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May 13, 1834.] American State Papers.—Memorials from Pennsylvania and New Jersey.
(SENATE. Mr. CLAYTON, after some remarks, moved to amend The CHAIR expressed some doubt as to the propriety the resolution of the committee, by adding the following of receiving proceedings with no other authority than a words: “except when specially authorized to do so by mere newspaper publication. act of Congress."
Mr. CLAY said there was no doubt that the original So that the resolution may read
account was in the hands of the member of the other " Resolved, That the Department of War is not war. House representing that district. It had been the usage ranted in appointing pension agents in any State or Ter- of the Senate to receive proceedings published in newsritory where the Bank of the United States or one of its papers. branches has been established, except when specially Mr. McKEAN presented the original, as read in the authorized to do so by act of Congress.”
other House. He had been especially requested to preThe amendment having been agreed to
sent these proceedings to the Senate. Mr. WRIGHT stated that he had intended to make a The proceedings were read. few remarks, but not expecting the subject to be taken Mr. CLAY said he wished to say a few words upon up to-day, he had left his notes at home, and was not now these proceedings. He was exceedingly glad to hear a prepared to go into the debate. He would, therefore, if voice emanating from the interior of Pennsylvania, exno objection were made, or no other Senator was disposed pressive of the sentiments of that people, with regard to to speak on the subject, move to postpone the considera public affairs. These proceedings came from a county, tion of the subject until to-morrow.
rich in its resources, and numerously peopled by the cul. Mr. CLAYTON assenting, the subject was postponed tivators of the soil. Mr. C. said he had been given to until to-morrow.
understand that the meeting was composed of citizens of AMERICAN STATE PAPERS.
all parties, and among them a large body of the anti-maThe resolution authorizing the purchase of thirteen
sonic party. He was glad that that party had subscribed copies of the American State Papers, was tüken up for the resolutions. It was hardly to be supposed that they
should countenance a palpable violation of the laws and consideration.
of the constitution. He was pleased that the anti-masons The resolution was supported by Messrs. FRELING- had joined the rest of their fellow-citizens in recommend. HUYSEN and EWING, on the ground that the working what, in bis judgment, was the only effectual remedy was indispensable to members of Congress in the per- to relieve the people, to wit, the restoration of the depos. formance of their legislative duties; that the work was ites, and the re-charter of the Bank of the United States. already printed; and the object was only to supply those we have been laboring here, said Mr. C., for months, to new Senators who had not obtained them.
effect this object, but he was sorry that a co-ordinate Mr. KING, of Georgia, opposed the resolution on con branch of the Legislature were disposed to differ with us. stitutional grounds—that it was taking money out of the Mr. C. said single facts illustrate truth better than a Treasury for the purchase of books for the private libra; speech or argument. He had received a letter from ries of members, without an appropriation by law; and Nasluville, enclosing a check drawn by the Patriotic Bank that any other work or works miglit, with the same pro- of Washington for $19 87. The failure of that bank had priety, be purchased, and to any amount and extent. He not reached Nasloville at the time it was received, but the admitted that works might be purchased which were ne-owner of the draft could not obtain an offer of more than cessary for the use of the members in the performance of $18 for the amount. The writer, however, of the letter, their public duties, but that they should be confined to had advanced the holder (a poor man) $20, and remitthe office, and not be given as an absolute property to the sted the draft to Baltimore, where he apprehended no officer. Mr. K. moved to lay the resolution on the table for the draft had been remitted by the Post Office Department,
difficulty would occur in converting it into cash.
As the balance of the session; which was disagreed to. Mr. K. then moved an amendment, that the books had been requested to call on the brokers, the only class
he thought the Government ought to make it good. He should be lelt in the hands of the Secretary of the Sen-of men who were making money out of the embarrassate, by the Senators, at the termination of their service, for ments of their fellow.citizens, and dispose of it, although the use of their successors; which was negatived.
but half the amount should be obtained. He wouki state The question recurring on the adoption of the resolu- another fact. A milk-man had by his industry obtained tion, Mr. K. asked the yeas and nays; which were order- $1,200, which he deposited in the Bank of Maryland. On ed, and are as follows, to wit:
the failure of that institution, he sold his certificate of deYEAS.—Messrs. Bell
, Bibb, Clay, Ewing, Frelinghuy-posite for $700, and placed his money in the Maryland sen, Hendricks, Kent, Knight, McKean, Moore, Naudain, Savings Institution, which shortly after failed; and thus Poindexter, Prentiss, Robbins, Robinson, Silsbee, Tall the poor milk-man "jumped out of the frying pan into madge, Tipton, Tomlinson, Wilkins.--20.
the fire.” Will not facts like these, said Mr. C., forbid NÄYS. - Messrs. Benton, Black, Calhoun, Grundy, the idea of an adjournment until something should be Hill, Kane, King of Alabama, King of Georgia, Linn, done? How can gentlemen meet their constituents, when Mangum, Morris, Shepley, White.-13.
they bear with them no tidings of relief? Sir, said Mr. So the resolution was agreed to, and it was then order-C., late as it is in the session, I trust something will be ea to be engrossed and read a third time. On motion of Mr. POINDEXTER, the Senate pro-acter of the laws, and that we may return to the bosoms
clone to revive confidence, and restore the sacred char. ceeded to the consideration of Executive business; when, of a distressed community with the consciousness of bavafter spending some time therein,
ing performed our duly. He trusted that a part of this The Senate adjourned.
would unite with a portion of the other House to restore
the country to its wonted vigor and prosperity. TUESDAY, Mar 13.
The proceedings were referred io the Committee on ADAMS COUNTY (PA.) MEMORIAL. Finance, and ordered to be printed. Mr. McKEAN presented a newspaper containing the
NEW JERSEY MEMORIALS. proceedings of a meeting of inhabitants of Adams county, held on the 5th April last, disapproving of the course of Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN said: Mr. President, I have the Executive relative to the deposites, and recommend been requested to present to the Senate a memorial signed ing their restoration to the Bank of the United States, and by 1,445 citizens of the county of Middlesex, and ciiy of a re-charter of that institution.
New Brunswick, in New Jersey, who are friendly to the SENATE.]
Memorials from New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Ohio.
(Mar 13, 1834.
present course of the administration-opposed to the re. at the close of the session, and felt grateful to a kind charter of the bank, and who concur with the late instruc- Providence, that had healed our divisions, and restored tions of the Legislature to their Senators and members amity to all our relations. The President, early in the of the House of Representatives. This memorial is alto- season, had visited the Middle and Eastern States, and gether respectful in language, and possesses the uncom- was welcomed by all parties with respect, and, I may mon merit of brevity. I hope it will be read, printed, add, with gratitude. His fellow.citizens rejoiced in an and referred to the Committee on Finance.
occasion that permitted the expression of their esteem I am also charged, sir, with a memorial from 300 citi- and good will for their Chief Magistrate. Those who exzens of the county of Morris, in New Jersey, opposed to pected to re-assemble in our public councils, anticipated, the late rash experiment of the Executive, in the removal with no common satisfaction, the pleasant duty of harmoof the public moneys from the Bank of the United States; nious and tranquil legislation. There seemed to be no and who believe that duty to the country requires of the other prospect, than that we should meet together, and, President to retrace a step so ill considered, and fruitful without distraction or discord, deliberate on the great inof evil. I beg leave further to present the memorial of terests of the country. At such a hopeful crisis it was, 241 citizens of Elizabethtown, New Jersey-201 citizens that the President was pleased to strike a blow which asof Livingston, New Jersey-and 100 citizens of Union tounded the whole nation-brought its business to a stand, township, in the same State-all holding the same senti- and suddenly and violently arrested a tide of prosperity, ments of regret and complaint, with respect to the hostile such as we never before enjoyed. And so soon as the attitude of this administration towards the bank. Mr.public mind recovered from the shock of this measure, it President, my fellow-citizens of the Middlesex memorial began to denounce it as an inroad upon the law and the will find that those, in our common State, whom they are constitution. True, sir, the unrestrained presses of party pleased to denominate, in their memorial, “a few bank assailed every man who questioned the transaction with partisans," are increasing, and, indeed, have already be- the odious calumnies of bank attorneys, bought up friends, come, a formidable body of freemen.
and purchased advocates. But the people did not believe We have introduced their names to the Senate, not it. 'They knew better, and have, in clear, deep, and inonly by hundreds, but thousands, many of whom were, dignant terms, repelled these slanders, and besought the until lately, the friends of the President and the support. party in power to pause. ers of his policy, and who bave been constrained, by caus- I rejoice, Mr. President, at the aspect of political af. es which they could no longer resist, to oppose a meas. fairs with the people. They have too much good sense ure whose influence on the prosperity of the country to decry, or consent to break down, the Senate. They they have seen to be so disastrous. Sir, I feel bound to range on our side, sir, and encourage us, unflinchingly, say, in my place, that, so far from these consisting of "a to withstand this tempest of passion and abuse. They few” only, they do, in my clear conviction, at this mo- console us by the assurance that, however factious pressment, compose a decided majority of the good people of es may deem is, they continue their confidence in the the State of New Jersey; and such, I have no doubt, will integrity of our conduct, and urge us to an unyielding rebe the demonstration of the next fall elections. The pro-sistance of power. And, sir, let the administration be. cess is going on before the people; they are now satisfied lieve that, however unavailing may be our efforts, we will, that the remedy is with them, and that we can do nothing as strength shall be granted, set our faces as a flint, and but raise our solemn protest, as we shall; and they are firmly and fearlessly acquit our consciences of the duty coming up to the rescue of the constitution with a noble which we owe to the constitution and the country. firmness and an ardent patriotism. The issue cannot be I move, sir, that these respective memorials be printed otherwise, as I trust, than triumphant, for sound princi- and referred to the Committee on Finance. ples and the authority of our laws.
YORK COUNTY (PA.) RESOLUTIONS. Mr. President, one circumstance, in the discussions of the present session, has struck me with great surprise.
Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN also presented resolutions We, who have resisted as we couldl, the late measures of adopted by a number of very respectable citizens of Hallam the Executive, bave been charged, and by some of our
and part of Windsor, in York county, Pennsylvania, opown body, with mere party purposes, and a design of posed to the removal of the deposites and friendly to the creating and spreading abroad a factitious alarm. At the United States Bank. Mr. F. said that this meeting professed commencement of our debate, the existence of any dis to embrace all parties, and he was authorized to state that tress was denied-when that forced conviction, it was
such was its character, and that one of the conspicuous then ascribed to panic, panic; all the work of speeches members of the meeting had sustained the Executive, in on this floor, got up for no end but to carry forward
this late measure, until bis own observation of its conseparty devices! Sir, if I had no other object than one so Yailed with him frankly to change his own course and en:
quences convinced him of its ruinous tendencies, and preunworthy, would say to this administration, Hold on deavor to bring the Executive branch of the Government your career-drive on the ruinous expedients which you to wiser counsels. Mr. F. moved that a like disposition have adopted, and the sooner will such policy accomplish be made of these resolutions. your total discomfiture. No, sir; it is because we regard the measure as oppressive to the country, and destructive
LICKING COUNTY (OHIO) MEMORIAL. of its commercial prosperity, that we have and do, with Mr. EWING presented the memorial of sundry citipure intentions, seek relief for our constituents. Party zens of Licking county, in the State of Ohio, praydesigns! why, sir, I believe that, even now, if the Presi. ing for the restoration of the public deposites, and redent could be persuaded to review his proceedings, and charter of the Bank of the United States. reinstate the public moneys, and restore confidence to Mr. E. said that he could not give the exact number of trade and enterprise, that he might enjoy a measure of the memorialists, but it was large, and he believed the tranquil and general popularity not surpassed since the memorial expressed the sense of a majority of the people times of Washington. How was it when the last spring of the county. He said it was stated, by the gentleman opened upon the administra:ion! The tariff had been ad- who handed bim the memorial, that the meeting from justed by the noble stand of the honorable Senator from which it originated was got up by highly respectable citiKentucky, (Mr. Clay,} for which the American people zens, formerly friends of the present administration. It should never cease to be grateful. The unhappy collis- was done for the purpose of consulting on the crisis in ions with our sister State of South Carolina had all been the affairs of our country, in the capacity of a people, not happily accommodated; we shook hands together in peace lof a party, or of parties; and the meeting was attended,
Mar 14, 1834.]
(SENATE. and the memorial signed, by men of all parties, all having ting forth, as they say, “the views and opinions of the an equal share in the general prosperity of the country. democracy of Newcastle county,” and approving of all
The county of Licking is situated near the centre of the acts of the Executive. Before I proceed to notice the State of Ohio. It has been for many years a highly the resolutions themselves, I will say a word or two about agricultural county; and, since the construction of the the manner in which this same mecting of delegates was Erie and Ohio canal, it is most favorably situated for ex- got up. port commerce; and all agricultural products have since First, sir, a paper was circulated for signature, purportthat time commanded a good price, and the county has ing to be a call for all those approving the conduct of the risen in wealth and importance. But the memorialists President to meet in general county meeting, and express say that the shock on commercial credit, occasioned by their views and sentiments. But when this paper was the removal of the deposites, has affected them most se passed round, so many of the former supporters of the riously, in all branches of their business. Wheat, which President refused to sign it, that it became obvious such is their great staple, and which, ftoured and exported a meeting must be an entire failure, and expose their imin large quantities to the Eastern market, has fallen from potent attempt to scorn and derision. The plan of oper62 cents to 44 cents per bushel, and other products in ations was then changed. Circulars were sent round to proportion. Their exchanges have been deranged, and the faithful, in the respective hundreds, to call a meeting their merchants exposed to loss and ruin, from the fall of in each hundred, and send five delegates from each to a the prices of their staples in the Eastern cities. In short, county convention, to express their opinions about the they are affected by the experiment, and they feel its ef- present state of the affairs of the country. fects in the same manner with those of other counties in The Jackson party, sir, have hitherto polled something the State of Ohio, whose memorials I have heretofore 'upwards of 1,600 votes in that county. But, with all this presented; and, with the rest of their fellow-citizens, they effort to parade and organize their force, these primary pray, as a remedy for those evils, for the restoration of meetings were miserable failures. In the two southern the deposites and a re-charter of the Bank of the United hundreds of the county, containing about 600 voters, and States.
where the strength of parties was nearly equal, but These memorials were severally referred to the Com- twenty-five persons attended these calls, as I have been mittee on Finance.
informed by most respectable authority. And even in PENSION AGENCY.
the city of Wilmington, with all the advantage of a night The Senate then resumed the consideration of the re- meeting and drumming up for their forces, they could port of the Judiciary Comniittee, upon the message of the bring but about forty or fifty to rally round their standard. President, in relation to the pension agency, and the Bank And these delegates, thus appointed by a handful of the of the United States.
people of the county, nearly, if not quite one-half of Mr. WRIGHT having the floor, reviewed, at length, them, too, old, thorough, uncompromising, proscriptive the various acts of Congress, from the year 1789 down to federalists, have undertaken to express " the views and 1828, granting pensions, and establishing pension agen- opinions of the democracy of Newcastle county.” cies, and contended, that as the Secretary of War had
Sir, if they had professed to express what their prothe power of designating the places where clisbursements ceedings do express, the sentiments of the Jacksonism of should be made, he had also the power of appointing the the county, I should not have thought it my duty to tresdisbursing agents.
pass upon the time and patience of the Senate, in endeaMr. CLAYTON then expressed a wish to give his viewsvoring to expose the pretences by which they are atof the subject at length, but, as the hour was late, and tempting to practise upon their fellow-citizens. the Senate thin, he moved to postpone the subject, and
Mr. President, I have been a citizen of Newcastle county make it the special order for tu-morrow; which was of democracy. I have been honored with the confidence
more than fifteen years. I was brought up in the school agreed to. The Senate then, on motion of Mr. BENTON, pro- that are past, when the old party lines were strongly
and support of that portion of my fellow-citizens, in days ceeded to the consideration of Executive business, and, drawn. I was thrice nominated by the democratic State when the doors were opened, The Senate adjourned.
convention for a seat in the other House of Congress, and
received the support of that party in opposition to that WEDNESDAY, Mar 14.
distinguished federalist, the present Secretary of State,
whose brother I see is now among the chosen organs of NEWCASTLE COUNTY (DEL.) MEMORIAL. the "the democracy of Newcastle county."
The CHAIR presented the proceedings of a democrat- Sir, it is well known that political contests in the State ic meeting of delegates from the different hundreds of which I have the honor, in part, to represent on this floor, Newcastle county, Delaware, sustaining the act of the were always fought on the old distinctions of democracy administration in the removal of the deposites, &c. and federalism, until the year 1827. Then the spirit of
Mr. NAUDAIN then rose and said, that the citizens of Jacksonism swept over our little State, and overturned Newcastle county, speaking for themselves, by their me- our old party divisions; and our citizens, as they have done morial, signed by a majority of all the legal voters of that every where else, ranged themselves under new banners. county, appeared a few weeks since before the Senate, And now, sir, after they have pulled down the good old declaring their opinion that the distress which pervaded democratic fag, torn it in pieces, and scattered its fragthe country, and which seemed to be still increasing, was ments to every wind-after associating themselves with occasioned by the removal of the public deposites from the most uncompromising federalists within the Statethe Bank of the United States; that, to effect this removal, with one-half of this very meeting made up of the bitterthe President had violated the laws, and disregarded the est of the opponents of democracy men who had spent constitution of the country; and praying Congress to their political lives in reviling it, and the great founder of cause the deposites to be restored, and the bank to be the party, Mr. Jefferson-with men among them, too, who re-chartered, as, in their opinion, the only effectual means not long since declared that “if they thought they had of relief.
one drop of democratic blood in their veins, they would Now, sir, said Mr. N., we have the proceedings of a have it out at the risk of life”-such men, Mr. President, meeting of delegates appointed by primary assemblies of so elected, and so constituted, are talking about “the the people, in the several hundreds of that county, pre- views and opinions of the democracy of Newcastle county!" sented to the Senate, through its Presiding Officer, set- What do such men know of democracy? They have
Memorials from Newcastle County, ( Del. )– Nelson County, Ky.) [May 14, 1834. always represented democracy as the opinions of disor- that the President should execute the constitution and laws ganizers and jacobins; as a political heresy, most danger-" as he understands them.” I did not there learn that ous to the stability of the Government and the liberties of the President had a dispensing power over the laws and the people. Some of these were the black cockade men treaties, and might execute them or not at his pleasure. of '99, the advocates of alien and sedition laws, and all I did not there learn that the President could give a qualthe other abuses of power which thrust the old federal ified approval of a bill presented to him for his signature, party from office. These have always been high prerog- and thus amend a bill which had passed both Houses of ative men; upholders of the Executive in all assumptions Congress, and mould it to suit his own views. I did not of power; stern opposers of all reform of abuses in the there learn that the veto power should be used in a manGovernment; and yet, sir, these men pretend to talk about ner more arbitrary, oppressive, and dangerous, than it has the “views and opinions of democracy.”
been used in England since their revolution, and so as to Sir, the democrats of '98 contended against the en- absorb all legislative power. I did not there learn, sir, croachments of executive power; against all acts tending that all offices, except the judicial, were held by the te. to the concentration of power in the Executive; against nure of an arbitrary executive will; or that all the officers laws passed, as they believed, in derogation of the consti- of the Federal Government were to pay for their appointtution, and infringing the liberty of speech and the press. ments, by electioneering services in support of the PresiWhat principles are these newly-made, recently-dyed, dent and the successor of his choice. In short, sir, (and Jackson democrats supporting? The only principle which this seems to be the very essence and spirit of Jacksonappears to govern them is Jacksonism-pure, unadulter- ism,) I do not recognise it as legitimate democratic doc. ated Jacksonism; that is, sir, that Jackson can do no trine, "that it is glory enough to serve under any chief." wrong. I, myself, heard some of these same consistent I again repeat, sir, that if this meeting had professed gentlemen electioneering for Jackson in 1828, on the merely to represent the views and opinions of the Jackson ground that the President should be elected but for one party of Newcas:le, 1 should not have trespassed upon the term; because, said they, he might wield the patronage time of the Senate. But when such men have professed of the Government corruptly to secure his own re-elec- to represent the views and opinions of the good old detion; and their favorite war-cry in one part of our State mocracy of Newcastle, I felt that the duty lowed to that then was, “Four years and liberty!” We all remember party with whom it was always my pride and pleasure to this was good Jackson doctrine then. But when the act, compelled me to break that silence I have hitherto “old hero” franked a letter to a Pennsylvania Senator, imposed upon myself since I have had the honor to be a intimating very broadly that a re-nomination from the member of this body: Legislature of that State would be acceptable, why, these Mr. CLAYTON said he had no remarks to make in same gentlemen could see nothing inconsistent in this, reference to the “ democracy” or the “ federalism” of either with his or their former opinions, and so they again Newcastle county; whether the gentlemen whose names supported him. Again: when he was thought to be for appeared on the face of these proceedings belonged to the tariff, they were good tariff men; but when he was the one or the other class of politicians. But there was found not to be favorable to the then tariff, their cry was, a sentiment contained in one of these resolutions which “Down with the tariff! hurrah for Jackson." Before was so extraordinary that it deserved a word, he thought, Jackson assailed the Bank of the United States, they were from him, in justice to some of those who, it would seem its supporters. Its action then was beneficent; it was a from what had been read by the Secretary, attended this necessary check to improvident issues by the State banks; public meeting. That resolution declares the 16th secit had given us a sound and uniform currency throughout tion of the United States Bank charter unconstitutional, the country; and afforded, as the fiscal agent of the Treas- for the strange and novel reason that the vaults of the ury, the most important facilities in the money transac- bank cannot be made a constitutional treasury or place of tions of the nation. But when this institution was de- deposite. I do not propose, sir, said Mr. C., gravely to nounced by the President, then their mental vision was discuss this puerility. I advert to it only as furnishing rendered so extremely acute, that they could see most proof to my mind, that certain able gentlemen of the bar, clearly what they had never dreamed of before. It then! (whose acquaintance and personal friendship I have the became “a monster,” dangerous to the liberties of the honor to enjoy,) although represented by these proceedcountry; it had then utterly failed in all the purposes of ings as being delegates at this meeting, either did not atits creation, and must be put down, cost what it may; yes, tend this meeting, or, if present, must have opposed the even if the laws were violated, and the constitution tram- adoption of these resolutions. I do sincerely believe that, pled under foot to effect it; even if the Executive (that if present, they would have opposed such a construction most safe recipient of power in their estimation) should of that constitution, with which few men in this country usurp uncontrolled power over the public purse, in defi- are better acquainted than I know them to be. ance of Congress. Yes, in their own words, they “ap- I will only add, sir, without complaining that a portion prove of the whole course of the present administration.” of my fellow-citizens so respectable as those who attended The whole, sir, the whole. They have followed the this public meeting have preferred you as their organ of President in every thing. Light enough always beamed communication to the Senate, that, had they thought propupon them to enable them to follow on through all the er to intrust me with the presentation of their views to Executive doublings; and being actuated by the single this body, I should have duly appreciated the honor, and principle of Jacksonism, they have never faltered, and cheerfully performed the task so assigned me, as a duty to doubtless are now as ready to approve all future as all past them. acts of the Executive. And these men profess they are On motion of Mr. NAUDAIN, the proceedings were democrats! So did I not learn democracy, Mr. President. then referred to the Committee on Finance, and ordered
In that school in which it is my pride and boast to have to be printed. been brought up, I learned a jealous watchfulness of Executive power; I imbibed a profound reverence for the
NELSON COUNTY (KY.) MEMORIAL. constitution and laws. I was taught that a division of the Mr. BIBB presented a memorial from the inbabitants powers of Government was necessary for the preservation of Nelson county, Kentucky, opposed to the removal of of our liberties; and that the stability of our blessed form the public deposites, and complaining of the great reof Government depended mainly, under Providence, on duction which had taken place in agricultural products, each department being confined to its constitutional orbit, real estate, and the price of labor. The memorialists the one not impinging on the other. I did not there learn lalso prayed Congress not to adjourn until a remedy had
Mar 14, 1834.]
Memorials from Nelson County, (ky)-Columbiana County, (0.)
been provided for these evils. Mr. B. said the memorial of one of its last privileges—that of expressing itself with was short, couched in perfectly respectful language, and something like passion. was signed principally by the substantial land and proper- Mr. POINDEXTER then withdrew his objection, and ty holders of the county. It seemed to him to be a move the proceedings of the meeting were read. mnent of the country and laboring people. Having resi. Mr. POINDEXTER then objected to the printing of ded in Nelson county, he could say that among the signers the resolutions, as they were already printed, liaving been of this memoriat, he found the names of many individuals cut from a newspaper. of the most stable property, and the most sedate charac- Mr. MORRIS asked for the yeas and nays on this moter. The number of signatures amounted to 550—and tion, and they were ordered. among them he did not find, as far as he had been able to Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN then briefly stated his opinascertain, that of a single merchant. The present paper ion, that the resolution reflecting on the other Senator might be truly said to be the memorial of the agricultu- from Ohio, was even more indecorous and improper rists and mechanical laborers of Nelson county. He would than that which had been pointed out by the Senator as move that it be read, referred to the Committee on Fi- objectionable, and moved to lay the whole subject on nance, and printed.
the table. Mr. B. stated that the paper he had offered was a copy The motion was withdrawn, while Mr. MORRIS made of the original memorial, the latter baving been sent to a brief explanation, and Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN then the Representatives of the State of Kentucky in the other renewed the motion to lay the subject on the table. House.
Mr. MORRIS asked for the yeas and næys on this muThe memorial was then referred.
tion, and they were ordered. COLUMBIANA COUNTY (OHIO) MEMORIAL.
The question was then taken, and it was decided to
lay the whole subject on the table, by the following vote: Mr. MORRIS presented the proceedings of a meeting YEAS.-Messrs. Bell, Bibb, Calhoun, Chambers, Clay, in Columbiana county, Ohio, sustaining the cause of the Clayton, Frelinghuysen, Hendricks, Knight, Mangum, Executive, &c. He stated that one of the resolutions Moore, Naudain, Poindexter, Porter, Prentiss, Robbins, was, in his opinion, somewhat objectionable, but not so Silsbee, Sprague, Swift, Smith, Tomlinson.-21. much so as to render it proper for him to withhold the NAYS.--Messrs. Benton, Black, Brown, Forsyth, presentation of the series.
Grundy, Hill, Kane, King of Alabama, Linn, McKean, Mr. POINDEXTER, as the gentleman from Ohio had Morris, Preston, Robinson, Shepley, Tipton, Waggaman, described one of the resolutions as objectionable, with a White, Wilkins, Wright.–19. view to put a stop to this practice of passing and sending Mr. EWING said, though the morning hour was past, here improper and indecorous resolutions, objected to the he would nevertheless ask the indulgence of the Senate reception of the paper.
while he presented a memorial which would wipe off the Mr. FRELINGHUYSEN asked the Senator from Ohio blot, if any were cast upon his State by the memorial if the language of the resolution was respectful? just offered by his colleague, and which the Senate had
Mr. MORRIS explained that, in reference to the reso. refused to print. This memorial is signed by 1,029 of the lutions introduced by Mr. Clay, the term “vindictive" voters of Athens county. Another copy which I have rewas used; but he did not consider the resolution as disceived, but which is not on my table, contains the signarespectful to the Senate.
tures of seventy-two citizens of the same county, and Mr. CLAY desired that the resolution might be read. three townships remained yet to be heard from. If all
Mr. BROWN said that he was opposed to the condem. the papers circulated had been returned, I do not hesitate nation of any resolution without it had been heard. to say, that the number of signers would exceed 1,200.
Mr. POINDEXTER said he had not condemned the At the last Presidential clection, that county gave 1,344 resolution unheard. It was on the suggestion of the gen. votes, of which 627 were for the present Chief Magisteman from Ohio himself, that the resolution was objec- trate, and 717 against him. This, too, is one of the countionable, that he had grounded his opposition.
ties whose representative in the State Legislature last Mr. EWING said he hoped the memorial would be winter instructed me in my duty here. I propose to say read--and the more violent and denunciatory it might be but little at this time on the subject. My personal feelthe better. The people of the State of Ohio, said Mr. ings have properly no place here, but I cannot forbear to E., are a sober, calm, and reasoning people; and if this say that I have known very many of these memorialists paper contains violent abuse or denunciations, it will be from my boyhood, and that they are entitled to, and posconclusive evidence to my mind, that but a small portion sess, my highest respect and regard. I ask that the me. of the people of any county in that State have joined in morial be read, as it contrasts most favorably with that it. I do not know whether it is signed by the officers of which has just preceded it, and that it be printed with a meeting, or whether it is signed by all the citizens whose the names. opinions it purports to represent. If it be signed by the Mr. MORRIS said he thought there must be some misofficers, I have no doubt they certify that the meeting was take, he had almost said misapprehension, on the part of large and respectable. Of its numbers, we can say noth- the signers of the memorial, as to the prices of produce. ing with certainty; of its respectability, we can judge He then read a letter from a Major Cochran, of Zanesville, when we hear the language of the paper. If it be sign- in which it was stated that the price of wheat, which had, ed by all the memorialists, its numbers and respectability by political management, been so long kept at 44 cents, can both be pretty fairly tested. I hope the memorial rose to 50 cents; but that, owing to the farmers standing may be read.
out, the millers now consented to give 62 cents, which The memorial having been read
he considered a fair price. This Major Cochran was repMr. EWING said: The thing, Mr. President, is not so resented to him as a respectable man, but, although he bad. I hope my colleague will give us the rest which he thought he had seen him once, he was not personally in. has by him, and which, it seems, he is ashamed of. timate with him. The resolution having been examined
Mr. EWING said, he could not permit the remark of Mr. CLAY expressed a hope that it would be read— his colleague, imputing, even in the alternative, misrepreand, if the Senate would but refer it to him, he would sentation to the memorialists. They were men, honest pledge himself to give the resolution one of the mildest and intelligent, and they could not be mistaken as to the and best natured replies in the world. As the other side facts which they stated. The authority on which my col. was the losing party, it would be very hard to deprive it lleague contradicts them, is a letter from a Major Cochran