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CXI.—THE EARL of Essex To THE EARL OF ARLINGTON.

MY LORD, Dublin Castle, Jan 28, 7}.

Captain Crofts being just going off, yo news arrived of those transactions won were in ye House of Cofions relating to y LoP, I could not let slip this opportunitie of telling y LoP how much I rejoice at y” good success you have there had, & I confess my satisfaction in it is much encreased by what I heare, that some of my neerest friends & relations have had an eminent share in doeing you right upon this occasion. The Times are so nice & difficult that I durs’t scarce write such expressions as these by yo ordinary Post, being very confident that some foul play hath bin used, even in yo opening of y" LP” Lies & mine, won passed betwixt us, & therefore, if there be less of complement in what by yo ordinary way I write to y' Loo then is usuall, I hope you will not from it judge my affection to yo service, but w" all assurance believe & rely upon me to be ever, &c.

CXII.-Lord AUNGIER TO THE EARL OF Essex.

MAY IT PLEASE YO" Ex", Lond., Jan. 31, 1673. Since my last there has not been anything of greate moment transacted in yo Howse of Com", only this day they have voted that the addresse for removeing y” Duke of Lawderdale from all his Employm" & from His Ma" Councills & presence for ever as a person obnoxious & dangerous to ye Govem', should be forthwo made to his Ma” in order to wo" ye members of ye Privy Councill are directed to acquaint His Maio with it, & to knowe what time His Mao will appoint for ye Speaker wo y” whole Howse to attend him why” sayd addresse. Iñediately after this the addresse concerning His Grace of Bucks CAMD. SOC. Z WOL. I.

was proposed, won begott a debate whether we should not in his case desire the concurrence of ye Lords in reguard he is a Peere, & y day being farre spent, yo further debate of it was putt of till Thursday next. This morning the Lords alsoe spent upon His Grace's affaire wo my Lady Shrewsburye, in wo. His Grace at first made an ingenuous confession, & beg'd pardon of y" Howse, And out of his great generositye & kindnesse to y' noble family desired that all mention of y' affaire should be taken of y" file and razed out of y" Records, wo" request of his Grace's being not complyed wo", He then retracted his confession, because he has owned more then y” Petitions ag' him could prove, wo" begott a debate whether the Howse should accept of his submission or reteine y' cause any longer, wo" spunn out their time till two of yo clocke, at won time they adjourned the further debate of it till Tuesday next. This day, upon a discourse accidentally started concerning a cofion Fame that severall Members had receaved Money and Pensions, and y' it was reported a Member should say he hoped to make this Sessions worth him 5000", The Howse have appoynted a cofiittee to examine this matter, and to prepare some test for yo members to take & vindicate themselves from this scandalous imputation. In the Lords House the preservation of y" French allyance was a considerable parte of y" debate concerning yo addresse to be made to His Ma" about a peace wo ye States Genft. But it was overruled there as well as in yo Howse of Cofions, And I suppose on Tuesday both Howses will agree on yo manner of their Addresse, there haveing beene allready interchangeable messages sent to one another. The newes from Holland is that yo Prince of Orange & his posterity are declared State Holders for ever.

CXIII.--THE EARL of Essex To LORD RANELAGH.

My LoRD, Dublin Castle, Feb. 5, 1673.

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From severall hands I hear that y' Loo hath thought fit to lay y" blame of yo nonpaym' of some moneys due to yo Office of y” Ordnance in England upon me, by telling his Malie that yo money was ready, but my Ord" upon his Mao Lies were wanting to authorise you & y partners to make paym' thereof, whereas I doe assure y Lop these Lies were never delivered. That only wo" related to yo Arms & Amunition sent in my Time, indeed, I once saw, but it was not left won me, & for yo other weh concern'd ye 3000" to be payd in part for Arms sent in my Lord Robart's Time, it never came to my hands, nor I believe had it now, but that upon notice out of England I made strict enquiry after it, and found it among yo Partners here.

I cannot but tell y LoP upon this occasion that I doe abominate all Artifices of this kind," & have just reason to take it very ill at y" hands, that you should endeavour to lay y owne faults upon me, & make any representations, as if I were negligent of my duty in a matter wherein yo blame is wholly y' owne. If you have any imagination that Practices of this sort will pass upon me, you will finde yo selfe mistaken in yo man, for as I have ever used plain & clear dealing woo all, so where I finde other then ye like, I am not, nor ever shall be, scrupulous of telling them their owne, whoever they are, that endeavor to circumvent me by their subleties. Nevertheless how disobliging soever these y' proceedings have bin, I doe & shall look upon y undertaking to be a branch of y" King's business committed to my charge, & as such shall not faile to give it all due and just encouragement, It being my Principle never to suffer his Mao affairs to be prejudiced upon any Acco of my OWne.

* On February 17, Ranelagh wrote to Essex utterly denying the charge contained in this letter.

CXIV.—THE EARL OF Essex TO WILLIAM HARBORD.

M” HARBORD, Dublin Castle, Feb. 14th, '73. All men here have great hopes that a bill will pass in England this Sessions to take off that restraint, wo" for some years hath bin upon y' importation of Catle;" wo" bill, if it should pass, would in some measure prejudice y” proffitts of my place here, for when Catle went free into England I cannot learn that any more then 1500", or at most 2000" a year, was ever made for wooll dutys to yo chief Govern' ; but since this prohibition of Catle that income hath advanced to 4000" p Añn; & ye reasons of this Improvem' are evident, for while y” exportation of Catle from hence into England was free, great numbers of Sheep were sent over, wo payd no duty for y” wooll upon their backs. This in so many thousands, as were carryed, amounted to a reasonable summe; but yo great Improvin' arose from this cause, that y” importacón of Catle being prohibited, men changed their methods of Husbandry, from their breeding of great Catle into breeding of Sheep, & this they did because they carryed yo Wooll out, & made money of it in England. Tis also well known how infinitely ye breed of Sheep hath encreased since this prohibition, all wo", if y" former Libertie of carrying Catle be allowed, will soon fall agen to its old rate. I am not willing that a particular concerne of mine should any way hinder a publick good to this Kingdome, & therefore I would not by any means upon such an Acco as this obstruct yo bill ; yet however, in case it should pass, I conceive it may not be amiss for you to represent to his Mao y damage it would be to me. My L" Duke of Ormond had 3000" a year constant pay upon ye Establishm' more then ye present Governo. This was first taken off when my Lord Robarts came. I am very fully satisfied, & that by experience, that yo revenue belonging to this Place, as now it is, may wo good management maintaine y Lieu' in that splendor as is fitt for yo King's Minister to live here; but sure I am this is all it will doe, & therefore if any diminution should happen to y" present Income 'Twill not bee possible for me to uphold yo dignitie of my Employm', & at y” same Time keep my selfe from doeing irregular things, or making litle gains unworthy my Place, by selling Offices, etc., all woo I have absolutely resolved never to doe.

* This did not take place.

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Yesterday the Duke of Bucks made a very submissive recantation to ye Howse of Peeres, acknowledging y' miserable & lewd life he had led ; And though it was a very heavy burthen to lye under the displeasure of y" Howse & the sence of his transgressions, Yett he had reason to give God thankes for it since it had opened his Eyes & discovered to him the foulenesse of his past life, wo" he was resolved for ye future to amend; & haveing added severall other patheticke expressions to testifye y” sincerity of his Repentance, The Howse at last absolved him upon promise never more to converse who my Lady Shrewesbury; forwth both His

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