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He does deny him, in respect of his [as respects his own fortune, in proportion to that which he himself possesses], what charitable men afford to beggarsTimon, iii. 2.

Say, Voltimand, what (news] from our brother Norway ?-Hamlet, ii. 2.
I met a courier, one mine ancient friend;
Whom [between whom and myself ], though in general part we were opposed,
Yet our old love made a particular force,
And made us speak like friends.—Timon, v. 2.
Shakespeare sometimes employs the word " along " elliptically :-
Bear not along (with thee) the clogging burden.-R. II., i. 3.
I'll entreat you written to bear along (with you].-All's W., iii. 2.
He brings the mayor along (with him).-R. III., iii. 5.
Will you along (with us] ?-Coriol., ii. 3.
Speak the word along [the ranks).—7ul. C., iv. 2.
Gallus, go you along (with him).-Ant. & C., V. I.

He uses the word “ for” with large elliptical force :-
Yet here they shall not lie for [fear of] catching cold.—Two G. of V., i. 2.
For [fear of] going on death's net.-Per., i. 1.
For [fear of] blunting the fine point of seldom pleasure.—Sonnet 52.

The duke cannot deny the course of law,
For the sake of] the commodity that strangers have
With us in Venice. -Mer. of V., iii. 3.
I know no personal cause to spurn at him,

But for [the sake of] the general.- ul. C., ii. 1.
Patience, good sir, even for [the sake of] this charge.-Per., iii. I.
Am starv'd for (want of] meat.Tam. of S., iv. 3.

A nursery to our gentry, who are sick

For (want of ] breathing and exploit.--All's W., i. 2.
All out of work, and cold for (want of] action.-H. V., i. 2.
Who, almost dead for [want of] breath.—Macb., i. 5.
To prepare the ways you have for (procuring] dignities.-H. VIII., iii. 2.

That I should purchase the day before for [the amount of] a little part, and undo a great deal of honour !—Timon, iji. 2.

Would half my wealth would buy this for [the amount of ] a lie !—Coriol., iv: 6.
Men did ransom lives of me [in repayment] for jests.-Ant. & C., iii. II.
So bad a prayer as his was never yet sa precursor] for sleep.-Ibid., iv. 9.
One way or other, she is (fit] for a king.–3 H. VI., iii. 2.
A hilding [fit] for a livery.-Cym., ii. 3.

Bring in our daughter, clothed like a bride,
[Fit] For the embracements even of Jove himself.—Per., i. 1.
More of thee merited than a band of Clotens

Had ever scar for sentitling them to claim).-Cym., V. 5.
He also occasionally uses “ from " elliptically :-
She (coming, or, on our way] from whom we all were sea-swallowed, though some
ca t again.-Temp., ii. 1.

I have, sir, as I was commanded [by the messenger who came) from you, spoke with the king.–All's W., ii. 5.

Orsino, this is that Antonio

That took the Phænix and her fraught [coming, or, on her way] from CandyTw. N., v. 1.

The king is coming; and I must speak with him [coming, or, on my way) from the pridge.-H. V., iii. 6.

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The seven-fold shield of Ajax cannot keep [in]
The battery (proceeding, or, that comes from my heart. Oh, cleave my sides !
Heart, once be stronger than thy continent,
Crack thy frail case. -

:-Ant. & C., iv. 12.
He livid (free from all attainder of suspect.-R. III., iii. 5.
Will this hold, think you ?-Signior Iachimo will not (withdraw, or, retract] from it.-
Cym., i. 5.
The noise is round about us.—Let us (withdraw, or, move away] from it.Ibid., iv. 4.
(Go, or, be away] From me awhile.- Ant. & C., iv. 12.
In the following two passages is used with elliptical force:-
How might she tongue me! Yet reason dares her no.-M. for M., iv.

4. “ Dares her no" implying bids her not dare to do it.' How tastes it? is it bitter ? forty pence, no.-H. VIII., ii. 3. " Forty pence, no" implying * I 'll wager forty pence that it is not.”

Shakespeare occasionally uses the word “none with much elliptical force of effect, and with such inclusive signification that some commentators have either missed his meaning, or proposed alteration in the phrases wherein it occurs. For instance, the phrase in the first of the two following passages has been explained to mean none else would be so simple'; whereas, we think, if the context be duly considered, our interpretation will be found to be the right one :

For, without you were so simple, none else would [no one would perceive these lovetokens in you but myself].-Two G. of V., ii. 1.

Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall : Some run from brakes of vice, and answer none [' without having to answer for any vicious courses '];

And some condemned for a fault alone.-M. for M., ii. 1.


EMPHASIS. There are several passages in Shakespeare's plays where a word must be emphasised in order to develop the full meaning of the sentence. He, as a writer for the stage and a thorough master of declamation, knew the effect produced by this, and the force therein contained ; and consequently his practice should be borne in mind for the due comprehension of certain phrases, such as the following :

Will't hold? will 't hold ?-It does : but time will—and so —I do conceive.-
Timon, iii. 6.

We'll consecrate the steps that Ajax makes
When they go from Achilles.-Tr. & Cr., ii. 3.
They know your grace hath cause and means and might:
So hath your highness; never king of England
Had nobles richer and more loyal subjects.-H. V., i. 2.
Her love is not the hare that I do hunt.-As You L., iv.
Put up thy gold: go on-here's gold-go on.—Timon, iv. 3.

Go, counsellor;
Thou and my bosom henceforth shall be twain.
I'll to the friar, to know his remedy.-R. & Yul., iii. 5.

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O, stand up bless'd !
Whilst, with no softer cushion than the fint,
I kneel before thee; and unproperly
Show duty, as mistaken all this while
Between the child and parent.—Coriol, v. 3.

Dost thou think
I'll grace thee with that robbery, thy stol’n name
Coriolanus in Corioli?-Ibid., v. 5.
Am I like such a fellow ?—R. & Jul., iii. 1.

Thou canst not say I did it.—Macb., iii. 4. In the above line, as in some others, Shakespeare has actually emphasised a monosyllable where the rhythmical accent does not, strictly speaking, lie ; thus producing doubly impressive effect.

Why with some little train, my lord of Buckingham ?—R. III., ii. 2
Nay, but hear me.-Nay but hear me.-W. T., iv. 3.
What, art thou angry, Pandarus ? what, with me -Tr. & Cr., i. 1.
What, with me too, Thersites ?-Ibid., ii. 1.
Who's there?-
Nay, answer me : stand, and unfold yourself.-Hamlet, i. 1.
Oh, will you eat no grapes, my royal fox ?
Yes, but you will, my noble grapes, an if

My royal fox could reach them.-All's W., ii. 1.
Now, Jove, in his next commodity of hair send thee a beard!—By my troth, I 'll tell
thee-I am almost sick for one; though I would not have it grow on my chin.-
Tw. N., iii. 1.

Look to your babe, my lord; 'tis yours :-
My child ? away with 't !-W.T., ii. 3.
Thou say'st the king grows mad; I'll tell thee, friend,
I am almost mad myself: I had a son,
Now outlaw'd from my blood; he sought my life ..

The grief hath craz'd my wits.-Lear, iii. 4.
You know me by my habit.—Well, then, I know thee ; what shall I know of thec?-
My master's mind.-H. V., iii. 6.

Unto bad causes swear
Such creatures as men doubt: but do not stain
The even virtue of our enterprise.—Jul. C., ii. 1.
Say, if thou ’dst rather hear it from our mouths,
Or from our masters'?-Macb., iv. I.
Shall we see this wrestling, cousin ?-As You L., i. 2.
Mark Antony shall say I am not well ;
And, for thy humour, I will stay at home.
Here's Decius Brutus, he shall tell them so.-7ul. C., ii. 2.
Be bright and jovial among your guests to-night.-
So shall I, love; and so, I pray, be you.--Macb., iii. 2.
He that will give good words to thee, will flatter
Beneath abhorring.–Coriol., i. I.
I sell thee poison, thou hast sold me none.-R. & Jul., v. 1.
Howbeit they would hold up this salique law
To bar your highness claiming from the female ;
And rather choose to hide them in a net,
Than amply to imbar their crooked titles
Usurp'd from you and your progenitors.-H. V., i. 2.
Why should I play the Roman fool, and die
On mine own sword? Whiles I see lives, the gashes
Do better upon them.-Macb., v. 7.

There are verier knaves desire to live, for all he be a Roman: and there be some of them too, that die against their wills; so should I, if I were one.-Cym., v. 4.

I'll graff it with you, and then I shall graff it with a medlar: then it will be the earliest fruit i' the country.—As You L., iii. 2.

And oft 'tis seen, the wicked prize itself
Buys out the law: but 'tis not so above;
There is no shuffling,--there the action lies
In his true nature.-Hamlet, iii. 3.
I shall, king Harry: and so, fare thee well:
Thou never shalt hear herald any more.-
I fear, thou'lt once more come again for ransom.-H. V., iv. 3.
Thy half o' the kingdom hast thou not forgot,
Wherein I thee endow'd.Lear, ii. 4.
Nor none of thee, thou pale and common drudge
"Tween man and man; but thou, thou meagre lead,
Which rather threatenest than dost promise aught,
Thy paleness moves me more than eloquence. -Mer. of V., iii. 2.

With a true heart
And brother-love I do it.-

And let Heaven
Witness, how dear I hold this confirmation.-
Good man, those joyful tears show thy true heart.-H. VIII., V. 2.
Was 't you that did so oft contrive to kill him ?-
'Twas I ; but 'tis not I: I do not shame
To tell you what I was, since my conversion
So sweetly tastes, being the thing I am.-As You L., iv. 3.
How many be there of them ?-Some eight, or ten.-
Zounds ! will they not rob us ?-1 H. IV., ii. 2.
What is the matter,
That being pass'd for consul with full voice,
I am so dishonour'd that the very hour
You take it off again ?-

Answer to us.-Coriol., iii. 3.
The thane of Cawdor lives : why do you dress me
In borrow'd robes ?-

Who was the thane, lives yet;
But under heavy judgment bears that life
Which he deserves to lose.- Macb., i. 3.
This was your husband : look you now, what follows:
Here is your husband.-Hamlet, iii. 4.
And he 's as like to do't as any man I can imagine.-

Do't! he will do't.-Coriol., iv. 5. Why, Sir John, do you think, though we would have thrust virtue out of our hearts by the head and shoulders, and have given ourselves without scruple to hell, that ever the devil could have made you our delight ?-Merry W., v. 5.

No, I 'll none of you.-Why, my sweet lord ?-You 'll kiss me hard, and speak to me as if I were a baby still. I love you better.—W.T., ii. 1.

There's for you, Patroclus.—Tr. & Cr., ii. 1.
Pray get you out.--Away!-Away! Get you away.—Coriol., iv. 5.

Welcome, Publius.
What! Brutus, are you stirr'd so early too ?-7ul. C., ii. 2.
His private arbours, and new-planted orchards,
On this side Tiber; he hath left them you,
And to your heirs for ever.-Ibid., iii. 2.
My lord, I have news to tell you.
My lord, I have news to tell you.-Hamlet, ii. 2.
A great deal of your wit, too, lies in your sinews.—Tr. & Cr., ii. 1.
Your good voice, sir; what say you?—Coriol., ii. 3.

ENIGMATICAL PHRASEOLOGY, Shakespeare sometimes makes his personages express themselves obscurely or ambiguously for the sake of characteristic effect. Into Helena's mouth he has put markedly veiled language; denoting the struggles of a secret passion to conceal itself, with the occasional irrepressible betrayals of its existence, taking the shape of enigmatical sentences and hinted meanings :Helena. I do affect a sorrow, indeed; but I have it too. All's W., i. 1.

While giving the effect of a reply to the Countess's reproof, these words really signify, 'I allow my sorrow to pass for regret at my father's death ; but I have it really for my inauspicious love, and for Bertram's approaching departure.'

Helena. If the living be enemy to the grief, the excess makes it soon mortal (Sa Crossing Speeches for our explanation of this speech;.- Ibid., i. 1.

Helena. Not my virginity yet.
There shall your master have a thousand loves,
A mother, and a mistress, and a friend,
A phenix, captain, and an enemy,
A guide, a goddess, and a sovereign,
A counsellor, a traitress, and a dear;
His humble ambition, proud humility,
His jarring concord, and his discord dulcet,
His faith, his sweet disaster; with a world
Of pretty, fond, adoptious christendoms,
That blinking Cupid gossips. Now shall he-
I know not what he shall :-God send him well :-
The court's a learning-place; and he is one-

Parolles. What one, i' faith?

Helena. That I wish well.-Ibid., i. 1. By her words “the court's a learning-place” Helena implies that the word there ” at the commencement of her riddle-like speech, refers to “ the court”; whereas we believe her word “there” signifies, her own maiden self dedicated in fulness of affection to him she loves, even though he should never accept the gift. Countess.

What's the matter,
That this distemper'd messenger of wet,
The many-colour'd Iris, rounds thine eye?
Why--that you are my daughter ?

That I am not.-Ibid., i. 3. By these four monosyllables Helena, while seeming to regret that she is only the Countess's daughter by affection, really deplores that she is not her daughter by marriage with her son. Helena.

Why, then, to-night
Let us assay our plot; which, if it speed,
Is wicked meaning in a lawful deed,
And lawful meaning in a lawful act;

Where both not sin, and yet a sintul fact.-Ibid., iii. 7. Helena thus, with characteristically enigmatic words, declares that her husband intending wickedly will act lawfully ; that she will intend lawfully and act lawfully; and that they both will commit no sin, while seeming to do so. At a subsequent point of the play, Helena again

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