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besides two or three dozen of the passers- wished to converse on “the doctrine."
by, looking in and listening for a longer or For some weeks to come we shall probably
chorter time. These casual bearers are follow the same course till the people of
now quite well-behaved, and what is re- the neighbourhood are accustomed to the
markable, they are never more quiet than at idea of having a chapel in their midst.
the time of prayer, which used to be The little chapel is very well situated, not
the most troublesome time when the chapel far from the centre of the city, on the great
on the main street was first opened. west street, which runs etraight from the

The leavening influence of this constant west gate to the east gate. The premises
preaching to large numbers at the Anhai are small (rented at 24 dollars & year), but
chapel has quite plainly prepared the way divided into six rooms; two of these open
of the Gospel in Chin-chew, and in due on the street, and will make a very tolerable
time it will doubtless be found that it has place for preaching to men and women re-
been preparing openings in the villages and spectively. Above one of the inner rooms
market-towns of the surrounding country, there is a small upper story, too low, in.
as soon, I believe, as we shall have labourers deed, and now having only one window,
ready to enter in ; but it is with great but capable of being made tolerably cool by
difficulty that we can spare native agents small windows on two of the other sides ;
from the Chang-poo side of our field to but we are at present making as little
work the two stations of Anhai and Chin- change as possible.
cbew. However, now that we are begin.
ning again to get some students together to
be trained as evangelists, there seems more
hope of occupying the outlying field. After securing a quiet room at the little

inn near the east gate, I walked along to ARRIVAL AT CHIN-CHEW, AND DESCRIP- the chapel, but did not wait long, as the

boys outside were somewhat noisy on the

occasion of the first visit of the foreigner to On Monday morning I started for the the chapel. I found that a number of the city. It is a great convenience to us that literati in the neighbourhood having beone of the Anhai members lets out sedan come indignant at the establishment of a chairs. It saves a great deal of trouble in chapel there, had waited on the Tepo of hiring chairs; and though none of the the ward (a functionary somewhat like an bearers whom he employs have become alderman or justice of the peace, who is Christians, yet his influence on them is responsible for the good order of the ward), such that they are somewhat better in asking him to get us to leave. The Tepo appearance and behaviour than those chair. had called with that view. I found that bearers who have no point of connection the landlord, having rented the place with with the Gospel. Our baggage was carried the full knowledge that it was for a chapel, by an inquirer, a brother of one of the and himself living in a different ward, was members (they live about five miles from not at all desirous to lose our custom, and Chin-chew); poor fellow, he was robbed was not afraid. So I sent our helper to and stripped stark naked on the Saturday the Tepo to inform him of our full treaty evening, just a mile or two from Anhai, as right, and to say that having taken posseshe was coming to be ready for the Mon- sion, we did not mean to leave. I also day's work.

sent him for his inspection an official copy About two o'clock we reached the city, of the proclamation issued by the Tautai and I went to one of the inns as formerly (who governs the whole region from Hing, in order to avoid as much as possible any hwa to Amoy) after the Anhai troubles two occasion of disturbance ; for the same rea- or three years ago, stating the perfect leson the two helpers in charge of the new gality of our procedure in setting up chachapel had, with commendable prudence, pels in the “inner land," and warning all delayed opening the rooms on the main parties not to cause trouble to the chapel street for public preaching, and only re- or the Christians. With these explanations ceived in an inner room such persons as the Tepo professed to be quite satisfied.


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MEMBERS AND INQUIRERS. the chapel for morning worship, I found a In the evening I went again to the chapel numb-r of anonymous placards conspicufor evening worship, and met with no an- ously posted up in the street, saying that a noyance, either on the way or wbile con

'barbarian demon,” with some “interducting the meeting; the same may be preters,” had come to teach depraved said of all our meetings and street preach- doctrines in the city, and advising the ing during the three days I was in the city, people to beat any of the fa d interpreters, except the calling of bad names occasionally

or the “demon"

himself, anywhere they on passing along the streets, from which might be met with ; saying also that any annoyance we are not exempt in Amoy it. persons who would thus bell the cat would self. Besides the helpers, there is one man

be protected from any contingent injury or who now comes regularly to morning and danger to them selves. As I had previourly evening worship, and also on Sabbath, but fixed to leave thet day, I instructed the he does not seem to have any deep convic-helpers to complain to the Tepo, that the tions ; let us pray that if his eyes have been offensive placards might be removed, and once touched they may be touched again, to warn him that unless he took action he that he may see all things plainly.

would be held responsible for any trouble Another regular attendant is a member of

that might occur. Doubtless the placards the Church at Amoy under the care of the are issued by the same pereons who tried to London Missionary Society; his father get the Tepo to drive us away, but whether lives in the city, and the young man being

or no any harm may come of them it is at Amoy for some months on business, bard to conjecture; one thing is certain, received the Gospel, and was baptized, by that He to whom all power belongs will use Mr. Stronach ; but shortly afterwards re

these enemies and their attempts as he turning to Ching-chew, he began to suffe:

uses all other things—for his own glory, from the want of Christian society and and the true good of his people. . aj iritual instruction. Having met with our agents he begun again to enjoy regular social worship. He and we have become

On the road back to Anhai, we met a helpers of each other's joy, and he has been

large detachment of the victorious Imperial enabled to bear patiently violent persecu.

army returning from the final suppression tion on the part of his father. On Sabbaths, also, the little company is

of the Taipings: a very considerable proincreased by one of our Anbai members and who had made submission. Many of the

portion of the troops consisted of Taipings two of the inquirers, who live within five or six miles of the city, while they are about

troops behaved in a very disorderly men.

ner; several struck my chair in passing, double that distance from their mother church, and quite often others of the mem

some managed to give a slap to my shoulbers or inquirers, who visit the city on A good many not over-polite epithets were

der through the window; one spat at me. business, add their quota to the nucleus. There are also several persons who come

used, and it would seem that a good deal of over and over to inquire about the doctrine ; but, on the other hand, whenever I came to

anti-foreign spirit prevails in the army: indeed, almost the whole day, and often till

a body of troops resting at the halting. far on in the night, groups of listeners hear the truth of God in that unpretending lihem in their own dialert (of which I can

places, and began to talk a few words to inner room, perhaps with more good effect

speak a little), they always were quite than if among a larger number. And when we or the he'pers go out to preach in the road was too narrow for me to sit in the

friendly; indeer, even on the march, when the streets or gates or suburbs, the hearers chair, and thus being on foot I was brought are invited to come to the chapel for books closer to them, they were better behaved or conversation,

than when I was in the chair. Just as I was leaving the city, and the first compa

nies of the troops arriving, tbe boys and On Wednesday morning, when I rent to abb'e collected to see them were rather



unmannerly to me, but nothing beyond that this season was one of great joy to words.

ourselves and to the Church at Baypay. Having spent half of Wednesday night The increased interest in the Gospel that at Anhai, I took passage in a passage-boat has sprung up in all this region is not (the first time I have done so either to or only maintained, but goes on spreading, from Anhai), and reached Amoy on Thurs- and our hearts are cheered more than I day afternoon.

can tell you by all we see there.




NEW DISTRICT OPEN FOR MISSION WORK. I bad expected a rest of a few days at Amoy, but have been suddenly called to

On the next day after these admissions meet Mr. Swanson at Khi-boey, and write Mr. Douglas and I went on to Liong-bunthe greater part of this in the Gospel-boat

We spent one night there, and reon Saturday, on my way towards Pecluia. solved to start on the fol'owing morning There has been to all appearance some vio- for Khi-boey by an entirely new route. lent persecution of some of the new mem- Our visits to Khi-boey have hitherto been bers n ar Bay-par, two having been sent in invariably by way of Pechuia to Kwa-jim, chains to Chang-poo city.

and thence by land a distance of sixteen How I long to have enough of fellow. miles. Our hearts had long been bent on labourers here to leave me free from the opening up this route, and Mr. Douglas Pechuia side to give myself to Anhai and and I resolved that as soon as we could

find it convenient we should make the Chin-chew; but what is one missionary with his whole time for Chin-chew city!

attempt. We started early on Tuesday Yours, as ever,

morning, and got to Khi-boey at four C. DOUGLAS.

o'clock in the afternoon, having traversed a distance of twenty-three or twenty-four

miles of road hitherto untrod by the LETTER FROM MR. SWANSON. foreign missionary. I cannot attempt to

describe to you the magnificent tract of Amoy, April, 1866.

country through which we passed. Liong.

bun-see is situated on the side of a bill, Again we have had the privilege of and the first part of our road led us higher admitring a considerable number of persons up this hill, and over a table-land that lay to the fellowship of the Church at Baypay. between it and a higher range to the S.W. Three weeks ago Mr. Douglas and I let After getting to the top of this range, we Amoy and proceeded to Baypay. On the saw stretching out before us a mögnificent following day we had a meeting of candi- plain called the Au-sai Plain, richly caldates for baptism. About forty persona tivated and densely populated. We went were present, and after a very careful and down into this plain and cro-sed it, making protracted examination of those known to for another ridge of hills away still further us and the Elders to be proper subjects to the S.W. The diagonal of the plain for reception, we decided to baptize ten over wbich we crossed is about five or sis adult males.

miles. After travelling this distance we There still remains a large body of began to ascend the range of hills which inquirers at Baypay, as well as at Liong, closes up the plain. When we got to the bun-see and Yu-boe-kio, of whom we top a most magnificent view again met us. entertain great hopes. On the Sabbath The road over the hill led us down on the after the examination I baptized nine of other side by a long descent to the head the ten persons, one being detained by the of the strath where Khi-boey lies. It is weather from coming forward. He was vain for me to make any attempt at de baptized by Mr. Cowie on the following scribing the scenery. Sabbath. All received have manifested in But allow me to say a word about no equivocal way their firm adherence to what struck us even more than the scenery. Christ, and some of them have suffered This whole tract of country lying between specially in his cause. I need hardly add two of our principal stations is now open

to us, but we have not the ahility to work had as a schoolmaster there. To provide it. It was sad for us as we walked over accommodation for the students, some the country to feel how crippled we were building will be necessary, but as, with and how much every day, as the work some additions and alterations, the small grows, we are painfully feeling this. Can chapel, or worskip-roon, already forming a we do more than we are doing? We can part of the mission buildings, căn bê hardly overtake the work as it now stands. utilized for that purpose, the expense will But perhap, you may ask me, “What is not be great. to be the limit of your de nards ? " W cinnot answer this. It has to be measured by one thing only– the amount of labour

Mr. McGregor adds at the close of tho and effort the Church is willing to expend above letter " that when M:. Douglas last apon it. May God stir up the Church to visited Chin-chew, he haotized two person 3 some sense of the work that is committet at Anhai, and re-adınitted one that had to her,

been under suspension."


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At B iypay, Communion Services were I had the happiness of welcoming held on the first Sunday in April, on which back my chief assistant from Amoy a few occasion, among

those present as days ago. He went over there two months spectators, was a Buddhist priest, who ago, and has now returned, bringing with seems now fully resolved to turn from idols him his wife and family, so that I may to serve the living and true God. He had look upon him as a permanent resident in charge of a temple near Yu-boe-kio, from Formosa. The presence of his wife here which he must have derived a considerable is a decid-d a lvantage, as drawing other income, but now he has quite abandoned women come near and hear. My bis temple, cast off his priest's dress, and unb ptized helper, who resides chiefly at gone to reside in a neighbouring village. Sa-te-choo, is becoming a vigorous speaker. He displays a great thirst for Gospel truth, With a simple but clear grasp of the saving and is, I trust, being taught of God.

truths of the Gospel, and a most willing heart to be useful in the Lord's work, he is giving every promise of becoming a man of

great usefulness in missionary operations in “ We have just been making arrange

Formosa." ments for forming a class of students to add to the number of our native helpers. Several young men have been thoug'it of,

There are three ot er men of whom I who seem to bave the gifts and grace needed

have some hope that their hearts are touched, for the work, and we hope soon to form them into a class to receive from us a short walk in the way of life ; but they are more

and that they are sincerely striving to course of theological training, while a qualified teacher gives them further in decided evidences of their conversion it

or less ignorant, as yet, and without more struc'ion in the Chinese character. As

would be unwi:e to speak of them as more teacher for them, we have in our eye one of the candidates for baptism at Bay pay.

than hopeful.

Tne keeping of the Sabbath is the whom we hope to receive immediately, and who has, in consequence of becomin2 heathenism. It is often imes a very hard

great test of men emerging from Chinese a worshipper of God, lost the situation le

te-t to poor working men, but, as misThis teacher is one of the ten baptized by Mr. sionaries, we can only be glad that there is Swanson, as stated in his letter.

a test of such value. I am ashamed to



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wiite it, that, as regards the Sabbath, the the streets are thronged with a busy, noi., temptations on the side of foreigners are company of men intent on buying and sưllnearly as great as on the side of Chinese ing; and along the streets and in open employer.

places, as well as ia the shops, great quantities of all manner of goods, edible and

non-edible, are exposed for sale. From NEED OF REVIVAL AT SWATOW.

among these busy crowds many have enIn a private letter from Swatow, Mr. tered the chapel, and heard the Gospel, and Mackenzie writes :—" At present progre88

r ceived books and tracts containing the is slow, and few are seeking the Lord. word of life. Are we not bou: d to hope We need-oh! how much we need-times that good fruit may yet be reaped from the of revival in the Church already gathered precious seed thus sown ? in. We have lately rented places for

Already, by the blessing of God, we are preaching in two new quarters ; there is privileged to see some signs of life, proofs strong opposition, but the Lord of hosts is that the seed of the Word has been accom. our refuge and our strength.” He makes panied by the life-giring b'essing from on an earnest request that the work may be high. A young lad, a Hakka, who first remembered in prayer.

beard the truth when Mr. Smith was in Kway T’ham last summer, still manifests a sincere interest in it, and is a very hopeful

candidate for baptism. LETTER FROM THE REV. H. L.

Swatow, March 9th, 1966.

Another Hakko, by name Un A Long,

was baptized under special circumstances, KWAY-T'HAM REVISITED.

on the 21st of February, the very ray of MY DEAR DR. HAMILTON, -I returned my setting out on my return to Swatow. lately from Kway T’ham, the most recently He had been a hearer of the truth for four opened of our stations in Tie Chew. As or five months, having been apparently inyou are aware, it is about sixty miles to terested on the very first occasion of hearing the south-west of Swatow, a distence which it during a visit to Kway T’ham on a marrequires in China (at least in this part of it) ket-day. He soon gave up idolatry, and between two and three days' journey. In was the means of leading his wife and son going I went along the coast in the Gospel- to do so also. and to unite with him in the boat to the mouth of the river on which worship of the living and true God. For Kway Tham, some twenty-four or twenty. two months previous to bis baptism helad, five miles inland, is situated ; and startivg so far as I could learn, regularly kept the thence in a native boat, comple’ed the Sabbath ; frequently comirg from his viljourney on the afternoon of the third day lage (six or seven miles distant) to Kway after leaving Swatow. During my stay I Tham to unite in public worship ; and on enjoyed many good opportunities of presch- «ther occasions uniting with the young lad ing both in Kway T’ham and in the above alluded to in their own homes. surrounding villages.

Previous to bis knowing the Gospel, The people seem to be, on the whole, A-Long bad, with his brother and other well disposed ; at least I seldom saw anong Hakkas, been thinking of emigrating to the them the signs of dislike e nd hostility not province of Kwang-si, to the west of Can. uncommon in places much nearer Swatow. tun. On meeting with him I urged him on On this my first visit to Kway T'ham I vari us accounts to reconsider his plans, was much impressed with a sense of its being sorry that one so young in faith and importance as a mission station. The in knowle 'ge should go to a distant place population of the town itself is about wbere there are no means of instruction, 10,000 ; and thrice in every ten days great and none to unite with and help him in his numbers of people come to it from the profession of Chris“; and being desirous also towns and villages far and near. On these that, if it were the Lord's will, he should market-days the town is quite crowded; remain in his native village to be there a

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