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ciation to be

ed in offices of

Fifth, The place where the business office of the corporation is located, and when such office is without the limits of the State, the place where the office for the transaction of business within this State is located shall also be designated ;

Sixth, The county or counties in this State where the business of the corporation is to be carried on;

Seventh, The number constituting the board of directors, and the directors for the first year;

Eighth, The term of its existence, which shall not exceed thirty

years. Corporation may

Sec. 3. It shall not be necessary for the original corporators to subscribed for.

subscribe for the entire capital stock, but the portion not subscribed for may be disposed of at any time afterwards by the corporation in

such manner as the by-laws of the corporation may prescribe. Capital stock SEC. 4. The capital stock of any corporation organized or exist

ing under this act shall not be less than ten thousand dollars nor more than two million five hundred thousand dollars, and shall be

divided into shares of twenty-five dollars each. There shall be a Board of direct. board of directors consisting of not less than three nor more than

nine members in each corporation organized or existing under this

act, who shall also be stockholders. Articles of asso.

SEC. 5. Before any corporation organized under this act shall

commence business, the articles of association shall be executed and filed and record

acknowledged in duplicate, and one of said articles shall be filed Secretary of State and county

and recorded in the office of the Secretary of State, and the other shall be filed and recorded in the office of the county clerk where the business office of the corporation within this State is located, but if such business office is located outside of the State, then in the county in this State where the office for the transaction of business is located. Such articles shall be recorded at the expense of the

corporation filing them, in books prepared for that purpose. Irregularities as

SEC. 6. Neither the organization of any corporation formed under to articles of as the general mining and manufacturing laws of this state, or which invalidate organ. may hereafter be organized under this act, nor any corporate act, ization or acts of corporation. shall be deemed invalid by reason of any omission in its articles of

association, irregularity in filing them, or insufficiency of notice of meeting, unless such omission, irregularity, or insufficient notice shall have been fraudulently intended ; and the stockholders may at any meeting regularly called, by a vote of a majority of the stock, supply the omission in its articles, direct them to be properly filed, or ratify and confirm the action taken at a meeting insufficiently noticed, and upon this being done all the acts and proceedings of said corporation shall have the same force and effect as though said

omission, irregularity, or insufficiency of notice had not existed. Articles filed,

Sec. 7. The articles of association so filed, the record thereof, or etc., prima ficio copies of such articles certified by the Secretary of State or county organization. clerk, shall be prima facie evidence in all courts and proceedings of

the organization of such corporation. Call of first meet SEC. 8. When any corporation shall be formed under this act, ing of stockhold.

the directors designated in the articles of association for the first



stockholders not

year, or a majority of them, may call the first meeting of the stockholders. If no directors are designated in such articles, then any two of those associated may call such first meeting. The notice for Notice of first such first meeting shall specify the time and place for holding the meeting. same, and shall be published once in each week for three successive weeks immediately preceding the time for holding such meeting in some newspaper published in the county where such meeting is to be held, and mailed, with postage paid, to the last known post-office address of each stockholder; but if all the persons associating in the first instance sign a writing waiving such notice, and it appear of record in the minutes of such first meeting, then such notice need not be given.

Sec. 9. No meeting of the stockholders of any corporation organ- Meetings of ized or existing under the provisions of this act shall be legal or valid, legal unless or the proceedings thereof of any force or effect, unless the directors notice bo pubor other officers, or parties calling the same shall cause a notice of the time, place, and object of holding the same, to be published two weeks for any annual meeting, and four weeks for any special meeting, previous thereto, in some newspaper published in the county in which its business is carried on, or its mines or works are situated, if one be published therein; and if not, then in some paper published nearest to such mine, works, or place of business; and shall also cause a copy of such notice to be mailed, postage paid, each stockholder of record at his usual post-office address, as appears on the books of the corporation, twenty days before the time of such meeting: Provided, If the directors or officers calling such meeting Proviso. shall cause a written or printed notice thereof to be personally served on each stockholder of such corporation, at least twenty days previous thereto, and file proof of such service; or if all such stockholders actually appear and consent to act at such meeting without notice, and the fact thereof be entered upon the record of such meeting, the same shall be as valid as if notice were given as herein before provided.

Sec. 10. Any person desiring to perpetuate evidence of the facts How evidence of on which the legality of any alienation, division, sale, or mortgage lion perpetuated. of any of the real estate, mine works, or franchises, or any other corporate act of any such corporation depends, may procure

First, An affidavit of the person or persons who served the notices of the meeting at which the same was authorized, on the several stockholders, showing the time and manner of such service;

Second, An affidavit of publication of the notice of such meeting, if such notice be published, to be made by the publisher of the newspaper in which the same was published, or by some one in his employ having knowledge of the facts;

Third, A transcript of the record of the proceedings of such meeting, to be verified by the oath of the secretary, or other officer of such corporation having custody of said record.

Said affidavit and verified transcript may be recorded in the office where evidence of the register of deeds of the proper county, in the book of mis- recorded. cellaneous records, and when so recorded the original affidavits and

acts of corpora.

stockholders to

Manner of

Powers of corporation,

transcripts, the records thereof, or a certified copy thereof, shall be

prima facie evidence of the facts therein contained. Meetings of SEC. 11. Any meeting of stockholders called and notified as herestockholders may in required may be adjourned to any time not exceeding sixty days


thereafter, at the same place, without any further or other notice, by the vote of a majority of the capital stock represented and voting

thereat. Meetings of SEC. 12. All meetings of the stockholders or directors not herein be provided for provided for shall be called in the manner provided in the by-laws in by-laws

of the corporation, and at any meeting of the stockholders, those holding a majority of the capital stock shall be capable of transacting the business of the meeting, except as herein otherwise provided ; and at all meetings of such stockholders, each share shall be entitled

to one vote. Stockholders may appear and vote in person, or by voting.

proxy duly filed, or by their duly constituted attorneys.

Sec. 13. All corporations organized or existing under this act shall be capable of suing and being sued, impleading and being impleaded, in any court of competent jurisdiction in this State, may have a common seal and alter and change the same at pleasure, and make, from time to time, at any meeting of the stockholders, such by-laws, not inconsistent with the constitution and laws of this State, as a majority of the capital stock shall direct; and such by-laws, or any of them, may be altered, amended, or repealed by a like vote of the capital stock.

Sec. 14. The stock, property, and affairs of all corporations existaffairs. ing hereunder shall be managed and controlled by the board of

directors, except as in this act otherwise provided. The directors shall hold their offices for one year, and until their successors are duly chosen, and at least one of said directors shall be a resident of

this State. Officers selected SEC. 15. The board of directors of every such corporation shall by board.

choose one of their number president, and such other officers as their articles of association and by-laws may require, who shall hold

their offices for one year, or until their successors are chosen and qualVacancy in board ified. The directors for the time being may fill any vacancy

which may happen in their board by death, resignation, or otherwise; and

a majority of the board of directors of every such corporation, conQuorum. vened according to the by-laws, shall constitute a quorum for the

transaction of business. Provision in case SEC. 16. If an election of directors shall not be held at the annual annual election. meeting, such corporation shall not be dissolved, but the election

may be held at any time thereafter, by giving the same notice of

the time and place of such election as is provided for calling annual Board of direct meetings. The board of directors, or any of said board, may be

removed at any meeting of the stockholders, called for that purvacancies filled

pose, by a majority vote of the capital stock of the corporation, and the vacancy or vacancies so created may be filled by a like vote of

the stockholders. Books open for SEC. 17. The books of every such corporation containing the inspection of stockholders, accounts shall, at all reasonable times, be open for the inspection of

Board of direct. ors to manage

Term of office.


of failure in

moved and


capital stock.

any of the stockholders, and as often as once in each year a state- Statement of ment of the accounts of such corporation shall be made by order of the board of directors, and laid before the stockholders.

Sec. 18. The board of directors may call in the subscription to Calling in subthe capital stock of any corporation existing hereunder, by install- wapiptions to ments in such portion and at such times as said board of directors shall think proper. Notice of such calls shall be given in the manner prescribed in the by-laws. The board of directors may specify when such calls shall be due and payable, in the absence of any such provision in the by-laws. In case any stockholder fails to pay any such call or assessment made on his stock, for the


of sixty days after the same is due and payable, and after he has been notified in the manner prescribed in the by-laws, or by the board of directors, the stock of such delinquent stockholder may be sold by Stock of delin. order of the board of directors by public vendue, to the highest bidonhe wtockhold der, at the business office of the corporation specified in the articles of association, either within or without the limits of this State, and thirty days' notice of the time and place of sale shall be given by publication in some newspaper published in the county in which such sale is to be made, and also in the county where the mine or manufacturing or smelting works of the corporation are situated, within this State, by at least four weekly insertions in such newspaper immediately preceding such sale: Provided, That if such Proviso. stock is owned by a resident of the Upper Peninsula, it must be sold in the county in said Upper Peninsula where the mine, or manufacturing or smelting works of the corporation are situated, or in the county in the Upper Peninsula where the business office is located: And provided further, That if such stock is owned by a Further proviso. resident of the Lower Peninsula, it shall be sold at the office of the corporation in the Lower Peninsula, if any, and if not, then at the city of Detroit; and in all cases of sale of stock of residents of this State, thirty days' notice of the time and place of such sale shall be given in some newspaper published in the county where such sale is to be made; and if no newspaper is published therein, then in some paper published nearest thereto, by at least four weekly insertions immediately preceding such sale. The proceeds of any sale Proceeds of sale. under this section, after deducting necessary expenses of sale, shall be first applied in payment of the installment called for, and the expenses on the same, and the residue shall be refunded to the owner thereof; and such sale shall entitle the purchaser to all the rights of a stockholder to the extent of the shares so bought. The corporation may be a purchaser at any such sale.

SEC. 19. The stock of every such corporation shall be deemed Stock to be personal property, and shall be transferred only on the books of the deemed personal company in such form as the by-laws direct or as the directors shall prescribe; and such corporation shall at all times have a lien upon Corporation to the stock of its members for all the debts due from them to such corporation, which may, after judgment obtained thereon, be enforced duo from memby advertisement and sale in the manner herein provided for selling delinquent stock; and all purchasers at such sale shall be entitled to the rights of stockholders.


have lien upon stock for debts


Increase or dim.

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Where business may be con. ducted.

this State.

SEC. 20. Subject to the limitations of section four of this act, inution to capi- the capital stock and number of shares may be increased or dimin

ished at any meeting called for that purpose, by a vote of two-thirds of the capital stock of the corporation, and at such meeting the stockholders shall have power to make all necessary provisions for calling in and cancelling the old, and issuing new certificates of

stock. May own stock Sec. 21. It shall be lawful for any company organized or existing bor companios, under this act to subscribe for or purchase stock in any company railroads, etc.

formed to construct canals or harbors and improve the same, or in any plank road or railroad, when such improvement or road is constructed for the purpose of facilitating transportation to its mines, furnaces, or smelting works.

SEC. 22. It shall be lawful for any corporation formed under the provisions of this act to conduct its mining and manufacturing business, in whole or in part, at any place or places within the United States, and any such corporation shall be subject to the laws of this State in regard to corporations, so far as the same shall be applica

ble to corporations formed under this act. Foreign corpora

Sec. 23. Foreign corporations organized for the purposes condin business inty templated by this act, upon filing copies of their charter or articles

of incorporation, as provided in section five, may carry on business in this State, and shall enjoy all the rights and privileges, and be subject to all the restrictions and liabilities of corporations existing under this act.

SEC. 24. No alienation, division, sale, or mortgage of any, or any fifths in interest part of the mine works, real estate, or franchise of any corporation necessary to pass

mentioned in the first section of this act, shall have any force or effect, or pass any title thereto, or interest therein, unless expressly authorized by the vote of three-fifths of the capital stock of said company at some meeting of stockholders called, and notified in accordance with the provisions of section nine of this act: Pro

vided, That the provisions of this section shall not apply to city or Land not required village lots, nor to land not required for mining purposes from poses.

which the timber has been removed, nor to rights of way and depot grounds for railroads, and rights of way for highways, which may be conveyed when authorized by a vote of a majority of the directors.

SEC. 25. Any two or more corporations organized under this act may, by a vote of three-fifths of the capital stock of each of said corporations, at any meeting of stockholders duly called to consider the question of consolidation, notice of such meeting by mail, postage paid, sent to each stockholder at least sixty days previous to

said meeting, may agree to unite and consolidate the said corporaTerms of consoli. tions.

At such meeting the terms upon which the consolidation shall be effected, the valuation of the several properties, and the number of shares of stock in the consolidated corporation to which

the stockholders in each of the corporations may be entitled, shall Capital stock and be determined. The capital stock and the number of shares in the

consolidated corporation may be the same, but no greater than the shares.

aggregated capital stock and number of shares of the several corpora

A vote of three


Proviso as to

How corpora tions may con. solidate.


number of

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