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Lords & my Lady are to enter into bonds each of 10000", & a Cofiittee of Bpp" appointed to draw up yo condition wo all yo caution & stricktnesse imaginable. I had all most forgott to tell yo Ex's That ye Howse will once more Addresse to His Ma" for y” sending back yo Irish Forces into Irid. My Ld. Arlington's Cofiittee have often mett, but have not made one stepp towards an Impeachm', for wo" in ye end they will not find yo least matter y' can be proved.

On Wenesday next the Cofi" of Greevances sitt againe, by wo" severall are all ready allarumed.

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I see no appearance that Parlin,’ will give money, and feare of Duke makes them every day fetter y Crowne, so that I think they will be soone prorogued, and Osborne will make it his business to keep King within the compass of his revenue, but if Scotland resent the keeping in of Lodderdale, and that the Parliam' takes no notice of it, that it may be so, it will breake the measures of our Court.

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CXVII.-LoRD CONWAY To THE EARL OF ESSEX.

MAY IT PLEASE Y” ExCEL*, London, February 17, 1673. I should willingly have omitted troubling yo' Excel" this post, because to-morrow is appointed in both Howses for Irish affaires, with this distinction only, that the Howse of Cofions goe upon Irish Grievances, and the Lords upon those heads that may be fit to advise the King for security of the Kingdome, and of the Protestant Religion in it. And though it might be more materiall to let yo' Excel" know what had been donne in these things, yet I was loath to neglect my duty so long, and the rather because I believe that when Peace is ratified with Holland," Parliams will be prorogued, and some months after dissolved by Proclamation. One blow Court party in House of Comons is afraid of, that Holland will insiste upon it to have the Peace ratified by Parliam'. The King of France hath written the most complementall Letter to the King that ever was seene, lamenting the necessity wo" made him forsake his allyance, and assuring him that he retained the greatest confidence in his friendship, and was certaine that nothing but the difficulty of his affaires at home could have made him with draw from that entire union, wo" he would still preserve. But our Ambassado, Sr Will" Lockart, writes, he never saw such a consternation as was in the French Court upon the news of o' Peace with the Dutch, and that if he may judge of men by their lookes, they threaten us with the highest revenge. My Lord Tresurer hath given yo' Excelo another opportunity of writing more fully yo' judgement concerning the M' of the ordnance in Ireland, won he did by desiring Mo Harbord to write to yo' Excel", so as that you may have no occasion to name or take notice of So Tho. Chichely or me in it, and I suppose he will write to yo' Excel" this post. Great dissention there is betweene Treasurer and Sir Robt. Howard,” too long to trouble yo' Excel” with the Particulars. Keeper is so much concerned for Trear. and the unworthy dealing of Sir Rob Howard, that he told me last night he should never rest in quiet till he had gott Sir R. Howard turned out of all. I was hindred from writing to yor Excel” last post by attending upon Mo Harbord at my Lord Tresurer's, where all yo' affaires had a very good despatch, and I shall always neglect every thing in the world when there is any concerne of yo' Excel" where by I may shew my selfe, &c.

* Charles had been compelled to make a separate peace with the Dutch, which was signed at London, Feb. 19, 1674.

CXVIII.-LoRD HERBERT TO THE EARL OF ESSEx.

MY LORD, London, Feb. 21, 1673. There have bene & are very serious Considerations had about Irland, how to make y' a peaceable Kingdome, & to make out y'all disturbances there must arise from yo native Irish, & not from those creatures they would have Fanatickes, y' is, all ye English y' fought under Cromwell. Now y” Court begins to beleve as y Parliament, y y” first are onely dangerous, & other very usefull against y” Coñon Enemy as long as they have possessions of lands. The King, in order to quiet yo minds of his English subjects here & there, has designed 36 Companies of foote & 4 Troopes of dragoons to march ifiediately from hence into Irland to fill up y' Establishment, won I conceive will be joyfull newse to your Ex", & when they come over, wo" will be as soone as they can be paid here & have good weather for to passey" Sea, I suppose they will be joyfully received by yo English in Irland. I beseech your Ex" to consider ye County of Kerry, from whence I have noe account of my concernes, because 'tis so yo Tories are soe numerous y' they hinder all cofierce twixt ye County of Corke & y place. I understand from my L’ Orrery y' hee purposes to move y' 2 or 3 companies of foot & one Troop of horse or dragoones should be quartered in y' county for yo safety of it, & y' Rosse Castle ought to be garrison'd, being y” onely Teneble place in yo county & fittest for a few to guard a good Magazine. Your Exelency knowes I moved this to you my selfe ere I left Irland, & withall to desire your care for Sir Valentine Browne, whose house it is, y' hee may have a good rent for it; wo" Garrison & force in y' country with ye country Militia, w" is forthwith to be array'd & put in order, will be sufficient for a good Governor to undertake yo safety of y' quarter. If your Excelency will give mee y” encouragement of a Troop of horse & some proper Stipend for yo Governour, as it has bene in former times, as I am informed by ye Carewes who have governed there, I should take it for an honorable imploy & a convenience to doe my selfe some good. If your Excelency purpose any such thing, I pray signify your pleasure in one word to my cosen Badurda, who will conveigh it to mee. I begge your Excelency's pardon for this boldnesse, but as I was sufficiently ashamed to be soe often in Irland without cofiand, soe would it be more shame to now that I know Irland suites best with my occasions. Wee are very vigerous in asserting our Religion, & find little assistance from those we might most justly expect it from (y" Lawne Sleeves); but all these things you heare from better hands, soe y! I begge your Excelency's pardon for taking up your time with such rudnesse.

a He had been a leading member of the opposition in the early days of the Parliament, but had now “ratted " to the Court.

CXIX—THE EARL of ORRERY TO THE EARL of Essex."

MY LORD, Warwick Howse, y' 21" of Feb. 1673. Yesterday the Howse of Com" was Resolved into a Com" of ye whole Howse to consider Ireland. After som Discourses at large, * This letter fills a gap in the Parliamentary history. CAMD. SOC. 2 A VOL. I.

my L'Abricon" charged my Lo Ranelagh by name for haveinge Put y' L' Augier out of his office, for haveinge Ingrost yo whole Revenue, & for som mismannedgments in it, &c, I stood up & moved, y' what had bin confusedly deliver'd might be Reduced into Forme, & y a Com” might be Apointed to search y' business to yo bottom; That if my Lo Ranelagh were unjustly accused, he might have Reparation, if justly, to be punished accordinge to law. The whole business of y" Revenue of Ireland was at last Referd to a Com”, but was my Lo Rane" soe much as named in yo Reference. Only my L' Augier said he could not give a Relation how he was outed of his Patent, without his Maj" leave, whhe would humbly beg, & then he would declare it. My Lo Ranelagh has begd of y" Kinge to giue him leave, & y Kinge him selfe told me this morninge he had given him leave, Addinge, that y' L' Augier had better have left that business alone. M'. Speaker, in a long & Ex' discourse, did open ye business for Thorrby, y' it was much damped in ye howse. When ye howse Rose, my L' Abrican came to me & ingeniously acknowledged to me, that my L' Augier yo night before came to him, & to my Lo Candish,” & desyred them both to call him up to That Point, & he would Tell severall things of Importance, but when it came to yo Push, he flinched; at wohy" L'Abrican gave him aprobrious names ; but this is only for yo" Lop, That you may y” better know how this little affare was mannedged. After this Thinge was over, we had many Debates concerninge Ireland. The Result of all (about Two a Clock) was thes 2 votes Inclosed. The howse divided on thes words in yo last vote, viz. [with their opinions to y” howse how yo same may be best served], but it was carryed in y” affirmative, And Munday, y” 23" Instant is appointed for ye Com" to sit. I had this morninge ye honour to be alone with his Maj's neere an houre. Your Ex" will now have hastened over to me 34 foot Companys & 4 Troops of Prince Rupert's Dragoons, my Lo Bucking

* Abercorne. * Cavendish.

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