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take care that all Forreigners, as well Protestants as others, be admitted into Corporačáns, & this is what wee think most necessary

to be signified to you at y' present in those matters.
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Given at Our Court at Whitehall y' 31" day of August, 1672, in ye 24th year of Our Reigne.

XIII.—THE EARL OF Essex To THE EARL OF ARLINGTON. [Stowe, 499, fo. 30°.]

[Urges a speedy investigation into the disposal of lands pursuant to the late Act of Parliament. The people, especially in Kerry, are very intractable owing to the prolonged delay.] # # # # #

[Vol. i. fo. 216.]
Charles R.

Right Trusty and Right Wellbeloved Cousin & Councellour, Wee Greet you Well. Whereas Wee are given to understand that the Earle of Orrery hath applyed to you for your Lycence & permission to plant certaine greate Guns in his Castle or House of Ballymartin within that Our Kingdome," and that hee doth further pretend to Power under the Greate Seale of that Our Kingdome to fortify one other of his Houses called Charle Wille in Our said Kingdome with Forts and Bullwarkes, and to Mount and use Greate Guns on the said Fortifications, Wee cannot but take notice to you how unfitt Wee thinke it That any such Lycences should be granted, And therefore Wee doe not onely well approve yo' refusall of the desire he made as to Ballymartin, But further Wee will, and accordingly Wee doe hereby sufficiently authorise and require you to give order for the recalling and revokeing in such way and forme as shall bee found necessary the said Power and Lycence soe pretended to be granted to him to fortify his House of Charle Wille as aforesaid, in case upon enquiry you doe finde that any such Lycence or Authority has been granted to him, which Wee cannot but Looke upon as a surprise of a dangerous nature upon us, if indeed Wee have att any time heretofore made him such a Grant. For which these Our Letters shall bee Your Warrant. And soe Wee bid you heartily farewell. Given att Our Court att Whitehall the 7th day of September in the 24th yeare of Our Reigne 1672.

* See Letters V, X.

XV-THE BISHoP of DERRY." To THE EARL OF ESSEX. [Vol. i. fo. 235.]

MAY IT PLEASE Yo". ExCELL*, Londonderry, Sept. 13, 1672. The Applications woo I have made to my Lo Chancelo', haveing carryed won them an Address to yo' Excello by his Grace's cofiunication, in ye whole account of y" late disorder here in London Derry;" It will be but Actum agere to make any further representations of y" particulars of y'affaire, especially, if to yo narrative transmitted, His Grace hath cofiunicated also to yo' Excello what is given in Answer to yo Rioters' Complaints; by which will appear not only yo innocency but also yo necessity of mine & y Magistrate's proceedings. And however they may seem unseasonable at present, yet (I doubt not) but in a little process of time yo' Excello will experience them very usefull in yo clear discovery of these (Northern at least) Presbyterians' tempers. I was myself personally employed in all y late cofiotions in England from first to last. And from ye experiences I had of y" first beginninge, I still hinted to yo Lo Lieut as lately to yo' Excello, what I conceived of the turbulent temper of these persons, wo" would upon occasion break out into tumultuous practices; And this is now made evident in part, & if not nip’t in y' bud, being overaw'd by force, will hereafter shew it selfe to yo full. But yo' Excello can by y' just measures of prudence descern ex pede Herculem. And that yo' Excell's may not judge me heedles of that transmit to yo King before my leaving Dublin ; It was upon y' reason, that, in yo Order of restraint published, it was declared to be only till his Ma" Lycense should be produc’t ; And in ye consult w" yo Maior & yo present Governors, we did verily believe, y' this order would have restrain'd their Assemblys; But their dareing impudence, out vy'd our more modest confidence; & being engag’d by Campsie's" Menaces, we should have been trod on as dirt (& y” whole Ministry woo us) had Magistracy been baffled by their bold Attempts. Indeed yo great learning now is yo by experim", & this hath influence into yo State as well as yo Schools. So y' to confirme y” Representation made by me to yo" Excello, & by yo' Excello to yo King, concerning these peoples principles and tempers, this experim" comes seasonable & patt, wo out wo", I have reason to imagine, my intimations of danger in this place, & to this Garrison, would be no more credited at Court now then formerly ; And so, yo Insolence of this party become reserv'd to a season in wo" they could not be so easily supprest, as now their late Riott (to shew their conformity to yo beginnings of yo late Cofiotions) they have back’t (on Tuesday last) w” a scandalous & factious Libell, of woh my Lo Chancelo will give Yo' Excello an Account, transmitted to him by this post. I Humbly beg Yoo Excello Patronage in this Grand affaire, & protection in this dangerous place; wo out won I must crave leave to retreat to Dublin for security to my selfe & family, where I may doe w! I cannot here, viz., pray for yo' Excello & preach to the people in safety.

* Robert Mossom, DD., an Englishman. Precentor of St. Patrick's, Dean of Christ Church, Dublin, and Prebendary of York, consecrated April 1, 1616. Died at Derry, Dec. 21, 1679; buried in the cathedral.

b See Letters VII. XX.

CAMD. SOC. E vol. 1.

* Presbyterian minister at Londonderry.

XVI—THE EARL OF Essex To THE EARL of ARLINGTON, [Stowe MS. 499, fo. 33°.

MY LORD, Dublyn Castle, Sept. 14th, 1672. On Wednesday last, being the eleventh instant, I received two Lies from ye LP, and yo same day yo duplicate of one of them arrived here too. I am very glad they are come, and give y LoP many thanks for their soe speedy dispatch, for till I had them I would not venture one step in y” regulation of Corporacions, but now that I am soe completely instructed in that perticular I shall proceed to the perfecting and imposing of y" Rules, wherein I shall exactly pursue his Maj" directions signified in his Letter. The City here, whom I lately believd to bee in a temper of compliance one with another, and that they would of themselves have readmitted their excluded Aldermen," and composd all their differences among themselves, are now resolved to come to a hearing before the Councell Table, and in regard tis doubtfull whether the sentence of the board may be gratefull to the commonaltie, and and considering some unhappy Tumults wo" were the last year about a bridge, wherein I am told 7 or 8 men were Kild, the better to secure this City from any disorder that might possibly happen, and above all that I may not expose his Maj" Authority to bee affronted, I have thought fitt to order four of the Army Troops to Towne. I confess I doe not believe there will bee any stirs among them, but, however, I am sure wee shall not be less obeyed by the multitude when they see some Soldiers among them. I have causd it to bee reported abroad that I intend by turns to see all the Army here, and that I will (to that end) constantly order four Troops to bee in Dublyn, and to change them every two moneth, but I shall only doe this till I see the City composd, and setled to y" Rules won I intend to impose upon them. There will bee a necessity of allowing these Troops some thing more then their ordinary Pay during the time They shall quarter in this City. Three Pence a day to each Trooper was the usuall allowance extraordinary upon the like occasions, wo" for the 4 Troops will very litle exceed 600l. per Añn, but I am confident six moneths will bee as long as I shall keepe any of them here. This money if his Maj" please may bee paid out of the five hundred pound pension reserved to bee restord to the City upon my recommendation, weh I shall never give them till by their obedience and submission to his

* Before the 28th the Council had, on Essex's demand, restored their recorder and aldermen, accepting the new Regulations, and elected Essex's nominee, Decy, to the mayoralty. fo. 55°.

Authoritie I see they deserve such a favor from him."
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* Permission to give the £500 was granted Essex during the month. fo. 244.

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