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Lordo & my Lady are to enter into bonds each of 1000014, & a Coñittee of Bpps appointed to draw up ye condition wth all ye caution & stricktnesse imaginable. I had all most forgott to tell yoʻ Excy That ye Howse will once more Addresse to His Matie for ye sending back ye Irish Forces into Irłd. My Ld. Arlington's Coñittee have often mett, but have not made one stepp towards an Impeachmt, for wch in ye end they will not find ye least matter yt can be proved.

On Wenesday next the Comtee of Greevances sitt againe, by wch severall are all ready allarumed.

CXVI.-LORD CONWAY TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE YOR EXCELCE,

London, Febr. 10, 1673.

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I, see no appearance that Parlime will give money, and feare of Duke makes them every day fetter y Crowne, so that I think they will be soone prorogụed, and Osborne will make it his business to keep King within the compass of his revenue, but if Scotland resent the keeping in of Lodderdale, and that the Parliam' takes no notice of it, that it may be so, it will breake the measures of our Court.

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CXVII.-LORD CONWAY TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE YOR EXCELCE,

London, February 17, 1671. I should willingly have omitted troubling yor Excelce this post, because to-morrow is appointed in both Howses for Irish affaires, with this distinction only, that the Howse of Coñons goe upon Irish Grievances, and the Lords upon those heads that may be fit to advise the King for security of the Kingdome, and of the Protestant Religion in it. And though it might be more materiall to let yo” Excelce know what had been donne in these things, yet I was loath to neglect my duty so long, and the rather because I believe that when Peace is ratified with Holland,Parliame will be prorogued, and some months after dissolved by Proclamation. One blow Court party in House of Comons is afraid of, that Holland will insiste upon it to have the Peace ratified by Parliam'.

The King of France hath written the most complementall Letter to the King that ever was seene, lamenting the necessity wch made him forsake his allyance, and assuring him that he retained the greatest confidence in his friendship, and was certaine that nothing but the difficulty of his affaires at home could have made him with draw from that entire union, wch he would still preserve. But our Ambassad", Sr Willm Lockart, writes, he never saw such a consternation as was in the French Court upon the news of of Peace with the Dutch, and that if he may judge of men by their lookes, they threaten us with the highest revenge. My Lord Tresurer hath given yor Excelce another opportunity of writing more fully yor judgement concerning the Mr of the ordnance in Ireland, wch he did by desiring Mr Harbord to write to yoʻ Excelce, so as that you may have no occasion to name or take notice of Sr Tho. Chichely or me in it, and I suppose he will write to yor Excelce this post. Great

a Charles had been compelled to make a separate peace with the Dutch, which was signed at London, Feb. 19, 1674.

dissention there is betweene Treasurer and Sir Robt. Howard, too long to trouble yor Excelce with the Particulars. Keeper is so much concerned for Trear, and the unworthy dealing of Sir Rob Howard, that he told me last night he should never rest in quiet till he had gott Sir R. Howard turned out of all. I was hindred from writing to yor Excelce last post by attending upon Mr Harbord at my Lord Tresurer’s, where all yor affaires had a very good despatch, and I shall always neglect every thing in the world when there is any concerne of yor Excelcies where by I may shew my selfe, &c.

CXVIII.-LORD HERBERT TO THE EARL OF Essex. MY LORD,

London, Feb. 21, 1671. There have bene & are very serious Considerations had about Irland, how to make yt a peaceable Kingdome, & to make out y all disturbances there must arise from ye native Irish, & not from those creatures they would have Fanatickes, yt is, all ye English yt fought under Cromwell. Now ye Court begins to beleve as ye Parliament, yt ye first are onely dangerous, & other very usefull against y® Coñon Enemy as long as they have possessions of lands. The Kiny, in order to quiet ye minds of his English subjects here & there, has designed 36 Companies of foote & 4 Troopes of dragoons to march iñediately from hence into Irland to fill up y Establish ment, wch I conceive will be joyfull newse to your Exley, & when they come over, wch will be as soone as they can be paid here & have good weather for to passe yo Sea, I suppose they will be joyfully received by ye English in Irland. I beseech your Exley to consider ye County of Kerry, from whence I have noe account of my concernes, because 'tis sd yo Tories are soe numerous yt they

* He had been a leading member of the opposition in the early days of the Parliament, but had now “ratted” to the Court.

hinder all coñerce twixt ye County of Corke & yt place. I understand from

my La Orrery yt hee purposes to move yt 2 or 3 companies of foot & one Troop of horse or dragoones should be quartered in yt county for ye safety of it, & yt Rosse Castle ought to be garrison'd, being ye onely Teneble place in ye county & fittest for a few to guard a good Magazine. Your Exelency knowes I moved this to you my selfe ere I left Irland, & withall to desire your care for Sir Valentine Browne, whose house it is, yt hee may have a good rent for it; wch Garrison & force in yt country with ye country Militia, wch is forthwith to be array'd & put in order, will be sufficient for a good Governor to undertake ye safety of yt quarter. If your Excelency will give mee ye encouragement of a Troop of horse & some proper Stipend for ye Governour, as it has bene in former times, as I am informed by ye Carewes who have governed there, I should take it for an honorable imploy & a convenience to doe my selfe some good. If your Excelency purpose any such thing, I pray signify your pleasure in one word to my cosen Badurda, who will conveigh it to mee. I begge your Excelency's pardon for this boldnesse, but as I was sufficiently ashamed to be soe often in Irland without coñand, soe would it be more shame to now that I know Irland suites best with my occasions. Wee are very vigerous in asserting our Religion, & find little assistance from those we might most justly expect it from (ye Lawne Sleeves); but all these things you heare from better hands, soe yt I begge your Excelency's pardon for taking up your time with such rudnesse.

CXIX.—THE EARL OF ORRERY TO THE EARL OF Essex.*

MY LORD,

Warwick Howse, ye 21st of Feb. 1673. Yesterday the Howse of Com was Resolved into a Comtee of

ye whole Howse to consider Ireland. After som Discourses at large,

* This letter fills a gap in the Parliamentary history. CAMD. SOC.

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VOL. I.

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Only my

my La Abricon charged my La Ranelagh by name for haveinge Put y® La Augier out of his office, for haveinge Ingrost ye whole Revenue, & for som mismannedgments in it, &c, I stood up & moved, yt what had bin confusedly deliver'd might be Reduced into Forme, & yt a Comtee might be Apointed to search yt business to ye bottom; That if my La Ranelagh were unjustly accused, he might have Reparation, if justly, to be punished accordinge to law. The whole business of ye Revenue of Ireland was at last Referd to a Comtee, but was my La Ranel soe much as named in ye Reference.

Lo Augier said he could not give a Relation how he was outed of his Patent, without his Majt's leave, wb he would humbly beg, & then he would declare it. My L. Ranelagh has begd of ye Kinge to giue him leave, & ye Kinge him selfe told me this morninge he had given him leave, Addinge, that ye La Augier had better have left that business alone. Mr. Speaker, in a long & Ext discourse, did open ye business for Thorrby, yt it was much damped in ye howse. When ye howse Rose, my L. Abrican came to me & ingeniously acknowledged to me, that my La Augier ye night before came to him, & to my La Candish,' & desyred them both to call him up to That Point, & he would Tell severall things of Importance, but when it came to ye Push, he flinched; at wch ye L4 Abrican gave him aprobrious names ; but this is only for yo' Lop, That you may ye better know how this little affare was mannedged. After this Thinge was over, we had many Debates concerninge Ireland. The Result of all (about Two a Clock) was thes 2 votes Inclosed. The howse divided on thes words in ye last vote, viz. (with their opinions to ye howse how ye same may be best served], but it was carryed in ye affirmative, And Munday, ye 23d Instant is appointed for ye Comtee to sit.

I had this morninge ye honour to be alone with his Majty neere an houre. Your Exce will now have hastened over to me 34 foot Companys & 4 Troops of Prince Rupert's Dragoons, my La Bucking

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