power's regiment finally reached England on Sept. 28, with the greatest difficulty. * e.g. Orrery. See Letter IV.

resolute at yo first and afterwards all will comply.
# # # # #

Among other Proposalls for encrease of money in this Kingdome, one has bin offer'd to mee weh meethinks seems the likeliest, but I cannot well judge how practicable it may bee. 'Tis This, Wee suppose here that there will this Winter bee great want of Provision in Holland, and therefore, if there were a permission gain’d from England, that this Kingdome might transport beef and other provisions into Holland," not wo'standing the Warr, it might return great profitt to us; tis certain the Dutch will supply themselves some way or other, and is it not better for his Maj" subjects to have profitt by it then for others to reap the advantage 2 There are, I confess, some difficulties in the way, but the discours is too large for a Letter, therefore it shall content mee only to have made the Proposition, and leave it to y' Loo consideration; only this I am confident of, that 'tis not any trick, as the raising of the value of money, or any other litle project (w" can only give a litle relief for yo time) that can restore plenty of money to a country that wants it, but it must bee some solid Foundation of Trade such as perhaps this may prove that can bring plenty of coine into a Kingdome.

The setling of Rules for the Corporacions makes this a buisy time with us here; the generall ones for all Coporacions were pas'd this morning and sign'd by the Councell ; one addition wee have made to them not mentioned in my former Letters, wo" is y” Oath ag' y” taking up of Arms by virtue of y" King's Authorite ag' his Person.” I presume this Addition to this other Oathes here in force will not bee misliked. Wee must make particular Rules for eight or 10 of y" greater Coporacions, and some peculiar ones for this City of Dublyn; wherein I shall not faile of my care to pursue his Maj" instructions in this behalf, and to accommodate the Ruls as properly as may bee to y” constitution of each severall Corporacion, tho' I fear our shortness of time, as the greatest circumspection

* England had been at war with the Dutch since March.

that is possible will not hinder us from falling into some errors. + + o * +


[Essex Papers, vol. i. 279.] Sept. 28. [All prosecutions in criminal causes on account of the “late rebellion ” are to be

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XIX.--THE EARL OF Essex TO THE EARL OF ARLINGTON. [Stowe MS. 499, fo. 55.]

My LoRD, Dublyn Castle, 1 Octob. 1672. # # # # #

I have reëd severall Lies from his Maj" concerning the Corporacion of Dundalke. The Lies themselvs are some of them so contradictory one to the other as by them it appears to be a matter of intricacy; and upon consideration of the business I am apt to fear, if I should pursue the commands I have reëd of renewing ye charter of this Corporacion, and restoring all their Lands wo" were enjoyed by them on 22 of Octob. 1641, it would intrench upon some clauses in the Acts of Settlement and Explanation ; sure I am the * Presid" of this will extend further then can be readily foreseen. There are heads enough at worke to take any opportunitie to make a breach into these Acts, and this very thing of Corporacion Lands is the most plausible of any Thing can fix upon to introduce some change in the Acts, and therefor, in my opinion, ought to be yo more narrowly watcht. I have, therefore, for ye present respited any proceedings upon this Letter, and have transmitted my Ld. Dungannon's Petition, who will employ some to take care of his business in England, and upon any further signification of his Maj" pleasure (after y' whole shall be thoroughly considered together wo y” consequences of it) I shall readily execute such commands as shall come to mee either by another Letter, or by intimation from y LoP to proceed upon these weh I have allready redd. Some of y" Rules for Corporacions are by this Post transmitted to y' Loo; those for Gallway and Limmerick are yo same, only wo this addition, that for election of Magistrates it shall be by ye Mayor, Aldermen, and cofion Councell, and not by a Popular Vote. This we have done conformable to yo first proposals wo". I. sent to y LoP, and wee have declar'd it only in yo Rules for these two Citys, in regard that in all yo other Citys of Note y' constitution of them is so already, and in Gallway it has bin controverted, whether the Freemen in generall have a Vote in yo Election of Magistrates or no ; so to setle all we have given ye Rule. The Rules for this City doe a litle differ from all the others. By ye next y' Loo shall have copys of them too.

* This occurs in the English Corporation Act of 1661.

* Precedent.


MAY IT PLEASE Yo" ExcELL*, Oct. 4, 1672. Having receiv'd intimation from my Lo Massereen That, to make a composure of o' contention here should be whyo Excello” allowance, I crave leave to Signify to Yo Excello ye Chieftains of y" Posbyterians pty here, Mr. Campsie, Mr. Burnside, and Mr. Cunningham, have engaded (in Scriptis), in behalfe of themselves & the rest of their perswasion, that they shall not hold any meetings in their house wooin y” walls, unless they may doe it w"out offence to his Ma" & y Lo Leiut of Ireland. And upon this engagem" I cease all further prosecution, if yo' Excello is pleas'd to allow of it. Their Rabbies, who sent me a challing of despuite, have been wo me, & are over come into a Conference of kindnes, upon better advice waveing what might be obnoxious to censure by authority. So yo I hope we shall return to o' former friendlynes of neighbo'hood. But then I must humbly implore yo' Excello that they may not return to their former meeting house, wo" they engage shall not be, whilst it is an offence to doe it. And may it ever be an offence to yo' Excello, ag' all y' importunitys of reconcileing yo' Excello to it, So shall I & my Family, & those Few Royallists & Conformists here, pray for yo' Excello in peace, as the gratefull returne of yo' Excello” care & cando" in this affaire, infinitely obliging yo duty & devotion of him who is, &c.

* See Letters VII. XV. On Oct. 1, Arlington sent directions that the garrison of Londonderry was to be strengthened against the Nonconformists.


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