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be other then apprehensive of their failure, since I see so litle advances in yo discharge of their debt undertaking, now more then halfe their Time is spent, & probably (as hath already bin said) all most all yo solvent money of extraordinarys is by this Time collected. I know my Lord Ranelagh will object yo y Farm" are short in their Paym" to him, but having enquired into that matter I doe not perceive that of this Quarter there is above nine or ten thousand pds, or very neer there abouts, due to them, won tho’ I acknowledge this too great a summ for y' Farm" so long to deteine, yet yo Excuse of these Farm" is (w" we must all allow to be true), that ye weather hath of late bin so very bad as their Collect" could not travaile to gette y' money together; yet, however, they will not faile to answer yo whole within ten days' Time, & this they have engaged to doe, tho' they borrow ye money. All wo" when performed will not, I am confident, more then answer (nay, I wish it will answer) yo large bills drawn out of England upon yo Com" of y" Treary, so as I doe not see how their condition will be at all amended when these moneys are payd, nor they enabled to goe through wo y” great debt they have Undertaken. The Acct between y” Com” & Farm" to Midsuffer last is stated & passed in y” Excheq', & my Lo Chief Baron tells me (for I have not yet perused yo Acco it selfe) y' yo Farm" are found to have overpayd twelve hund pds Thus much I thought fitt to adde, because I fear there is none in England to represent y” case, & all may be taken for granted that my Lo Ranelagh shall assert. When M. Harbord went over, I instructed him y', in case my Li Ranelagh's Undertaking should be questioned in y” House of Cofions there, He should be ready to speake favourably of it, & to give my sense therein to this effect, That however this method of y" revenue might seem to be a diminution to yo powr of y" Lieu', & (to such who had conscience large enough to reap irregular advantages) a lessening to his profitt, yet I was fully of Opinion y' if these men went through wo their business, yo Undertaking would be much to yo King's service, both in regard it would clear him of a great debt & reduce yo receipt of y" publick mony into a good method for yo future. That these men were so dextrous & industrious in their way, as they would bring in many summs impossible to have bin collected, had this, as formerly, bin under ye charge of y" Lieu'. That I did not look upon their project to be so wild a Thing as many men imagined. That this War hath bin a great hindrance to them, & in case they should break, I could not but attribute yo hastning at least, if not ye reason, of this their failure, in a great measure to this misfortune. All wo", as I am told, Mo. Harbord hath performed there, not a litle to yo creditt & advantage of these Undertakers. This I did, both because I was unwilling for his Majesties sake y' this business should be too far looked into by yo House of Cofions, but chiefly in complyance to y” Coñands I redd from his Matie when I left England, that I should by no means be wanting on my part to countenance & support this Affaire, & as I have not failed in giving y” utmost of my assistance towards it hitherto, so neither can I answer it in duty to him I serve, if I should not truly acquaint his Matie w” y” apprehensions I have of

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Since I writt this Lie, I also find y” Farm” are in Arrear four thousand pits upon y Customs.


My LoRD, Dublin Castle, March 20", 73. The Unquiet Temper, wherein you have bin during y” last

Sessions of Parliam' in England, hath not wanted its influences

here, for in this Citty (wo seemed before reasonably well disposed CAMD. SOC. 2 B WOL. I.

& quiet under ye Rules that were established by my selfe & Councell) several of their factious & troublesome men, encouraged as I believe by yo forwardness of y" House of Cofions to harken unto any complaints, began to stir agen, & were making a party to represent their grievances (as they call them) to yo House of Cofions. The principall thing they then fixed upon in their litle Caballs" was ag' that Rule of admitting others as well as Protestants to a freedome of Trade here. This they thought would be a gratefull complaint to those to whom they intended their Adress, but after y' yo Parlm' was prorogued, having gain’d a good number to their party, they chang'd their course & designed yo making their application to his Matie. Soe far had these men prevailed among yo Citizens, y' divers petitions have bin exhibited to my Lo Mayor from severall of y" Corporacions, a Copy of one of them is here enclosed (in substance they being all yo same), by wo" you will see their intention was to apply to his Matie for vacating ye Rules. The whole number of y" Corporacions are twenty, of well five had petitioned, and a Cofiittee of y" Citty did meet on Tuesday last upon these Petitions, &, as I hear, many of them, in a most tumultuous manner, clamord out for a generall Assembly to be called on Fryday; afterward five more Corporacions came in & petitioned. Upon notice of this, I thought it was full Time for me to interpose, & truly I conceive Petitions from great numbers of men in any Goverm' are of dangerous consequence, & can only tend to yo disturbance of it. But especially as this case stands, I apprehended it more particularly my duty to shield his Matie from such complaints, for should they be permitted to exhibite the intended Petition, his Matie, if he denied their request, would take upon himselfe y" disobligačón, woo I think is much fitter, if it should raise any ill will, to have it rest upon me, his Minister, then himselfe, & if his Matie should graciously please to grant their Adress, He would then (y" Rules being, by y' express words of y" Act, made as good & effectuall, to all intents and purposes, as if yo same had bin specially & particularly established by authoritie of that present Parlim") by his owne powr vacate a Clause in this Law ; & how this would be resented & sound at yo meeting of y" Parlm' in England, Yo LP, who was an Eye Witness of y" Exceptions taken ag' yo Comittee of Inspection in y” late Sessions of Parlm', only upon suspicion that that Comiss" was intended to infringe this Act, can best judge. Besides, should these Rules come to a particular debate, that Clause of them of admitting as well others as Protestants into Corporacions would be discused, & then it would appear that ye word (Others) was inserted by his Matie's particular directions. All woo I fear would be an occasion of breeding no good bloud among y” people of England, so as Take it either way, whether his Matie granteth or refuseth their Adress, it could not, in my humble opinion, prove other then inconvenient to him; nay, perhaps 'twas so designed by y” Promoters of these petions. For these reasons, therefore, it seemed best to me to stay y” progress of this matter, at least in y” way it was now sett on foot. And to this end I this day sent for y' Lo Mayor, Aldermen, & Masters of yo severall Corporacions, & spake to them, as is express'd in the enclosed paper, wherein y' LP will finde I have not alltogether precluded them of all manner of application. I am very apt to believe y' some of these men have encouragem" out of England, & have more then probability to suspect y' my Lord Privy Seale" doth underhand animate them; a litle time will shew us what Temper they will be in, & in case they should persist in their former practices, ye persons who are y” principall movers, being not above three or four, I desire to know whether his Matie would be willing I should send them over into England to answer their faults at y” Councell board there, for I am confid', were they putt to y” charge of a journey & some attendance, & returned but w" a reprooff, they being poor men, it would quiett all for ever after. This I shall not doe without necessitie inforceth me, & in y”

* Essex had been uniformly indulgent to the Catholics. On Feb. 21 he wrote to Harbord stating that he had refused to disarm them.

* Anglesea.

mean Time I shall be glad of an intimation how his Majestie would like such a course, as also how he approves of what I have done hitherto. From Sligo I hear y Francis Bodkin is convict & condemned for Pyracy, y” evidence being very full & clear ago him; ye Com" are there proceeding ag' others of his Accomplices. That won I writt to y' LP in mine of y' 17", concerning my Lo Ranelagh's Undertaking, is not at all intended either to disparage it or bring any discreditt upon the undertakers, but only truly to represent ye case to his Matie as I finde it here. His LP residing at London, & being alwaies neer yo Court, hath y' opportunitie to urge y" slackness of paym" on y Farm" part, & to procure Lies to press them to a more speedy performance, all wo". I conceive doth not a litle further his Majesties business; but there being none except my selfe to observe his & his partner's failings, who indeed require some quickning, I have taken upon me in that Lie to make known their present state, wo my conjectures thereupon, y' his Matie being thus informed may give such Orders in relation to this Affair as his

Matie shall thinke fitt.

CXXIV.—SPEECH OF THE EARL OF Essex. To THE CITY COUNCIL of DUBLIN. March 20°, 1673. I hear y Petitions have bin lately proferr'd by some of y" Corporačóns of yo Citty to y Lo Mayor to have Liberty to petition ag' y' Rules wo" have bin established for regulating this Corporaćon. Copies of y" Petitions themselves have bin scattered up & downe in severall mens’ hands, & read at Coffee houses, by wo" means I came to be informed of them. 'Tis well known that these Rules were made by virtue & Powr given by Act of Parliam' to yo Lieu' & Councell, & that they are now by virtue of that Act of y" same force as an Act of Parliam'.

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