« ZurückWeiter »
Then meet, and join. Jove's lightnings, the precursors
Seem to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble.—Temp., i. 2. She tore the letter into a thousand halspence ; railed at herself. . . . "I measure him," says she, “ by my own spirit." Then down upon her knees she falls, weeps, sobs, beats her heart, tears her hair, prays, cries, “Oh, sweet Benedick! M. Ado, ii. 3.
I have sold all my trumpery; ... they throng who should buy first, as if my trinkets had been hallowed.-W. T., iv. 3.
Their joy waded in tears. There was casting up of eyes, holding up of hands, ... Our king, : . . cries, " Oh, thy mother, thy mother!” then asks Bohemia forgiveness, then again worries he his daughter with clipping her; now he thanks the old shepherd, which stands by.-Ibid., v. 2.
She lifted the princess from the earth; and so locks her in embracing, as if she would pin her to her heart.-Ibid., v. 2.
The great supply,
Are wreck'd three nights ago on Goodwin Sands.- John, v. 3.
As we were sharing, some six or seven fresh men set upon us--
Thrice from the banks of Wye
How 'scapes he agues, in the devil's name?--Ibid., iii. 1. I have misused the king's press damnably. . . . I press me none but good householders, yeomen's sons; inquire me out contracted bachelors.-Ibid., iv. 2.
And have the summary of all our griefs,
She came, and puts me her white hand to his cloven chin.-Tr. & Cr., i. 2.
I saw him run after a gilded butterfly; and when he caught it, he let it go again ; and after it again; and over and over he comes, and up again.--Coriol., i. 3.
But, when I came (some minute ere the time
Three great ones of the city,
Then must you speak
Richer than all his tribe; of one, whose subdu'd eyes,
The master calls, and trebles their confusion.—Per., iv. 1. Both Shakespeare's chief narative poems present numerous instances of this peculiarity in style, besides those afforded in their very opening lines :
Even as the sun with purple-colour'd face
Which, in pale embers hid, lurks to aspire.—Lucrece, Stansa 1. In adverting to a future time he allows the speaker to deviate into present tense; thereby giving a forcible and immediate impression to the prediction :
Truth shall nurse her,
Under his own vine, what he plants.-H. VIII., v. 4. From conditional tense, he permits Cominius—in the heat of martial admiration addressing Marcius—to deviate into future tense, thereby giving more direct and natural effect to the speech:
If I should tell thee o'er this thy day's work,
Thou 'lt not believe thy deeds.—Coriol., i. 9. Where Silvia and the disguised page, Sebastian, are talking of the supposedly absent Julia, the author allows them to speak of her in the present tense; but suddenly to diverge into the past tense; because, after Silvia's first question, “Is she not passing fair?” the answer throws the subject of inquiry into the condition of a person whose beauty (and almost as if she herself also) had passed away:
She hath been fairer, madam, than she is :
Therefore Silvia's next question comes with most natural effect:
How tall was she?-Two G. of V., iv. 4. Shakespeare has in a few instances used a past tense where ordinarily a present tense is employed :
Slaves as ragged as Lazarus in the painted cloth, where the glutton's dogs licked his sores.-1 H. IV. iv. 2.
What you shall know meantime
Doubt not, sir;
'Twas very strange.—Per., ii. 4. Very noteworthy is the way in which our poet occasionally uses the word "now" when referring to a past time; thereby giving wonderfully spirited effect to passages of narration :
The lioness had torn some flesh away,
And cried, in fainting, upon Rosalind.--As You L., iv. 3. Our king, being ready to leap out of himself for joy of his found daughter, as if that joy were now become a loss, cries . . . Now thanks the old shepherd—W.T., v. 2.
I sprang not more in joy at first hearing he was a man-child, than now in first seeing he had proved himself a man.-Coriol., i. 3.
Hath now this dread and black complexion smear'd
And now our cowards
DISSONANCES. Shakespeare-remarkable for his harmonious beauty of diction, where musical versification is in keeping with his subject-has certain dissonant effects of expression in passages, where harshness is more consistent and characteristic than smoothness would be. Paulina, hissing out her detestation of Leontes' cruel injustice to his queen, utters a sentence sibilant with ss :
What studied torments, tyrant, hast for me?
The effect is thus conveyed of • I knew it to be my bounden duty, before you asked me to inform you.'
What a capital effect of bluntness is given to King Harry's defiant speech by the rugged little sentence we have italicised in the following lines :
They shall have none, I swear, but these my joints,-
Shall yield them little, tell the Constable.-H. V., iv. 3. And how well consists the close succession of murmuring ss in the following couplet with the image it expresses:
Good things of day begin to droop and drowse;
Whiles night's black agents to their preys do rouse.—Macb., iii. 2. Into Shylock's mouth the poet has put a repetition phrase in the following passage, which gives a sound like the raving bark of the very “ dog" he taunts Antonio with having called him:
I'll have my bond ; speak not against my bond.
I 'll have no speaking; I will have my bond.-Mer. of V., iii. 3. And, later on, he has put into the same Shylock's mouth the word “Barrabas" (not as spelt in the New Testament, ‘Barabbas'), spelt and accented in a mode that imparts a finely snarling effect to the name:
These be the Christian husbands! I have a daughter;
Had been her husband rather than a Christian !-Ibid, iv, I. In the following, a scornful disgust is thrown into the expression by the tone of words chosen :
You shall find there
That all men follow.–Ant. & C., i. 4. There is a noteworthy aptness in the next passage, where the iterated checks of “wots what watch"come with as excellent effect of disturbance to the ear, as come the repose and placid cadence of the concluding line with soft effect; each forming a thorough echo to the sense of the respective phrase:
But in gross brain little wots
Whose hours the peasant best advantages.-H. V., iv. I. It is worth while to observe how frequently our poet has this kind of unpleasing effect—this dissonant consonance of repeated similar soundwhere the word “wot" occurs; also to observe that it accords well with the puzzled impression conveyed by the phrase itself:-
Anon, I wot not by what strong escape.-Com. of E., v. 1.