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Arl. & Esser, & to make Esser jealous of Arl. & Will. Harbord, hoping, I mean Ranelagh, thereby to shelter and save himself; but I pray believe y' W. Harbord is & wilbe to yo last hour of his Life faithfull to you. I dare pawne my life for him.

CXXXVII.--THE EARL OF Essex TO THE EARL OF
ARLINGTON.

My LoRD, Dublin Castle, Aprill 9", '74. In y' LP of y" 31 of March you gave me a hint of my Ld. Ranelagh's having some knowledge of y" substance of my Life dated yo 17th of March (wherein I discoursed something concerning his LP Undertaking), & that even before yo Lie went out of my owne pockett. I have long had an apprehenöön that his LP hath practised y” opening of Lies (w", if you please but to aske my Lord of Ossory, he can tell you how dextrous he is in things of this kind). I formerly gave y' LP some intimacions of my Jealousies herein, by a Lie dated yo 28% of Jan., & sent by Cap Crofts. Here is one Dorilaus (syn, as I am informed, to Dr. Dorilaus, who, in yo Time of ye Troubles, was killed beyond ye seas). This man hath very good skill in opening & decyphering Lies. He hath bin observed to be often about yo Post Office, & if he be not employed by y' LP, or any other Secretary of State in England for Intelligence here, I have a great suspicion he is made use of by some others for that purpose, & very possibly by my Lord Ranelagh, for things of this nature are commonly carried so in yo darke, & under such disguises, as 'Tis not easy to discover ye Truth. I thought it not amiss to give y' LP notice of this, that you might guess wo" way Intelligences of this sort may come, & to doe it by a very safe hand, such as I know this Gentleman to be.

CAMD. SOC. 2 E . VOL. I.

CXXXVIII.—THE EARL OF Essex To WILLIAM HARBORD.

MR. HARBORD, Dublin Castle, Aprill 11”, '74.

Having lately bin a hunting journy in ye country, I found those parts where I was soe excellent for sport, as indeed I know none equall to them in England. I have now bin twice there, and doe perceive that by my giving countenance to those sort of recreations, it beginns to incline people to keep Horses more then formerly was accustomed. Upon this occasion there is a plate sett up at Kildare to be run for constantly every year, & I hear there is eight or nine Horses in keeping for that Match. Now, besides y particular pleasure that I take in hunting, I am apt to believe that such meetings & recreations are not without their use even to yo publick, it giving opportunitie for good company to meet together, & for yo Lieu' to be better acquainted w” severall persons & gentlemen of ye Country, wo" otherwise he would scarce know ; but above all it will most certinly encourage y” breed of good Horses, won may perhaps be as good an Improvem' to this Kingdome as anything that can be thought of; & if any man did but reflect how much y” Horses of England are mended since y King himselfe used to goe to Newmarkett, from what they were before, it may easily be guessed what impression such a sort of encouragem' here would make in ye like kind.

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Perhaps my owne inclinations to Field sports, of weh I have ever bin a Lover, may make me, in partialitie to my selfe, a litle more desirous of such an accommodation, & Truly (as I have already observed) I conceive even from these Entertainm" moderately used & well applied, y” publick may reap a considerable benefitt; besides, I would be glad to leave this Goverment to whomsoever shall succeed me, better supplied wo conveniencies then I found it, & I thinke it is both for his Majesties honour & service that whoever has so great a Trust should have yo encouragem" of living easily & woo pleasure, whilst he undertakes so much business.

Pray let me know how his Mao relisheth this & y other proposall of getting those Lands within yo Parke, for if these two can be compassd (& as I designd them without charge to his Majestie) I know nothing further I can have to offer for yo accomodation of this place.

CXXXIX.-WILLIAM HARBORD TO THE EARL OF ESSEX.

MAY IT PLEASE Yo" ExcELLENCY, 14 Apr: 1674.

Since my last of yo 7th instant, I have waited on his Mao at Newmarket, & there delivered to him yo Excellencies, wo" he read very distinctly before dinner, & after dinner was pleased to call me into his Closet, & there to hear me Read to him ye Copy of my Ld Shaftesbury's Letter to y Excellency, & y wo" you were pleased to write to me about yo present promotes of Deficiencies; where. upon he also read y Excello writt to him then upon y' subject, & did very much aprove of y' method, & resolved that a Letter should be immediately writt to y Excellency, wo directions to stopp all proceedings upon yo former letter to y Effect.

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Those I take to be yo Directions I then receaved from y' Excellency. As to y” first, I herew" send you a Letter to put a stop; & it's his Mao" pleasure y' you proceede wo ye account you are preparing to give him of all yo Lands well will come wo y” Crown stock, & y' woo yo very first opportunity you can, & y such Account may be brought over by some person you can trust, & he was pleased to think 3 monthes a reasonable time for y” protecting of it. His Mao did likewise give Directions y a Letter should be sent to y' Excellency for y' proceeding against Skiddy, &c., & seizing of their Estates for his Ma" use; but Mr. Secretary Coventry makes some scruple of sending such a Letter, saying y' yo forfeitures belong to Ld Ranelagh, & y' his Ma's may pardon the offendors, but y' their goods goe to his Lop. ; but I dare saye I have laid yt foundation wo his Mao y! If they be his nobody will give y” from him. I delivered also yo Excellencies to Duke, who read it, but gave me no manner of answer. He was in the Closett all the time, & I could perceive listen’d all he could at that distance, weh made me speake softly. At my returne last night I went to see Arlington, & found him very much displeased y' you should in so great an affaire, & wherein he had had so great a hand, proceede whout him; & realy, But y' y' Excellency had been pleased to give me y' Commands int, I was in great debate what to doe; but having foreseen the discontent this would give him, To take all, I asked his Mao won whome you should now correspond upon this matter, his Mao having been pleased to take yo seale from my Ld. Shaftesbury, & proposed y' it might be Arlington, wo" he readily consented to. My reason was that by y" means I might be necessitated to acquaint his Lop who what Directions y' Excellency had heretofore receaved upon that subject, y! so he might see y' you did not decline him, weh I found tooke hard woo him till I had esclarcy that matter, & then he was infinitely satisfyed both wo y' advice & arguments against ye Letters & yo manner of proceeding with him. I then also did understand y my Lord Kingstone, by yo help of his Friend Portsmouth, did endeavour to give a salvo for his pretensions, whereupon this morning I went to King & discoursed that whole affaire again won him, & he told me yo nothing should be done therein till y' whole laye before him, & y he, being prest y” last night by Cleaveland, he had given yo same answer, & bid her to be quiet till then, & Y" others should be so likewise; And I believe y' It hath already had that effect, for comming just now inn to dinner, I finde y' Kingstone hath been twice to hunt me out, & desires me to be wohin at 3 a-Clock; what .

his buissenesse is I know not.
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I did at Newmarket touch upon ye part of Esser his Letter about Anglesey having an underhand dealing in yo disorders N* Dublin, and found an easy matter of it; & had not Duke bin there I would have prest it. I am troubled to finde how great an influence Ranelagh hath on King, wo" makes me fear storms that way; but when the Parliam' meets, of which there is no danger, considering the present necessities, that walk will be easy, & Essex must take his measures accordingly. The Dutch Embassadors are not yet come, won hinders So William Temple's going over. Tomorrow my Lord Arlington goeth to Euston for 10 dayes.

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My Lord, Dublin Castle, Aprill 18*, '74.

Since my last here are severall other Companys arrived; in all we have come into this Kingdome 33 Companys." We finde ye men a litle disorderly, particularly Capt Eustace & Cap Creighton's Companys have bin in some mutiny, but I orderd two of their principalls ifiediately to be layd in ye Marshalsea in Irons, & since that they are all very quiet. I am pretty apt to thinke that y” slackness of dicipline used in England towards Soldiers makes these understand themselves not so well as they ought, & am also in some doubt whether all yo Officers have dealt fairly w” them, there

* The total number of companies sent over was 41. They were set free by the peace with the Dutch.

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