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To bring in (God shield us !) a lion among ladies.—Mid. N. D., iii. 1.
Now the pledge; now, now, now.-Ibid., v. 2.
In the following passage he uses an interjection sarcastically :-
PARADOXICAL PHRASEOLOGY. There are some of Shakespeare's passages which are written with so much of paradox in their style, as to possess that startling effect of quaintness and almost humour, which characterises the “ Irish bull." These passages occur in his serious as well as in his comic plays ; because the great dramatist well knew that the human mind, in its emotional moods—whether grave or gay-is apt to deal with, and even to express itself, in strained forms of whimsical idea and imagery:
I am gone, though I am here.—M. Ado, iv. I.
I must tell thee, sirrah, I write man; to which title age cannot bring thee.Alls W., ii. 3.
If thou 'lt see a thing to talk on when thou art dead and rotten, come hither.W. T., iii. 3.
Great king, within this coffin I present
Their wounded steeds
The lips of those that breathe them in the air.-R. III., i. 3.
Then, taking him from thence that is not there,
I do not know
Against the wind a mile !--Coriol., i. 4.
Would I were hanged, but I thought there was more in him than I could think.Ibid., iv. 5.
I would not be a Roman, of all nations; I had as lief be a condemned man.Ibid., iv. 5.
That we did, we did for the best; and though we willingly consented to his banishment yet it was against our will.-Ibid., iv. 6.
She speaks, yet she says nothing : what of that ?
At what o'clock to-morrow
Leak'd is our bark ;
The queen that bore thee
Here “abhorr'd” is, with poetic licence, employed for 'smelt abhorringly.' + For an explanation of Shakespeare's peculiar and inclusive mode of employing the word “elder," See Elder, &c., and PECULIAR USE OF WORDS.
The poet adopted the foregoing expression from Scripture: “I protest by your rejoicing, which I have in Christ Jesus our Lord, I die daily."-1. Cor., xv. 31.
What you have charg'd me with, that have I done;
1.-Ibid., i. 1.
So I'll die
Shakespeare occasionally uses a paraphrase, or a periphrastic form of expression. Sometimes seriously, with graceful effect; and sometimes playfully or humorously, with exaggerated effect :
I with the morning's love [· Cephalus:' of whom Aurora was enamoured] have oft made sport.- Mid. N. D., iii. 2.
Holla your name to the reverberate hills,
Cry out, Olivia Tw. N., i. 5. Fare ye well at once: my bosom is full of kindness; and I am yet so near the manners of my mother ['so nearly betrayed into shedding womanish tears '] that, upon the least occasion more, mine eyes will tell tales of me.-Ibid., ii. 1.
And all my mother came into mine eyes [ all the womanly emotion in my nature sprang to mine eyes '], and gave me up to tears.-H. V., iv. 6.
And embraced, as it were, from the ends of opposed winds [“ the quarters whence the four winds blow,' . east to west, north to south,' opposite regions'].-W. T., i. 1.
And my name yok'd with his that did betray the Best! [* Judas Iscariot's').Ibid., i.
And stop this gap of breath [' mouth ’] with fulsome dust.-Yohn, iii. 4.
Now, now, you stars that move in your right spheres [' nobles who revolted, but have now returned to your allegiance '].-Ibid., v. 7.
His face thou hast, for even so look'd he,
Shall ill become the flower of England's face [' the flowery face of England's soil : ' including the idea of the Power of England's youth,' the finest and choicest young men of England '].—Ibid., iii. 3.
I can speak English, lord, as well as you ;
And gave the tongue a helpful ornament [' gave the language the aiding ornament of versification,' by writing poetry]. .-1 H. IV., iii. 1.
I understand thy looks: that pretty Welsh [' those speaking tears '] which thou pour'st down from these swelling heavens [' these blue eyes swollen with weeping '] I am too perfect in.-Ibid., iii. 1.
They come like sacrifices in their trim,
And to the fire-ey'd maid of smoky war ['the goddess Bellona'], all hot and bleeding, will we offer them.-Ibid., iv. 2.
Though it discolours the complexion of my greatness [- it makes my princehood blush '] to acknowledge it.—2 H. IV., ii. 2.
And the examples of every minute's instance [' that every minute produces or brings forth ’].-Ibid., iv. 1.
And consecrate commotion's bitter edge ['the sword of bitter contention and rebellion ').—Ibid., iv. I.
And I, in the clear sky of fame, o'ershine you as much as the full moon doth the cinders of the element ('the stars '], which show like pins' heads to her.--Ibid., iv. 3.
Nay, more, to spurn at your most royal image,
And mock your workings in a second body [' set at naught your decrees as carried out in the person of a deputed representative'].-Ibid., v. 2.
Go, clear thy crystals [' dry thine eyes ').-H. V., ii. 3.
Say, if my father render fair return [* send back a favourable answer '], it is against my will.-Ibid., ii. 4.
Thus with imagin'd wing [' the wing of imagination '] our swift scene flies in motion of no less celerity than that of thought.-Ibid., iii. (Chorus).
Bring them, I pray thee, with imagin'd speed [- the speed of imagination ') unto the Tranect, to the common ferry.-Mer. of V., iii.
I pass’d, methought, the melancholy flood ['the river Styx ']
Unto the kingdom of perpetual night.—R. III., i. 4. Why, then the thing of courage ('the tiger '], as rous'd with rage, with rage doth sympathise.—Tr. & Cr., i. 3.
For that will physic the great Myrmidon [* Achilles '].—Ibid., i. 3.
Come, draw this curtain, and let's see your picture [' put back your veil, and let us behold your face '].—Ibid., iii. 2.
But we will draw the curtain, and show you the picture [' put back my veil, and let you see my face '].— Tw. N., i. 5.
By all Diana's waiting-women [' the stars, attendant upon the crescent moon'] yond', and by herself.—Tr. & Cr., v. 2.
When with his Amazonian chin ['chin with no more beard upon it than an Amazon's chin,' • unbearded chin'] he drove the bristled lips before him.-Coriol., ii. 2.
Here I clip the anvil of my sword (that body upon which I have heretofore laid as heavy blows as those which a smith lays upon an anvil ']; and do contest as hotly:Ibid., iv. 5.
Now, by the jealous queen of heaven ( Juno'], that kiss I carried from thee, dear.Ibid., v. 3.
Turn back, dull earth ['the earthly part of me,' • my body,' 'the corporeal and material portion of me'], and find thy centre out.—R. & Jul., ii. 1.
O blessed breeding sun, draw from the earth
Infect the air !--Timon, iv. 3. And, but in the plainer and simpler kind of people, the deed of saying [' the fulfilment of protestation '] is quite out of use.-Ibid., v. 1.
Till that Bellona's bridegroom [ Macbeth ; worthy to be matched with the goddess of war'], lapp'd in proof ( incased in armour of proof'], confronted him with selfcomparisons [' met him with competitive strokes equal to his own ').—Macb., i. 2.
The wind-shak'd surge, with high and monstrous mane,
And quench the guards of th' ever-fixed pole [' the star Arctophylax, guarding the polar or North Star and the Great Bear ').-Oth., ii. 1.
Even then this forked plague [' this penalty of horns '] is fated to us when we do quicken.-Ibid., iii. 3.
Now canopied under these windows ['eyelids,' eyes,' "casements'], white and azure, lac'd with blue of heaven's own tinct.-Cym., ii. 2.
The roses in thy lips and cheeks shall fade
To paly ashes; thy eyes' windows ['eyelids'] fall.-R. & Yul., iv. I. And makes Diana's rangers [' virgin ladies') false themselves.-Cym., ii. 3.
This mortal house ( body,' . perishable frame'] I'll ruin,
Do Cæsar what he can.-Ant. & C., v. 2. He bears a tempest, which his mortal vessel [' his frail body '] tears, and yet he rides it out.—Per., v. 4 (Gower).
Celestial Dian, goddess argentine [' deity of the silver moon '] I will obey thee.Ibid., v. 2.
PARENTHESES. It is noteworthy that Shakespeare's parentheses are frequently of very condensed significance, containing much earnestness and wisdom put into extremely small space :
If powers divine