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DEARE BROTHER, Dublin Castle, May 9”, '74. [After complaining that an officer has been allowed to sell his command, without previous application to himself, Essex proceeds:–]

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Yet I wish you would a little discourse this matter wo my Lord of Arlington, that this Gentleman is not yo first who hath served me thus, for some others, knowing I doe not like this bartering for commands, have asked my leave to goe into England, & then gett his Majesties consent for this purpose. If you did but know wo what contempt & scorne my Lord Berkeley was used by all people here, after they found He was not supported at Court." It would not be thought strange if I have a more than ordinary concerne at these Things wo seeme so litle in themselves, for indeed yo nature of this people is very apt to trample on their superiors, & unless a man be thoroughly countenanced in England, there is no dealing wo" them; therefore I would be glad some of my friends there would, as much as they could, prevent these inconveniences, for no man that doth not see it can tell how prejudiciall it is to his Majesties service, wo is impossible any Lieu" can goe through w” it as he ought, unless yo world here doe believe him absolute in relation to those affairs that are under his charge. I may, perhaps, take yo libertie to speake more plainly upon this subject then another, having no con. cerne of profitt therein. It is my principle to bring in as fitt men as any I can finde to serve in yo Army, but by no means to make yo least benefitt (as some others have done) of those places.

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* He is again urgent upon this point in a long letter to the king, on June 8, 1674.


May 16, 1674.

Esser has certain intelligence that Renel. about a fortnight since did resolve to endeavour Esser his removall; Treasurer, Speaker joymed in it. These resolved to get Lauderdell his concurrence. Conway, too, is not out. They intended to propose to K, the placing of Justices." Essea also knows who they propose to name. Essex is not certaine whether they will still continnue this their design, but Essex is sure 'twas once resolved by them. I think 'twere fitt H.C. acquainted Arlington or Conway with this, & desired them to be watchfull of the proceeding. Ramelagh has some reason to get Essea displaced at this time if he can, for he is now paying y’ arrears to Orrery, & I find endeavours to compound it, by which they will save sixty thousand pounds at lest. Esser has alwaise vigourously obstructed these actings, they being by convenants oblidged to pay this without deduction, composition, or defalcation. Esser has found two men in this town, one servant to Major Deane, Commissioner of treasury, the other to Champanty, their paymaster, who deale for these compositions, and have already bargained with many souldiers & officers for arrears. Esser is apt to beleeve if K. be throughly sensible of these trans-actions, & thereby understands the true grounds of these men's plots against Esser, K. will not harken to their projects on that side. Ranelagh seems to play a subtile game, for being at Court he has often advantages of gaining orders in relation to his affaires, & if his partners here committ any gross faults, his eacuse is easy, for he may disowne any knowledge of them, and in appearance seem most innocent. Let H. C. be expectant in this affaire, & advise w” Arlington, Essea. his just & true freind, to whom this may be shewed.

* This is a loose leaf in Essex's handwriting among the copies of his letters by his secretary Aldworth. " i.e. superseding him by Lords Justices.


This paper will unriddle many to you of the second of this instant May. The newes dispersed here of my removall came from Trear. Orrery, Renella, or their servants. As for the first, Captain Fitzgerald can tell II. C. what he knows of it.


DEARE BROTHER, Dublin Castle, May 16, ’74. I have this day redd a Lie from Mr Harbord dated ye 9th instant. wherein he tells me that Essex House is now to be sold, & valued at about 7000l. Tis a Purchase, I confess, woo I had rather make then anything I know, and it seemeth to me not to be overrated. I am very cautious of undertaking great things or plunging my selfe in debt, yet, could I be sure of continuing here one year, or a year & halfe longer, I doubt not of means to compass it. I would therefore be glad you entertained some Treaty of it, & finde to what Terms they can be brought. It ought to be considered in yo Purchase whether yo House be in good repaire, for if 'Twill cost a man any thing extraordinary to sett it right, that by so much will lessen y” value. I know my Lady Dutchess was careless enough in her business, & therefore I suspect yo Timber & other things, if they come to be searched, will be found very faulty. As for money to defray yo purchase, I would straine my selfe, as far as I could well be able. Thus much I can propose to doe: I have 2,500l. now ready by me to returne upon any warning, wo" may be paid downe, & I shall be able about Michaelmas to pay 500l. more. Soon after Christmas I believe I can pay 2,000l., & by Midsummer following I doubt not to gett together so much as will discharge y” rest, so as y" whole may be thus compleated in one year's Time, wo"I conceive is very good payment. This I can doe, & yet send over now and then one or two Hunderd pøs to raise & cover ye building of that wing wo" is begun at Cassioberry, but then I must resolve to stop

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my building there for this & ye next year, & only cover what is begun, & leave y” Inside finishing to some further opportunity, all w” I would be very glad to doe. This you must apprehend upon supposition that I stay here a year longer, & tho’ no such thing can enter into a bargaine, yet you can best judge upon yo Place of ye likelyhood of my continuance, & accordingly guess what may most prudently be done. If you finde it likely, You may conclude for this House, won truly is yo most convenient thing to me I could have ; but then you must stop yo bargaine I am treating woo Mr Fotherley for his Land, &, if it be not already concluded, I would be glad to break off that won Mo Hogsden for y” litle parcels of Land neer y” Bowling ground at Cassioberry; but as for Higby’s, close—y" purchas is but 180l. at most, & it lyes so very convenient for me—as I would have that goe on. Tis possible you may bring y” price of this House to 6,000l., &, if soe, & that they require ready money downe, you see I shall be able to pay halfe immediately, & for the other halfe, money may be taken up & y House engaged for it. My Lord Conway is never w"out such a summe, & I am sure He would be very willing to putt it into my hands. I doe imagine this being a Noted House it will not be difficult to let it to some Ambassador, or that from year to year, or perhaps two years, or some such short time, & that y° Rent may answer yo Interest of y" whole purchas money, soe as I doe not well see how I can be a Looser by it, if y" bargaine be carefully made. Pray take S. Charls Harbord's advice in all y' Proceedings upon it. I confess there hath not any thing of this sort come in my way that I have so great a mind to as this, it being necessary for me to have a House in London, & I am sure, take all circumstances, none can be so fitt for me as this will be.


MAY IT PLEASE Yo". Excelo, London, 19 May, 1674. I came to this towne last Friday, and I found my friends in a better condition then I left them: Treasurer is esteemed the great support of the Crowne, Arlington makes his Interest amongst the discontented Members of Hous of Comons, and Duke" & Lodderdale are his mortal enemies. If Ormond goes into Ireland, he will be commanded to stay there, and not returne into England. Keeper," not knowing the mistery of things, had like to have ruind himselfe for moving in the proclamation against spreaders of false news, yet you will not finde any thing in it which says parliam' shall meet. Keeper is now as ill with Arlington as any of the rest, and how ill Arlington is You will know it by this, that he will not be permitted to part with his Secretary’s place to Williamson, though he offers the mony demanded for it. I wish that Treasurer and Essea, were as intimat as I have always desired, and if Conway could compasse it without the assistance of Esser, it had been long since effected. Trear. told me that Essee had not delt well with him by writing to him in a Letter dated the 30" or 31" of March, to quicken Ranelagh in his payments, for otherwise Essex should be obliged to make a Representation of it, and when Trear. went to acquaint King with the contents of that Letter, King called for a Letter to Arlington of the 17" of March, wherein the Representation was made so many days before." If Yoo Excel" will take my word for it, you cannot split upon any other Rock then by running a tilt at Ranelagh, and by being thought too much of a party with Arlington. 'Tis true that Orrery doth Essea, all the ill offices he can, but he hath lost himselfe beyond ifiagination, and hath no

* i.e. the Duke of York.

* Finch.

* This only took place Sept. 11, 1674, for 6,000l., when Arlington was made Lord Chamberlain.

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