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which constitute the difference between a again. I enclose a brief letter for the foreigners and Chinaman's utterance of children, and remain, Chinese, and so they listen to him with Ever yours affectionately, great delight. But of this visit more

(Signed) J. L. MAXWELL.



(Continued from page 310.) In going down the Ganges, and its besprinkling him with the muddy water branches, we advanced with the velocity of and pouring it down his throat. A numthe current, which runs during the rains ber of up-countrymen who were bathing in from five to six miles an hour. We could the river dissuaded the Bengalee Baboos not, therefore, visit the hamlets and the from

stifling or suffocating the sick, but to villages without coming to anchor and no effect. They then presented the Baboos going ashore. The journey up the rivers with bamboo buxis (a beating), at which was exceedingly slow and tedious, owing to the cowardly throng took to their heels, their numerous windings and the wind and and the patient was rescued from a precurrent being against us. Besides, in the mature watery grave. We notice this to month of October, when the rivers rapidly show that while so much has been done for fall down, the large sandbanks which were and said about the enlightenment of this under water make their appearance, and tribe by their western friends and admirers, compel the boats to move in a semicircle they should give up the barbarous practice instead of moving in a direct course. All of their more ignorant and superstitious this, however, affords facilities for the pro- forefathers, and seek to imitate the manly secution of the missionary work. Our virtues of their English and Scotch friends. boatmen sometimes took half a day in 24th October, 1865.-Bandel is a conrounding the sandbank, the serpentine siderable village three miles above Chin. windings of the river, or dragging their surah, and contains the olde Roman boat against the rapidity of the current. Catholic church, erected, I believe, upWe, on the other hand, travelled on foot in wards of two centuries ago. I was 'satisa straight line, and were in advance of her fied with the inhabitants of this village ; by several hours. This interval we spent at first there were but few hearers, but the in making incursions into the nearest vil- congregation was soon increased, and heard lages and distributing the Word of God us with marked attention. among their inhabitants. At midday our 26th.—Gooptiparah is famous for its boatmen lay at anchor, and were busily monkeys, which are sometimes very misengaged in boiling their rice and preparing chievous. They enter the houses of the their curry. We also took our dinner villagers and eat up their provisions. I which our cook had prepared, and then spoke to the shopkeepers and gave them went ashore to speak to our countrymen some books, with which they were pleased. who happened to be there. In going up Ballagor is the dwelling-place of highand down the Bhagiruttee river we found caste Brabmins, and contains a temple dethe Bengalee Hindoos addicted to a prac- dicated to the second person in the Hindoo tice which is, happily, unknown in other Triad. It is partially swallowed up by the parts of India, and which is extremely re- river. It being late in the day, the shopvolting to humanity. The cruelties con- keepers were off to their houses, so that we nected with the exposure of the sick, their could get but a small congregation. We partial immersion in the stream and suffo- addressed them on the evils of idolatry. cation with muddy waters, have been so 27th, 28th.-Culna is a principal town of often reprobated, both here and in England, the Burdwan district, which is populous, that any details in this journal would be fertile, and rich. Its zemindar, or landsuperfluous. We said this inhuman prac- holder, is a Rajah belonging to the Rajput tice was unknown in other parts of India. or Khetnya tribe, perhaps the most manly, As illustrative and confirmatory of this we noble, and independent race of the Hindoos. may notice the following :-Å number of This gentleman has a mansion here in educated Bengalees had gone up the coun- which there is accommodation for weary try and taken their quarters in one of the travellers and beggars, who are daily fed at large towns. They brought their sick to his expense. Inside the royal house there the banks of the Ganges, and commenced are many temples, ranged in two concentrio

circles, in charge of more than fifty priests, tention to the truths which we presented to who are supported by his Highness. If them. Bengal is only Christianized, there are re- Ramnaghur is opposite to Plassey, where sources enough to maintain missions and the memorable battle was fought between missionaries. Upwards of thirty-four years Clive and Shurajdowlah, the nabob of ago the Church Missionary Society estab- Bengal, which ended in the total defeat of lished a school in this town, under the the latter. It has a fine silk factory, a management of Mr. Alexander, a devoted beautiful garden, and a substantial house, missionary. In 1840, this gentleman was belonging to the late Mr. W. Rose, & memobliged to leave this place and take up his ber of the Free Kirk. He had a thorough quarters in the Kishnaghur district, and practical knowledge of agriculture, and rethe Glasgow Ladies' Association purchased ceived more than one medal from the Calthe mission premises with a view to cutta Agricultural Society. Whenever I planting a mission of their own.

had an opportunity of meeting and conSome time after the Disruption, the Es- versing with him, I found him an earnest tablished Church of Scotland relinquished Christian, longing for the advancement of the claim which she at one time was sup- the Redeemer's kingdom in this benighted posed to have upon it. Since then Culna land. I have often visited this place before. has remained a branch station of the Free This time I spoke to the shepherds on the Kirk. We went to the principal bazaar, opposite side of the river at Plassey. which is visited by merchants from dif- Jungipore was one of the greatest silk ferent parts of the country, and has a factories belonging to the late East India thousand shops. We directed the attention Company, and gave employment to hunof the people to the best things, and then dreds of natives. We stopped at this place left them to pursue our journey.

and preached to a number of intelligent Nuddeah owes its importance from its and well-educated young men on the way having been the birthplace of Chaitanya, of obtaining salvation. who improved the old system of Hindooism From Bandel to Jungipore we passed a by allowing the widows to marry, and considerable number of mean villages, and abolishing the institution of caste among some large and important towns, an account his own disciples. This is a place of of which we gave in a former journal. learning ; the first philosophers originally In the suburbs of some of these villages came from the North-West Provinces, and we saw an image of a handsome female, taught the Bengalees. The Church Mis- sitting on the water lily, and clothed with sionary Society has had a school here for snakes. Her name is Mausa, the goddess many years, and the rising generation is of serpents. Every Bengalee householder carefully taught the word of God. Here worships this divinity with a view to obtain we got into a long and rambling discussion preservation from the bite of the venomous with the Brahmins. In reply to a question reptiles. In the mouth of July and Octoregarding our religion, we stated the reasons ber, the worship of this goddess is perwhich induced us to embrace the truth. formed with the greatest eclat. Among Immediately after our conversation with the various other amusements, such as dancing, pundits we went to the toll office to pay music, &c., a sect of Hindoos, called Mals, our tolle. Here we met a number of play with snakes of different species, esEnglish-speaking natives. One of them pecially the cobra da capello. If the was brought up in a missionary school, and venomous fangs are not extracted, the demeaned himself in such a way as to sport costs them their lives. When a vilcreate an impression that he was not far lager has been stung by a serpent, the perfrom the kingdom of God. He and his sons who profess to cure him read the young companions listened with great at- different names of Mausa.

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THE PRESBYTERY OF LONDON.-The have been given by Professor Lorimer and monthly meeting of this Presbytery was the Rev. Mr. Wright, of Southampton. held on Tuesday, October 2, in Queen The Rev. Mr. Matheson, of Hampstead, Square House – the Rev. Mr. Edmonds, Convener of the Presbytery's Church ExModerator. It was agreed to postpone the tension Committee, verbally reported thatsubject of the College regulations, and also they had fixed upon a station half way beof the Union question, on which notices Itween Camberwell and Denmark Hill.


They had agreed to rent a hall capable of before the usual recess, considerable proholding 400 people; and he had to request, gress had been made with the printing. on behalf of the Committee, that authority While doing so, however, the Presbytery of should be given to apply to the Synod's Lancashire sent up to the Committee a Home Mission Fund for a grant for it. The memorial which had been laid on the table locality was considered a very promising of the Presbytery, containing very many

The Presbytery agreed to comply suggestions by Mr. Macfie. Coming to with the request. The Rev. Mr. Alexander, them from so important a quarter as the of Chelsea, gave in a report of his visit to Presbytery of Lancashire, the Committee the Presbyterian congregation which has felt that they were bound to give to it the just been originated in Norwich. He stated most careful consideration. At the earliest that he had preached there on four Sab- possible moment the Committee were sumbaths, besides lecturing on week-days in moned and devoted a long sederunt in one of the largest halls in the place, and going patiently over, item by item, the that matters seemed to be in a most pro- very numerous suggestions of the memomising condition. The promoters of the rialist, and adopting every essential alteramovement to establish & Presbyterian tion. The difficulty increased, however, as Church in that city found that for the sum they proceeded ; fresh alterations were sugof £1,900 or £2,000 they could purchase gested; these, however, were also consithe hall to which he had referred, including dered ; and he bad no hesitation in stating the freehold. The body of the ball would that the prayer of the memorial had been hold 500, the gallery another 100, and very carefully attended to. It was imposanother 150 could be accommodated by sible for them to say that they had sucthrowing in another part of the building, ceeded in removing all bis objections ; but or 750 in all. The people are themselves he believed that when the book is pubprepared to raise £500; if the sum of lished will be found that Mr. Macfie has £500 was raised by the friends of the received full consideration, every justice, at Presbyterian Church in addition to getting the hands of the Committee. Mr. Macfie a similar sum from the Church itself, the was desirous that a copy of the Hymnball would virtually become the congrega- book, as amended by the Committee, should tion's. Mr. Alexander stated that in his be submitted to him. The Committee, howopinion there were all the elements of a ever, did not see that it would have been good Presbyterian congregation at Nor- their duty to have done so. It would have wich, and pointed out that if they suc- been neither respectful to the Synod by ceeded it would be a stepping-stone for whom they had been appointed, nor just to moving onwards to Ipswich, Yarmouth, themselves. The book had been again and Lowestoft.

It was agreed on the placed in the printer's hands, and he hoped motion of Mr. Wright to approve the re- the Committee would not now listen to any port, and thank Mr. Alexander for the further suggestions that might be offered ; good start he had made, and cordially to and certainly it would, he thought, be adremit the case to the Presbytery's Church mitted by all, that the patience which they Extension Committee. Mr. Wright begged had displayed in listening to suggestions to be allowed to put a question to Mr. was somewhat remarkable. Had it not Watson about the Hymn-book. This been for these hindrances the book would question was, When was it likely that it have been ready long ago ; in fact, it was would be published ? His reason for seek- just on the point of publication when this ing information on the point was that up- memorial reached the Committee. With wards of twelve months ago, all the Psalm- regard to the time of publication, he might books in the booksellers' shops in South- state that the large edition, a copy of which ampton were exhausted, and as they did had been sent to ministers for their consinot renew their supply in the prospect of deration, and the corresponding edition a new Hymn-book, the consequence was without music, would be ready in three or that, for the last six months, his congrega- four weeks; and the small editions, together tion could not obtain copies of the psalms with that with the tonic sol-fa notation, was and paraphrases in order to join in the being proceeded with as rapidly as possible, worship of God. Mr. Watson said he was and would rapidly follow. Mr. Wright was very glad to have the opportunity of stating glad to hear that they were at length to get as briefly as he could how the matter stood. copies of the book for the use of their It was the desire of the Hymn-book Com- congregations, and that its publication was mittee to give the utmost care and consi- not to be delayed till after next Synod. deration to the suggestions which any one PRESBYTERY OF NORTHUMBERLAND. might offer, but the effect of this had been Alnwick, Oct. 9th, 1866.-Which day the to delay the publication of the book. quarterly meeting of Presbytery was held However, after carefully weighing the sug- here, and duly constituted. The roll being gestions which had been forwarded to them called, sederunt, the Moderator (Mr. Cathe


cart), Dr. Anderson, Messrs. Huie, Ed-carriage through the persistent operation wards, Barrie, Forsyth, Benvie, Douglas, of any extreme views on the hitherto dividCraig, Davidson, and Blyth (clerk), minis- ing elements ; yet, inasmuch as they have ters. Reasons of absence from Messrs. full confidence in the Committee entrusted Hoy, Robinson, and Brown, were given in by the Synod with power to represent this and sustained. Elders' commissions in Church at the Union Board, they do not favour of Mr. James Chambers, from the deem it expedient under existing circumsession of Glanton, Mr. Samuel Smith, stances to offer any suggestions for their from the session of Crookham, and Mr. guidance. A letter was read from the Rev. George Flint, from the session of Morpeth, T. Robinson, of Newbiggio, craving leave were given in, read, and sustained. Minutes of absence for six months on account of his of last quarterly meeting and subsequent health, and accompanied by a medical cermeeting were read and sustained. The tificate to the effect that exemption from Rev. Messrs. Brown (of Newcastle), Fettis ministerial work was absolutely necessary (of the Isle of Man), McLelland (of South to encourage the prospect of his recovery. Shields), Terras (of Belford), Reid (of The Presbytery, deeply sympathizing with Blyth), and Fraser (of Lowick), deputies their brother under the circumstances from the Home Mission Committee, being which compelled this application, agreed present, were associated. Owing to the to grant him leave of absence for the period pressure of business, the Presbyterial exer- craved, upon his being able, along with the cise was postponed till next quarterly Moderator and Assessors of the Newbiggin meeting. By request of the Moderator, sesssion, to procure competent supply for devotional exercises, with special reference the pulpit there during his absence; and to the revival of religion, were conducted the Presbytery entrust to the Moderator by Messrs. Brown (of Newcastle) and the charge of seeing to and being satisfied Fettis (of the Isle of Man). The Presby- that the diepensation of religious orditery having been favoured with the presence nances is duly provided for in that congreof most of the deputies from the Home gation. Presbytery appointed the next Mission Committee, and having requested quarterly meeting to be held at Alnwick, them to address the meeting, which they in St. James's Church, on the second Tuessoverally did, unanimously agreed to record day in January, 1867, at eleven o'clock. the high satisfaction with which they had Closed with prayer. listened to their interesting statements and ISLINGTON PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH.seasonable suggestions, which they trust A novel and interesti meeting was held will be productive of practical issues. At in the lecture-hall of this church on Saturthe request of the Presbytery, the Mode- day evening, Nov. 30, when a large number rator conveyed to the members of the de- of young men assembled to spend an evenputation present their hearty thanks for ing of mutual intercourse together, in rethe kind, considerate, and brotherly way sponse to an invitation issued by the minisin which they have fulfilled their mission on ter. After tea, to which 130 sat down, the this occasion. In connection with this Rev. J.T. Davidson and Mr. John Lamont, subject, the Presbytery agreed at next as President and Vice-President of the quarterly meeting during the course of the Young Men's Association, addressed those sederunt to resolve itself into a conference present on the dangers to which young on the support of the ministry in Northum- men are exposed in the metropolis, and on berland, with a view to the adoption of an the importance of their securing Christian overture to the Synod in relation to the companions and enlisting themselves in same, and in the mean time to take such some work of usefulness. Thereafter the action in reference to said matter as may tables were removed, and the remainder of be deemed expedient. The consideration the evening spent in free and easy conof the College question, and of the subject versation, all moving to and fro and of a Bursary Fund, was postponed till next making new acquaintanceships or renewing quarterly meeting. The Presbytery, sym- old ones. The din of lively voices evinced pathizing most cordially with the desira- there was no lack of social and friendly bility of union among the several Presby- feeling; and not a few friendships were terian churches now negotiating for the formed which promise to be lasting and attainment of that object, agreed to record beneficial. An occasional song or recitatheir unqualified satisfaction with which tion, with one or two brief addresses, gave they have watched the progress of the variety to the evening, and all seemed to movement, and marked the degree of ap- feel, as they separated at ten o'clock, that proximation already reached towards its an occasional meeting of this kind is fitted consummation, through the protracted and to be useful. The object of the meeting painstaking labours of the Joint Com- was chiefly to give an opportunity to young mittee, and the pain and disappointment men arriving as strangers in London to with which they would witness its mis- form safe and Christian acquaintanceships, and also to give a fresh impetus to the We may inform our readers that Mr. CarMutual Improvement Association, whose ruthers, a probationer of the Free Church, winter session commenced on Oct. 1st. has been appointed resident tutor for one

YOUNG MEN'S SOCIETIES' UNION.—The year, in the room of the Rev. Robert quarterly meeting of the London Presby- Hunter. Mr. Carruthers has entered upon terian Young Men's Societies' Union was his duties with every prospect of comfort held in the lecture-hall of the Regent and success. Square Presbyterian Church on the even- THE PRESBYTERY OF CUMBERLAND. ing of Monday, the 15th of October. The quarterly meeting of this Presbytery Among other matters of business, the was held at Carlisle, on the 2nd Oct., the Society in connection with Mr. Saphir's Rev. P. Taylor, Moderator. In the absence -congregation at Greenwich was formally of Mr. Anderson, it was agreed to postpone admitted to the Union. The hall was well his notice anent college regulations. It filled with ladies and gentlemen, and an ex- was also agreed to take up the remit of cellent paper on "The Miraculous in its Synod anent union with other Presbyterian Metaphysical Aspect,” by A. H. Whytt, Churches at next meeting of Presbytery. Esq., of Caledonian Road Society, was re- The Rev. R. H. Lundie, of Liverpool, apceived with great interest by the audience. peared as a deputy from the Home Mission This was followed by a discussion which Committee, and was cordially welcomed turned principally on metaphysics and the and invited to address the court. He stated Christian evidences. It may not be out of that he had, during the past week, visited place here to remind our readers of the all the congregations within the bounds of cordial invitation given by the Union Se- the Presbytery, except Cleator, where he cretaries to all young men coming to Lon- expected to bold a meeting in the evening. don from Presbyterian congregations else- His report regarding his visits was, on the where, to apply to them for assistance in whole, cheering and encouraging, and he the securing of respectable lodgings and hoped that an impulse had been given to companions. The Secretaries are, Mr. the several congregations which would tell Henry R. Duncan, 9, Holford Square, favourably on the schemes of the Church Pentonville, W.C., and Mr. Robert Whyte, and ministerial support. On the motion 84, St. Paul's Road, Canonbury, N. of Mr. Harvey, seconded by Mr. Macleod, Young men should obtain introductions the thanks of the Presbytery were given to from their ministers.

Mr. Lundie for his timely visit and season. OPENING OF THE COLLEGE.—The intro- able addresses, and the judicious and deliductory lecture this year was delivered by cate manner in which he had transacted Professor Lorimer, who chose for his sub- most important matters in the several conject, “ The Teaching of Christ on the Evi- gregations, and a hope was expressed that dences of Christianity.” We give else- much good would result from his visit, parwhere a summary of the lecture, which was ticularly as to the main object he had in an able and eloquent one, acquiring addi- view. The several members of Presbytery tional interest from the notice of “ Ecce supported the motion, expressing their Homo," with which it closed. Among the appreciation of the public services which audience were the Revds. Dr. Hamilton, Mr. Lundie had rendered to their Church T. Alexander, W. Ballantyne, W. Chal- in England. The Moderator then addressed mers, W. Dinwiddie, M. Danson, J. T. Mr. Lundie in suitable terms. Mr. Mackay, Dandson, and D. Fotheringham, of the the missionary elect for Whitehaven, apLondon Presbytery; the Rev. T. W. peared, and having produced his licence Brown, of Newcastle, the Rev. James and Presbyterial certificate, was acknowPaterson, of Liverpool, the Rev. Mr. Cath- ledged by the Presbytery as preacher of the cart, of Northumberland, and the Rev. J. Gospel within the bounds. The call have Anderson, of Haltwhistle; the Revds. Dr. ing been placed in his hands, he briefly Edmond, Mr. Redpath, Mr. Alison, and signified his acceptance of the same. ThereMr. Russell, of the United Presbyterian after the Presbytery proceeded to hear the Church; the Rev. Professor Newtb, of trial exercises previously prescribed. These New College, London; the Rev. John were performed to the satisfaction of the Mills, of the Welsh Calvinistic Church ; court, and upon a conjunct view of the and the Rev. Mr. Munby, of the Church whole, were sustained with high approbaMissionary College, London ; Dr. Leone tion. The Presbytery agreed to meet at Levi, Dr. Gladstone, Mr. George Duncan, Whitehaven to ordain Mr. Mackay on -&c. The lecture was listened to with deep Tuesday, October 23rd, at two o'clock in interest, and elicited frequent applause. the afternoon ; Mr. Anderson to preach ; It is gratifying to learn that a considerable Mr. Taylor to preside and offer the ordinanumber of new students have joined the tion prayer; Mr. Harvey to address the College, making the attendance this session minister, and Mr. Macleod the congregalarger than it has been for many years past. tion. The Presbytery then adjourned.

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