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severall times told both myself and divers others (I believe I could recover it under his hand writing) that his Majoie had to him declared his resolution in this perticular, that though Hee would admitt the Romanists to Trade in Corporacions, yet hee never intended they should bee Magistrates there, all wo" is exactly conformable to M'. Secretary Nicholas Lie before-recited. I might take yo advantage of these expressions in these 2 Lies of y° 13 of Aug: 1661, and of y" 17" of Aug: 1670, w” have never yet bin contradicted, and wo out consulting w” any in England impose yo Rules woo an express clause for taking these oaths, but in all cases of moment or difficulty (where time will admit y” sending for it) it shall ever bee my rule to inquire his Maj" Pleasure, and my practise to conforme exactly to it. From my self I have only this to say woo I humbly offer to his Maj" consideration, that if his Maj" should by these rules dispence w" y” Oath of Supremacy all of ye Roman persuasion will immediately bee capacitated to bear Offices of Magistracy in all yo Corporacions of this Kingdome, and his Maj" engaged by these rules to make this Priviledge good to them, whereas on ye other side, though these Rules should require the taking of this oath, yet by connivance his Maj" may, (as in case of Justices of Peace hee doth) allow such as shall please him from time to time to dispense with from y” taking this Oath, and admit them by his special favor to enjoy this Priviledge. Besides, I doe really believe that if Romanists bee admitted to yo Magistracy in Corporacions, it will upon y” whole bee a hindrance to trade here; For I am confident 'tis not in jest that I hear from all hands that if this should once bee allowed many wealthy Trading Protestants would upon that score withdraw themselvs and their stocks. And upon this occasion give mee leave to tell y' Loo that I already begin to find how differently many matters have bin represented to mee when I was in England, from what I now upon y” Place perceive to bee ye Truth; "Tis my method to refuse y” speaking with no man, what ever I learn that is proper to bee communicated to your Loo you may be fully assurd shall won all candor and impartialite bee imparted to your LoP.

I humbly desire an Answer to this Affaire w” as much speed as conveniently you can, and that it may bee positive and clear; if his Maj" shall in his wisedome think fitt to consult his Privy Councell in this matter tis most agreeable to that wo" hath bin done by himself in y” like case as you see by one of y" Lo enclosed. And I thinke it may not bee unworthy in an affaire of this importance to send an express with the Aunswer, who for more certeynty may goe through Scotland by Port Patrick, for many times yo winds at this season of ye year continue for some weeks constantly in y” west, w" if it should now happen, wee cannot hear from England by y” ordinary Post. I am ye more earnest for an Aunswer in regard I must of necessity goe suddenly on wth yo dispatch of this business, that ye Advantages of y" Crowne by this Regulation bee not overslipt. The time by y Act expiring at Michaelmas next, and in case no Aunswer should come, I can doe no other than proceed according to yo significations of his Maj" Pleasure in these enclos'd Low" have as yet received no Countermand.

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The Councell here are almost all unanimous in this matter, and will I believe wo some warmth press yo imposinge y” Oath of Supremacy in all y Corporacions.

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* See Letters VI. and XV. Essex's refusal (August 20) and Orrery's letter of remonstrance (August 23) are both in the MS.

owne, and now planted in the Castle of Ballimartyn. I have absolutely refus'd this Licence, and since that I have rec" another L* from him upon the same subject, wo" tells mee hee has a Patent under y” Great Seale to fortifie Charleville (another house of his) w" Forts and Bullwarks, and to mount and use Great Guns on the said Fortifications. My Lord of Orrery, as y Lop knows, is a person with whom I have had a long acquaintance, and one to whom I shall allwaies bee ready to make expressions of civilitie and friendship, yet in a case of this nature I thinke it my duty to acquaint y' Loo with yo matter that I may receive his Maj" commands, for w” out his Maj" especiall Commission I will never, while I command here, suffer any private men to have possession of a regular fortified Place, furnished with Guns, and if my opinion bee asked upon this subject I thinke it may prove of more dangerous consequence to have it otherwise then at first sight it may seem, for if one noble man bee allowd a strong place, another great man may desire and cannot well bee denied y” like Priviledge, and if many noble men should have them four or five of these great men, combining, may give the King the same trouble as the Barons of England have in former times their Kings. All places of strength ought certainly to bee in the King's, and in no other hands, w” I shall keep entirely soe while I remain in this

Kingdome, unless his Maj" order the contrary.
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XI.—THE EARL of Essex To Lord CLIFForD."
[Stowe 499, fo. 28.]

MY LORD, Dublyn Castle, Aug. 31, 1672. Yo Lop may bee pleased to remember that near the time of my departure from London, upon y” closing of y" Establishm' for this Kingdome, five hundred Pounds a year were reservd with intention that, if I should find cause to move the King in behalf of this City of Dublyn, it should be restored to them agen. The unhappy differences wo" have bin among them, and were by his Maj" orders of Refference referd to my self and the Councell here, I find to bee one of y" uneasiest parts I have to compose at y” entrance of my Govern', and, let it be determind wo" way it will, must leave a very considerable part of this City much distracted. I have, therefore, thought it most conducing to his Maj" service to make a composure of y" matter, and having employed some persons to try what either Partie doe insist upon, wee have brought them so neer one another, as I am perswaded it may bee ended, to the satisfaction of both Parties, wo" being done I confess I should bee glad if I might bee instrumentall in procuring the restitution of y" five hundred pounds a year to this City, and to that end I desire y LoP will bee pleasd to mind his Maj" of it, and that I may have an Order to insert them into the Establishm', wo", if I shall see that by their compliance upon this occasion they doe meritt, I will put it in execution, but if not, I will suspend doeing any thing in it.

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* Lord High Treasurer. On the same day Essex writes to Arlington expressing the fear that he may be thought slow, but he is taking time to avoid mistakes. On Sept. 21 Clifford tells him that “there appears to us here another face on all the affaires of that kingdom since your L'ps arrival than there hath done for many

years before.”

[Vol. i. fo. 192.]

[Essex is to prepare, but not to issue, a proclamation for raising or abating foreign money as he thinks best. The king thinks that the new coining of farthings" in England, which are to be current in Ireland, will remedy the difficulty Essex mentioned in Letter VII. All licenses for taking money out of the kingdom have been revoked, the Duke of Ormond giving up his voluntarily. The despatch then proceeds.]

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As to yo matter of regulating Corporations, wee have considered of y" principall points represented by you to have beene drawne up & reported to yo Councell by yo Cofiittee appointed in that businesse, & are of opinion & accordingly Our Pleasure is, That as to that concerning yo Oath of Supremacy to be taken in all Corporations it bee fixed as a Generall rule, that noe person whatsoever bee admitted into any Place of Magistrature or Government in any Corporation within that Our Kingdome till hee shall have first taken yo Oath of Supremacy, except such as Our Lieutenant for yo time being, or other Chiefe Governor for yo time being shall think fitt for some particular reasons to dispense wo in that behalfe, & suitable to this Our Pleasure is, that you doe even forthwith & at yo same time that you shall execute this rule in y” generall towards Corporačáns make use of y" Power of dispensing in this particular of y" Oaths with such persons in any Corporations as you shall find qualified for that grace by their Loyalty, Sobriety, prudence, estate in trading, or other particular considerations." And as to y” encouragement to bee given to Forreigners to come & settle themselves in that Our Kingdome, wee think it of great advantage to Our said Kingdome, & accordingly Our Pleasure is, That you doe

* The Lucas-Farthings. See Parl. Hist. vol. iv. p. 474, 1671, Feb. 22. * The Declaration of Indulgence, which claimed the dispensing power, was issued on March 15, 1672.

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