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"Convey" ["steal,' filch,' pilfer,' purloin,' rob'], the wise it call. “ Steal!" foh! a fico for the phrase !-Merry W., i. 3.

Since Henry's death, I fear, there is conveyance [' fraudulent dealing,' 'knavery,' sly and tricking practice'].-1 H. VI., i. 3.

Would we could see you at Corinth ['our brothel,' our house of free-living.' See " Corinthian," subsequently cited and explained).—Timon, ii. 2.

0, nuncle, court holy-water ['flattering protestations,' • favouring phrases '] in a dry house is better than this rain-water out o' door.--Lear, iii. 2.

I think thee now some common customer (* bad woman,' a woman who infamously trades on her beauty')--All's W., v. 3.

I marry her! what? a customer !-Oth., iv, 1.

I'll thrust my knife in your mouldy chaps, an you play the saucy cuttle ['the knife used by thieves and cutpurses '] with me. -2 H, IV., ii. 4.

He, sir, that takes pity on decayed men, and gives them suits of durance [' captivity,' • imprisonment').—Com. of E., iv.

Is not a buff jerkin a most sweet robe of durance ?-1 H, IV., i. 2.
They call drinking deep, dying scarlet.-I bid., ii. 4.
I will retort the sum in equipage ('stolen goods '].-Merry W., ii. 2.

And, being fap [' maudlin drunk'), sir, was, as they say, cashier'd [' turned out his pockets, and then himself].--Ibid., i. 1.

I am joined with no foot land-rakers [' footpads,' those who rob on foot ').IH. IV., ii. 1.

Thou diest on point of fox [sword:' originating in the circumstance that Andrea Ferrara, and other foreign sword-cutlers, adopted a fox as the blade-mark of their weapons).-H. V., iv. 4.

He woos both high and low, both rich and poor,
Both young and old, one with another, Ford :

He loves the gally-mawfry [ heterogeneous collection,' hotch-potch,' medley'].Merry W., ii. 1.

And they have a dance which the wenches say is a gally-mawfry of gambols, because they are not in 't.-W. T., iv. 3.

She's impudent, my lord;
And was a common gamester (* wanton woman '] to the camp.-All's W., v. 3.

Were you a gamester at five, or at seven ?—Per., iv. 6.
He is drunk now: where had he wine ?
And Trinculo is reeling ripe: where should they

Find this grand liquor that hath gilded {intoxicated:' besides implying by this cant term for being drunk that they are in liquor, "gilded” here includes allusion to being enriched by the alchemist's elixir (which was a preparation of gold), as a fleer at their having become yellowed over by the “filthy mantled pool” through which they have been led by Ariel]

them?—Temp., V, I. Nay, I can gleek (gibe,' 'jeer:' in modern slang, 'chaff.'. The expression originated in the name for a game of cards, called “gleek : ” in which game "a gleek" was the term for a set of three particular cards; "to gleek,” for gaining an advantage over; and “to be gleeked," for being tricked, cheated, duped, or befooled. Hence, the words “gleek," and "gleeking” became used, for being tauntingly or hectoringly jocose) upon occasion.-Mid. Ñ. D., iii. 1.

What will you give us ?—No money, on my faith, but the gleek; I will give you the minstrel.-R. & Ful., iv. 5.

I have seen you gleeking and galling at this gentleman twice or thrice.-H. V., v. 1. Now where's the Bastard's braves, and Charles his gleeks ?-1 H. VI., iii. 2. Let vultures gripe thy guts! for gourd and fullam holds, And high and low ['false dice '] beguile the rich and poor.-Merry W., i. 3. Ere I would say, I would drown myself for the love of a guinea-hen [ a woman who may be bought for money'], I would change my humanity with a baboon.Oth., i. 3.

What comfortable hour canst thou name,
That ever grac'd me in thy company?

Faith, none, but Humphrey hour ["hungry hour:'we believe this to have been a cant term, arising out of the proverbial phrase, "to dine with Duke Humphrey”; which originated in the circumstance that one of the aisles in the ancient cathedral of St. Paul's was called Duke Humphrey's Walk, where those who had no means of procuring a dinner used to loiter, as if business, and not the passing away their hour for hunger, brought them there),

that call'd Your grace to breakfast once forth of my company.-R. III., iv. 4. Somc jay ['courtesan:' it is noteworthy that the Italian word for the bird of this name and for a hireling woman is the same-putta'] of Italy, whose mother was.Cym., iii. 4. We'll teach him to know turtles from jays.-Merry W., iii.

3. He wears his honour in a box unseen,

That hugs his kicky-wicky [' unruly jade: ' employed by the coarse Parolles as a synonyme for · wife '] here at home.-All's W., ii. 3.

I, a lost mutton [* scapegrace fellow,' 'a stray sheep from the fold of righteousness '], gave your letter to her, a laced mutton [* dizened courtesan'], and she, laced mutton, gave me, a lost mutton, nothing for my labour.-Two G. of V., i. 1.

Is he so young a man, and so old a lifter ? ['thief'; and shop-lifter' is still a term in use for one who steals goods from shop-counters].—Tr. & Cr., i. 2.

No, he's in Tartar limbo ['prison,''confinement,'] worse than hell.—Com.of E., iv. 2.

I have some of 'em in Limbo Patrum (prison,' .confinement': the term origi. nating in Limbus Patrum, the place where the fathers and patriarchs were supposed to await the resurrection), and there they are like to dance these three days.H. VIII., V. 3.

None of these mad mustachio purple-hued malt-worms ['ale-topers;' fellows who dip their mustachios so deeply and perpetually in liquor as to stain them purple-red).i H. IV. ii. 1.

His face is Lucifer's privy-kitchen, where he doth nothing but roast malt-worms [ beer-drinkers '].—2 H. IV., ii. 4.

I think I am as like to ride the mare [' come to the gallows'; the two-legged or three-legged mare being a slang name for the gallows].-Ibid., ii. 1.

I will say “ marry trap" ['catch who catch can,' . by Mary, catch me if you can'] with you.-Merry W., i. 1.

I come to her in white, and cry " Mum"; she cries, Budget": and by that we know one another.—That's good too: but what needs either your "Mum" or her

Budget? [A cant signal and counter-signal, implying silence and secret intelligence in use among thieves).—Ibid., v. 2.

I went to her in white, and cried “ Mum," and she cried “ Budget," as Anne and I had appointed.I bid., v. 5.

If you run the nut-hook's [“ bailiff'; a hooker of thieves] humour on me.-Ibid., i. 1. Nut-hook, nut-hook, you lie. Come on.—2 H. IV., V. 4.

As the honey of Hybla, my old lad of the castle (' roaring boy,'' roysterer’: and Prince Hal applies this term to his boon companion, the fat knight, in reference to the name of “Oldcastle,” which Shakespeare originally gave to the character of Sir John Falstaff).-1 H. IV., i. 2.

Let senses rule; the word is, “Pitch and pay” [pay on delivery, ‘pay down at once'); trust none.-H. V., ii. 3.

When you breathe in your watering, they cry“Hem !” and bid you play it off [' toss off your drink at a draught'].—1 H. IV., ii.

4. If a crow help us in, sirrah, we'll pluck a crow together [' have a squabbling-bout,' ' a set-to,' ' a quarrel').—Com. of E., iii. 1.

Out upon him! Prig, for my life, prig [* thief'].-W. T., iv. 2.
The white sheet bleaching on the hedge,
Doth set my pugging ('prigging,' thieving,'] tooth on edge.-Ibid., iv, 2 (Song).

Thou shalt have a share in our purchase [“ booty,'' plunder,'. stolen goods,') as I am a true man.-IH. IV., ii. 1.

They will steal anything, and call it purchase.-H. V., iii. 2.

Here's Agamemnon,-an honest fellow enough, and one that loves quails [' common women ’: but though allusion may be made to this sense of the word, as a cant term, in the present passage, we believe, that “loves quails " may be used to express .is fond of quail-fighting,' is fond of gambling with quails,' in reference to the ancient practice of matching quails against one another, as cocks were more modernly matched; to which practice Shakespeare alludes in a passage in " Antony and Cleopatra," ii. 3).-Tr. & Cr., v. 1.

What says my bully-rook ('rogue,' swindler,' sharper '] ?-Merry W., i. 3.

How now, bully-rook! ... tell him, bully-rook. ... What sayest thou, my bully-rook ?-Ibid., ii. 1.

What saucy merchant was this, that was so full of his ropery? ( roguery,' ribaldry,' 'impudent banter,' . abusive joking': the expression originated in the facetious custom of teaching parrots to make allusion to a rope” (or hanging), as the probable end of those who addressed them).-R. & Jul., ii. 4.

An he begin once, he 'll rail in his rope-tricks (besides the above meaning, “ rope. tricks” is here intended (from its slight similarity in sound) to include the effect of “rhetorics ").—Tam. of S., i. 2.

Sirrah, if they meet not with Saint Nicholas' clerks ['thieves,' 'robbers,' pickpockets': Saint Nicholas being the patron saint of children and scholars, he was said to be tutelary to another race of clever fellows and dexterous gentry), I'll give thee this neck.-1 H. IV., ii. 1.

Now shall we know if Gadshill have set a match ['planned a robbery').-Ibid., i. 2.

Wouldst thou not be glad to have the niggardly rascally shcep-biter (“paltry thief'] come by some notable shame ?—Tw. N., ii. 5.

Show your knave's visage, ... Show your sheep-biting face.-M. for M., v. 1.
My revenue is the silly cheat [' petty theft '].-W. T., iv. 2.

Slice, I say! pauca, pauca; slice ['cut,' • be off'], I say! that's my humour.Merry W., i. 1.

It would make a man as mad as a buck, to be so bought and sold ['tricked,' duped,' • befooled,' .outdone'].—Com. of E., iii. 1.

Fly, noble English, you are bought and sold [betrayed,' .deceived,'' deluded ').Yohx, v. 4.

Whither, my lord! From bought and sold Lord Talbot.—1 H. VI., iv. 4.
For Dickon thy master is bought and sold.—R. III., v. 4 (Scroll).
Thou art bought and sold among those of any wit.—Tr. & Cr., ii. 1.

The boy hath sold him a bargain ['made a fool of him '], a goose, that's flat.Love's L. L., iii. I.

I know not how they sold [" betrayed,' defrauded,''yielded at too low a price,' * at too small a cost '] themselves, but thou, like a kind fellow, gavest thyself away gratis.—2 H. IV., iv. 3.

'Tis thou hast sold betrayed '] me to this novice ; to the young Roman boy she hath sold me.--Ant. & C., iv. 10.

He hath wronged his honour in marrying the renowned Claudio ... to a contaninated stale (* woman hackneyed in vicious courses'], such a one as Hero.M. Ado, ii. 2.

To link my dear friend to a common stale.-Ibid., iv. 1. | No long-staff sixpenny strikers (“pickpockets '].--1 H. IV., ii. 1.

He's no swaggerer, hostess; a tame cheater ['a petty rogue,' 'a low gamester,' 'a cozener'], i' faith.—2 H. IV., ii. 4.

Every coystril that hither comes inquiring for his Tib ['common woman ').Per., iv. 6.

Peace, good pint-pot! peace, good tickle-brain ! [this cant term for some kind of

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strong drink is jocosely applied to Hostess Quickly by Falstaft, as a nick-name].1 H. IV., ii. 4.

Am I a woodman ['a hunter of forbidden game,''a pursuer of wanton sports '], ha ?-Merry W., V. 5.

Friar, thou knowest not the duke so well as I do: he's a better woodman than thou takest him for.-M. for M., iv. 3.

There are some cant terms, in use when Shakespeare wrote, which designated natives of particular countries famed for dexterous trickery or dissolute manners :

I will not believe such a Cataian (Cataia, or Cathay, was a name for China, whose people have the reputation of being adroit jugglers and the imputation of being dexterous cheats; hence the term “ Cataian " became used as a slang term for a cheat.' But we believe that Shakespeare included in it the meaning of outlandish,' . farfetched,' ' extravagant,''eccentric'; in the present passage, in reference to Nym's fantastic style of phraseology) though the priest.-Merry W. ii. 1.

My lady's a Cataian (Sir Toby partly uses this in the sense of 'a rogue,' partly in the sense of a strange fantastical creature.').—Tw. N., ii. 3.

Tell me flatly I am no proud Jack, like Falstaff; but a Corinthian [a ‘free liver;' Corinth having been notorious for its profligate habits, manners, and people), a lad of mettle.—1 H. IV., ii. 4.

It is thine host, thine Ephesian (jolly companion,' roystering associate'; the term probably included a mixture of roguery,' as Ephesus was reputed for its cozenage” (see the closing speech of act i., Comedy of Errors"); and we believe moreover that it also included some hint of heterodoxy, judging from the context, " of the old church" and "what pagan" in the passage we here next cite), calls.Merry W., iv. 5.

What company?-Ephesians, my lord; of the old church.—Sup any women with him ?--None, my lord, but old Mistress Quickly, and Mistress Doll Tear-sheet.-What pagan may that be?-2 H. IV., ii. 2.

I pr'ythee, foolish Greek [' merry-maker,' • frolicsome jester '; the familiar term, a merrygrig, is a corruption of a merry Greek;' which expression originated in the fact that the Greeks were esteemed a jovial people, and was perhaps partly derived from the Latin græcari, to revel, to carouse), depart from me.-Tw. N., iv, 1.

Then she's a merry Greek indeed.—Tr. & Cr., i. 2.
A woful Cressid ʼmongst the merry Greeks.-Ibid, iv. 4.

Hector was but a Trojan ['thief;' probably originating in a reference to Paris, who stole Helen from her husband, Menelaus) in respect of this . . . unless you play the honest Trojan, the poor wench.-Love's L. L., V. 2. Dost thou thirst, base Trojan, to have me fold up Parca's fatal web? ..

... Base Trojan, thou shalt die.-H. V., v. 1.

Tut! there are other Trojans thou dreamest not of.—1 H. IV., ii. 1.


These are among the dramatic resources used by Shakespeare; but he has introduced them into only a few of his plays :

Enter Time, as Chorus.
I, that please some, try all; &c.-W.T., iv.

Enter Chorus (forming Prologue).
O for a muse of fire, that would ascend, &c.-H. V., i.

Enter Chorus.
Now all the youth of England are on fire, &c.-Ibid., ii.

Thus with imagin'd wing our swift cause flies, &c.-H. V., iii.

Now entertain conjecture of a time, &c.Ibid., iv.

Enter Chorus.
Vouchsafe to those that have not read the story, &c.Ibid., v.

Enter CHORUS (forming Epilogue).
Thus far, with rough and all unable pen, &c.-Ibid., v. 2.

Enter CHORUS (forming Prologue).
Two households, both alike in dignity, &c.-R. & Jul., i.

Now old desire doth in his death-bed lie, &c.--Ibid., i. 5.

Enter Gower, as Chorus (forming Prologue).
To sing a song that old was sung, &c.Per., i.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Here have you seen a mighty king, &c.Ibid., ii.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Now sleep yslaked hath the rout, &c.Ibid., iii.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Imagine Pericles arrived at Tyre, &c.Ibid., iv.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Thus time we waste, and longest leagues make short, &c.-Ibid., iv. 4.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Marina thus the brothel 'scapes, &c.Ibid., v.

Enter Gower, as Chorus.
Now our sands are almost run, &c.Ibid., v. 2.

Enter Gower, as Chorus (forming Epilogue).
In Antiochus, and his daughter, you have heard, &c.Ibid., v. 3.
There is an Induction to the play of “ Taming of the Shrew,'
consisting of two short scenes, and a brief bit of dialogue :-

Scene I.-Before an alehouse on a heath.

Enter HOSTESS and Sly.
Sly. I'll pheeze you, in faith, &c.Tam. of S., Indic, I.

Scene II.—A bedchamber in the lord's house.
Sly is discovered, with Attendants : some with apparel, &c.
Sly. For God's sake, a pot of small ale, &c.-Ibid., Induc. 2.

First Serv. My lord, you nod; you do not mind the play.-Ibid., i. 1.
There is an Induction to the historical play of “The Second Part of
King Henry IV.," consisting of a speech which forms a kind of Chorus-
prologue :

Warkworth. Before Northumberland's castle.

Enter Rumour, painted full of tongues .
Open your ears; for which of you will stop, &c.—2 H. IV., i.

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