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yo Graces recomendation I shall inevitably suffer shipwreck, wo" I doe not value upon my owne acco, but that I see through my sides yo Church will be wounded. The only remedy is to procure a Lie from his Majestie to discharge ye Convocation, wo" will calme this storme, & qmench all these ambitious & seditious designes, wo" are now on Foot to disturbe yo peace of ye Church; they are already come to that height of insolence, that one M. Cant a presbyter hath shaken off all fear of God and his canonicall Oathes & did call me a great grievance of ye Church. My dear Lord & brother, bestirre yo selfe in this matter, & remember y' woe that is pronounced ag' them that are at ease whilst others are in distress for recomending this to y' care. I am, my Lord, Yr Graces affectionate brother & faithfull servant, ST. ANDREws.

To the
ArchBP of Canterbury.


MAY IT PLEASE Your Ex", Bathe, This 25 Juli, 1679. Nowe King, Duke, Treasurer sime resolved to invite Parliam' to toune, all speeke kindli of him [Essex] ase of a parson yusfule to the Kinge's sarvise. Lodderdale, who is hire, simes to be of the same mind, professes kindness to Essex, and desired me to asure hime the reportes wiche ware rased ware malisius. Arthur Forbese expecktet sudanli to leve this kingdom, King having signified so muche to him latli. Scotch are note in a good yumur buy whate I can lerne. Essex is well here. All his frendes wish his still continuing whare he is ase a parson yusefule bothe to the Kinge and kingdom. + + + + +


My Lord, Dublin Castle, July 28, '74. In a Letter from my Lord of Orrery, dated at Marleborough yo 17" of July, there was this passage :-" On Wednesday yo 15th of July, in y” evening, my Lord Treasurer brought me ye King's Order, signed by his Majestie, directed to Mr Atturney Genri or Mo Sollicitor, forthw" to prepare a patent to give me all those powers in Military Affairs in ye province of Munster, under ye great Seale of England, that I had formerly, while presidt of Munster, under y' great Seale of Ireland.” Upon ye receipt of this I sent for a Copy of my Lord of Orrery's Commission, & upon perusall thereof I finde He has, in yo absence of y" Chiefe Governor out of that province, yo comand of all Forces there as Generall. The words are, “To raise, gather, levy, & assemble from Time to Time such of our subjects within our so province of Munster as to you or either of you (viz., Himselfe or Vicepresid"), shall be thought expedient for yo service afores". And also to have yo leading Govermo & Comand of all our Martiall forces already residing & placed within ye so Province.” His LP hath very often since my coming presst me, woo much earnestness, to put yo Militia in a posture there, & indeed I have bin in some difficultie to know how to answer him, and yet not appear unwilling to forward that worke, wo" yogenerallity of y" protestants in this Kingdome are vehemently sett upon. My reasons ago y forming of this Force were so fully expressd in a Letter I writt to yo King himselfe as I can adde litle to it, & therefore for that part I shall say no more, but herew" transmitt you a Copy of so much of my Letter as concerned this subject. Now, should his LP come over armed w” such a Comission as He pretends to, He would undoubtedly, so soon as he arrives, call together yo Militia of that province & exercise them, & then I shall be putt upon this streight, either to deny doeing yo like in yo other three provinces, & thereby loose all y” Interest I have bin gaining with ye protestants, or by forming them into Troops & Companys, to putt Arms into such men's hands, as should any disorders happen in England or Scotland I dare not rely upon ; & whether I doe yo one or yo other this will certainly fall out, that my Lord of Orrery first setting up that Militia in Munster, He will be regarded as y” great patron of y" protestant Interest, & thereby become popular woo that party, & I shall be looked upon, if I refuse to doe y” like in other parts, as a man ill affected to them, or if I doe it, as one who was necessitated thereunto by his example. The misfortune of this Affair relating to yo Militia is such as I dare not seem to oppose it, & yet I am sufficiently convinced of y” hazard & danger thereof to his Maties service, & have therefore all along managed my selfe, so as in appearance to approve of & like it. However, in my thoughts I was utterly resolved ag' it, & truly I have bin soe lucky as at present to lay it asleep in all men's minds, none having for these three or four months so much as spoken of it, nor I believe will, till his LP revive that matter againe. I looke upon ye Army now here to be fully sufficient to keep all things quiett at home, yet if any apprehension should be of an Invasion by a Forreigner, this Militia would doubtlesse be of very good use; but as to our selves, especially whilst there are any discontents either in England or Scotland, it will certeinly be yo most pernicious Thing imaginable. If his Majestie doe therefore resolve to proceed in this Comission to my Lord of Orrery, y' only Expedient I can thinke of to obviate y' raising y' Militia will be this, that an order be dispatched together w” y” Comission, or at least sent so soon as may be after it, requiring his LP not to Act any thing in relation to yo Militia of that province without a particular Comand from his Majestie, & that I may have a copy of that Ord sent to me. Your LP may perhaps thinke of some properer course, but this is ye best that occurres to my apprehension, & l earnestly intreat yo LP that it may not be known whence this Advice comes, for should it ever take vent twould turne much to my prejudice, & make me less able to doe his Majestie service here among his Protestant subjects.


S*, Dublin Castle, July 30: ’74. I have récd y” dated at Bath yo 18" of July, & have according to yo advice spoken woo Captain Cunningham to setle a correspondence in yo North, that I may have what notice he can give me of Motions there. I have had Intelligence from thence of divers of y" phanatick preachers, who of late have bin observed to goe back into Scotland, & some of them are returned hither againe, & I doe know they are at this present a litle more then ordinary busy among yo people; about a week since I gave my Lord of Arlington a List of severall of their names, & that part of Scotland they did frequent, so that if they thought it worth y” doeing, some of those Incendiarys might be apprehended. I perceive there are those in England, and such as have great influence on Affairs at this present, who are not at all pleased wo my being here, & tho’ I finde they cannot alter yo King in relation to my Removall, yet they doe prevaile to have many Things done that may give me distaste, and this I am confident w" an Intent to make me so weary of y" Governm" as to desire a dismission; but since this is their Aime, I doe assure them I will be no Lord Robarts, . for when I once finde that things are done on purpose to make me angry, I will not be provoked, if it be but to disappoint those who designe my prejudice. # # # # # Tis somewhat strange to me that when a Thing is well it cannot be let alone. Is not yo Nation here in perfect quiett P Are not all men satisfied that the Army we now have is more then sufficiently

able to keep all secure within ourselves? Is not everybody sensible too that this Army now is in a much better posture then ever it hath bin since his Majesties restauration? Nay, as to my Lo of Orrery's particular, does not He as Major Genr" comand not only ye Forces in Munster, but elsewhere, why then this extraordinary Commission ? or indeed, since his Majestie hath bin pleased to trust me in yo Goverm', it may seem a litle strange that I was never consulted therein before It were ordered. I write freely my thoughts to you, having so good an opportunity for their safe conveyance. These Expostulations are only between you & me, for, as I said before, lett them doe what they will, I will be so cross as not to shew my selfe froward upon it; only when a thing happens as this relating to yo Militia, woo I conceive may be mischievious to his Majesties affaires, my duty obligeth me to represent such inconveniences, but as to any affront to my selfe, I shall waite my own opportunitie to doe my business w” that circumspection as may make it more successfull. You see y” freedome wherew" I impart my mind to you, & by it you may judge y” reallity & Truth of my being.

CLXIV.-THE EARL OF Essex To SIR A. Forbes.

Dublin Castle, Aug. 11, ’74. [Essex perceives that there is much communication going on between “the discontented party now in Scotland ” and their friends in the north of Ireland, and a “perpetual going to and fro of those preaching fellows”; he has therefore strengthened the garrisons in Londonderry, Charlemont, and Carrickfergus.]

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