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mony lately coymed, and that there is a generall discontent among them all; his ambition may cost him deare; I intend to goe to Grafton for some part of y" Holidayes, & then to be up again. This is all at present from
CLXXXVII.--THE EARL OF Essex To CHARLEs II.
MAY IT PLEASE Y". MAJESTIE,
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So Arthur Forbese is lately come from thence, & tells me He hath had severall Messengers he sent into Scotland returned to him agen, & these have discourst w" divers of y" discontented people there; y grievance they seem to complaine of is, that y' Like Liberty & Indulgence to Dissentirs in matters of Religion is not allowed in that Kingdome, as is in others of y' Majesties Dominions; S. Arthur assures me this comes from ye most considerable of them, what Use y' Majestie will make of yo Informaćn I shall submitt to y Wisedome. So Arthur Forbese is a very freehearted Man, & his being woo this party has occasioned a considerable Expence to him, when therefore any Thing proper to accommodate him wo shall come to my knowledge, I shall presume to mind y Majestie of his services.
CLXXXVIII.—CoNCERNING Ye ExpoRTATION OF WOOLL FROM IRELAND.
Several Statutes of Ireland have imposed so great a Custom upon all Wool whatever exported, as it amounts to a most strict prohibition. This was done, as yo preambles of y" so Statutes doe recite, w" an intention to oblige ye people to manufacture all y” Wool within yo Kingdome, but it being found by experience that in yo Country, alwaies too thinly inhabited, there were not hands enough to worke up yo Wool woo yo Stock of Sheep on y' Lands could produce, It has ever bin allowd to yo chiefe Govern' to dispence w" these Laws, & grant Licences for yo Exportaðn of Wooll into England only, y' person who exported it entring into good securitie that yo Wool be delivered into some port of that Kingdom, & that Certeficates should be returned of their soe doeing, for wo" Licence y" Chiefe Governs reëd a duty of 4" for every great Stone consisting of 18 pds weight so licenced to be exported.
The profitt being very great of vending this comodity into forreine parts, That is to say, France, Flanders, & Holland, in comparison of y" gaine they make when sold in England, hath sett all men's Inventions on worke in contrivance of ways & means to evade yo Lawe, & it being every man's Interest here, who hath any Thing in y Kingdome, to encourage or at least connive at y” exportaôn at large, may be some reason why much of y" Wooll of this Country doth goe into forreine parts, or will be one obstruction to yo due regulačón thereof; For first Tis ye Chiefe Govern" Interest to have as much as may be exported, no matter whether
It appears by Records in ye Excheq' y' of 22.900 penalties incurred since this Patent was on foot there hath bin received and brought to acct but 770
into England or else where, y' carrying out of it encreasing his Income ; Next Tis yo Interest of all y' Judges & Magistrates, who are ever Landed Men, to have it goe freely, it encreasing their rents ; And, lastly, Tis more y” Interest of Merch" & Traders to carry it thither, in regard of y" High Rates they may gett for it. Thus, it conducing to yo profitt of all Men here to have it freely exported, it may easily be supposed that all connivance imaginable will be used for y” encouragement thereof, & that when ever any shall be prosecuted for undue Exporta&ns, some grains of favor will probably be allowd them, even in ye Courts here; but for this no through remedy can be prescribed till y Country be fully stockd w" people, & then, men's Interests being changed, it will become every man's concerne to keep this commodity manufactured within our selves. However, yo present Chiefe Govern' will not faile of doeing his part effectually to obstruct all frauderlent practices in this matter, tho' it may a little lessen his gaine, & a strictness in this point also render him somewhat ungratefull to yo Landed Men and Merchants in this Kingdome.
Causes of yo Undue Exporta&n of Wooll out of y"
1. The Multitude of Ports in this Kingdome doe give great opportunitie for yo Shipping of Wooll into forrein parts.
2. The carelessness of y" Custom", & other Officers in ye severall ports, in performing their duty, either neglecting to take any Securities upon y” passing of Wooll, or else excepting such as are insolvent.
3. A patent to So Nich: Armorer & So Gabriel Silvius of all yo forfeitures incurred upon ye bonds enterd into for yo delivery of y" Wooll into some Port in England, wherein is an Expresse Clause conteynd empowring yo Patentees to make compositions for these bonds.
4. The Wooll being Shipt & Securitie taken for yo delivery thereof in England by ye corruption of some Officers in yo English ports, Certeficates are signed of y" Landing of it there, tho' it were never really put on shoar; As also sometimes Certificates are counterfeited.
5. A late practice hath likewise bin discoverd of rolling up Wooll into great Twist, & so passing it as Yarne, & when it arrives into forrein parts 'Tis untwisted agen & becomes Wooll.
Remedies to prevent yo Exportaôn of Wooll out of Ireland into forrein parts.
Toye 14. That ye ports be limited to a certain Numb", out of wo & no other Wooll shall be exported. These Ports may be Dublin, Drogheda, Waterford, Ross, Corke, Youghall, Limmericke, & Galloway.
To yo 2". When ever any Officer shall be found faulty in permitting any Wooll to goe without Licence, or neglecting to take securitie, or taking such as is insolvent, that He doe infallibly loose his place, & receive such further punishm' as y Law appoints.
To yo 3". That This Patent be vacated, wo"'Tis conceived may The Patentees be done at his Majesties Will & pleasure (but then it will be rea- }. * sonable, his Majestie intending y” Patentees a favor when He gave present Farm” it them, may allow them some compensation when 'Tis revoked), who having
influence on all & that no Compositions be ever made or allowd of to yo persons y. Qigers of
- - - - - - * Customs forfeiting their bonds, but y” utmost rigor & extremity taken ag' will by this
- ts means, being them as punishm" due by Law. Trading men,
To yo 4th. That upon yo giving dispatch to every Wessel that carry wooll as shall Lade Wooll from Ireland, The Officers of y" Customs doe i. iro
ye Customs in England, at y' Custome House in London, to be by o: *: them registerd in their Office, & transmitted to ye severall Ports to mischiefe will
weh ye so Wooll shall be said to be consigned. Whereunto may be be prevented.
Added, that some Trusty person be employd in each Port in Eng-