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VISIT TO THE CHRISTIANS IN PRISON.
to urge against these men except their after dragged with a chain round their Christianity, and it was well-known by necks to the di-trict city of Changpoo, them that if justice was done they them- which is about thirty miles from their native selves should suffer. They did not enter village, and about eight miles from Khi-boey. any defence before the magistrate of the When this harrowing news came to our district, but called to their assistance a ears, I at once set out for Khi-boey, and petty military official from a distance, who thence to the city of Changpoo, and saw chained one of the brothers and otherwise the mandarin. I demanded the release of ill-treated him. He tried to make him the men; he said that I should not so disswear an idolatrous or superstitious oath, turb myself about a matter of such little but could not succeed. We did not know moment, but keep my mind easy, and in what to do in the case, for everything that two days he would release them. His exlay within our reach had been tried and cuse for delay was that the accusers had had failed. We saw most evidently that it been called, and when they appeared it was not merely with the offenders them. would all be put right. The men were not selves we had to contend, for they never set free, and by this time being joined by would have dared to carry matters to such Mr. Douglas, we again went to the
extremity. The literati and some mandarin. He would not let them off. He of the gentry of the district were re- had nothing to say for himself nor against solved to stamp out Christianity, and them, but he would not deliver them. seemed determined, by such constantlyrepeated persecution, to drive the Christians away. The Church was becoming visible in the region (for Paypay
We saw our brethren-one of them in belongs to the same official district),
the very worst part of the prison, among and they seemed be feeling that a number of coarse criminals, and the matters had already gone far enough, and other in an outer room, with a heavy chain now they must go no further. The round his neck, and securely fa-tened there. mandarins and the petty officials hated us, The sight was sickening, and tried us both and became willing tools in the hands of very much indeed. Many who may read such men, and no redress could be hoped this have read of Christians being in for from them. We felt that the case was chains for the'r faithful adherence to their one of the utmost importance, and one that Master, few have seen it ; and I am sure that affected the prosperity, or rather the very if once seen few would like to see it ag in. existence of the Church in this region ; and We spoke to them and prayed with them, we feared that soon the bad example might and exhorted them to patience and firm. be taken by others, and so our troubles ness, and we left, returning to Amoy with increase on all aides. Already about eight heavy hearts. We saw the Consul, and months had elapsed since the outbreak of with his consent we set out at once to see these troubles, and notwi hstanding all the superior magistrates at Chang-chew. efforts, the complexion of affairs was grow. One of these, the military mandarin, reing worse and worse. We resolved to ceived us most kindly, and said he had bring the matter before the British Consul, already punished the military official who and petition him to try to procure for the had seized the Christians. The civil Christians the rights guaranteed by the mandarin alone could set them at liberty. treaty.
This official (the Prefect) refused to see us,
him, he prepared a despatch to the highest We had not time to do this when the civil official (the Taoutai) in Chang-chew, gad news came to us that at Baypay two of and we carried it up. He saw us, and after our members had been seized on a false some arguing about the matter, he promised ccusation, chained, stripped and beaten to issue orders for the speedy and just y a petty military mandarin, and there- settlement of the two cases.
EXTENSION OF THE PERSECUTION TO
of Christ here, and that they shall learn THE CHRISTIANS RELEASED.
ytt. The Changpoo mandarin getting I cannot close this hastily-written letter alarmed at the energetic measures we without recording our deep obligation to were taking, set the two men at liberty. Mr. Swinhoe, our Consul here. He has The news of this came to us while we were done everything in his power to see justice at Chang.chew, and you may well imagine done to the Christians, and if we fail, it will how thankful we were. If the offenders not be for want of exertion on his part. are brought to punishment, I trust we One other matter, and then I close. shall again have peace. In the meantime These troubles have been a trial to the we feel very thankful that our brethren are whole Church, but they have stood well and free.
nobly together, and have been stirred up to We attached the highest importance to more earnest prayer. I believe the sharp these cases, because we found that the trial has done them good. Will the news enemies of the Gospel, emboldened by the of it stir up our friends at home to more fact that no punishment was inflicted on earnest prayer, and more enlarged effort ? those who attacked the Christians, were While these troubles have lasted, there rising over the whole region and giving has been no falling away in our work, but, indications of future trouble. It was what is most remarkable, not withs anding evident that Christians would not even get the imprisonment and beating of these two a hearing; while any false accu-ation brethren, there has been another remarkable trumped up against them, no matter increase to the number of inquirers at Bag. how absurd it might be, was immediately pay; and at all our other stations, especially entertaine i and acted upon. Matters for at Anhai, there seems to be a quickening some time had been coming to a crisis, going on. and we were put to struggle for existence. Trusting that the result of these things I have no fears of the result of the struggle at home will be increased prayer, no matter how shurp it may be wbile it
I am, &c., lasts; they cannot stamp out the Church
(Signed) W. S. SWANSON.
THE CHINA INLAND MISSION.
may tend to provoke unto love and to good works, if we give some account of a mission lately commenced for operating in the inland provinces of China. We question if any Missionary Society in existence has commenced operations with such a marked blessing from the Lord as this, the work not of a society, but of one devoted man of God, the Rev. J. Hudson Taylor. As Mr. Taylor at one time laboured in China in company with the Rev. W. C. Burns, and, notwithstanding his multifarious duties, was generous enough to advocate the cause of our own China Mission not long ago in Lancashire and in Ireland, it should increase the friendly and prayerful interest taken in this young sister mission.
Mr. Taylor's plan has been to select godly laymen from the humbler class of society, who are well taught in the Shorter Catechism, or other Scriptural compendium of doctrine, and who have besides the necessary qualifications in regard to health, prudence, an exercised conscience, and missionary zeal. These he proposes to train for a short time in this country, and, when well assured of their suitablility, to send them to China.
In China he takes some practical hints from the Roman Catholics. He proposes having an institution a little way inland, so as to be free from the distractions of a foreign seaport. This institution will receive those arriving from home, and here they will get their Chinese preparation for the work. They will adopt the Chinese costume, and as far as possible the simple habits of the natives. They will learn the language, and, having acquired a knowledge of the simpler drugs in medicine, and the mode of treating the commonest complaints, they will minister to the poor in the neighbourhood, gain their confidence, and instruct them in the truth. When fully prepared they will be sent, two and two, into the interior.
Mr. Taylor has already met with some, particularly in Scotland and the north of Ireland, peculiarly suited for the work; and he has remarked with great truth, “Why should there be so much piety and zeal hemmed up in this little island, when there are so many millions perishing for lack of knowledge in heathen countries ?”
A noble beginning has been made. Mr. Hudson Taylor sailed for China on the 26th of May, with his wife and four children, and thirteen male and female missionaries, and there are already at Ningpo eight who have lately
We find that the contributions which he has received for the support of these labourers amount to £4,000 since the beginning of this year, although he has adopted the principle so wonderfully exemplified in George Müller, of Bristol, of making no special appeal för funds, but waiting on the Lord in prayer, believing that the silver and gold will be thus forthcoming.
Mr. Taylor has left behind him, as his agent in this country to manage the affairs of the mission, W. T. Berger, Esq., Saint Hill, East Grinstead.
This China Inland Mission is a great experiment worthy of the support and the prayers of God's people, and we cannot doubt that its prosperous beginning is an earnest of a large blessing in store for China through its instrumentality.
The latter was the earliest in the field. DR. MULLENS ON AMOY.
Our brother will find not only a hearty The ordination of a missionary to China and warm reception from the representatook place on Tuesday evening, July 5, at tives of the society, but likewise from all Crouch End, Hornsey. The Rev. John the missionary brethren labouring at this Corbin commenced the service by reading station. Besides this they are kind-hearted and prayer; after which the Rev. Dr. and devoted Christian friends, who will Mullens delivered an address to the follow- afford him all the encouragement and ing effect: We have met this evening to sympathy they can. There is a handsome engage in the ordination service of Mr. chapel for English service, where the mis. James Sadler as a missionary to Amoy, sionaries and their families and English China, who is deputed to this work by the residents assemble for worship on the London Missionary Society. Amoy is one morning of the Sabbath. Here our brother of the seren ports on the coast of China will have an opportunity of occasionally ceded to the English. When the staff of preaching his best sermons. There is also missionaries is completed by the Society to a very large native chapel. Here services these stations, the number will be from are conducted for the benefit of the Chinese. twenty-four to twenty-seven. China is a There are also thr-e other fourishing beautiful country, and e-pecially these sea- Chinese stations. Our brother will enjoy coast provinces. Amongst the most inter- many advantages from the books collected, esting is Amoy. The people are remark- the experience of his predecessors, and ably enterprising; and, as the result, they opportunities for usefulness. It is a great manifest a disposition to consider the claims thing to be preserved from all evil; for the of Christianity, and hence a larger number fall of a missionary amongst the heathen is of them have become Christians than in an awful thing. The zeal, activity, and other parts of China. There are mission- earneetness of a young heart is a great aries from three societies—the American thing in this work. May our brother have Board of Missions, the English Presby- health! The Rev. C. McCordy Davis, of terians, and the London Missionary Society. I Wallingford, then asked Mr. Sadler the
HARMONY BETWEEN EVANGELISTIC AND
EDUCATIONAL EFFORTS IN INDIA.
questions usual on such occasions, to which | Gospel has been most effectually preached the most satisfactory replies were given. by our European and native missionaries The Rev. Charles Gilbert then offered the and catechists, not to thousands only, but
I think I am fully within the mark when I ordination prayer; after which the Rev.
say to tens and tens and tens of thousands W. S. Wardlaw, A.M., Principal of High- of the native population of India. And gate College, delivered a very able discourse now, happily, our rural missions have been on the subject of Paul's mivistry, and the taken charge of by trained native agents manner in which he discharged its duties. permanently. The service, which was one of great interest and solemnity, was then closed by singing
APPEAL TO STUDENTS AND PROBATIONERS.
“I am now here, this night, to ask this question-Are the followers of Ig latius
Loyola to show more zeal, more energy, DR. DUFF ON MISSIONS. and devotedness than the true followers of TAE speech of Dr. Duff before the As. the Lord Jesus ? It is not to our cr-dio
that it should be so. Tell it not in Gath, sembly of the Free Church contained some passages of impassioned eloquence and
publish it not in the streets of Askelon, power. We give a few extracts. May the infidels and heathens of all the world, shout
le-t the daughters of the Philistines, the perusal of his fervid and affecting appeals, and the remembrance of his own self-sacri- over us in der sion. Another thing has
since ficing labours, s'ir us all up to a warmer that there is more willingness—let me çay
return to this country, interest in the progress of the Redeemer's it to their credit-on the part of the eduk ngdom throughout the world.
cated ladies of Scotland to go forth to the mission field than on the part of educated young gentlemen. I have in my hand a
list of at least a dozen who have formally “ Allow me, Moderator, upon one point applied to know whether it is possible for to make a statement, if possible, to dissi- them to go to India or Africa and serve pate a delusion. Though from the first, in their Lord and Master. (Cheers.) I have one form or other, our mission has to the not had from any young man who bas world assumed what was cailed a funda- completed his education one single applicamentallv educational character, we wrought tion up to this hour. Is it to go forth, fully as much in the way of direct effort to even on the score of ordinary chivalry, thao bring the me page of the Gospel to bear on the ladies of Scotland are to be found the minds of the people as any other mis- braver and stouter of heart than the young sion in India. There is a horrible mis- mn? (Cheers.) You have all heard of the conception on this subject in many quar- Ladies of the Reformation, and the La ies
I have long ago given up paying of the Covenant, and we have had our blood any attention to what is said of this ; but stirred within us, when we re d of the innow let me for once express myself, and terview between that remarkable woman, deliver my soul in the matter. Very little the wife of John Welsh, and daugter of comparatively has been ead or published John Knox, and of the heroic conduct and on the subject hitherto. One r. ason of it bearing of the wife of that Jol
Brown, is this, that what we have to do when we shot down so cruelly by that man who, in go out preaching is to deliver our messige spite of the white-washing of the ' Lays at one place; and when we go there again of the Cavaliers,' I insist upon calling-a why it is ditto; and ditto as you go to an- hies and loud and prolonged cheers, which other place, and that day by day; you tell drowned the conclusion of the sentence.) them the same thing over and over again, These young ladies to whom I refer are and if there be no conversions and nothing ready to go forth, in some cases in spite of to report in the shape of conversions, the father and mother, proving to me that they people at home get wearied of these ever- are inheriting the blood of the ladies of the lasting statements of mere lab ur done; Reformation and the Covenant. (Cheere.) and therefore the missionaries give up Why is it again that there is no lack of writing about them. But meantime these men for ordinary secular enterprise? Where movements are not without their impres-dots science find her men ? Where does sion; they are tearing up the fal ow commerce find her men ? Men are to b. ground; they are preparing the soil; the found to go even into the wilderness of crop will be reaped by others, the harvest Africa in the interests of science. There is gathered in when those who have torn up something strangely anomalous in this. the fallow ground lie buried under the sod. | Talk to a mother, a father, a brother, a sis(Applause.) I believe in this way the ter, of one going out as a missionary, and a
cry is at once va sed against it. But talk and surrounding friends; and when I to a father or a mother of a son going came home a second time, he enabled me abroad in the military or nyval service, and to tear myself away, not only from these, instead of placing obstacles in the way, but from my own children. I have no such they would move every power on earth, if ties in this country
There are they could, to get hiin the situation. If children whom God Almighty has made there is a situation to be got in the me- his own and provided for. I have still dical or civil service of India, do they not friends in this country, God be prai-ed ; use all the means they can to secure the but the distance across continents and qualification ? No word of climate then, of oceans would not dissolve their bonds. I disea-ed livers, bad stomachs, but off with have properly no home in this country them at once, and the quicker the better. now. I feel as an expatriated exile in my (Laughter.) I say sol mnly that this is a own native land ; I never can feel myself state of things that ought not to be tolerated at home on the banks of the Forth as I did within the bounds of a Christian Church on the banks of the Ganges. I have no The late Mr. James, of Birmingham, speak- home, properly speaking. I have a reing once in Exeter Hall, stated that he knew sidence, but it is a cold and desolate of one widowed mother of eight children lodging-house, not a real home. I have no dependent mainly on the labours of her ties to detain me a day in this land; no oldest son. This young man was con- ties beyond the dust of my fathers, and the verted, and resolved to become a mission precious dust of one, my friend, my counary to the heathen, and when he told his sellor, and in quiet, noiseless, and unobmother, she at once said, 'Go, my son; trusive ways the light of my eyes and the the God of Providence, who has put this streng'h of my right arm. I have no ties into your heart, is able and will be willing to detain me here now ; and if this Assemto support me.' (Cheere..) The second bly will not help in getting the men who son was also converted, and desired to fol shall go forth to work, if the men are exlow his brother. She said to him al-o, hausted-if they are not to be found, and • Go, my son,
and if ever you wish to bring if the Church is obliged to confe-s to the the head of your mother with sorrow to Foreign Mission Committee that they are
grave, behave unworthy of a Christian not to be had, and that therefore one or mi-sionary.' There are mothers and fathers other of our mission stations must be abanhere this night, and I pray that the spirit doned—if this is to be the case, and the of this mother muy be given to them. proclamation is to go forth that as we can Upon this point, there are some perhaps no longer get men to go forth to work, but who might turn round on me and say, must be satisfied to get men to go forth as
Why don't you set the exam ple, and go witnesses and martyrs, ready to die, and in yourself.p? Excuse me, this is an eccle- dying to bear testimony to the grandeur of siastical assembly, but still it is an assembly the missionary enterprise-if you are to of human beiige. Excuse me when i issue this al nouncement this night—if I speak as a man, for I believe this is a vital know my own heart, I will be the first to eubject to the Church at home. The older offer my services, ready to go forth and members, the fathers and brethren, know without delay, ready as a celebrated counme; I would not need to make such a tryman of our own, who, when asked when remark to them, for they know me better. he would be ready to go off to India in the But others who do not know me may service of his Queen, answered, Towonder that I am speaking here and not on morrow,' and to-morrow he was off, So, -the banks of the Gang 5. Let me say this let it be announced to-night that workers in one word. Restore me, if you can, such are not to be found, and that martyrs a reasonable portion of health and strength henceforth will suffice, and then, God as would lead me warrantably to expect to helping me, I am ready to make the same work there again ; do that, and I tell you reply, and to say, 'I will be off to-morrow.' solemnly there is not an amount of moral I pray God this matter may sink deep into suasion in the Free Church, or wealth the hearts of many parents, that ministers within the brunds of the British empire, may lay it to heart, that students of theothat would detain me in Scot'and. (Great logy may know what the world is thinking .cheering.) I have had ties in Scotland, of them, that professors of theology may and I know the poignancy and heart- know what the world is expecting of them. breaking feeling of rearing one's self away from these ties; but when my mind was
CHAIR OF EVANGELISTIC THEOLOGY. made up, thirty-seven years ago, that it was my duty to go, God, who put that into my mind, put it also into my heart to tear the movement on behalf of a missionary myeelf away from the sobs and sighs of professorship, and after narrating what had weeping parents, and brothers and sisters, | been attempted in this direction in past
On resuming, he proceeded to advocate