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had many Applications to mee to continue them where they are, and the most usuall pretence of perticular persons is, that they have Patents from his Maj" during life of the government of Counties, Provinces, and Towns, as my Lord Donegall pretends one for the Province of Ulster, S' Francis Foulks of y" Towne of Clonmell; how inconvenient a Military command for any Terme longer then during pleasure may prove his Maj" is best able to judge; I am confident many here are during life, but they shall never hinder mee in disposing the forces, as I find necessary for yo securing the country without regard to any man's convenience. As soon as I can have a List of all these Patents I will send it to your Lo" and shall desire to know his Maj" opinion upon them.

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[After stating that he will do as well as he can without the troops which have been sent into England, and vividly describing the destitution of the disbanded forces, Essex proceeds.]

MY LORD, Dublyn Castle, Aug. 20, 1672.

I fear the distractions and disputes wo" have bin of late in this citty will give mee more trouble to compose then at first I believ'd it would have done. I find pties on both sides much exasperated ags' each other, and unwilling to come to an amicable end among themselvs, wo" if it could have bin compasd had bin best, and after yo conclusion to have given rules for y' future govenment of y" Corporacion, but I now believe 'twill come to a hearing at ye Councell Table, and will engage factions there, and I am confident cause much heat in y” debate, but I shall to my best doe justice in y” case.

Some Letters were by yo last post transmitted to y' Loo to desire an Authority from his Maj" for raising the value of forrain coyn, w" is ye only Proposall offer'd as a means to encrease ye money of this kingdome, but 'tis a matter soe disputable whether yo country will receive advantage or prejudice by enhauncing forreign money, as I doe much question whether it will bee advisable to make use of such a power if it should be allowed us. Another matter of y" same nature is now before us wo" is a great abuse upon ye People here (as y” like has of late bin in England) w” is ye uttring of Farthings” by private men, 'twill bee necessary there bee publick ones allow’d before these others can be cal’d in and prohibited; some apprehension I am in lest any one in England should get a Patent for coyning them, and some abuse may creep in that way. I only desire y' Lop y' any such attempt may bee stop'd till ye Proposall come from nence, well I assure y Lop I shall endeavor to make in such terms as may only tend to yo Publick good, and not to yo Profitt of perticular persons. . By severall Informations from yo north part of Ireland, I am told of divers meetings of Non Conformists, wo" are very frequent in that quarter where ye Scots inhabite, perticularly in the Citty of London Derry won is a Garrison and of great Importance, being y” only considerable Town wo" ye English have in that Country. I am forct to place but a small Garrison in it consisting only of 3 foot Companys, by reason y” Army is now soe small, wo" Garrison I fear may bee very insecure if those meetings bee permitted in that Citty, for 2,000 have sometimes met there at once, nor doe I well know since his Maji" Declaration for Liberty of conscience in England," won hath an effect here on men's minds, how to restrain it without Order. The best course I can think of would bee to doe y” same here as is practis'd in England, wo" is to license some persons and places and to prohibite all others; this if it bee limited to convenient places may hinder all meetings not only in London Derry, but in all other Garrisons won I conceive will bee of great securitie to them. Just as I was writing this a Petition from ye BP of that diocess." came to mee; a copy of ye Petition is here enclosed, w" won I shall conclude this tedious letter, and remain, &c.

* See Letter XII. b Cancelled on March 8, 1673.

VIII.--THE EARL OF Essex TO THE EARL OF ARLINGTON. [Stowe MS. 494, fo. 12.]

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I have bin very instant w" ye Comiss" of y" Treary to bring in a clear Account of all moneys they have receiv'd since their undertaking," and of all y” paym" they have made. Some Accounts they have delivered, but such as are in no waies satisfactory. I am confident they find I will not bee kept ignorant, and tis observable that upon my earnest pressing of them to account, They have sent over into England one Copley, Serv' to Mr. Hays, now Comtroller of y" Revenue. He was dispatcht very privately, and, as I hear, had a

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I perceive many here doe depend upon their friends in England for nomination, both to these" and other Governments here, but Idoe assure my self y LoP will bee carefull of mee in this perticular, for I doe dayly more and more find how necessary it is (to speak abstractedly from my own concerne), even to yo Kgs business, that y” Chief Governors here bee supported, and not imposd upon in ye disposall of all places of command here."

Yo LoP will pardon this freedome, &c.

* See Letters XV., XX. * See Introduction.

Scil. Governorships or Deputy-Governorships of counties. * This is frequently pressed by Essex.

IX.--THE EARL OF Essex to THE EARL OF ARLINGTON. [Stowe 499, fo. 14]

My LoRD, Dublyn Castle, Aug. 24, 1672. Yo Lop" of the 16th instant I have received, together with an account of Mounsieur De Witt's death, wo" was in the most barbarous manner I ever have heard. The giving rules to Corporacions is at present ye worke wee have in hand. Some difficulties I meet with in it, wherein I conceive 'tis necessary for mee to know his Maj" pleasure to direct my proceedings. At ye beginning of this week I orderd a Committee of Councell to meet and prepare some present regulation of Corporacions. The severall Proposalls reported were these:— 1. That no election of Mayor, Sheriff, Recorder, or Towne Clerke bee valid till confirmed by y” approbation of yo Lieu' and Councell. 2. That the Election of Mayor, and all other Magistrates, shall bee by yo Mayor and Aldermen and Common Councell, and not by a popular vote. 3. That care bee taken for forreine Protestants who are Artificers or Merchants to bee admitted into Corporacions. 4. That all y” Heads. Officers, Aldermen, Magistrates, and Common Councell men of Corporacions doe take y” Oath of Allegiance, and such other Oaths as are there in force according to Lie from yo Privy Councell, dated 17 Aug., 1670. These in y” generall for all Corporacions, and perticularly for y” Citty of Dublyn this following. 5. That y” Common Councell bee elected every three years. The three first of these Rules can, I thinke, admit of no dispute, only the enlargement of y" 3" to all Forrainers of any religion what ever, as well as Protestants, and y” last too, w" relates only to yo Citty of Dublyn is, without doubt, very proper for this City, and CAMD. SOC. D - WOL. I.

reasonable. The only difficulty rests upon y” fourth, wo" imposes y" Oath. That his Majestie may have y” whole matter before him at one view, I have with this enclosed ye copys of such Letters,” either heretofore or lately written by his Maj" command, as are to bee found here in yo councill books relating to this subject, and upon this occasion I desire his Maj" would bee pleasd to review yo sevrall clauses won for his greater ease I have scored with a pen in the severall copys here transmitted to your Loo, wherein these perticulars appear observable. 1. That his Majo" Lie for restoring yo Irish to inhabite or Trade in Corporacions, dated May 22", 1661, is in yo same Termes and almost the same words as yo later Lie to y” L" Barkeley, dated Feb. 26, 1674. 2. That when upon y” receipt of y" said Lie, dated 22" of May, 1661, the Lords Justices were in doubt how to proceed in this matter and desird a further signification of his Maj" pleasure herein, a very sharp Lie ago y Romanists was returnd in aunswer from his Maj" Privy Councell in England w” great restrictions upon y” clauses of his Maj" Lie, and at the same time (viz., about yo 12 or 13 Aug: 1661) the Lie was accompanied woo another from Mr Secretary Nicholas, expressly declaring it was never his Maj" Pleasure to establish them in any Priviledge relating to Magistracy or Goverm'. 3. That in a Lie from ye Lords of his Maj" Privy Councell, bearing date y' 17" of Aug: 1670, concerning y” granting of new charters to Corporacions, a speciall clause is inserted, Providing that all Heads and Members of Coporacions bee made incapable to Act till they have taken ye Oath of Allegiance, and such other Oaths as are there in force. 4. I doe well remember that sometime after ye writing of this last Lie, dated yo 26 of Feb., 1674, Mo Secretary Trevor has

* These copies are among the MSS. On Feb. 20, 1672, indulgence had been granted by royal letters to Irish Roman Catholics to live in corporations.

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