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CXXXIV-THE EARL or Essex to WILLIAM HARBord.

MR. HARBORD, Dublin Castle, March 31, ’74. The severall discourses that have bin in Towne of my removall from this Gover", tho’ I am confid there was no ground for them, yet I would be glad that before you leave London you doe engage my Lord of Arlington, or Secretary Coventry, or some other whom we may be sure of that should be watchfull, if at any time hereafter such an intention should be, that I may have timely notice thereof. This I thought fitt to let you know by a safe hand, & pray setle it with some person before you come away.

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I writt to you at large by y' last post, & gave you an Account of our affaires here. There came in a packet this weeke from Ireland dated 24° of ye last month, but I had none int, where off I desire yo Excellency to take advice, least, comming under Mr. Bridgman's care, I might misse y”, not by accident, & I am the more suspitious because of y" last Letter you writt to Arlington about Ranelagh, where off I supose Arlington will give Essex notice this night, and what directions King gave int. I feare y' y' Farmers doe think y'selves hard used by Lord Ranelagh, & y Essex is too greatly inclining to Ranelagh in their opinion. They have taken ye whole Farme upon y'selves, & D. William Sleare & one Muschiamp are their partners; but they endeavour to rout Sleare & Muschiamp, if possible. They are also in hopes to gain 5 yeares added to yo present terme, & offer for it upon yo same Covernents to paye 229,000l. & 20,000l. to y” privy purse yearly. Ye last is a strong motive in this age, & to advance 100,000l., repaying y"selves yearly 20,000l. for 5 years till yo same be repaid, I feare this will take, though certainly more might be gotten for it, ready money well placed being a great promoter of buissinesse here. Mr. Bridgman will send y' Excellency this night his Matie” Directions how to proceede against y” Arch. Bish. etc. King doth on all occasions expresse so great a value for Essea, y' he may have any thing donne y' he shall advise, so as it be delivered to King fairly; but I think, woout vanity, y' y' best way is to write what ever you have a minde to in a distinct clause by itself, & send it me to reade to King, & I doe almost engage y” any thing reasonable wilbe granted; but I cannot finde cleane hands, from some little interest or another, to put it into. The King went to Newmarket on Thursday last, & wilbe back next Saturday. My Lord Trear is better in health, but looks ill & unhealthy. I shal be glad to receive y' cofiands by y” first, y' so I may be moving from hence. Mutton is here at 8d. per pound; Beef, 4d. ; Corne for bread, 10 s” per Bushell, & all things to be eaten proportionable. The Dutch Ambass" are expected daily. We are in great streights for money, especially the Navy; & tisy" generall opinion y' ye parliament will hold, such are our necessities.

CXXXVI.--WILLIAM HARBORD TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY Y" PLEASE Y" ExCELLENCY, 7 Apr. '74. + + + + + To the end that no time may be lost for ye Dispatching y” Instructions, I am just going to Newmarket to deliver his Ma" Letters to him, & to discourse w” him upon those points wherein yo Excellency Desires his present Direction, & to me y” proposalls & advice seem so discreet y! I hope to finde successe, & I am the more encouraged to hope so by y' great readinesse I find in King to receave any account from me of y" manner of Government, & so frankly on every occasion to seeme quiet & satisfied w” y” trust he has reposed in you, though you can not but believe y' many persons are both ready & willing for divers ends & Designes to doe a man in so considerable a post as you are in all the Ill effects they can ; &, whout flattery, Esser is by all the best men here in great creditt, & wilbe so in despight of all men, so long as he promotes the Protestant Interest. I hope yo letter concerning y' proceedings upon the Adress, & sent away last Saturday, will come safe to y' hands, & not be unpleasing to you, & tis my humble opinion y' you

may make good use of it, not only in point of reputation to yo self,

but by y' prudent conduct in it, his Ma" affaires there may Receave great Benefitt, & y” Kingdome both a security to one & a satisfaction to yo other party.

I beggy' Excellencies pardon for this degression, &, in obedience to y' comands, shall reminde his Ma's of y" Letter writt to you by Shaftesbury by coffiand for King, & of y" contents thereoff, And endeavour to obstruct in the first place this Torrent, wo", in my poore opinion, Threatens disorders as well as the Disquieting of men's mindes & futures, but if that can not be then, I will get the Letters yo Excellency hath sent signed, & Returney" to you by yo first oportunity.

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I did yo last night discourse w” Arlington at supper wo him about these Murdering Letters. He Excuseth himself ritely as Keeper, but—Dulce est Lucrum, etc.; & I finde y' Ingredients moves ye great ones as well as y Little here. I will Imploy all yo Creditt & understanding I am Master of to Convert this affaire either to yo good of y" King and his affaires there preferable to all other considerations or to y' Reputation ; y' so no blame may lye at y' Excellencies Doors, for not having done y' part. I have advised wo Sir Hen. Capell and Sr Ch. Harbord, whome I dare saye may be benefited, & shall take my measures accordingly.

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I confesse ’tis a wonderfull thing to see that nothing y' is either good or great can be designed for yo publique, but some pattent either Illegale or Inconvenient stands in the way; though I confess I am convinced y' the coyning of Farthings & half pence, such I meane as y' Excellency would owne for countenance in Ireland, is not practicable, woout putting his Ma's to a great charge, & y' a 3" part & lesse of y" expense will bring great quantities out of England, such as will give you security & quiet, w" in this age is perhaps preferable to y' generosity woo Invites y Excellency to have y” coyned there for y' good of y" Kingdome during y' Government of it. At my coming over I will more particularly informe y' Excellency of this affaire, & I hope satisfye you yo no care nor paines have been wanting to observe y' Commands int. As for what relates to Kilmainham Mills, I hope by Lawe they wilbe his Ma". So Maurice insists much upon a pattent he hath thereof, and y confirmed by yo Act, but shows none, & sometimes 'tis in Ireland & sometimes here. Arlington used to tell me y' his Interest arose from Dutchess of Cleaveland, but I have often had of late an opportunity to speake woo Dutchess of Cleaveland, & finde that So Maurice is pursuing a buishiness there, but 'tis of another nature. And I am assured yt 'tis his money that gives him that favour he meets wo, but whether he give it to Arlington or Bridgman or both I know not, but believe both. I shall satisfye his May of his Right to those Mills by yo 2 Certificates your Excello hath sent.

+ + + + + I hope to see y' Excellency at y' Head of some very good &

publicke thing in that kingdome, though y' Designes for coyning of Farthings answer not y' Expectation, but his Mao Inclining to trust w" a Parleament there, won he hath often exprest to me, I hope y' creditt woo them will incline them to assist his Ma's wo money for y' building of some shipping for the Defence of their Navigation, upon the welfare whereoff depends yo value of all their Estates, and indeed their common security, and the fortifying their harbours, providing stores for their Defence & places proper to Lodge them Inn safely against all Events. Of those heads I have discoursed w” his Mao, who seems infinitely satisfyed w” you, & Resolves to put yo Conduct of a Parliament into y' Hands, saying y' you could govern it better than himself, & y yo tient laye y' way, and much more to this effect, whereoff at my comming over I will give y' Excellency a more particular account.

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Here hath been on Sunday last some disturbance among 2 Companies commanded by Lord Mount Alex' & Captain Swiftnan, yo famous Robber, but It seems he hath bought Mo Wicherley's Company in y” Duke of Bučks his Regiment. These 2 Companies coming from Winchester in their way to Chester were much dissatisfyed won their officers ill paying of y" & some ill usage about their last Expedition at Sea, fell into disorders, thereupon tooke ye Colours, & 85 of y" whole number came away to London to complaine, whereoff y" officers giving notice to y” Lord Craven, a party of y" Guard House were drawne out, & sent to meet y” at Brainford, commanded by Collingwood & Hewett. They mett y” there, inclosed y”, & taking away their Coulors & Armes inquired into the thing, seized on 5 of y" most guilty, brought y" away to y” Horse Guards, & sent y other 80 on their march w” their Armes. Ranelagh was there to vindicate himself last night y' he had paid the officers wo" he hath done to yo 7th of March; but Savage, Predecessor to Ld. Mount Alex' & Wicherley, have not been so just to yo Soldiers.

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I finde y' Ranelagh & Bridgman are laying a plott to divide

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