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Bru. Then follow me, and give me audience, 2 Pleb. Peace; silence! Brutus speaks. friends.--
1 Pleb. Peace, ho! Cassius, go yon into the other street,
Bru. Good countrymen, let me depart alone, And part the numbers.-
And, for my sake, stay here with Antony: Those that will hear me speak, let them stay here; 5 Do grace to Cæsar's corpse, and grace his speech Those that will foliow Cassius, go with him; Tending to Cæsar's glories; which Mark Antony And public reasons shall be rendered
By our permission is allow'd to make. Of Cæsar's death.
I do intreat you, not a man depart, | Pleb. I will hear Brutus speak. [reasons, Save I alone, 'till Antony have spoke. Erit.
2 Pleb. I will hear Cassius; and compare their 10 1 Pleb. Stay, ho! and let us hear Mark Antony. When severaily we hear them rendered.
3 Plıb. Let him go up into the public chair; [Exit Cassius, tvith some of the Plebeians : We'll hear hiin:-Noble Antony, go up.
goes into the rostrum. Ant. For Brutus' sake, I am beho den to you. 3 Pleb. The noble Brutus is ascended: Silence! 4 Pleb. What does he say of Brutus? Bru. Be patient 'till the last.
15 3 Pleb. He says, for Brutus' sake, Romans, countryinen, and lovers! hear me for He finds himselt beholden to us all. [here. my cause; and be silent, that you may hear: be- 4 Pleb. "Twere besťhe speak no harm of Brutus lieve me for mine honour; and have respect to
i Pleb. This Cæsar was a tyrant. mine honour, that you may believe: censure me 3 Pleb. Nay, that's certain: in your wisdom; and awake your senses, that you 20 We are blest, that Rome is rid of hiin. may the better julge. If there be any in this as- 2 Pleb. Peace; let us hear what Antony can say. sembly, any dear triend of Cæsar's, to him I say, Ant. You gentle Romans, that Brutus' love to Cæsar was no less than his. If All. Peace, ho! let us hear him. [your ears; then that friend demand, why Brutus rose against Ant. Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me Cæsar, this is my answer, -Not that I lov'd Cæsar 25 I come to bury Cæsar, not to praise him. less, but that I lov'd Rome more. Had you ra- The evil, that men do, lives after them; ther Cæsar were living, and die all slaves; than The good is oft interred with their bones; that Cæsar were dead, to live all free men ? As So let it be with Cæsar! The noble Brutus Cæsar lov’d me, I weep for him; as he was for- Hath told you, Casar was ambitious: tunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I ho-30 1f it were so, it was a grievous fault; nour him: but, as he was ambitious, I slew him: And grievously hath Cæsar answer'd it. There are tears, for his love; joy, for his fortune;) Here, under leave of Brutus, and the rest, honour, for his valour; and death, for his ambi- (For Brutus is an honourable man; tion. Who is here so base, that would be a bond- So are they all, all honourable men) man? If any, speak; for him have I offended. 35 Come I to speak in Cæsar's funeral. Who is here so rude, that would not be a Roman He was my friend, faithful and just to me: If any, speak; for hiin have I offended. Who is But Brutus says, he was ainbitious; here so vile, that will not love his country? It And Brutus is an honourable man. any, speak; for him have I offended. I pause He hath brought many captives home to Rome, for a reply.
40 Whose ransoms did the general cotfers fill: All. None, Brutus, none.
Did this in Cæsar seem ambitious ? Bru. Then none hare I offended. I have done When that the poor have cry'd, Cæsar hath wept; no more to Casar, than you shall do to Brutus. Ambition should be made of sterner stuff; The question of his death is enrolld in the Capi- Yet Brutus says, he was ambitious; tol: his glory not extenuated, wherein he was 45 And Brutus is an honourable man. worthy; nor his offences enforc'd, for which he You all did see, that, on the Lupercal, suffered death.
I thrice presented him a kingly crown, Enter Mark Antony, &c. with Cæsar's body. Which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition? Here comes his body, mourn'd by Mark Antony: Yet Brutus says, he was ambitious; who, though he had no hand in his death, shall 50 And sure, he is an honourable man. receive the benefit of his dying, a place in the I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke, commonwealth; As which of you shall not? But here I am to speak what I do know. With this I depart; That, as I slew my best lo- You all did love him once, not without cause; ver for the good of Rome, I have the same dag- What cause with-holds you then to mourn for ger for myself
, when it shall please my country to 55 him? need my death,
O judgement, thou art fled to brutish beasts, All. Live, Brutus, live! live! [house. And men have lost their reason !--Bear with me: i Pleb. Bring him with triumph home unto his My heart is in the coifin there with Cæsar, 2 Pleb. Give him a statue with his ancestors. And I must pause 'till it come back to me. 3 Pleb. Let him be Cæsar.
1001 i Pleb. Methinks, there is much reason in his 4 Pleb. Cæsar's better parts
sayings. Shall be crowned in Brutus.
2 Pleb. If thou consider rightly of the matter, i Pleb. We'll bring him to his house with
Cæsar has had great wrong. shouts and clamours.
3 Pleb. Has he, masters? Bru. My countrymen,
(65|1 fear, there will a worse come in his place. 3 C2
4 Pleb. Mark'd ye his words? Ile would not you all do know this mantle: I remember take the crown:
The first time ever Cæsar put it on; 'Therefore, 'tis certain, he was not anıbitious. 'Twas on a summer's evening, in his tent;
i Pleb. If it be found so, some will dear abide it. That day he overcame the Nervii :-2 Pleb. Poor soul! his eyes are red as fire with 5 Look! in this place, ran Çassius' dagger through weeping.
[Antony. See, what a rent the envíous Casca made: 3 Pleb. There's not a nobler man in Rome, than Through this, the well-beloved Brutus stabb’d; 4 Pleb. Now mark him, he begins again to speak. And, as pluck'd his cursed steel away,
Ant. But yesterday the word of Cæsar might Mark how the blood of Cæsar follow'd it; Have stood against the world: now lies he there, 10 As rushing out of doors, to be resolv'd And none so poor to do him reverence.
If Brutus so unkindly knock'd, or no; () nasters! if I were dispos’d to stir
For Brutus, as you know, was Cæsar's angel: Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage, Judge,O you gods, how dearly Cæsar lov'd him! I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong, This was the most unkindest cut of all: Who, you all know, are honourable men: 15 For when the noble Cæsar saw him stab, I will not do them wrong; I rather choose Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms, To wrong the dead, to wrong myself, and you, Quite vanquish'd him: then burst his mighty heart; Than I will wrong such honourable men. And, in his mantle muffling up his face, But here's a parchment, with the seal of Cæsar, Even at the base of Pompey's statue, I found it in his closet, 'tis his will:
20 Which all the while ran blood, great Cæsar fell. Let but the commons hear this testament,
O, what a fall was there, my countrymen! (Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read) Then I, and you, and all of us fell down, And they would goand kiss dead Cæsar's wounds, Whilst bloody treason flourish'd over us. And dip their napkins' in his sacred blood; O, now you weep; and, I perceive, you feel L'ea, beg a hair of him for memory,
25 The dint of pity 4: these are gracious drops. And, dying, mention it within their wills, Kind souls, what, weep you, when you but behold Bequeathing it, as a rich legacy,
Our Cæsar's vesture wounded ? Look you here! Unto their issue.
[tony. llere is himself, marr'd, as you see, with traitors, 4 Pleb. We'll hear the will: Read it, Mark An- · I Pleb. O piteous spectacle! All. The will, the will; we will hear Cæsar's will. (30 2 Pleb. O noble Casar! Ant. Have patience, gentle friends, I must not 3 Pleb. O woeful day! read it;
4 Pleb. () traitors, villains ! It is not meet you know how Cæsar lov'd you. i Pleb. O most bloody sight! You are not wood, you are not stones, but men; 2 Plėb. We will be reveng'd: Revenge: About,-And, being men, hearing the will of Cæsar, 35 Scek,-burn,—fire,-kill,
--slay-let not a traiIt will inflame you, it will make you mad :
tor live. "Tis good you know not that you are his heirs; Ant. Stay, countrymen. For if you should, 0, what would come of it! i Pleb. Peace there :
-Hear the noble Antony. 4 Pieb. Read the will; we will hear it, Antony;) 2 Pleb. We'll hear him, we'll follow him, we'll You shall read us the will; Cæsar's will. 40 die with him. Ant. Will you be patient? Willy
Iyou stay awhile
Ant. Good friends, sweet friends, let me not I have o'er-shot myself, to tell you
stir you up I fear, I wrong the honourable men,
To such a sudden flood of mutiny. Whose daggers have stabb'd Cæsar: I do fear it. They, that have done this deed, are honourable;
4 Pleb. They were traitors: Honourable men! 45 What private griefs they have, alas, I know not, All. The will! the testament !
That made them doit; they are wise, and honour2 Pleb. They were villains, murderers: The And will,no doubt, with reasons answer you. [able, will! read the will!
[will: I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts; Ant. You will compel me then to read the I am no orator, as Brutus is: Then make a ring about the corpse of Cæsar, 50 But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man, And let me shew you him that made the will. That love my friend; and that they know full well Shall I descend? And will you give me leave? That gave me public leave to speak of hini. All. Come down.
For I bave neither wit, nor words, nor worth, 2 Pleb.Descend.[He comes down from the pulpit. Action, por utterance, nor the power of speech, 3 Pleb. You shall have leave.
53 lo stir men's blood: I only speak right on; 4 Pleb. A ring; stand round.
[body. I tell you that, which you yourselves do know; 1 Pleb. Stand from the hearse, stand froin the Shew you sweet Cæsar's wounds, poor, poor 2 Pleb. Room for Antony;-most noble Antony.
dumb mouths ! Ant. Nay, press not so upon me; stand far oif. And bid them speak for me: But were I Brutus, All. Stand back! room! bear back! 60 And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony Ant. If you have tears, prepare to shed them now. Would rutile up your spirits, and put a tongue
'i. e. their handkerchiefs.-Napery was the ancient term for all kinds of linen. 2 i. e. the impression of pity.
In every wound of Cæsar, that should move Ant. Belike, they had some notice of the people, The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny. How I had mov'u them. Bring me to Oetavius. All. We'll mutiny.
[Exeunt. 1 Pleb. We'll burn the bouse of Brutus. 3 Pleb. Away then, come, seck the conspirators. 5
SCENE III. Ant. Yet hear me, countrymen; yet hear me
A Street. speak.
Enter Cinna the Poet, and afier him the Plebeians. All. Peace, ho! Hear Antony, most noble An- Cin. I dreaint to night, that I did feast with Ant. Why, friends, you go to do you know And things unluckily charge my fantasy: [Cæsar, not what :
I have no will to wander forth of doors, Wherein hath Cæsar thus deserv'd
your loves? Yet something leads me forth. Alas, you know not :--) must tell you then: i Pleb. What is your name? You have forgot the will I told you of.
2 Pleb. Whither are you going? All. Most true;—the will; --- let's stay, and
3 Pleb. Where do you dwell? hear the will.
15 4 Pleb. Are you a married man, or a bachelor? Ant. Here is the will, and under Cæsar's seal.
2 Pleb. Answer every man directly. To every Roman citizen he gives,
| Pleb. Ay, and brieily. To every several man, seventy-five drachmas'.
4 Pleb. Ay, and wisely. 2 Pleb. Most noble Cæsar! We'll revenge his 3 Pleb. Ay, and truly, you were best, 3 Pleb. O royal Cæsar!
[death. 20 Cin. What is my name? Whither am I going ? Ant. Hear me with patience.
Where do I dwell? Am I a married inan, or a All. Peace, ho!
bachelor? Then to answer every man directly, Ant. Moreover, he hath left you all his walks,
and briefly, wisely, and truly. Wisely I say; I His private arbours, and new planted orchards, am a bachelor, On this side Tiber; he hath left them you,
251 2 Pleb. That's as much as to say, they are And to
your heirs for ever; common pleasures, fools that marry:-You'll bear me a bang for To walk abroad, and recreate yourselves. that, I fear. Proceed; directly, Here was a Cæsar! When comes such another? Cin. Directly, I am going to Cæsar's funeral. 1 Pleb. Never, never:—Come, away, away:
| Pleb. As a friend, or an enemy? We'll burn his body in the holy place,
30 Cin. As a friend. And with the brands fire the traitor's houses. 2 Pieb. That matter is answer'd directly. Take the body.
4 Pleb. For your dwelling, -briefly. 2 Pleb, Go, fetch fire.
Cin. Bricily, I dwell by the Capitol. 3 Pleb, Pluck down benches,
3 Pleb. Your name, sir, truly, 4 Pleb. Pluck down forms, windows, any thing. 35 Cin. Truly, my name is Cinna. [Exeunt Plebeians, with the body.
i Pleb. Tear him to pieces, he's a conspirator. Ant. Now let it work: Mischief, thou art afoot. Cin. Iam Cinna the poet, I am Cinna the poet, Take thou what course thou wilt!--llow now, 4 Pleb. Tear hinn for his bad verses, tear him fellow?
for his bad rerses. Enter a Servant.
401 Cin. I am not Cinna the conspirator, Serr. Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome. 4 Pleb. It is no matter, his naine's Cinna; Ant. Where is he?
pluck but his name out of bis heart, and turn Serv. He and Lepidus are at Cæsar's house.
him going; Ant. And thither will I straight to visit him : 3 Pleb. Tear him, tear him. Come, brands, He comes upon a wish. Fortune is merry,
45 ho! firebrands. To Brutus' and to Cassius', burn And in this mood will give us any thing.
all. Some to Decius' house, and soine to Casca's; Serv, I heard him say, Brutus and Cassius some to Ligarius'! away; go.
[Exeunt. Are rid like madmen through the gates of Rome.
Lep. I do consent.
Octa. Prick him down, Antony.
are prick’d. [Lepidus: 60 Ant. Heshall not live; look, with a spot Idamo * Octa. Your brother too must die; Consent you, But, Lepidus, go you tu Cæsar's house;
'A drachma was a Greek coin of the value of seven-pence farthing. 2 A small island in the Jittle river Rhenus near Bononia, according to Hanmer. Lucius, not Publius, was the person meant, who was uncle by the mother's side to Mark Antony. ii. e, condeinn hiin. 3 C3
Fetch the will hither, and we shall determine But that my noble master will appear
such as he is, full of regard, and honour. Lep. What, shall I find you here?
Bru. He is not doubted. --Aword, Lucilius; Octa. Or here, or at the Capitol. [Exit Lepidus. How he receiv'd you, let me be resolv'd.
Ant. This is a slight unmeritable man, 5 Luc. With courtesy, and with respect enough; Meet to be sent on errands: Is it fit,
But not with such familiar instances, The three-fold world divided, he should stand Nor with such free and friendly conference, One of the three to share it?
As he hath us'd of old.
Bru. Thou hast describ'd
When love begins to sicken and decay,
But when they should endure the bloody spur, Either led or driven, as we point the way; They fall their crests, and, like deceitful jades, And having brought our treasure where we will, Sink in the trial. Comes his army on? 'Then take we down his load, and turn him off, Luc. They mean this night in Sardis to be Like to the empty ass, to shake his ears,
quarter'd; And graze in commons.
The greater part, the horse in general, Octa. You may do your will;
Are come with Cassius.
[March uilhin. But he's a try'd and valiant soldier.
Bru. Hark, he is arriv’d:Ant. So is my horse, Octavius; and, for that, March gently on to meet him. I do appoint him store of provender.
Enter Cassius, and Soldiers. It is a creature that I teach to fight,
Cas. Stand, ho! To wind, to stop, to run directly on;
Bru. Stand, ho! Speak the word along. His corporal motion govern'd by my spirit.
Within. Stand. And, in some taste, is Lepidus but so;
Within. Stand. He must be taught, and train'd, and bid go forth: 30 Within. Stand. A barren-spirited fellow; one that feeds
Cus. Most noble brother, you have done me On objects, arts, and imitations;
[mies? Which, out of use, and stal'd by other men, Bru. Judge me, you gods! Wrong I mine eneBegin his fashion: Do not talk of him,
And, if not so, how should I wrong a brother? But as a property. And now, Qctavius, 35 Cus. Brutus, this sober form of yours hides Listen great things.--Brutus and Cassius And when you do them
[wrongs; Are levying powers: we must straight make head: Bru. Cassius, be content, Therefore let our alliance be combin'd, [out; Speak your griefs softly, I do know you well:Ourbest friends made and our best means stretch'cil Before the eyes of both our armies here, And let us presently go sit in council,
40Which should perceive nothing but love from us, How covert matters may be best disclos’d, Let us not wrangle: Bid them inove away; And open perils surest answered.
Then in my tent, Cassius, enlarge your griefs,
[Exeunt. A little from this ground.
Bru. Lucilius, do you the like; and let no man SCENE II.
Come to ourtent,'till webavedoncourconference.
Let Luciusand Titiniusguard our door. [Excunt. Before Brutus' Tent, in the Camp near Sardis.
50 Drum. Enter Brutus, Lucilius, and Soldiers :
The insiile of Brutus' Tent.
Enter Brutus, and Cassius. Bru. What now, Lucilius? is Cassius near? 551 Cas. That you have wrong'd me, doth appear Luc. He is at hand; and Pindarus is come
in this: To do you salutation from his master.
You have condemn'd and noted Lucius Pella, Bru. Hlegreetsmewell.--Yourmaster,Pindarus, For taking bribes here of the Sardians; In his own change, or by ill officers,
Wherein, my letter, praying on his side, Hath given me some worthy cause to wish 60 Because I knew the man, was slighted off. (case. Things done, undone: but, if he be at hand, Bru. You wrong'd yourself, to write in such a I shall be satistied.
Cas. In such a time as this, it is not meet Pin. I do not doubt,
That every nice' offence should bear his comment.
Bru. Let me tell you, Cassius, you yourself, Bru. If you did, I care not. [mov'd me. Are much condemn'd to have an itching palm; Cas. When Cæsar liv’d, he durst not thus have To sell and mart your oftices for gold,
Bru. Peace, peace; you durst not so have To undeservers.
Cas. I durst not?
. [tempted hiin. Cus. I an itching palm?
5 Bru. No. You know, that you are Brutus that speak this, Cas. What? durst not tempt him? Or, by the gods, this speech were else your last. Bru. For your life you durst not.
Bru. ThenameofCassiushonoursthis corruption, Cas. Do not presume too much upon my love, And chastisement doth therefore hide his head. I
do that I shall be sorry for. [for. Cas. Chastisement ! [member! 10 Bru. You have done that you
should be sorry Bru. Remember March, the ides of March re- There is no terror, Cassius, in your threats ; Did not great Julius bleed for justice sake? For I am arm’d so strong in honesty, What villain touch'd his body, that did stab, That they pass by me, as the idle wind, And not for justice? What, shall one of us, Which I respect not. I did send to you That struck the foreniost man of all this world, 15 Forcertain sums of gold, which you deny'd me;But for supporting robbers; shall we now For I can raise no money by vile means: Contaminate our fingers with base bribes? By heaven, I had rather coin iny heart, And sell the mighty space of our large honours, And drop my blood for drachmas, than to wring
uch trash, as may be grasped thus :- From the hard hands of peasants their vile trash, I had rather be a dog, and bay the moon', 20 By any indirection. I did send Than such a Roman.
To you for gold to pay my legions, [sius? Cas. Brutus, bay not nre,
Which you deny'd me: Was that done like CasI'll not endure it: you forget yourself,
Should I have answered Caius Cassius so? To hedge me in?; I am a soldier, I,
When Marcus Brutus grows so covetous, Older in practice, abler than yourself 25 To lock such rascal counters from his friends, To make conditions ?.
Be ready, gods, with all your thunderbolts, Bru. Go to; you are not, Cassius.
Dash himn to pieces! Cas. I am.
Cas. I deny'd you not. Bru. I say, you are not.
Bru. You did. Cas. Urge me no more, I shall forget myself: 30 Cas. I did not: -he was but a fool, Have mind upon yourhealth,tempt me nofurther. That brought my answer back.-Brutus bath Bru. Away, slight man!
riv’d my heart: Cas. Is 't possible?
A friend should bear his friend's infirmities, Bru. Hear me, for I will speak.
But Brutus makes mine greater than they are. Must I give way and room to your rash choler? 135 Bru. I do not, 'till you practise them on me. Shall I be frighted when a madman stares ?
Cas. You love me not. Cas. O ye gods! ye gods! Must I endure all this? Bru. I do not like your faults. Bru. All this? ay, inore: Fret, 'till your proud Cas. A friendly eye could never see such faults. heart break;
Bru. A fatterer's would not, though they do Go, shew your slaves how cholerick you are, 40 As huge as high Olympus.
[appear And make your bondmen tremble. Must I budge? Cas. Come, Antony,and youngOctavius, come, Must I observe you? Must I stand and crouch Revenge yourselves alone on Cassius, Under your testy humour? By the gods, For Cassius is aweary of the world : You shall digest the venom of your spleen, Hated by onc he loves; brav’d by his brother; Though it do split you: for, from this day forth, 45 Check'd like a bondman; all his faults observ'd, I'll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter, Set in a note-book, learn'd, and conn'd býrote, When you are waspish.
To cast into my teeth: 0, I could weep Cas. Is it come to this?
My spirit from mine eyes !—There is my agger, Bru. You say you are a better soldier: And here my naked breast; within, a heart Let it appear so; make your vaunting true, 50 Dearer than Plutus' mine, richer than gold: And it shall please me well: For mine own part, If that thou be'st a Roman, take it forth; I shall be glad to learn of noble men. [Brutus: 1, that deny'd thee gold, will give my heart:
Cas. You wrong me every way, you wrong me, Strike, as thou didst at Cæsar; tor, I know, (better I said, an elder soldier, not a better :
When thou didst hate him worst, thou lov'dst him Did I say, better?
155/Than ever thou lov’dst Cassius. · Warburton comments on this passage thus: “The poets and common people, who generally think and speak alike, suppose the dog bays the moon out of envy to its brightness; an allusion to this notion makes the beauty of the passage in question: Brutus bereby insinuates a covert accusation against his friend, that it was only envy at Cæsar's glory which set Cassius on conspiring against him; and ancient history seems to countenance such a charge. Cassius understood him in this sense, and with much conscious pride retorts the charge by a like insinuation :---" Brutus, bay not me.” ? i. e. to limit my authority by your direction or censure. 3 That is, to know on what terms it is fit to confer the offices which are at my disposal. 3 C 2