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ham's entire Reg', yo Lo Tirone's entire Reg', 5 companyes of y” L" Witherington's Reg', & one Loos Company, wo" will make up y° 70 Companyes of y" Irish Establish with ye 33 now ther. Ye Kinge Assured me they should be hastened to yo' Ex". I had almost for-gott to tell yo' Ex” y' severall leading men of our howse desyred often I might give an accounte of y" state of Ireland, &c. But I desyred it might be rather refered to a Comtee, wher it might be more fittly concider'd & digested. The Ratification of y" Peace was not com to his Maj" this morninge at Aleaven of y" clock, but He hourely Expected it, & he told me when S. G. Silviers landed in Holland with yo newse of ye Peace ther was neaver such joy Exprest; Bon fires & beinge Drunke were but two of ye lest signes of it. I have Ground to beleeve, as soone as the Ratification of y" Peace coms, His Majo will set a day for yo endinge of this Sessions, y' we may make into bills what hitherto we have discoursed of & debated. The Lds are this day also on y” affaires of Ireland. My Lo Shaftsbury did me y” honour y” other day to give me a visit, & amonge other discourses he assured me he was convinced he had bin misinformed in many things touchinge Ireland, but y' now

he was of my opinion.
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CXX.—LORD CoNWAY TO THE EARL OF ESSEX.

MAY IT PLEASE Yo" ExcEL", London, Febr. 24, 1673. I need not use many words in acquainting Yo Excel” with the surprise won all men have had at the Prorogation of the Parliam' this morning to the 10th of Novemb' next. I shall only say, that all o' great men have taken occasion to professe publickly they knew nothing of it. I never saw such a consternation as was among the members of both Houses; every man amased and reproching one another that they had sat so long upon Eggs and could hatch nothing. I have now obeyed Yo' Excel" cofiands in my continuance heere during the Session of Parliam', and in giving Yo' Excelo the best account I could of their transactions, but I have many reasons to believe they were not serviceable to you, my abilityes to performe this being much lesse then my affections. The season of the yeare drawing on, I thinke to goe shortly into Warwicksh" to drink Birchwater, and from thence Yoo Excel" may dispose of me where you please. For it is my ambition and desire to be serviceable to you; but if I cannot be so happy as to attaine it, I shall then only look after my owne little affaires. 'Tis true that now there will be a new Game play'd at Court, and the designes and Interests of all men will be different from what they were, and of this I beleeve in a few days I shall be able to give Yo Excelot some information, for in all things to the utmost of my power I shall endeavour to give Yo' Excel" assurance of my being, &c.

CXXI-LORD CONWAY TO THE EARL of Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE Yo" ExcEL", London, Febr. 28, 1673. My last of the 24" gave yo' Excelo an account of the Prorogation of the Parliam'. We were all surprised and in a hurry, so that I could not finde out the bottome of that affaire, and now, although I beleeve I know as much of it as most men, yet I dare not cofiit it to Paper, but when I have the honor to wait upon Yoo Excelce I shall acquaint you with it. The Ratification of the Peace arrived heere last night; it is already Proclaimed in Holland, and this morning his Maio Suñond a Councell in order to the Proclaming it heere.

Since the Prorogation, his Mao hath receaved at least ten Letters in a disguised hand and without any name, giving him information that there were attempts designed upon his Person, and advising him to be carefull of himselfe, and particularly on the 27 Febr., w" I thanke God is past without any danger to him. The whole businesse is thought to be a trick, and it is above me to know what to say to it.

The Court seemes to have no other Interest but in contracting of expenses. They will discountenance Papists, make the late violent men Sheriffs, and call a new Parliamt. when King hath not immediate want. King says, He had rather be a poore King then no King. Presbyterians will be most prevalent in the meat Parliam'. It is also designed, before they meet, to have a Treaty of Marriage on foot between Prince of Orange and Duke of York's daughter."

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CXXII.--THE EARL OF Essex To THE EARL of ARLINGTON.

MY LORD, Dublin Castle, March 17, 73. I doe acknowledge y' receipt of two of y' LP of ye 2 & 3" of March. That of y" latter date, among other things, recoffends to me one M. Morrice, for yo paym of 300" to him. Yo LP fully understands y' y' King's revenue is now out of his Majesties hands," & there is nothing here but yo Concordation Moneys in ye Lieu" dispose, wo" are so very narrow as I cannot w" them answer even yo necessary charges of ye Goverm'. The King's Houses ought to be repair'd, but I found them in such ruine, as even this Castle it selfe would require more to putt it into reasonable Ordo then y” clear Income of them (y" constant yearly paym" of these Concordations being deducted) would for some years amount to ; besides, I hope yr LP will be pleased to consider y', if at any Time I exceed ye summe allotted upon this fund, I am by y' Rules of ye Establishment to repay it out of my owne purse, so as in Truth I doe not know what course to take for this Gentleman's satisfaction. By y” last Packett I desired M. Harbord to acquaint y' LP y' I began very much to apprehend a failure in my Lord Ranelagh & his Partners, y” symptomes whereof doe still encrease, for I find them very backward & shufling in all their Paym", & indeed I can scarce walke through yo Gallery here but I meet won some or other attending to complaine of them. The Army are not yet answer'd their last Quarter's pay; So Thomas Chicheley's three thousand pds, one thousand of wo", by his Majestie's Lie of ye 14th of July last, ought to have bin pay’d out of y" Quarters Rent at Midsufier, another thousand out of y" Quart” Rent at Michalm", & y other thousand out of y" Quarter's Rent at Christmass, is by them disputed, alleaging that by their Contract they are not lyable to make paym" of any of this money till yo expiration of their Terme. There are also divers other paym", wo". I could instance, wherein they have not yielded such complyance as I conceive they ought; but that wo" troubles me most is to see them come so heavily off in discharging yo Twelvemonths Arrear due to yo Army, yo paym of wo" ought to have begun at Christmass last was twelvemonth, & from that Time forward to have clear'd at Every Quarter one month of these Arrears. I have favoured them so far as to respit it till this last Christmass (at wo" Time four months were payable), upon promise then or about that Time they would pay two months downe, & about Feb. or March two months more, but unless it be to eight Troops of Horse or thereabout, to whom they have given Assignm" to receive y" money in y' country, none of this is answered. The Army, for ought I can find, are obedient enough to my commands, but I fear there is a great share of discontent among them for want of their growing pay, & a despair of their Arrears; petition they dare not (nor indeed in a matter of this nature is it fitt they should), well remembring in what manner many of yo Officers were dealt w" for representing their case in my Lo Berkeley’s Time, & therefore I esteem it a duty so much yo more incumbent upon me early to explain this their condition to his Majestie, who only can redress it. Of all ye parts I have to serve his Matie in yo Employm" where I am, I know not any of more difficultie then this how to behave my selfe towards my L" Ranelagh & his Partn". For on yo one hand, if I too hastily represent their Undertaking as breaking, I shall, should they happen to continue, both raise great enemies to my selfe & also incurr much discreditt by being found in yo wrong. Agen, if I be too late in giving notice of their failure, It may be much to his Maties disservice, & my selfe may be exposed to censure, for want of circumspection in his Majesties Affairs. Whereas, indeed, 'Tis impossible for any man to have a true prospect of what will become of their Undertaking. And yo reason is this: They are accountable to none for their Receipts, & much of y" money being collected by Officers of their owne & putt out of y" course of y" Excheq', none can devine what summs they have in their hands. The best conjecture then that can be given of their abilities to performe must be collected by being watchfull how they keep touch in their Paym", wherein observing at this time a more then ordinary faltering, I think I can doe no less then comunicate it to y LP, that so his Matie may know my apprehensions of yo maine. To won this also may further be added, y' now above three years of y" five of their Undertaking are expired, & 'Tis probable y' most of y" solvent Arrears are already gather'd, wo" Arrears were intended to answer y Debts, & I doe not finde that any considerable part of these debts are yet clear'd. How is it possible then for any reasoning man to

* On March 3, Ormond wrote that the prorogation was not known, nor who counselled it. On the 7th Aungier reported that Buckingham received 6000l. for his place as gentleman of the bedchamber, 4000l. for the mastership of the horse out of the Irish establishment, and 1500l. a-year for life. On the 10th William Temple wrote that “The Duke is fixt and has great power.” On March 20th Conway is appointed Lieut.-Gen. of Horse in Ireland. On the 21st Orrery warns Essex against believing the reports of a dissolution, and on the 25th Harbord reports Danby's intention of managing without a Parliament.

* Since it was farmed by Ranelagh.

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