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cold to a man's hearte, so turned as mine for so long past to the ease and leasure of this aire. All I see of good in the change is that my Ambassage being Exto, it looks not like a thing of very long breath ; and, besides that, my imployment in it is a thing that all men and partys seeme to have conspir'd in except myself, and to presage no ill from or make ill reflections upon it, wohy" Lop would say were a great piece of luck if you saw our Scene. When I come into Holland, if you desire it I shall furnish y LoP with the current of what passes under my eye or in my reach there, and if I needed any body to answer for mee, y' brother should doe it, that wherever I am y' LP may reckon upon a person that is with all the truth, esteem, and affection you can wish, My Lord, y' Exo's most faithful, humble servant, W. TEMPLE.

CXLIV.—WILLIAM HARBORD TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE Yoo ExCELLENCY, - 28 Apr.”4. + + + + + I am infinitely sorry to finde how hardly Monmouth presseth upon Esser in these 2 Letters, but I hope to put a stop to this before yo next post, & I despair not of getting y' futritures hired during yo Government towards yo purchassing yo Hunting place you desire. I did Intend to have begun my Jurney on Monday next, but I will delay it for some dayes in Expectation of Doctor Gorges, as you are pleased to Command, & to finish all y Commands before I leave this place. I am surprised to heare how ill Coll. Sandys payes his men, & shall acquaint his Mao won it. Ranelagh is very well wh King, & Governs Treasurer absolutely, & I think y' It is Essex his Interest to keep up the dispute and Animosity between Ranelagh & Ormond; for though Ormond be more a man of Honour, yet he is very Desirous to my knowledge to go into Essex his place, and did imploy Carlingford to Duke for y' purpose. So Henry wilbe here on Thursday in order to yo Settling a future Correspondence, in case Ld of Arlington leave his place, & to create a good understanding between Sec. Coventry & Esser. I finde y So Roly Southwell is very affectionate in the concerns of Esser. I would advise Essea to acknowledge it by ye next. My Lady Duchesse of Somerset is dead, but how she hath disposed of my Lady ye neece I can not yet learne. Lodderdale is expected either here or at Ham to-morrow night. I will endeavour to make him Esser his friend in regard y' Duke depends much on him. Lord Martial" is gonne to Brussels, and from thence to Rome, to sollicite a generall peace. France is Lowe, and Germany growes united against France, to yo great satisfaction of England.

CXLV.-LoRD CONWAY TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE Yo" Excel”, Though I have had the honor to receave yo' Excelei" most obliging Letter of the 11" past, yet I did not thinke to have given yo Excel" the trouble of my acknowledgement till my arrivall at London, wo" will not be yet these ten days; but having bin acquainted with some affaires wherein yo' Excel" is concerned, my inclinations to yo' service are to passionat to delay the presenting of my thoughts upon them to yo' Excel". I have seen the copy of yo' Excel" Letter to My Lord Arlington of the 17" of March, and my Lord Ranelagh's Answer to yo" objections, as also an Account, by way of Estimat of his Undertaking, presented to his Ma", and the copy of the King's Letter to yo Excel" bearing date 23rd April.

* Marischall.

I wish that those who importuned yo' Excelot to this Representation had consulted yo' Interest as much as their owne little advantages, For I thinke the Preservation of yo' Excelo in that Government is infinitly more to be valued among us for the good of that kingdome then the payment of the 12 months Arreares to the Army, wo" was the cheese matter complained of Yo Excelo may observe upon the King's Letter that you have gained very little ground in this matter. The Letter was drawn by Keeper," and written every word with his owne hand.

In my opinion there could not be a more ready way taken to loose all those Arreares then by this way of proceeding, for if my Lord Ranelagh be prest and complained of, he will certainly place, by way of Defalcation upon those Arreares, all the Payments wo" he hath made above his Contract, and all mony wo" hath been stopt from him by reason of the War. So that that wo" he would otherwise place upon the King's 80,000l., and other Particulars, because he thinks it for his Reputation to pay off the Arreares of the Army, he will cast it upon them if they prove uneasy to him. And if he brings the 80,000l. cleere to the King's Privy Purse, I assure yo' Excelot it will sway more then the consideration of those Arreares, or a much greater matter. I have heard that it was only this money payd to the privy purse which made King so unwilling to part from the Alliance of France.

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a Finch.

CXLVI.--THE EARL OF Essex To SIR HENRY CAPEL.”

DEARE BROTHER, Dublin Castle, May 24, '74. I have recd y” of y" 18th of Aprill, wo" gives me a full Acco of many things relating to my selfe. As for my owne particular, I confess I am not so ambitious of Employm', or so extremely delighted in it, that I could not at any Time woo much ease (& if it be more for his Majesties service) very cheerfully lay it downe. I am sure it is not my desire to continue in it to yo disadvantage of y" publick. I doe not at all wonder that every now & then there are discourses of my Removall, nor am I one whit startled at it, neither doe I in yo least believe, notwithstanding any Reports, it is intended, his Ma" having bin graciously pleased at my taking leave of him to assure me that, whenever he found it necessary for his service to recall me, I should hear of it from himselfe, or his Order, won I shall entirely depend upon, without regarding any blind discourses of y" Towne. I know very well that one in my station cannot but be envied by many, & yo design of getting themselves into yo place will encourage divers to doe me spightfull Offices. You instance yo apprehensions of my L' Ranelagh upon y” acco of a Lie I writt to yo Earle of Arlington, & I know that my Lo Kingston, Coll. Dillon, etc., who had procured Lies for Grants upon discoverys, & multitudes of others who were preparing to gaine Lies, cannot be without their ill will towards me, since their Agents doe informe them all that I am yo person who have given an Interruption to all their projects (of this business my L' of Arlington knows yo bottom). There is also another party wo". I am sure is inveterate towards me: they are such as for my owne part, upon y” principles I act, I glory to be in defyance woo them, & that is Coll. Talbot & Father Patricke. If these men doe only designe that those of their owne persuasion (for religion I am confid' they have none) should live at ease & quiet in this country & enjoy yo equall benefitt of y" Laws now established as others, I doe most heartily joyne woo them, & as I have hitherto bin, so shall ever bee carefull to doe impartiall justice to y Papists as to yo Protestants; but if their aime be to introduce those of their owne persuasion & nation into powr & cofiand, & to make them superior to yo English & Protestants here, I am not a man for their turne, & I care not if it be published to all y” world that I would, by all ways & means consistent w" my allegiance, oppose & obstruct them. These two men have from my first coming given me all ye disquiett they possibly could, by Lies & severall Emissarys animating all yo disconted people here ag' me, & fomenting all litle divisions & disorders whiny" Kingdome. How this is consistent w" yo duty of a good subject, I am yet to learne.

* The chief part of this letter is in cypher.

You see how many there are who take themselves to be engaged ag' me, & none of them I am sure upon any other grounds then for y" exact performance of my Trust, from wo no consideration whatever shall divert me; and tho' (as I have said already) I have not yo least imagination that it is intended by his Mao I should be recalled, yet all late Lies are so filld won it, & those dispersd to all parts of y" Kingdome, as yo noise of it is a reall disadvantage to his Majesties service. The people here are a rough kind of people, & very apt to contemne their superiors, so as unless they be governd w" a good strict hand there is no dealing w” them. I have I confess by this year's experience masterd my owne Temper, & am upon occasion now & then harsh enough to some of them, as I see cause, & I doe finde ye benefitt of it. I doe therefore conceive that, since It is so much grown yo Cofion Talke of my removall, it may not be amiss my Lord of Arlington did move y” King. He would please upon some opportunity to say something to discourage y” beliefe of it in ye world, for I doe assure you, if men here have those imaginations in their heads, they will in a great measure withdraw ye reverence & respect for me wo" is necessary to support his Majesties Authority here.

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This Lie you may, if you thinke fitt, cofiunicate it all to my Lord of Arlington.

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