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LXXI.—THE EARL OF ORRERY TO THE EARL OF ESSEX.

My LoRD, Ballymartin, the 11th of July, 1673. I Received last night the Greate honour of your Ex" letter of y" 8" present, And in humble Answer to it I Presume to acquaint Your Exee That I have bin for some weeks Past Earnestly desyred every Post, by my Friends in England, to hasten for London, which made me apprehend that to obey them I should be necessitated to undertake that jurn'y as soone as I was able to undertake it. In w" case I Resolved to goe by ye way of Dublin only to Pay Yoo Exte That Duty, wh: noethinge but my Disability of Performinge it should have soe longe hinder'd me from Discharginge. Wh: Resolution I still continue in. But I must confess I have used all Fittinge endeavours to obtayne from my Friends in England their leave not to goe thither, or at least to have it defer'd as longe as might be, for y Ague & the last fitt of y" Goute" have made my knees & Ancles soe weekey I am not yet able to goe in or out of my Couch, much less up or downe any Stares but as I am lifted by a Couple of Servants, wh: is a condition wh: makes me both unwillinge & unable to goe from home. I did therfore, above three weeks Past, write to my Lo Tresu' of England" (who presses me much to hasten to London) to beseech him, untill I were able to walke without helpe (wh: I hope by yo latter end of next month I should be), y' he would not condeme me for not goeinge for England ; but if ther were a necessity to serve my Kinge, my Cuntry, or my Friends, I would goe as I am on a week's warninge. And last night I had a letter from him in Answer to myne, wherin he earnestly desyres me to com over as soone as I can & y my health will admitt, wh: God willinge, I entend to doe by yo way of Dublin, & am now yo more confirmed in that Resolution, because I see tis Yo' Ex" Pleasure y' I should doe soe, as well as tis my Duty to waite on Your Exo ther. I must confess to Yo Exto yo not only yo ill Habbit of body I am fallen under, but also my minde, Invites me to a Retired Life, for haveinge bin Tost about Three & Thirty Yeers in the world, & beinge tired therwith, tis Time to thinke seriously how to gett to that Haven wher only True Rest can be Injoy’d. And I believe a Cell is fitter for thos Thoughts then a Court. Besides, I have found soe much uncertaynty in the thinges of this world that, beinge now Fairly gotten out of ye Tyde of it, I would not seeke to gett into yo Streame again. And yo vicissitudes I dayly see confirmes me yo more in the choice I have made But since we are not borne for ourselves, If I be put to the sad choice of either breakinge with my Frends or breakinge off y' quiet course of Life I now am in, God is my witnesss, if I must embrace the

* He died of this disease in 1679. * The close association between Danby and Orrery, in opposition to Essex, will be noted hereafter.

Former, twilbe merely an Act of my obedience, not my choice. # # # # #

LXXII-THE EARL of ORRERY TO THE EARL OF ESSEX.

MY LORD, Ballymartin, the 15th of July, 1673. Though I Presume to hope That Yo' Exo beleeves I beere a Full Share in all Yo' Afflictions, yet I Esteeme it a Duty to assure you of That Truth, & y noe servant you have does more Really Participate with you in that Greife wh: you are now under then I doe." It were not fitt, perhaps, to write to Yoo Ex" what were my supports when I had unexpectedly lost a deere Brother, since y' might Looke as if what Releeved an ordinary Person would also have yo like effect on one y' is Extraordinary, & I know too well y' disproportion betweene Yo' Ex" & me.

• Essex had lost his younger brother, Edward.

And it were Possibly as greate a Fault to beleeve y' you need any consolation from any Body but yo' selfe, whos Christianity & Courage are more able to Console you in thos sorrows the hand of God has now layd on you, then what you can Receive from all men, espetially soe insignificant a man as I am.

I will therefore only Pray that God, who has thought fitt to lessen your worthy Father's Sons, will Repare it by Augmentinge yo number of yo' owne.

LXXIII. —THE EARL OF Essex To THE EARL of ARLINGTON.

MY LORD, Dublin Castle, July 19, 73. On ye 8" instant, I writt to y Lóp concerning yo diuisions wo are among ye Citizens of this Towne. I find they rather encrease then abate, so as twill be necessary some speedy course be taken therein. That Y; Löp may see what good doctrine is taught among them, I have here enclosed a Paper wo" was found neer my Closett door in yo Castle. There are 3 or 4 persons here whose discourses are much like y language of this paper, yo Principall among them is Dr. Loftus, one of yo Masters of Chancerie & Judge of y" Prerogative, who hath of late in severall Companys declared = = That y" Rules won I made are illegall, & that y” Lieu' & Councell had no Power to establish them; nay, that y' Parliam' itselfe could not give Authoritie to any in this case. This, coming from a man in employment & a Judge, is of more weight w" y” People then if an ordinary person had spoken these wordes; And truly whatever his Majestie shall please to determine concerning y” Rules themselves (w" I assure y Lóp shall be perfectly complied wo), yet certeinly tis not fitt for private men to arraine y” Actings of y" Lieu" & Councell, much less to declare Acts of Parliam' invalide, & unless some severitie be used upon such like occasions, for my owne part I know not how any government can long support it selfe. I must confess I have bin a little slack upon affronts of this sort, & it has bin a fault in me, but to give y' Löpy" true reason of it, it has bin out of a doubt whether I should be justified in my Proceedings, had I bin so quick as my owne reason tells me I ought to be, for I find these men have all along bin upheld by some who pretended great Interest w” y King, & that wo. I said to y Lóp concerning my Lo of Anglesey in my former Lie, being then only upon probable conjectures, I can now make it out by substantiall prooffs, that he mingles his advices w” these men. I know very well ye disadvantage any Person that is absent has, & tho’ I am extreamie sensible of y" favourable expressions wo". I have heard his Majestie has bin pleased to make of me (& indeed it is ye greatest satisfaction & comfort I can have in this employm" to be assured of his Majesties gracious acceptance of my endeavours to serve him), yet I am certaine it is so hard a thing to avoid yo suspicion of partiallitie, that I conceive it will not be amiss for me to send over to y Lóp a briefe Acco of y" Originalls & beginnings of y" disturbances of this Citty (w" by my next I will not faile to send yo Lóp), that so you may judge whether I have done any thing other then what, both in Justice and prudence, I was obliged to doe. , I may, perhaps, seem to make more of this affaire then it deserves, but if y Lóp considers what influence yo Capitall Citty has upon yo whole Kingdome, you will easily conclude that some more then ordinary circumspection ought to be used in y” goverment of it, & indeed this is y” only uneasy thing that I find in his Majesties affairs here, tho' on y other hand let me tell y Lóp w" great assurance that these People are not to be overvalued, for whatever his Majestie shall determine, whether it be to make good either of y" two Elections of ye Common Councell, or to vacate y' Rules or put them into any other forme, or whatever else he pleaseth, I have power enough & will see it done; And you need never question but upon this & all other occasions, let but my orders be possitive & his Majestie resolve to stick to me, I will go through w!" it, & not fail to see

them obey'd, % % # # *:

LXXIV.--THE EARL of Essex To THE EARL OF ARLINGTON.

My LoRD, Dublin Castle, July 22, 73. I have herein enclosed a briefe Narrative of y" proceedings of yo Citty in relation to yo turning out of y" Recorder, & seven Aldermen, as also what pass'd afterwards in order to yo restoring of them; but because it is not fitt to conceale any thing of this matter from y Lóp, tho' it may reflect upon some persons of eminent qualitie, it will be necessary I beginne a litle higher, & shew y Lóp yo true originall of their dissentions. The Citty of Dublin is now very neer, if not altogether twice as bigge as it was at his Majesties restauration, & did till y' Dutch War began every day encrease in their buildings, & by this means yo Revenue of y" Water wo" serves y Towne yearly improved, & was already grown very considerable. y” profitts of wo" did of right belong to yo Citty it selfe, but some men finding how great an advantage was likely to arise from such a farme, began to designe yo getting a long Lease of it at an under rent from yo Citty, & perceiving that y” Common Councell too well understood their owne Interest to part w" so good a Revenue, they then found there was no way soe ready for them to compass their ends as upon yo ground of that Act of Parliam', wo" empower'd yo Lord Lieu' & Councell to Establish Rules for yo regulating of Corporacions, to procure such Rules to be framed as might reduce yo disposall of yo Citty reveuue into a few hands, & those such as would serve their turne. And to this end yo Rules first mentioned in this enclosed paper were prepared, wo" would infallibly have done ye worke, had not yo Citty, by some application to S' Ellis Leighton, prevailed won my Lord Barkeley to make them but temporary, & as y Lóp may observe y” time so short that they expired before they could be executed. There are those who say that this Lease for yo water would have bin worth at least four or five thousand Pds a yeare, & that it was contrived yo y Recorder, S William Davys, should have

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