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CHA P. XXVII. OAST not thyself of to-morrow, what thou wilt D do, or expeetest to receive; for thou knowest not what a day may bring forth; it may render fruitless all thy:

designs and expectations; death, or a thousand accidents, 2 may do it. Let another man praise thee, and not thine

own mouth; a stranger, and not thine own lips; to praise thyself is indecent and imprudent; it difpofes others to

undervalue thee, and defraud thee of thy just commendation. .. 3 A ftone [is] heavy, and the sand weighty; but a fool's wrath [is] heavier than them both; he can neither cor. rect it himself, nor can another restrain it by any rational

considerations, break out in the most insatiable cruelty. 4 Wrath [is] cruel, and anger (is] outrageous; but who

[is] able to stand before envy? A man can better guard

against the effeEts of anger than envy, as that works fecretly 5 to do another an injury. . Open rebuke [is] better than

secret love; a friend who reproves is better than one who

may have an equal degree of love, but doth not show it that 6 way, Faithful [are) the wounds of a friend; Sharp re

proofs therefore ought to be thankfully received; but the

kisses of an enemy (are) deceitful ; compliments and flats 7 tering exprefhons ought therefore to be suspeated. The full

foul loatheth an honeycomb; but to the hungry soul

every bitter thing is sweet: this shows the advantage of 8 poverty, and the vanity of riches. As a bird that wan

dereth from her neft, and leaves her eggs to be broken or her young ones to be destroyed, fo [is] a man that wandereth from his place, who for fakes the station in which providence hath placed him. When heads of families are needlessly absent from home, their domestick affairs take a bad

turn, and the love of pleasure and of gadding abroad often · 9 exposes young people to temptation and ruin. Ointment and

perfume rejoice the heart: fo [doth] the sweetness of a 10 man's friend by hearty counsel. Thine own friend, and

thy father's friend, whom thou and he have found fincere, forsake not; neither go into thy brother's house in the day of thy calamity : [for] better [is] a neighbour (that is near, than a brother far of; we often meet


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with more kindness in trouble from friends than from near re. lations; therefore be friendly, get and keep good friends, and

Jhow some regard to the antient friendships of the family. 11 My son, be wise, and make my heart glad, that I may

answer him that reproacheth me, and charges thy mifa 12 carriages upon my want of care in thy education. A pru.

dent sman] foreseeth the evil of fin and future misery, sand] hideth himself from it; [but the fimple pass on,

[and] are punished. This is applicable to this world and 13 another. Take his garment that is surety for a stranger,

and take a pledge of him for a strange woman; if á be bound for others, he knows not who, especially per

fons of bad charaEter, do not trust him without good fe. 14 curity, for he is in the way to ruin. He that blefleth his

friend with a loud voice, rising early in the morning, it shall be counted a curse to him; there is an excess and

officiousness of complaisance, which instead of serving and 15 pleasing hurts and disobliges. A continual dropping in a

very rainy day and a contentious woman are alike; a man cannot go abroad with comfort, or stay at home with quiet. Whosoever hideth her hideth the wind; he who would keep her tongue, under government or conceal her Jhame, may as well undertake to keep the wind from blow.

ing; and the ointment of his right hand, [which] be. . wrayeth (itself;] a man may grasp a perfume in his hand,

and think thereby to conceal it, but growing warm, it will 17 smell the more. Iron sharpeneth iron; fo a man sharp

eneth the countenance of his friend; friendship if rightly managed is of the greatest use; wise friends whet 'one

another's minds, and increase each other's piety and useful18 ness. Whoso keepeth the figtree shall eat the fruit

thereof : so he that waiteth on his master shall be

honoured; he who is diligent in his business, and watcheth : over his master's reputation and substance, mall be respected 19 and rewarded. As in water face [answereth) to face,

so the heart of man to man: there is a great resemblance runs thro' human nature ; by knowing one's own heart, we may

inake a good guess at others; therefore let us take pains to 20 know our own. Hell and destruction, or the grave, are never full; so the eyes of man, that is, the desires of

a worldly

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a worldly man after worldly things, are never satisfied. 21 [As] the fining pot for silver, and the furnace for gold,

for its trial and examination; fo [is] a man to his praise ; a man of vanity and little worth is elevated and intoxicated with it, but a man of a truly worthy and valuable character will not be fo; he will direEt all to God, make allowances

for the partiality of his friends, and use it with caution. 22 Though thou shouldīt bray a fool in a mortar among

wheat with a peftle, (yet) will not his foolishness depart from him; tho you should use the most violent methods for his reformation, and to reproof and chiding add rebukes

and blows, yet they will have no good effeet upon such an ob. 23 stinate creature. Be thou diligent to know the state of thy

flocks, [and] look well to thy herds. An admirable rule, not only for husbandmen, but for all masters and mistresses:

they should look to their afairs themselves, and not trust to 24 servants. For riches (are] not for ever: and doth the

crown (endure] to every generation? The greatest plenty and the largest estate may be lost for want of prudence and

good æconomy; even a princely fortune may be sunk without 25 care. The hay appeareth, and the tender grass show

eth itself, and herbs of the mountains are gathered; these grow, and there is a time for gathering them, after which they will be spoiled; therefore make hay while the sun

fines, and gather herbs in their season, then they will turn 26 to a good account. The lambs [are) for thy clothing,

and the goats (are] the price of the field, to pay the rent, 27 yea, by good management, to purchase the estate. And

(thou shalt have] goats' milk enough for thy food, for
the food of thy household, and (for) the maintenance
for thy maidens. The meaning of these verses is, that as in
hufbandry men nust look to their affairs, attend to the pro-
per season of doing business, fowing, reaping, Mearing, &c.
so must all others be diligent to know the state of their affairs, .
prudent in the management of them, and punctual in the
dispatch of business and payment of debts; then, with the
blesing of God, they will prosper, These cautions are very
necessary, since we fee so many reduced to distress for want of
attending to them, from whose calamities we should learn



CHA P. XXVIII. I T HE wicked flee when no man pursueth; an

1 evil conscience makes men cowards : but the righteous are bold as a lion; they proceed with resolution in

the most hazardous undertakings; what reason then is there 2 to pray that our soldiers and sailors may be righteous ! For

the transgression of a land many [are] the princes thereof; many changes are in the government, at least in those that adminifter it : but by a man of understanding [and] knowledge the state (thereof ] shall be prolong

ed; one wife and upright minister may reduce every thing to 3 order, and secure its prosperity. A poor man that oppreff

eth the poor [is like a fweeping rain which leaveth no

food, like a violent torrent destroying the fruits of the 4 earth, instead of refreshing them. They that forsake the

law praise the wicked; finners keep one another in counte

nance : but such as keep the law contend with them : it 5 is a sign of real piety to oppose the wicked. Evil men un

derstand not judgment; their minds are depraved, and : they cannot judge between right and wrong: but they that

feek the LORD understand all [things ;] they that seek 6 direction from his word and spirit will not err. Better [is]

the poor that walketh in his uprightness, than she that is] perverse [in his] ways, though he (be) rich; who

gains his riches by dishonest pra&tices, or by fouffling ways, try which is the proper sense of the word. Whoso keepeth the

law, who obferves the rules of sobriety, temperance, and other virtues, [is] a wise fon, and his parents have honour

and comfort in him: but he that is a companion of riotous · [men] Shameth his father, who ought to have restrained. 8 him and taught him better. He that by usury and unjust

gain encreaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him

that will pity the poor, who will exercise the charity he 9 has neglexted. He that turneth away his ear from hear.

ing the law, even his prayer [shall be] abomination, instead of making up the deficiency of his actions. Whoso caufeth the righteous to go aftray in an evil way, wha attempts to seduce upright men into dangerous pra&tices, he fall fall himself into his own pit: but the upright shall

have good [things] in poffeffion; the peculiar reward of

that virtue, which triumphs' over the fnares of a seducing 1 world. The rich man [is] wise in his own proud con

ceit, but the poor that hath understanding searcheth

him out; in his discourse he finds him to be but a fool. 12 When righteous (men] do rejoice, (there is] great

glory: but when the wicked rise, a man is hidden;

men are glad to conceal themselves for fear of ill usage. 13 He that covereth his fins, who excuses or lessens them,

shall not prosper : but whoso confesseth and forsaketh

(them) shall have mercy; confefion and reformation must 14 go together. Happy [is] the man that feareth alway;

who has an habitual awe and reverence of the divine Being

and his own conscience : but he that hardeneth his heart 15 shall fall into mischief. [As] a roaring lion, and a

ranging bear; [fo is] a wicked ruler over the poor 16 people, who are not able to refift his power. The prince

that wanteth understanding (is) also a great oppreffor: . [but he that hateth covetousness shall prolong (his)

days; a maxim applicable to private as well as publick life. 17 A man that doeth violence to the blood of (any) per.

son shall flee to the pit ; let no man stay him; he hall
be so universally abhorred that his neighbours shall not ene
deavour to save him. It is wrong to intercede for such per-

fons, and it is the glory of a king not to pardon them, tho' 18 of the highest rank. Whoso walketh uprightly shall be

faved: but [he that is) perverse [in his ) ways shall fall
at once; he who thinks to save himself by artifice and deceit ..

Shall sometime or other fail, so that nothing can preserve 19 him. He that tilleth his land shall have plenty of

bread; prudent, frugal per fons Mall thrive : but he that followeth after vain [persons,] frequents idle and loose

company, to the negleEt of his business, shall have poverty 20 enough., A faithful man, both in word and deed, shall

abound with blessings from God and man: but he that maketh hafte to be rich shall not be innocent; he brings

misery upon himfelf: it is impossible to be very eager after . 21 riches, without violating integrity and a good conscience. To

have respect of persons [is] not good; for for a piece pf bread [that] man will transgress; he will get such a

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